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SELECTION OF HYDRAULIC

MOTORS
HYDROSTATIC DRIVES

Power transmission
systems

Consists of a positive
displacement pump
driving a positive
displacement motor.

They are compact,
powerful, readily
controlled.

FEATURES OF HYDROSTATIC
DRIVES

Remain stalled and undamaged under full
power load at low power loss.

Hold a preset speed accurately against driving
or braking loads.

Operate efficiently over a wide range of torque
or speed ratios.

Provide faster response than any other type of
transmission.

Transmit high power with low inertia.
TYPES OF HYDROSTATIC
DRIVES

Open- system
 A open system is one where the
hydraulic fluid is returned into a large
unpressurised tank at the end of a cycle
through the system

Closed- system
 A closed system is where the hydraulic
fluid stays in one closed pressurized loop
without returning to a main tank after each
cycle.
PRINCIPLE CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR OPEN LOOP
AND CLOSED LOOP SYSTEM
REPLENISHING PUMP

In closed loop system the pump and the
motor have small amount of internal
leakage.

Results in fluid loss

This must be replenished to prevent
cavitation.

Separate pump called replenishing pump
must be added.
HYDROSTATIC DRIVE
ARRANGEMENTS

Variable displacement pump, Fixed
displacement motor

Fixed displacement pump, Variable
displacement motor

Variable displacement pump, Variable
displacement motor
HYDROSTATIC DRIVE
CHARACTERISTICS
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PUMP,
FIXED DISPLACEMENT MOTOR

The output power can be varied by adjusting the pump


displacement which changes the motor speed.


This drive configuration is known as CONSTANT TORQUE
TRANSMISSION.
FIXED DISPLACEMENT PUMP, VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
MOTOR

This drive configuration is known as CONSTANT


POWER TRANSMISSION.

This type of characteristic is useful in drives of
coiling machines, tension control devices, winding
and unwinding machines etc.
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PUMP, VARIABLE
DISPLACEMENT MOTOR



This type is generally used for applications
requiring a combination of torque and power
characteristics.

The characteristic is a combination of the previous
two, as both pump and motor displacement can
be varied.

The speed is adjusted by either adjusting pump or
motor or both.
BRAKING OF HYDROSTATIC
DRIVES

Hydrostatic drives can be slowed down and
stopped more smoothly and rapidly than most
drives. This is because the fluid motors are
smaller and have considerably less inertia than
the equivalent electric motors and mechanical
drives.

Two braking systems are ideal for hydrostatic
drives:
1.regenerative
2.dynamic.
BRAKING SYSTEMS

With REGENERATIVE BRAKING , the inertia of the
driven machinery begins to drive the fluid motor
as a pump, which in turn drives the pump as a
motor. The kinetic energy is quickly absorbed
stopping the fluid motor and its connected
equipment.

In DYNAMIC BRAKING, flow from the pump to the
fluid motor is cut off by a valve. Load inertia
drives the fluid motor as a pump and the output is
forced through a relief valve, creating a cushioned
braking effect.
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