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History

and
Theory of Architecture
Taken from UST Architecture Undergraduate Assessment Test
(USAT)
by Arch. Norma I. Alarcon
Recommended review material for UST Preboard Exam
Prepared by: arkireviewph.multiply.com

1. The space reserved for the bishop at


the end of the church is _____.
a. Nave
b. Dome
c. Bema
d. apse

2. Church plan of the Early Christian is


_______.
Byzantine
a. Basilican
b. Greek cross
Romanesque
c. Latin cross
d. Calvary cross

3. In the E. Christians church atrium is a


fountain of water for ablutions that is
similar to our present day.
a. Stoup
b. Water basin
c. Cistern
A deep, wide ditch surrounding
a castle, fort, town;
d. moat
defense against attacks.

4. The high altar is covered above by a


canopy called _____.
a. Ambo
b. Confession
c. Baldachino
d. Carpet

5. The space for clergy and choir is


separated by a low screen wall called
_____.
a. Podium
b. Ambo
c. Cancelli
d. Ciborium

6. The Iconoclastic Movement during the


Byzantine period forbade the use of
______ for representations.
a. Glass mosaic
b. Statues
c. Gargoyles
d. Carvings

7. Due to its length, the E.Christian


church gives an impression of ____.
a. Horizontality
b. Airiness
c. Spaciousness
d. Magnificence

8. When the dome and the pendentives


are part of the same sphere, the dome
is classified as ____.
a. Acute
b. Double
c. Simple
d. Complex

9. The masterpiece of Byzantine


architecture is ____.
a. S. Vitale, Ravenna
b. S. Mark, Venice
c. S. Sophia, Constantinople
d. S. Theodore, Constantinople

10. For pictorial representations, the head


and shoulders of Christ is placed on
the ____. A, B & C: Byzantine
a. Walls
Representation of Saints
& life of Jesus
b. Ceiling of apse
c. Ceiling of the dome
Virgin child
d. Pendentives
For Evangelist

11. Principal material for the Byzantine


architecture ____.
a. Marble
b. Granite
c. Adobe
d. Brick

12. Church plan of the Romanesque


Church _____.
a. Fleur de lis
b. Papal cross
c. Latin cross
d. Greek

13. Character of Romanesque


architecture is _____.
a. Sober and dignified
b. Simplicity and harmony
c. Lofty and inspiring quality
d. Structural honesty

14. In Romanesque architecture, door


and window openings have jambs or
sides formed in a series of receding
moulded planes known as _____.
a. Orders
b. Piers
c. Mouldings
d. Ornaments

15. Characteristic feature of Romanesque


in N. Italy is the wheel window and the
_____.
a. Flying buttress
b. Central projecting porch
c. Caryatid porch
Greek architecture
d. fanlight

16. Walls of the Romanesque churches


are relieved by shallow buttresses or
pilaster strips, connected at the top by
____.
a. Wheel window
b. Corbel arches
c. Cornice
d. Columns

17. The church which is half-Gothic, halfRenaissance and known present as S.


Maria del Fiore is ____.
a. Pantheon, Rome
b. Florence Cathedral
c. S. Andrea, Mantua
d. Superga, Turin

18. In Gothic architecture, the upper story


of the nave walls rising above the aisle
roof which is pierced with windows is
the ______.
Gothic Architecture:
a. Aisle vault
-flying buttress
b. Walkways
- stained
- pointed arch
c. Blind story
d. Clear story

19. The characteristic Renaissance wall that


have cut stones with strongly emphasized
recess joints and smooth or roughly
textured block faces is ____.
a. Polychrome brickwork
b. Sgraffito
c. Rusticated masonry
d. Polygonal facing

20. It is known as the architecture of the


curve line ____.
a. Renaissance
b. Art nouveau
c. Greek
d. Baroque

21. It is very usual in English Gothic


cathedrals to include a chapel in honor
of the Virgin Mary called _____.
a. Chantry chapel
b. Perpetual chapel
c. Widows
d. Lady chapel

22. The ornamental pattern work in stone


filling the upper part of a Gothic
window is _____.
a. Stained glass
b. Billet moulding
c. Tracery
d. Keystone

23. The characteristic Norman church in


England is _____.
a. York
b. Durham
c. Oxford
d. Guildford

24. The third largest Gothic cathedral in


Europe is ______.
a. Bristol
b. Doges palace
c. Ameins
d. Cologne

25. The forerunner of Gothic in France


was _____.
a. Francois Mansard
b. Villard de Hannecourt
c. Arnolfo di Cambio
d. Christopher Wren

