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Training on HVAC

Dhanush Computer Services Pvt Ltd., 2nd Floor,Lenin Building,


Bhagyanagar colony, Opp.KPHB Colony , Kukatpally,
Hyderabad-500072.Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
M: 0 9908080813 , PH: 040 40064413
About DCS
 DHANUSH [DCS (P) Ltd] provides Training in HVAC, ELECTRICAL,
PLUMBING & PIPING INDUSTRIES
 Since its inception DCS has trained more than 2500 B.Tech, ITI, &
Polytechnic students and provided placements
 Content for the courses is drawn from well experienced faculty and
that makes Dhanush different from its competitors
 Courses designed are very comprehensive and aligned with the
industry job
 Dhanush also provides manpower in HVAC, ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING
& PIPING INDUSTRIES
What is HVAC ?
 HVAC – Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning.

 Heating – The temperature out side is less than inside.

 Ventilation – Sending the air out from the space and/or


supplying the fresh air into the space.

 Air-Conditioning – It mean a process by which the temperature,


humidity, flow and purity of the air is controlled
simultaneously – to get the required conditions.
Why do we require air
conditioning?

 To improve or control an Industrial process.


 To maintain Human comfort.
Man a heat Machine
 Food eaten is the fuel.
 Every body movement generates heat even the
blink of an eye.
 To maintain 98.6 Degrees Fahrenheit it rejects
heat.
 In what way it rejects heat?
Heat Transfer

 Conduction
 Convection
 Radiation
 Conduction: The heat transfer due to conduction
takes place if the two bodies at different temperatures
are in contact with each other. It is also true if a
substance is heated from one end. heat transfer takes
place to the other end by conduction.
 Convection: When liquid or gas is heated, expansion
takes place. Due to this it becomes lighter and rises up.
Its place is taken by colder or dense fluid. This is a
continuous process and thus heat transfer takes place
due to these currents and heat is distributed through
the mass.
 Radiation: The heat transfer due to radiation takes
place from one body to another without effecting the
medium through which heat travels. Heat flow from
sun to earth takes place in this fashion.
 All three methods normally are used at the
same time.
 All three methods gives off excess heat.
 One method may do more and the other
may do less.
 Depending on the surrounding conditions.
What are the surrounding
conditions ?
 Temperature
 RelativeHumidity
 Air Motion

Change in each of this surrounding


condition will speed up or slow down the
heat rejection or gain.
Comfort Zone for Human
beings.
 What is the best temperature in which all
will feel comfort ?
 What is the best relative humidity which
gives you comfort ?
 Temperature Range 22-26.5 °C
 Relative Humidity 30-70% .
Outside and Inside
A man in out door – needs to adjust him
self with his clothing and whims of nature.
 A man inside shelter – We can control his
comfort.
 HOW ?
By means of HVAC
Openings in the field of HVAC
 Marketing
 Design
 Drafting
 Installations
 Maintenance
Fundamentals
 Heat Q is the mechanism that
transfers energy across the
boundaries of systems with
differing temperatures, always
toward the lower temperature.
Sensible heat factor: The total heat of air is the
sum of sensible heat and latent heat. The
sensible heat factor is the ratio of sensible heat
to the total heat.

SHF = SH/TH
 Sensible Heat: It is defined as the amount of heat
required to raise the temperature of 1kg of substance
from 0° C to the desired temperature without changing
its state.
 Latent Heat: Latent heat of a substance varies from its
sensible heat as it does not cause any temperature
variation within the body but changes its state i.e..,
from solid to liquid or liquid to gas.
 Example: 80 Kcal of heat is absorbed from the
surroundings when 1kg of ice changes into water at a
constant temperature 0° C to freeze it to ice at the same
temperature.
Units of Refrigeration
 The unit of refrigeration is termed as
‘Tons of refrigeration’ or simply ‘Tons’
and it is equal to the amount of heat
extracted to enable 1 ton of ice to melt
in 24 hours.
 In MKS system 1Ton = 3,000 k cal/hour or
50k cal/min.
 In British Units 1 Ton = 12,000 BTU/hr.
Contact us on www.meptrainings.com to
more about our HVAC training.