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AIDS and HIV in Africa

Vocabulary
HIV: Human
Immunodeficiency
Virus
AIDS: Acquired
Immunodeficiency
Syndrome
Epidemic: an
outbreak of a
contagious disease
that spreads rapidly
Antiretroviral drugs
(ARVs)- a treatment
for HIV/AIDS

AIDS and HIV in SubSaharan Africa


In 2005, there were 5,000,000,
people living with HIV, and almost
1,000 AIDS deaths occurring
every day.

In the past year more than 1.5


million people were infected.

AIDS/HIV
Treatment
The slow provision of treatment has
been linked to unconventional views
about HIV and AIDS amongst the
government.
South African President Thabo Mbeki
started to represent the views of a
small group of scientists who claimed
that AIDS was not caused by HIV.
Mbekis Minister of Health,
Manto Tshabalala-Msimang ,
promoted healthy eating
(rather than ARVs) to treat
AIDS.

South
South Africa
Africa is currently
experiencing one of the most
experiencing one of the most
severe AIDS epidemics in the
world.
At the end of 2007 there were
approximately 5.7 million
people living with HIV in South
Africa and almost 1000 AIDS
deaths occurring everyday.
In some parts of the country
cemeteries are running out of
space for the dead.

There was an estimated that


280,000 people under-15
were living with HIV in 2007.

Statistics show that almost


one in five adults are infected.
In 2006 there was 29.1% of
pregnant women living with
HIV.

Zambia
Zambias first AIDS case was
reported in 1984.
Only one year later 17.5% of
hospital patients in the capital
Lusaka were found to be HIVpositive.
HIV in Zambia is not primarily a
disease of the most
underprivileged; infection rates
are very high among wealthier
people and the better educated.

At the end of 2006, 15% of people


15-49 years old were living with
HIV or AIDS.
Just 13% of Zambian adults have
volunteered to be tested for HIV
and know their status.
Test shows that 18% of the 8,532
employees tested were HIVpositive.

Swazilan
d
The Swazi
government has
introduced a number
of initiatives for HIV
prevention such as
behavior change
campaigns,
prevention of
mother to child
transmission, and
early diagnosis by
testing.

Swazilands first AIDS case was


reported in 1987.
In Swaziland, one in four people are
living with HIV.
Average life expectancy has dropped
from 57 to 31 years of age.

At the end of 2003,


Swaziland had 13
sites providing
Voluntary Counseling
and Testing (VCT).
By December 2005
there were 37 sites.
The number of people
accessing VCT
services increased
from 13,576 in 2003
to 95,000 in
September 2005

Swaziland has the worlds highest


adult HIV prevalence rate.
In 1999 the King declared AIDS a
national disaster.

In 2007 15,000 Swazi


children aged up to
14 years of age were
living with HIV.
By 2008 the
government aims to
reduce the proportion
of children under 4
years old who are HIV
positive by 30%.

Zimbabwe
Its estimated 565 adults
and children are becoming
infected every day.
One in seven adults are
living with HIV
In Zimbabwe, more than
17,000 children are infected
with HIV every year, the
majority through mother-tochild transmission.
Zimbabwe has a higher
number of orphans, in
proportion to its population,
than any other country in
the world.

Zimbabwe
The Government
emphasized the
importance of
voluntary
counseling and
testing for HIV
with its National
AIDS Policy.
Which
highlighted VCT
as a central part
of Zimbabwes

Mozambiqu
e
The first case of HIV/AIDS was
diagnosed in 1986 in
Mozambique.
In 2000, the national HIV
prevalence among adults in their
prime years of life between 15 49 years old was estimated to be
12.2%
By 2006 it had risen to 16.2 %.
The epidemic has reduced life
expectancy from 41 years in 1999
to 38 years in 2004

In 2006, about 99,000 children


under the age of 15 were living
with HIV or AIDS; most of the
children were under 5 years old
Study shows by 2010, the number
will increase to 121,000.
On average, 500 new infections
occur every day, 90 of them
among young children through
mother-to-child transmission.

AIDS in
Mozambique

How AIDS and HIV have affected


Life Expectancy