26. The period known as the Early English


period of the Gothic style in England and
which is less massive in character and
simple in ornament is the _____.
simple
a. Lancet
b. Rayonnant
Rose window
c. Rectilinear
d. parallel

27. It is the period in French Gothic which


is characterized by flame-like or freeflowing window tracery.
a. Rectilinear
b. Curvilinear
c. Arcuated
d. Flamboyant

28. One characteristic feature of German


Gothic is its use of _____.
a. Limestone
b. Brick
c. Marble
d. Concrete

29. Gothic character of verticality was


neutralized in Italy by_____.
a. Corbel arches
b. Ancones
c. Horizontal cornices
d. Sgraffito
Graffiti. Decoration
on walls..

30. Spanish Gothic interiors are


characterized by the use of ____.
a. Rajas
Deco. Grilles
b. Iconostas
c. Tore
d. Piedra china

31. Gothic means _______.


a. Architecture of the curve line.
b. Departure of the curve line.
c. Restoration
d. Resurrection of the curve line.

32. The earliest form of dwelling


developed by man is the ______.
a. Hut
b. Rock cave
c. Megaron
d. tipi

33. The Stonehenge is an example of


____.
Dolmen - tomb of standing stone capped
with large horizontal slab.
a. Ziggurat
Cromlech-enclosure formed by huge stones
on the ground in circular form.
b. Stone circle Menhir-planted
single, large upright monolith, sometimes
In parallel rows reaching several miles.
c. Stone row
Monolith- stone
d. Pyramid

34. Early type of tomb architecture in


Egypt was the _____.
a. Mastaba
b. Pyramid
c. Tholos
d. Assuary

35. Characteristic feature of Egyptian


external wall is that it is ______.
a. Levered
b. Battered
c. Plain
d. Embattled

36. The torus mold in Egyptian temples


were used to cover the _____ of the
walls.
a. Angles
b. Base
c. Cornice
d. Jambs

37. Persian architectural character is


described as _____ and airy
magnificence.
a. Heavy
b. Vertical
c. Light
d. Serene

38. Assyrian system of construction is


essentially _____.
a. Trabeated
b. Arcuated
c. Buttressed
d. Cantilevered

39. The favorite motifs of design of the


Egyptians include the lotus papyrus
and ______.
a. Palm
b. Scarab
c. Rope
d. Feather

42. Structures which corners were made


to face the four cardinal points were
the _____.
Cardinal point: one of
a. Ziggurat
each of the four points of
the compass - north, south,
b. Temple
east, west.
c. Tombs
d. Pyramid

41. The four-seated colossal statues of


Rameses III are carved in the faade
of the ______.
a. Mammisi Temple
b. Great Serapeum
c. Ramesseum
d. Great Temple, Abu Simbel

42. The palace proper found in Assyrian


palaces called _____.
a. Seraglio
b. Khan
c. Thalamus
d. Caravanserais

43. Ziggurats are also called ______.


a. Sacrificial altars
b. Dwelling house of the gods
c. Precinct
d. Holy mountain

44. The famous Hanging Gardens is


found in the _____.
a. Temple of Marduk
b. Palace of Nebuchadnezzar
c. Palace of Sargon
d. House of the Rising Sun

45. A style of decoration in architecture and


applied art developed principally in France and
Belgium toward the end of the 19th Century,
characterized by organic and dynamic forms,
whiplash lines and curving design.
a. Art deco
b. Art nouveau
c. Beaux-arts
d. Neo-classic

46. One of the most important


architecture of the Early Victorian
period and designed by Sir Joseph
Paxton.
a. Art deco
b. Crystal palace
c. Eiffel tower
d. Library of St. Genevieve, Paris

47. Romanesque revival in the USA was


introduced by ______.
a. Louis Khan
b. Henry H. Richardson
c. Frank Lloyd Wright
d. Richard Upjohn

48. The architect whose works clearly


express the principle of functionalism
and was called the Father of Modern
Architecture in the USA.
a. Louis Sullivan
b. Frank Lloyd Wright
c. Robert Venturi
d. Philip Johnson

49. The chief chamber containing the


statue in Greek temple is___.
a. Opisthodomos
b. Naos
c. In-antis
d. Peribolus

50. The passageway leading to the main


vault of the tholos is called ______.
a. Stele
b. Columbaria
c. Spina
d. Dromos

51. The slight curvature of the Greek


column is called ____.
a. Entasis
b. Plinth
c. Abacus
d. Echinus

52. The Roman palatial public bath.


a. Gymnasium
b. Laconicum
c. Triclinia
d. Thermae

54. Structure used for gladiatorial


contests.
Center of hypodrome
a. Spina
b. Amphitheaters
c. Skene
stage
d. Tholos
Beehive, sleeping area

