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The return of the

city centre airport


Philip Butterworth-Hayes

Editorial Director, PMI Media


Ltd

January 2012.www.pmi-media.com

About us
PMI Media Ltd is an international aviation consultancy specialising in
air transport infrastructure projects. Recent airport projects include:
Helping to compose a vision statement for ACI Europe
Airport development plans for facilities in the UK, Norway and
Sweden
Working with US states and an association of air taxi operators
seeking to develop software bridges between air taxi operators and
potential customers at small airports
Developing a business plan for a US airport seeking to develop an air
cargo airport city complex
Helping a major UK regional airport write a ten-year business plan,
including 40-year traffic forecasts
Analysing hardware buying trends among airport BOT managers
www.pmi-media.com and www.trainingandsimulationforum.net

The world is changing

http
://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rhpPhvWvLgk

Everyone wants different types of


airports
The passenger wants the shortest, cheapest, most
comfortable journey from origin to destination, using local
facilities and a seamless travel mode.
The aircraft operator wants the passenger to take the most
expensive travel alternative offered, and to exploit this desire
to travel through offering as many value-added services as
possible.
The airport operator wants the passenger to spend money
at the airport on goods and services, to linger, but not too
long.
The government wants the passenger to travel via remote
airports, far from urban areas , to minimise political dissent
and optimise tax and wealth generating activities.
Local communities want the economic benefits of living next
to thriving airports but not the disruption they cause.
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Result?
You will not be able to please everyone but, in general, the
type of airport that emerges is a political, rather than a
predict-and-provide, outcome.
In Europe, the trend is for airline growth rates to exceed the
capacity of major airports - if traffic doubles every 20 years it
is unlikely the continents major hubs will be able to double
their capacity over the same period given the environmental
restrictions on runway developments. As a result:
Other continents will replace Europe as global hubs between
east and west (already happening)
Demand for new services will be met increasingly by
regional facilities (already happening)
Increasing political mechanisms used to balance capacity
and demand (already happening)

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Europe is losing aviation market


share
1

ATLANTA GA, US(ATL)

89 331 622

1.5

BEIJING, CN(PEK)

73 948 113

13.1

CHICAGO IL, US(ORD)

66 774 738

4.1

LONDON, GB(LHR)

65 884 143

( 0.2)

TOKYO, JP(HND)

64 211 074

3.7

LOS ANGELES CA,


US(LAX)

59 070 127

4.5

PARIS, FR(CDG)

58 167 062

0.5

DALLAS/FORT WORTH TX,


US(DFW)

56 906 610

1.6

FRANKFURT, DE(FRA)

53 009 221

4.1

10

DENVER CO, US(DEN)

52 209 377

4.1

11

HONG KONG, HK(HKG)

50 348 960

10.5

12

MADRID, ES(MAD)

49 844 596

3.0

13

DUBAI, AE(DXB)

47 180 628

15.4

14

NEW YORK NY, US(JFK)

46 514 154

1.4

15

AMSTERDAM, NL(AMS)

45 211 749

3.8

16

JAKARTA, ID(CGK)

44 355 998

19.4

17

BANGKOK, TH(BKK)

42 784 967

5.6

18

SINGAPORE, SG(SIN)

42 038 777

13.0

19

GUANGZHOU, CN(CAN)

40 975 673

10.6

20

SHANGHAI, CN(PVG)

40 578 621

26.4

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Aviation will find new ways to reintegrate with society


Technical trends advances in smaller aircraft designs. Longer
ranges off short runways, more aircraft off single-runway
airports (LGW around 250,000 movements off a single runway),
quieter aircraft, personal aircraft. VLJs and A380s.
Sociological trends megacities , swallowing up smaller towns,
making remote airports city-centre airports. Globalisation
developing so air travel is normal, not special.
Internet giving power to the passenger increasingly able to
trade cost with comfort, schedule and convenience. Aircraft
operators must offer more choice.
Political trends environment falls down the political agenda as
economic priorities increase; capital cities v regions, decentralisation of infrastructure decision-making
Industry trends the success of low cost models, increased
affordability of air travel
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Fastest growing airport in the


UK?

