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GUL Interoperability Ov

erview

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Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy


Understand GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
Outline GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
Know Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page3

Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

GUL Interoperability Overview


GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
GUL Interoperability Solution
GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page4

LTE Network Challenges


Maturity Bottleneck

Provider

Risk of Customer Experience

us
M try
at
ur Ch
ity ai
n

Lack of End to End Solution

Experience

In
d

Lack of Network Deployment

Economical LTE Rollout

sy
st
em

Flexible Site Solution


Cost-effective Backhaul Solution
Easy O&M

Voice & SMS on LTE


Seamless Handover between
G/U/L

LTE
Challenges

Terminals

Ec
o

C
Ex ust
pe om
rie er
nc
e

t
n
e
m rd
t
es w a
v
In Re

Profit-Oriented Approach
Service Innovation Create
Customer Value
Flexible Third Party Cooperation
Mechanism

LTE is the future, but opportunities always stay with challenges


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page5

Operators Main Concerns


Impact

of LTE
introduction

Ecosystems

Technology selection for


different services;
Change on existing NE.

maturity

Spectrum availability;

UE availability;

Data service first.

GSM/UMTS/LTE
Interoperability
Efficiency
Focus

of investment

on hotspot and dense


urban in initial phase.

High

end user experience

QoE of new LTE subs;


Service

continuity and

diversity.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page6

Function Requirement for Interoperabilit


y from Operators
The Best Service Experience

Ensure Service Continuity

Try to receive data services as

far as possible in LTE so as to


get the best business

GSM/UMTS is required to
compensate the lack of LTE
coverage

experience

Reasonable Inter-system
Service/Load-sharing

GSM/UMTS provide voice service to make up the


deficiency of LTE service type

Minimum Influence

Impose the minimum influence

Make use of GSM/UMTS to share the load of LTE

on networks and subscribes

service

during network upgrading

Make UEs in low data service rate handover to


GSM/ UMTS system, raising GSM/UMTS system
utilization ratio and, exerting LTE high-speed data
service advantage

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page7

Performance Requirements for Interoper


ability from Operators

Require High Speed Service

reasonably

Experience

Set IRAT parameters

Service experience trend

Avoid IRAT ping-pang


handover/reselection

LTE > UMTS > GSM

Performance

Requirements

Satisfy KPI

IRAT Interoperability success rate

IRAT Interoperability time delay

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page8

LTE Deployment Strategy

Hot spot / Dense Urban


in initial phase

Urban / Rural
in expanding / mature phase

Limited spectrum options

More spectrum available

Mainly dedicated for data service

Convergent PS Core

Independent EPC to minimize impact on CN

Load sharing strategy

Keep service continuity via 2G/3G network

Service based mobility

No impact on the stability of 2G/3G network

Enhance Network performance and end


user experience

Enable seamless service experience between LTE and G/U systems


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page9

Network interworking design


Seamless Mobility

Best QoS

Connected
state L1800
L1800

Continuous
service

U2100
U2100

Load balance

U900/850
U900/850

Idle state
L1800
L1800

IDLE

Camp/Cell
Selection

U2100
U2100

Cell
Reselection

U900/850
U900/850

Handover/R
edirection
Data
Service
Continuity
CONNE
CTED
Voice
Service
Continuity

GSM900/1800
GSM900/1800
CCO

CS Fall
Back
SRVCC

Reselection
Camp on high priority
techonology first(LTE with
the highest priority in
default situation);
Camp on low priority
technology by coverage
based reselection

GSM900/1800
GSM900/1800
Handover based on coverage CS
handover/PS Cell change
Handover based on coverage CS
handover/PS Cell change (U900
edge area)
PS reselection based on coverage
(G->U)
Inter-Freq handover based on
coverage( UMTS center)
Dual Inter-Freq handover based on
coverage U900 edge area)
CSFB L->U L->G)
PS handover/CCO/redirection based
on coverage L->U L->G)
PS handover/redirection based on
service U->L)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page10

(GUL Scenario)

Two Optional Network Structures for Inte


rworking (Gn/Gp, S3/S4)
Lu-CS
Interfaces for GSMBTS
S3/S4 structure
Interfaces for
Gn/Gp structure

BSC

Gb

Affected NE while
implementing
LTE

S12

UMTS NodeB
To MME

S10

MSC/
VLR/eMSC

SGSN

Lu-PS
RNC

To Foreign
PLMN

Gp

S3 Gn
MME

S1-MME

Gn

S4

Gr

S6a

HSS

S11
S1u

LTE TDD/FDD eNodeB

Advantage of Option 1: Gn/Gp (GTP V1)


Fast to market.
Connect to the EPC with only minor change to
installed network.
Implement Gn/Gp structure in the first phase of LTE
deployment.
NE: GGSN should be upgraded or replaced or
integrated with PGW.
Gn/Gp is the most applied structure due to legacy
2G/3G version.

