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BAMBOO AS REINFORCEMENT

Presented to:
Ar. Tauhid mehtab
Ar. Kashif raf

Presented by:
Adnan irshad
Kirti pandey
Md. Nasir Iftekhar
Nikhat Mustafa

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

INTRODUCTION
Bamboo has been used as a construction material in
certain area for centuries. A study of
bamboo is used
as a reinforcement in precast concrete elements was
carried out in U.S Army Engineer Waterway experiment
station in 1964. Bamboo was given recent consideration
for use as reinforcement in soil cement pavement slabs
in which the slabs behave in elastically even under light
loads.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT
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WHY BAMBOO AS
REINFORCEMENT

Cellulose fbers which run


the length of the culms
carrying nutrients between
the leaves and roots.
What
gives bamboo its
super-strength?
lighter-colored lignin.

Bamboo has been compared


to reinforced concrete:

Cellulose fbers
Steel bars
Lignin Concrete Combined
strength of fber & lignin is
greater than sum of the
parts.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

BAMBOO CHARACTERISTICS

Bamboo is giant grass not a tree.

The density of fbers in cross-section of a bamboo


shell varies with thickness as well as height.

The strength of bamboo is greater than most of the


timber products.

Bamboo is more prone to insect attack than other


trees and grasses.

Bamboo can prevent pollution.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT
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PROPERTIES
Properties differ with species, age,
climatic factors, moisture content, and
different heights of the Culm.
CHARACTERISTICS

BAMBOO

STEEL

Tensile strength

1000-4000kg/cm2

2300kg/cm2

Comp. strength

250-1000kg/cm2

1900kg/cm2

Modulus of elasticity

0.3x 106kg/cm2

2.1x106kg/cm2

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

COMPARISON OF BAMBOO
AND STEEL

The strength of bamboo is greater than steel.


Bamboo is easily accessible.

Bamboo lowers the cost of construction.

Increases the strength of the buildings .

Bamboo can crack and deflect more than steel


reinforcement.

Elasticity of bamboo is better than wood for


seismic resistant housing.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT
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MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
OF BAMBOO
REINFORCEMENTS
MECHANICAL
PROPERTY
SYMBOL VALUE (PSI)
Ultimate compressive
strength

8,000

Allowable compressive stress

4,000

Ultimate tensile strength

18,000

Allowable tensile stress

4,000

Allowable bond stress

50

Modulus of elasticity

0.3x106

U. S. NAVAL
CIVIL
ENGINEERING
LABAORATORY
Port Hueneme,
California
By
Francis E. Brink
and Paul J.
Rush
BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

FEATURES OF BAMBOO
Bamboo as a raw material is non-forest
product available in plenty. It is fast
growing renewable resource .
Bamboo
has
good
mechanical properties.

physical

and

Bamboo is unique in that it is strong in


both tension and compression.
Tensile strength, compressive strength, modules of
elasticity is far more greater than in any wood.
It is durable (for 30 years) and weather resistant.
Light weight, modular and interchangeable.
Good thermal and acoustical properties.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

SELECTION AND PREPARATION


OF BAMBOO

The following factors should be considered in the


selection of bamboo culms (whole plants) for use as
reinforcement in concrete structures:
Use only bamboo showing a pronounced brown color.
This will insure that the plant is at least three years
old.
Select the longest large diameter culms available.
Do not use whole culms of green, unseasoned
bamboo.
Avoid bamboo cut in spring or early summer. These
culms are generally weaker due to increased fber
moisture content.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

BENDING
Bamboo can be permanently bent if heat is applied while
applying pressure. This procedure can be used for forming splints
into C-shaped stirrups and for putting hooks on reinforcement for
additional anchorage.

WATERPROOF COATINGS
When seasoned bamboo, either split or whole, is used as
reinforcement, it should receive a waterproof coating to reduce
swelling when in contact with concrete. Without some type of
coating, bamboo will swell before the concrete has developed
BAMBOO
sufficient strength to prevent cracking and the member may
AS A
be damaged,
REINFORCEME

NT

SELECTION AND
PREPARATION OF BAMBOO
SELECTION

Use only bamboo showing a pronounced brown color.


This will insure that the plant is at least three years
old.

Select the longest large diameter culms available.

Do not use whole culms of green, unseasoned


bamboo.

Avoid bamboo cut in spring or early summer. These


culms are generally weaker due to increased fber
moisture content.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

CONSTRUCTION PRINCIPLES
In general, techniques used in conventional reinforced concrete
construction need not be changed when bamboo is to be used
for reinforcement.