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.Oxford
Growth is up 12.2% in 2011 over 2010
In 2011 the runway strength was reassessed at a PCN of 38
and is now suitable for use by a number of heavier regional
jets including the Embraer E-Jet series and the A318/319
family.
The airport is now routinely visited by larger jet types,
including the Embraer EMB-190 and Avro RJ with seating
capacity of 100 plus.
Oxford Airport is also prepared for the next generation of
regional jets including the Sukhoi Superjet and the
Bombardier C-Series, meaning 110 passengers will be able
to fly more than 2,670 nm out of Oxford covering
destinations as far as Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt.
The larger 135-seat CS300 will be able to cover most of
Europe from Oxford. The new runway length enables longer
range private jets such as the Global and G550 family to
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undertakePMI
transatlantic
flights on a commercial basis.

Around the world city centre airports


are booming
London City
Planning for a 2012 Olympic boom. London City Airport (LCY)
saw more than three million passengers pass through its gates in
2011,a 7.6% increase over 2010. The airport is looking forward to
building on this further in the coming 12 months, increasing leisure
and business traveller passenger numbers, as well as growing the
dominant inbound market from European business hubs and New
York City.
Belfast City
Extending into Europe. In October 2011 the airport launched its
first direct services into the European continent with a flight to
Amsterdam, the first of seven new European routes operated by
bmibaby, with Geneva beginning in December 2011 and Malaga,
Faro, Alicante, Palma, Ibiza starting in 2012. Just completed a
private investment of 15 million into a new terminal.
Stockholm Bromma we will hear elsewhere today of progress

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10

Especially in north America


Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport
Passengers up 37 per cent. Expected to surpass its
estimate of 1.5 million passengers for 2011, an increase
of 37 per cent over 2010, and double the number of
passengers it served in 2009.
Washington Reagan
Passengers up from 12,800, 858 in 2009 to
14,499,823 in 2010 or 13.2%.
Chicago Midway
Midway has recently been named "fastestgrowing" airport in the U.S. by anna.aero. Indeed,
Midway is one of the fastest-growing airports in the U.S.
with steady growth in passenger traffic. Through
October 2011, passenger activity was up 6.7 per cent
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from the same
period a year ago.

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As new ways are being found


to balance economic growth
with environmental concerns
St Paul Downtown
Planning major growth. The airport is forecasting operations
will increase from 111,870 in 2010 to 137,310 in 2025 with the
number of aircraft based there rising from 105 to 128.
San Diego International Airport
San Diego International Airport's expansion program, dubbed
"The Green Build", is expected to help the airport meet current
and future travel demands. Expected to be complete in early
2013, the project focuses on expansion and enhancements at
Terminal 2. Traffic in 2011 will be around 1% lower than in
2010 but international passenger numbers are over 63%.
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12

The traditional view


City centre airports - negatives
Unpopular with local residents - noise and air quality
Limited room for expansion and commercial opportunities
Limited connectivity (motorways, high-speed rail)
Limited aircraft types and range of destinations
Few hub and spoke opportunities for airlines
City centre airports positives
Popular with passengers for easy access
Valuable land assets
Very fast journey from arrivals hall to aircraft
Linked to the community
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13

Remote hubs negatives


Expensive to plan, build and operate
Far from city centres
Not generally popular with LCCs
Not linked to local communities, more of a global player

Remote hubs - positives


Multiple opportunities to develop airport city businesses MRO,
logistics etc
Multiple opportunities for growth, expansion, hub and spoke
operations
Multi-modal link opportunities
Lower noise footprint over populated areas
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The big change

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15

Power to the passenger


The internet is slowly passing power from the infrastructure
providers and aircraft operators to the individual passengers
who will increasingly be able to trade between price,
convenience, comfort.

http://www.flyvictor.com/

Victor allows members to book spare seats on private flights


already chartered by jet owners, meaning owners can cut
down on the cost of flying. To date the web-based business
has been funded by Mr Jackson, who came up with the idea
when his regular Palma de Mallorca to London Heathrow flight
was discontinued by BMI.
With such software tools passengers are slowly creating their
own air travel system, in the same way digital
television/internet
subscribers are creating their own viewing
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16

The consequence
Full fare airlines will continue to grow/consolidate activities
Hubs will continue to develop in remote locations
BUT
As the twenty-first century becomes more urban in its
thinking:
New city centres will emerge which will re-integrate urban
societies with local businesses
There will be a rebalance of the environment V economy
debate as issues are better understood
Transport choice power will become increasingly democratic
people will make their airline operations.

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