SGs
Proxy

SGs/Sv
SGW
S8

S5

GGSN/
PGW

To Foreign PLMN

SGi

IP Services
e.g. IMS,
PSS, etc

Advantage of Option 2: S3/S4 (GTP V2 )


Simple architecture
PCC, E2E QoE and GTP V2 is introduced.
This architecture will deployed when LTE
services obviously increased.
NE: SGSN, GGSN, MSC needs to be
upgraded.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page11

GUL Interworking Procedure with Scenes


Access

Flow
Routing
Area
Update

GnGp
SGSN

Tracking
Area
Update

Handover

Flow Scenario

Trigger Scenario

Protocol reference

MME to Gn/Gp
SGSN Routing
Area Update

Cell reselection, PLMN


reselection
RRC Release and redirection
Cell Change Order
Cell Change Order with NACC

3GPP TS23.401
section Appendix D
3GPP TS23.401
section 5.6

Gn/Gp SGSN to
MME Tracking
Area Update

Cell reselection, PLMN


reselection
RRC release and redirection
TCH/SDCCH release and
redirection
Cell Change Order
Cell Change Order with NACC

3GPP TS23.401
section Appendix D
3GPP TS23.401
section 5.6

MME to Gn/Gp
SGSN handover

Cover Based, loading based,


service based (CSFB&SRVCC)

3GPP TS23.401
section Appendix D

Gn/Gp SGSN to
MME handover

Cover Based, loading based

3GPP TS23.401
section Appendix D

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page12

GUL Interworking Procedure with Scenes


Access

Flow
Tracking
Area
Update

S4
SGSN

Routing
Area
Update

Handover

Flow Scenario

Trigger Scenario

Protocol reference

E-UTRAN
Tracking Area
Update

Cell reselection, PLMN


reselection,
RRC Release and redirection.
Cell Change Order.
Cell Change Order with NACC

3GPP TS23.401
section 5.3.3,5.6

3GPP TS23.401
section 5.3.3,5.6

UTRAN/GERAN
Routing Area
Update

Cell reselection, PLMN


reselection,
RRC release and Redirection
TCH/SDCCH Release and
Redirection
Cell Change Order
Cell Change Order with NACC

E-UTRAN to
UTRAN/GERAN
Inter
RAT handover

Cover Based, loading based,


service based
(CSFB&SRVCC)

3GPP TS23.401
section 5.5.2

UTRAN/GERAN
to E-UTRAN Inter
RAT handover

Cover Based, loading based

3GPP TS23.401
section 5.5.2

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page13

Standard of Interworking Progress


R11
R10
R9
R8
EPC, LTE TDD/FDD
Defined
GUL,TDSL,CL
Interworking Defined
VoLTE;
CSFB, SRVCC

eCSFB
(Flash CSFB)

GUL TL eSRVCC
GUL TL aSRVCC

2011
2009
2008

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page14

GUL TL rSRVCC
OSCAR
VoLTE Roaming
CL MOCN IWK

Contents
1. GUL Interoperability Overview
2. GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
2.1 Interoperability Networking Requirement Overview from Operat
ors
2.2 Interoperability Networking Scenarios and Strategies

3. GUL Interoperability Solution


4. GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
5. GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page15

Operator Requirements Overview for


Interoperability Networking
GL
Networkin
g

Germany TMO: Legacy network:GSM900 and UMTS2100, plans to launch


a LTE network in 800M and 1800M respectively UMTS completely disa
ppears, therefore forming GL Network scenario.
Canada Bell/Telus Continously coverage areas via UMTS850 and UMTS1900 , plan
to introduce LTE to co-existed expansion building, therefore forming UL Network
scenario.

UL
Networking

HongKong Genius MOCN of HUT and PCCW. Legacy network: UMTS system
respectively owned by HUT and PCCW.

Singapore M1 Current GSM1800 exits to provide 10M available for LTE, and last
GSM completely disappears, thereby considering UL Network scenario.