Concrete Mix Proportions


The same mix designs can be used as would normally be used
with steel reinforced concrete. Concrete slump should be as low
as workability will allow. Excess water causes swelling of the
BAMBOO
bamboo. High early-strength cement is preferred to minimize
cracks caused by swelling of bamboo when seasoned bamboo
AS A
cannot be waterproofed.
REINFORCEME

NT

PLACEMENT OF BAMBOO
Bamboo reinforcement should not be placed less than
1-1/2 inches from the face of the concrete surface.
When using whole culms, the top and bottom of the
stems should be alternated in every row and the
nodes or collars, should be staggered. This will insure
a fairly uniform cross section of the bamboo
throughout the length of the member, and the
wedging effect obtained at the nodes will materially
increase the bond between concrete and bamboo.
Bamboo must be securely
tied down before placing the
concrete. It should be fxed at
regular intervals of 3 to 4 feet
to prevent it from floating up
in
the
concrete
during
placement and vibration.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

ANCHORAGE AND SPLICING


OF REINFORCEMENTS
Dowels in the footings for
column and wall reinforcement
should be imbedded in the
concrete to such a depth that
the bond between bamboo and
concrete
will
resist
the
allowable tensile force in the
dowel. This imbedded depth is
approximately 10 times the
diameter of whole culms or 25
times the thickness of 3/4 inch
wide splints.

U. S. NAVAL
CIVIL
ENGINEERING
LABAORATORY
Port Hueneme,
California
By
Francis E. Brink
and Paul J.
Rush

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

BAMBOO COLUMNS
Bamboo reinforcement in columns serves to resist a
compression load equal to that taken by the concrete it
displaces; it also will resist shear and tensile stresses. Of
the full cross section of concrete, only 80 percent is
U. S. NAVAL
considered effective in rectangular tied, columns.
CIVIL
Allowable concrete stress should not exceed 0.225 f'c
ENGINEERING
where f'c is the ultimate compressive strength of
LABAORATORY
concrete.
Port Hueneme,
California
By
Francis E. Brink
and Paul J.
Rush

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT
Vertical reinforcement should be approximately 4
percent of the column cross section for rectangular
columns. When bamboo is used as lateral tie
reinforcement, the ties should be spaced not over 16
times the least dimension of the vertical reinforcement
nor farther apart than the least dimension of the
column. Enough ties should be provided so that every
vertical bar is held frmly in its designed position and
has lateral support equivalent to that provided by a 90degree corner of a tie.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

A common rule
for determining
the size of a tie is
that its crosssectional area is
2 percent of the
area of all the
vertical
reinforcement
confned by it.

The concrete cross-sectional area of bamboo


reinforced rectangular columns conservatively
should be 2.25 times the concrete area of steel
reinforced rectangular columns, indicating a 50percent increase in face dimensions.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

WALLS

Bamboo columns are spaced at 1.2 M interval.


Split bamboo grids are assembled with wire.
Chicken wire mesh is fxed to the bamboo splits.
Cement mortar plaster is applied to provide stability.
The fnished wall thickness is about 50mm thick.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
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WHY BAMBOO
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Affordability
Employment generation
Availability of raw materials
Adaptability
Flexibility
Technology
Quick to construct
Durability
Safety
Comfort
Environmental benefts
Control of deforestation

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

EXAMPLE

Bridge for the "Bob Marley


Museum" in Jamaica

Michael McDonoughs
chair

Factory hall in
Pennsylvania,
Colombia [1993]

Rocco Yim

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

CONCLUSION
Due to the low modulus of elasticity of bamboo, flexural
members will nearly always develop some cracking
under normal service loads. If cracking cannot be
tolerated, steel reinforced designs or designs based on
unreinforced sections are required.
Bamboo
may
never
replace concrete or wood
entirely, but chances are
that it will become a
standard part of housing
in the future.
It
identifes the potential for an alternative light
construction method at low cost for areas where steel
reinforcement might be prohibitive.
In this case,
bamboo might replace steel in light construction as the
tensile element in concrete design.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

CONCLUSION
It is a fact that the construction
industry is the main consumer
of energy and materials in most
countries.

The pursuit of sustainable


development, that meets the
needs of the present without
compromising the ability of
future generations

Some recommendations for future studies are


proposed with the hope that the newly
developed material could contribute, on a
large scale, to sustainable development
without harming our globe.

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT

THANK YOU

BAMBOO
AS A
REINFORCEME
NT