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Chapter 1 - An Introduction to

Financial Management

2005, Pearson Prentice Hall

Goal of the Firm


1) Profit Maximization?
this goal ignores:
a) TIMING of Returns
(Time Value of Money - Ch. 5)

b) UNCERTAINTY of Returns
(Risk - Ch. 6)

Goal of the Firm


2) Shareholder Wealth
Maximization?
this is the same as:
a) Maximizing Firm Value
b) Maximizing Stock Price

Legal Forms of Business


1) Sole Proprietorship
A business owned by a single individual.
Owner maintains title to the firms assets.
Owner has unlimited liability.
2) Partnership
Similar to a sole proprietorship, except
that there are two or more owners.

Legal Forms of Business


2a) General Partnership
All partners have unlimited liability.
2b) Limited Partnership
Consists of one or more general partners,
who have unlimited liability.
One or more limited partners (investors)
whose liability is limited to the amount of
their investment in the business.

Legal Forms of Business


2c) Limited Liability Company
(LLC)
Cross between a partnership and a
corporation.
Owners have limited liability, but the
firm runs and is taxed like a
partnership.

Legal Forms of Business


3) Corporation
A business entity that legally functions
separate and apart from its owners.
Owners liability is limited to the amount of
their investment in the firm.
Owners hold common stock certificates,
and ownership can be transferred by
selling the certificates.

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

Investors

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

Investors

Government

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Government

Investors

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash
securities

Government

Investors

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Investors

securities
Secondary
markets

Government

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Investors

securities
Secondary
markets

Government

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Investors

securities
Secondary
markets

Government

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Investors

securities

Cash flow

Government

Secondary
markets

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
Corporation

cash

Investors

securities

Cash flow
tax

Government

Secondary
markets

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
cash

Corporation

Investors

securities
reinvest

Cash flow
tax

Government

Secondary
markets

The Corporation and


Financial Markets
cash

Corporation

Investors

securities
reinvest

Cash flow

dividends,
etc.

tax

Government

Secondary
markets

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Primary Market

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Primary Market
Market in which new issues of a
security are sold to initial
buyers.

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Primary Market
Market in which new issues of a
security are sold to initial
buyers.

Secondary Market

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Primary Market
Market in which new issues of a
security are sold to initial
buyers.

Secondary Market
Market in which previously
issued securities are traded.

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Initial Public Offering (IPO)

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Initial Public Offering (IPO)


The first time the firms stock is
sold to the general public.

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Initial Public Offering (IPO)


The first time the firms stock is
sold to the general public.

Seasoned New Issue

The Corporation and


Financial Markets

Initial Public Offering (IPO)


The first time the firms stock is
sold to the general public.

Seasoned New Issue


A new stock offering by a firm
that already has stock that is
traded in the secondary market.

Financial Management Axioms


1) Risk - return trade-off.
2) Time value of money.
3) Cash - not profits - is king.
4) Incremental cash flows count.
5) The curse of competitive markets.
6) Efficient capital markets.
7) The agency problem.
8) Taxes bias business decisions.
9) All risk is not equal.
10) Ethical dilemmas are everywhere in
finance.