55. The Greek wrestling school is called


____.
Colonnade shelter
a. Stoa
b. Gymnasia
Physical fitness
c. Palaestra
d. Bouleuterion
Council house

56. The sunk panels found in the ceiling


of Greek temples is the______.
architrave
a. Metope
b. Quadrigas
4 horses
c. Agora
market
d. Lacunaria
Lacunar: ceiling, soffit or vault adorned with pattern of recessed panels.

57. A temple arranged with a single line of


columns surrounding the naos is
called _____.
Part of roman house,
Inner colonnade
a. Peristyle
b. Peripteral
Parthenon - all sides
c. Dodecastyle
12 columns
d. Apteral

58. A recess or alcove with raised seat


where disputes took place is the ____.
Roof ornament
a. Crest
Also rowlock, arrangement of bricks
b. Rollock
Part of church; large apsidal
c. Exedrae
extension of interior volume,
Also Exhedra. Ching p.35
d. Niche
Shallow recess in wall
For display

59. The triangular termination of the roof


of a Greek temple.
a. Pediment
Smaller Dentils
b. Mutules
c. Antefixae
d. Triglyph

60. The popularly used column in the


Greeks is _____.
a. Tuscan
b. Corinthian
c. Ionic
d. Doric

61. The traditional Maranao house for the


ordinary members of the community is
____.
Tower at torogan; ladies
a. Walay
b. Lamin
Upper class
c. Torogan
d. Dema
Greek house

62. The only surviving structure of the


1945 war in Intramuros is the _____.
a. San Juan de Letran College
b. Manila Cathedral
c. San Agustin Church
d. Iglesia de San Ignacio

63. The private sleeping room in the


bahay kubo is called ___.
a. Calado
b. Bangahan
storage
c. Silid
d. Tampipi

64. The mezzanine floor in the bahay na


bato.
a. Alcoba
b. Latrina
c. Entresuelo
d. Volada

65. Found in the ground floor of the bahay


na bato, it is where the carriages and
saints floats or andas are usually
kept.
a. Patio
b. Entresuelo
c. Garahe
d. Zaguan

66. This is the cistern found underneath


the azotea.
a. Dema
b. Aljibe
c. Calado
d. Dulang

67. The church in Bohol that contains the


biggest number of murals on the walls
and ceilings. 2nd oldest
a. Loboc
biggest
b. Cortes
c. Laon
Burned down
d. Jagna
Baclayon is the oldest

68. It is the first all steel building in the


Philippines.
a. Manila Hotel
b. San Sebastian Church
c. Intendencia building
d. Philippine Normal School

69. The architect of the Philippine


General Hospital.
a. William Parsons
b. Juan Arellano
c. Ralph Doane
d. Tomas Mapua

70. The Chicago architect who prepared


the Manila Plan under the American
Colonial Period.
a. George Fenhagen
b. Edgar Bourne
c. Pierce Anderson
d. Daniel Burnham

71. He defined architecture as: utilitas,


firmitas, venustas - generally
translated as utility, firmness, and
delight.
Venustas translates as Beauty.
a. Violet Le Duc
b. Vitruvius
c. Louis Sullivan
d. Henry Richardson

72. Roofs, domes, vaults and balustrades


comprises the ______.
a. Circulatory elements
b. Structural elements
c. Protective elements
d. Decorative elements of a structure

73. The _____ forms of a structure are


organized according to their origin,
composition and treatment.
a. Decorative
b. Structural
c. Protective
d. Circulatory

74. The line that is described as sturdy,


masculine.
a. Straight
b. Curved
c. Amorphous
d. Irregular

75. Is a decorative treatment when forms


and shapes are arranged in a
diminishing or increasing manner.
a. Repetition
b. Alternation
c. Gradation
d. Radiating

76. It has two dimensions and articulated


with color, tone and texture.
a. Platonic solids
b. Volume
c. Surface
d. Mass

77. The ____ of a form depends on its


geometry as well as its orientation relative
to the ground plane and our line of sight. It
also signifies the degree of concentration
and stability of a form.
a. Orientation
b. Visual inertia
c. Position
d. Silhouette

78. It works together with a practical design to


the end that out of this collaboration grows
a building which is not only functional but
also pleasing in appearance.
a. Parti
b. Aesthetic design
c. From within to without
d. Functional design