Japan eMobile currently there are two carriers available for UMTS, 10M available for
LTE. Plans to provide 5M of UMTS for LTE via refarming so as to form UL Network
scenario.

GUL Networking

Sweden N4M LTE possibly uses 2600/1800/800 UMTS occupies


2100/900 GSM 1800/900, existed UMTS can not form continuous
coverage areas, so GUL Network scenario appears.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page16

Interoperability General Strategy(1/2)

Preferentially camp on LTE frequency band

Reselect and handover from LTE edge area to GU network

Before deploying VoIP voice call falls back to GU network via CS


FB strategy

Reduce the difficulty of LTE configuration via a brief and efficient str
ategy. Via existed GU interoperability strategy, LTE can interoperate
with one of GU frequency bands( or carriers) .

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page17

Interoperability General Strategy(2/


2)
LTE

Camping by default
CSFB

G/U/T(Data)

Reselection

Redirection

G/U/T(Voice)
Phase 1: LTE Initial Deployment with Limited
Coverage & subscribers in hotpot/dense urban

LTE Mainly dedicated for data service

Voice Service Continuity via CSFB to 2G/3G


network

Load balance within LTE

VoLTE

SRVCC

G/U/T(Data)

Reselection

G/U/T(Voice)

Redirection
PSHO

Load Balance

Phase 2 and after: LTE with expanded


Coverage & more subscribers in urban/rural

Use PS handover for inter-RAT


switching

Keep service continuity via 2G/3G network by


coverage based Interworking

LTE

Camping by default

Introduce VoLTE, voice continuity with


2G/3G via SRVCC

Load balance between LTE and 3G/2G

Different interoperability strategies are adoptable in various LTE


deployment phases
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page18

GL Networking Strategy 1/2


Connection Mode

Idle Mode
1 Camping priority: LTE > GSM
2 Support cell reselection between
LTE and GSM

Supports LTE->GSM reselection at


the edge of LTE network;
Supports GSM ->LTE reselection w
hen moving into LTE coverage area
.

1 Supports LTE-> GSM coverage-based handover


2 Supports LTE-> GSM handover types PSHO, SRVCC,
CCO/NACC, Redirection.

PSHO can ensure PS continuity before and after


handover;

CCO/NACC and Redirection are suitable for PS, which


requires low time delay;

VoIP is deployed in LTE not in GSM, so SRVCC is


used to handover VoIP to GSM CS domain;

In GSM connection mode, UE does not support interRAT measurement, then it will adaptively adopt
handover without measurement which need configure
blind priorities of neighbour cells of GSM cells

3 Quick redirection, NACCor Flash CSFB. It requires


network side to support RIM procedure

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page19

GL Networking Strategy 2/2


Voice Solution

Load Control and service steering


1 Supports LTE-> GSM loadcontrol-based redirection

GSM via CSFB

In GSM connection mode, UE does not support

Redirect UE to GSM when

inter-RAT measurement, then it will adaptively uses

overload occurs in a cell

CSFB without measurement which need configure

2 Supports LTE-> GSM loadbased handover

1 Before LTE supports VoIP, Voice service falls back to

Let certain services with a


specifics QCI (such as VoIP)
fall back to GSM

blind priorities of neighbour cells of GERAN cells

In case of unspecific GSM handover function


supported by the network and UEs, only enable the
switch of redirection.

2 If VoIP is deployed in LTE not in GSM, SRVCC is


applied at the edge of LTE network so as to handover
voice service to GSM CS domain.
3 If VoIP is deployed in both LTE and GSM, PSHO is
adopted at the edge of LTE network so as to
handover VoIP service to GSM network.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page20

UL Networking Strategy 1/2


Connection Mode

Idle Mode
1 Camping priority: LTE > UMTS
2 Support cell reselection between
LTE and UMTS

Supports LTE-> UMTS reselection at


the edge of LTE network;
Supports UMTS ->LTE reselection w
hen moving into LTE coverage area.

