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CHILE

Jeff Verber * Andrew Palmer * Nate


Ramirez Carlee Shepherd * Becky
Randall * Ben Davis

Geography

Geography
Southern South America, bordering
the South Pacific Ocean, between
Argentina and Peru
Slightly smaller than twice the size
of Montana
6,435 km of Coastline
Strategic location relative to sea
lanes between Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle
Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama
Desert is one of the worlds driest
regions.

Geography
Climate: Temperate; desert in the
north; Mediterranean in central
region; cool and damp in south.
Terrain: Low coastal mountains;
fertile central valley; rugged
Andes in the east.

Geography
Natural resources: Copper,
timber, iron ore, nitrates,
precious metals, molybdenum,
hydropower.

Geography
Natural hazards: severe
earthquakes; active volcanism;
tsunamis.

Geography
Environmental current issues:
Widespread deforestation and
mining threaten natural
resources; air pollution from
industrial and vehicle emissions;
water pollution from raw
sewage.

Government of Chile
Government Type:
Multiparty republic with a
presidential system

President:
Ricardo Lagos

Capital:
Santiago

Flag of Chile

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue
square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the
white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center
representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky,
white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood
spilled to achieve independence; design was influenced by the US
flag

Division of Chile
Administrative Divisions:
13 regions (regiones, singular region); Aisen del General Carlos
Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta,
Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio,
Coquimbo, Libertador General
Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos,
Magallanes y de la Antartica
Chilena, Maule, Region
Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca,
Valparaiso

Branches of Government
Legislative Branch
Congress

Judicial Branch
Supreme Court

Executive Branch
President

Chile:
Economy
Chile's economy grew at the fastest
pace in five months in June as
manufacturers increased output to
meet growing demand at home and
surging sales abroad.

Top Export
Prices of copper, the nation's top
export, rose to a record high, pushing
the Chilean peso to its strongest level
against the dollar since Aug. 2000.
The gains may give the government
its largest budget surplus since at
least 1987.
Chile, the world's biggest copper
producer, is benefiting from demand
for the metal in China, which buys
more copper than any other nation.

Economic Standing
Chile's economy will expand
about 6 percent in 2005. The
economy grew 6.1 percent in
2004, the fastest pace since
1997.
Current Exchange Rate:
1 Chilean peso = 0.00182232 U.S.
dollars

Economy: Overview
Chile has a market-oriented
economy characterized by a high
level of foreign trade
Growth in real GDP averaged 8%
during the period 1991-1997, but
fell to half that level in 1998
because of tight monetary
policies implemented to keep the
current account deficit in check

Overview Cont.
A severe drought exacerbated
the recession in 1999, reducing
crop yields and causing
hydroelectric shortfalls and
rationing, and Chile experienced
negative economic growth for
the first time in more than 15
years.
By the end of 1999, exports and
economic activity had begun to
recover, and a return to strong
growth in 2000.

Economy Statistics
Household income or consumption by
percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 41.3% (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4%
(1999 est.)
Labor force: 5.8 million (1999 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 14%, industry 27%,
services 59% (1997 est.)
Unemployment rate: 9% (1999)

Chilean Industries
Wine

Copper

FishMeal

Chilean Wine Industry

Chilean Wine Industry


Chile is the 3rd largest wine
exporter in the world.
The interest from foreign
investors in Chiles wine industry
has increased the wine
production and quality which has
increased the countrys
recognition.
Chilean wine has become a
billion dollar export industry.

Chilean Wine Industry


One of their biggest wineries
Concha y Toro have become
known throughout the world and
have become globally competitive.
By, itself, Concha y Toro will sell 2
million cases of wine in the U.S.
this year.
Chilean wine is considered to be
of high quality at extremely
reasonable prices.

Chilean Copper Industry

Chilean Copper Industry


Chiles copper industry is the
lifeblood of its economy.
Chile is the world leader in copper
production.
Chiles copper industry is so
important to their economy that
every one cent fluctuation in the
commoditys price in the international
market is either a loss or a gain of
$100 million for the Chilean
Government.

Chilean Copper Industry


Chile produces around 3,115,000
metric tons per year of
equivalent fine copper, which is
roughly 30% of world copper
consumption.
Copper is used for things such as
building wire, plumbing and
heat, automotive, electrical
utilities, refrigeration and air
conditioning, factory equipment,
electronics as well as many other
things.

Chilean Fish-Meal Industry

Chilean Fish-Meal Industry


Fish meal is the clean, dried, ground
tissue of undecomposed whole fish or
fish cuttings, either or both, with or
without the extraction of part of the
oil.
Chile is one of the biggest producers
and exporters of fish-meal in the
world.
Total production amounts to over 1.2
million tons annually, and it accounts
for more than 4% of the countrys
total exports.

The People
In Chile

FACTS
Language = Spanish
Population = 15.8 million
Labor force = 5.8 million
Unemployment = 8.1%
Life expectancy = 75 yrs.
Not racial, but strong relation
between status and lightness of
skin
No longer follow traditional
gender roles
Divorce is illegal

Geert Hofstede - Cultural Dimensions


86 Uncertainty Avoidance
Low level of tolerance for
uncertainty

63 Power Distance
A small inequality between
power & wealth allowed to grow

28 Masculinity
Low level of differentiation &
discrimination between genders

23 Individualism
Society is collectivist,
commitment to a group (family)

United States VS. Chile


Power Distance
US = 46 Chile =
86

Individualism
US = 40 Chile =
63

Masculinity
US = 62
= 28

Chile

Uncertainty
Avoidance
US = 91 Chile =
23

Education

Age 6-14 is free compulsory


education
Higher education requires tuition,
but the government provides
scholarships and loans to low
income families
Higher education focuses on;
General, agricultural, technical, art or
home economics

Business
Business hours are 9am 5pm with a
two hour lunch Monday Friday
Punctuality is expected from visitors,
but expect locals to be 15 min. late
Business relations but build
friendship and trust first, moves at a
slow pace
Chileans enjoy work, but family comes
first (no weekends or overtime)
Use titles on business cards & in
speech

Business Appearance & Customs


Converse in close proximity
Maintain eye contact and dont
yawn
Men wear dark suits, a light shirt
and conservative tie
Women should wear suits and
heels, nothing flashy