79. It is a term used to describe the work of those


architects who prefigured the International
and Fucntionalist Period of the Modern
Movement. It is the outward manifestation of
a design through an individual articulation.
a. Organic
b. Eclectic
c. Expressionism
d. Deconstructivism

80. The easiest and simplest kind of balance is


the purely symmetrical type in which the
elements are arranged in precisely the
same manner on either side of a central
axis or line.
a. Occult balance
b. Formal balance
c. Symmetrical balance
d. Asymmetrical balance

81. A German design school founded in Weimar


in 1906. It became the most important and
influential design school of the 20th Century.
a. CIAM
b. Bauhaus
c. Deutscher Werkbund
d. Chicago School

82. Style fashionable in the 1920s and 1930s in


industrial design, interior design and
architecture. One of the best known building
in this style is the Chrysler Building in New
York City.
a. Art Deco
b. Jugendstil
c. Functionalism
d. High Tech

83. The architect of the AEG Turbine


Factory, Berlin.
a. Max Berg
b. Walter Gropius
c. Peter Behrens
d. Gunther Bernisch

84. A movement initiated by Le Corbusier


and characterized above all by the use
of beton-brut raw, unfinished concrete.
a. Classicism
b. Brutalism
c. Baroque style
d. Expressionism

85. English architect and engineer, a leading


representative of High Tech architecture. His
projects include HK and Shanghai Bank,
Hongkong, the Carre dArt Gallery, Nimes, the
Reichstag, Berlin and the Great Court, London.
a. Sir Norman Foster
b. Richard Buckminster Fuller
c. Theo van Doesburg
d. Robert Venturi

86. Swiss architect active in France, one of the


most influential architects and theorists of the
20th Century. His works include Villa Savoye,
Poissy; the Unite d;Habitation, Marseille; and
the Pilgrimage Church, Ronchamp.
a. Charles Edouard Jeanneret
b. Charles Rennie Mckintosh
c. Richard Meier
d. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

87. Japanese movement founded in 1960 by a


group of architects and city planners. Their
aim was to ease urban congestion and
expand cities by adopting innovative types
of structure.
a. Megastructure
b. Metabolism
c. Modernism
d. Functionalism

88. American architect of Chinese origin. His firm is


one of the largest architectural firms in the US.
Buildings he designed included the Hancock
Tower, Boston; Bank of China, Hongkong; and
the Pyramid at the Louver, Paris.
a. IM Pei
b. Cesar Pelli
c. Ken Yeang
d. Renzo Piano

89. Less is a bore. Is the famous saying


of _____.
a. Louis Sullivan
b. Frank Lloyd Wright
c. Robert Venturi
d. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

90. A Filipino architect who designed the much


acclaimed stage setting for the New York
premier of Lucifer, danced by Fonteyn and
Nureyev in honor of the Martha Graham
dance companys golden anniversary.
a. Juan Nakpil
b. Felipe Mendoza
c. Pablo Antonio
d. Leandro Locsin

91. The actual dimension in terms of


length, width and depth.
a. Shape
b. Height
c. Length
d. Size

92. The part of a connected series.


a. Line
b. Link
c. Sides
d. Arc

93. The contour and structure of an object


as distinguished from its substance or
from the matter composing it.
a. Area
b. Faade
c. Form
d. Perspective

94. That which deceives the eye.


a. Entasis
b. Superimposition
c. Point
d. Trompe Loeil

95. One of the most influential architect of the Italian


Renaissance who proposed the seven most
beautiful and proportionate manners of rooms.
a. Palladio
b. Bramante
c. Michaelangelo
d. Bernini
*not sure. Might be Palladio? Bramante was student of Palladio,
Michaelangelo was a stone mason, Bernini was the last St.Peter
architect.

96. A center of interest to the most


important aspect of a design scheme.
a. Focus
b. Faade
c. Elevation
d. Contrast

97. Architecture characterized by free,


abstract, monumental form.
a. Minimalism
b. Functionalism
c. Expressionism
d. Brutalism

98. Outline of the human face, distinctive


outline.
a. Dominance
b. Side view
c. Profile
d. Picture

99. The line or point where two things are


joined or hinged.
a. Corner
b. Junction
c. Angle
d. Boss

100. General formula to explain a


phenomena ______.
a. Theory
b. Research
c. Survey
d. Test

Done! :)
Source: USAT 2006 History and Theory of Architecture
For additional review materials or contributions go to:
www.arkireviewph.multiply.com
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