1 Supports LTE-> UMTS coverage-based handover


2 Supports LTE-> UMTS handover types:
PSHO SRVCC Redirection

PSHO can ensure PS continuity before and after


handover;

Redirection is suitable for PS, which requires low


delay;

VoIP is deployed in LTE not in UMTS, so SRVCC is


used to handover VoIP to UMTS CS domain;

In UMTS connection mode, UE does not support interRAT measurement, then it will adaptively adopt
handover without measurement which need configure
blind priorities of neighbour cells of UMTS cells

3 Quick redirection and flash CSFB. It requires network


side to support RIM procedure

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page21

UL Networking Strategy 2/2


Voice Solution

Load Control and service steering


1 Supports LTE-> UMTS load-controlbased redirection

Redirect UE to UMTS when overload

1 Before LTE supports VoIP, Voice service falls


back to UMTS via CSFB:

inter-RAT measurement, then it will adaptively adopt

occurs in a cell

CSFB without measurement which need configure

2 Supports LTE-> UMTS load-based


handover

In UMTS connection mode, UE does not support

blind priorities of neighbour cells of UMTS cells

In case of unspecific UMTS handover function

Let certain services with a specifics

supported by the network and UEs, only enable the

QCI (such as VoIP) fall back to UMST

switch of redirection.

3 Supports LTE-> UMTS CS/PS service


steering CS service such as CSFB
is suggested to fall back carriers in R99,
while PS service(such as coverage-base
service) is recommended to fall back to
carriers in HSPA

2 If VoIP is deployed in LTE not in UMTS,


SRVCC is applied at the edge of LTE network so
as to handover voice service to UMTS CS
domain.
3 If VoIP is deployed in both LTE and GSM, PSHO is
adopted at the edge of LTE network so as to handover
VoIP service to UMTS network.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page22

GUL Networking Strategy

UMTS can not realize the


continuous coverage, while

Connection Mode / Voice Solution


1 LTE->GU intersystem handover: Current commercial
UEs are not able to support GSM but UMTS intersystem

operators require to

measurement, therefore, eNodeB only delivers UMTS

preferentially interoperate to

measuring to UE. When the quality of UMTS is better

UMTS, therefore forming

to a UMTS neighbour cell. If there is no UMTS coverage

GUL scenario

are and UE does not report event B1, eNodeB will

Uses the same strategy with

serving cell is lower than certain threshold(coverage-

before, so only differences


list here

and UE reports event B1, and eNodeB will handover UE

directly blind redirect UE whose receiving level in the


based) or sometime later(CSFB) to GSM.
2 After UE supporting GSM measuring, via adjusting
GSM parameters(suggest to longer UMTS measuring
time) to ensure UE report B1 MR of UMTS to realize to

Idle Mode

handover to UMTS preferentially


3 If UE does not support GU measuring, prefer blind

Camping priority LTE > UMTS > GS


M

handover to UMTS can be realized via configuration.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page23

Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

GUL Interoperability Overview


GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
GUL Interoperability Solution
GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page24

Target of GSM/UMTS/LTE Interwo


rking
Expanding / Mature Phase
Voice service introduced;
Load based mobility management;
Service based mobility
management;

Initial Phase
Data service only;
Keep service continuity via GSM/UMTS network ;
Avoid the impact on the GSM/UMTS network stability;

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page25

Interworking Procedure Components

Interworking procedure includes 4 steps: Trigger, Measurement, Decision


and Execution.

PS Voice
Servic
e
QoS

Load
Satisfa
ction Covera
ge

with
Measure
ment

Measurement

Trigger
Blind

IDLE
UE Make
Decision

Execution

Decision
Re-Selection
RRC
Connected
BS Make
Decision

Redirection
PS Handover
CCO/eNACC

CCO: cell change order


eNACC: network assisted cell change
RRC: radio resource control
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page26

Contents
1. GUL Interoperability Overview
2. GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
3. GUL Interoperability Solution
3.1 Coverage-Based Interoperability Solution
3.2 Load-Based Interoperability Solution
3.3 Voice Service Continuity Solution
3.4 Interoperability Strategy Cases of Operators

4. GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation


5. GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page27

Camping Procedure
UE

Common Camping Priority

Last RPLMN
Camping

SIM

Common priority is sent to UE in SIB

HPLMN & EHPLMN

UE

PLMN of User Controlled PLMN


Selector with Access Technology

SIM

PLMN of Operator Controlled PLMN


Selector with Access Technology

> LTE FDD > UMTS/TDS > GSM


or LTE TDD > LTE FDD > HRPD > 1x

LTE TDD

Verify if
target is
forbidden

The PLMN of Better Wireless Quality

1, Faster loading up LTE network;


2, Less impact to G/U network and
subscribers.

UE Individual Priority

Various UE individual priorities can be


applied to distribute subscribers to specific
networks based on operator policy.

