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PERVASIVE COMPUTING

CONTENTS
Introduction
Pervasive Environment
Advantages
Applications
Challenges in Pervasive Computing

Conclusions
References
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The most profound technologies are


those that disappear .They weave
themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are
indistinguishable from it . Mark
Weiser

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INTRODUCTION
Pervasive Computing
A Web of computing devices and sensors
embedded in everyday objects ranging from
cars to house.
The devices are context sensitive and user
aware.

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Aspects of Pervasive
Environment
User Interaction

User interacts with speech, gestures and movements


The sensors and communication devices are aware of the
user and they are also aware of his/her intent .
Proactively
The computing devices should interact and query devices on
transparency.
Technology has to be transparent
Behalf on user and his intent.
Device Interaction
Frequent multiparty interactions
No central authority or third party
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Solution: Biometrics?

Definition

Biometrics is the science of verifying and establishing the identity of an


individual through physiological features or behavioral traits .

Examples
Physical Biometrics

Fingerprint
Hand Geometry
Iris patterns

Behavioral Biometrics

Handwriting
Signature
Speech
Gait

Chemical/Biological Biometrics

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Perspiration
Skin composition(spectroscopy)

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General Biometric System


Biometric
Sensor

Feature Extraction

Database

Enrollment
Biometric
Sensor

Feature Extraction

Matching
ID : 8809
Authentication
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Result

Framework for Interaction


S1

Speaker
Recognition

Speech
Recognition

parsing
and
arbitration

S2

SK

SN

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Framework for Interaction


Switch on
Channel 9

S1

Speaker
Recognition

Speech
Recognition

parsing
and
arbitration

S2

SK

SN

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Framework for Interaction


Who is
speaking?

Speaker
Recognition

Speech
Recognition

S1

parsing
and
arbitration

S2

SK

Annie
David
Cathy

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Authentication

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SN

10

Framework for Interaction


What is he
saying?

Speaker
Recognition

Speech
Recognition

parsing
and
arbitration

S1

S2

SK

On,Off,TV
Fridge,Door

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Understanding

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SN

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Framework for Interaction


What is he
talking
about?

Speaker
Recognition

Speech
Recognition

parsing
and
arbitration

S1

S2

SK
Switch,to,channel,nine

Inferring and execution


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Channel->TV
Dim->Lamp
On->TV,Lamp

SN

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Applications
Health-Care
Remote sensors and monitoring technology will allow
continuous capture of human physiological data .
Medical staff could be immediately alerted to any
detected irregularities. The continuous collection of
data could provide accurate pattern/trend analysis of
long term conditions such as heart disease, diabetes
and epilepsy. Wearable sensors may offer greater
patient mobility and freedom within hospitals and
save both time and money by reducing the number of
repeated testing. Hospital administration could also
be transformed .
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Environmental Monitoring
Pervasive computing provides
improved methods to monitor the
environment.
It will allow for continuous real time
data collection and analysis via
remote, wireless devices.

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Intelligent Transport System


Pervasive Computing is being employed to alleviate
the traffic congestion and accident costs.
Electronic devices could be directly integrated into
transport infrastructure and vehicles themselves with
the aim of better monitoring and managing air, road
and sea transport systems.
The vehicles could become capable of receiving and
exchanging information on the move via wireless
technologies and be able to communicate with
devices integrated into the vehicles alerting drivers of
traffic congestion, accident hotspots and road
closures.
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Privacy,Security and Safety


Privacy
With personal information transmitted and
stored in greater volume the opportunities
of data interception, theft and ubiquitous
surveillance(official, unofficial) will be
heightened.
PCS could be installed in places considered
private and many aspects of personal life
could be recorded and stored, with the risk
of breaches of privacy.
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Privacy,Security and Safety


Pervasive computing also gives debate over safety.
Integrated transport systems could involve road
vehicles having actuating devices that intervene in
the driving process, possibly responding to hazards
more quickly than humans.
For eg:The new Mercedes S-class features an activebraking system that can detect rapidly slowing
vehicles in front, activating the brakes without
driver intervention. While this may help avoid
accidents ,there are also potential risks, for example
the security of the vehicles software is breached.

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Advantages

Invisible
Socialization
Decision-making
Information processing
Convergence

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Applications

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Conclusions
There is a wide range of potential
benefits for government, service
providers and consumers as
computing technologies become
more pervasive.
There is a debate over how to
address concerns over
privacy,security safety and
sustainability while still realising the
benefits of pervasive computing.
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References
www.wikipaedia.com
MIT Project Oxygen.
http://oxygen.lcs.mit.edu/videometa
glue.html
CMU Project Aura. http://www2.cs.cmu.edu/ aura/.
IBM Planet Blue.
http://researchweb.watson.ibm.com/
compsci/planetblue.html
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Thank-You

Likan Patra & Sisir Naik


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