Other PLMN Base On Wireless Quality

1, SPID-based UE Individual Priority


2, PLMN-based UE Individual Priority

RPLMN(registered PLMN)
EHPLMN Equivalent HPLMN)
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page28

Common Frequency Priority with SIB


Broadcasting

TDD

SIB 3
Serving
Frequency
Priority
Serving = 5

SIB 5
InterFrequency
Priority
FFDD = 4

SIB 6
UTRAN
Frequency
Priority
FUTRAN = 2

SIB 7
GERAN
Frequency
Priority
FGERAN = 1

FDD

SIB 3
Serving
Frequency
Priority
Serving = 4

SIB 5
InterFrequency
Priority
FFDD = 5

SIB 6
UTRAN
Frequency
Priority
FUTRAN = 2

SIB 7
GERAN
Frequency
Priority
FGERAN = 1

UTRAN

SIB 19
Serving = 2
FGERAN = 1
FFDD = 4
FTDD = 5

GERAN

SIB 2 quater
Serving = 1
FUTRAN = 2
FFDD = 4
FTDD = 5

Common Priority

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page29

TDD

FDD

UTRAN

GERAN

SPID-Based UE Individual Priority


HSS set SPID info for each
subscriber, and send to eNodeB via
MME

TDD Priority 5

HSS

UTRAN Priority 3
Data
package GERAN Priority 2
Mobile
Terminal

loc
k
nB

Cell reselection Info

se

FDD Priority 3

Voice
package
Mobile
Terminal

Bloc
System Information

eNodeB

UE with voice package(i.e.


SPID=20):

TDD Priority 4

ea

ec
tio
n

Re
l

In f

nn

RR
C

Co

Sy
ste
m

The common priority in SIB will work,


Data package UE will prefer camping on LTE TDD
Mobile
Terminal

GERAN Priority 5

o rm
a t io

S6a
(SPID)

S1-MME
(SPID)

UE with Data package (i.e. SPID


=10):

FDD Priority 4

HSS
SPID

MME

Strategy

Cell reselection Info

CPE

UTRAN Priority 2

Cell reselection Info

eNodeB will send UE individual priority


with GSM higher than LTE in RRC
Voice package Connection Release message.
Mobile Terminal
The individual cell reselection priority
will overwrite common priority.

TDD Priority 5

UE will prefer camping on GSM

FDD Priority 4
UTRAN Priority 3
GERAN Priority 2

CPE

CPE (i.e. SPID=30), the eNodeB will


not send UE individual priority to
UE, the common priority in SIB will
work, then CPE will prefer camping
on LTE TDD

SPID Service Profile Identifier


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page30

UE Individual Priority based on PLMN


Concept

Policy

Priority based on SPID


LTE TDD
PLMN1

Priority based on PLMN


PLMN2

RRC Connection
Release

RRC Connection
Release

TDD Priority 5

FDD Priority 5

FDD Priority 4

TDD Priority 4

UMTS Priority 3

UMTS Priority 3

GSM Priority 2

GSM Priority 2

LTE FDD
HPLMN is PLMN1

High Priority

HPLMN is PLMN2

Cell Common Priority

Low Priority

According to the PLMN which UE is


registered to, the eNodeB may send
individual priority with RAT1 (e.g.
FDD) higher than RAT 2 (e.g. TDD) in
RRC Connection Release message,
the individual priority will overwrite
common priority, then UE will prefer
camping on its Home Network (e.g.
FDD).

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page31

Coverage-Based Re-Selection in IDLE Mode


Intra-frequency
Scan by default

Serving cell

Inter-frequency (including Inter-RAT)


From Low priority to High priority
Scan by default

From High priority to Low or Equal


priority

Target cell
Low
priority

Broadcast

Serving cell
Good quality in serving cell(Level
and Quality) not to measure
neighbour cells
Bad quality in serving cell(Level or
Quality) measure neighbour cells
Measure or not via switch CFG
Target Serving > Offset

High
High
Broadcast
priority priority
Target cell

Always measure neighbour cells

Target > Threshold

Serving cell

Low
priority
Target cell

Good quality in serving cell(Level and


Quality) not to measure neighbour
cells
Bad quality in serving cell(Level or
Quality) measure neighbour cells
Measure or not via switch CFG

Scan

Re-selection

Serving <
Threshold1

Target >
Threshold 2

Common priority sequence and threshold is broadcasted in SIB message, should be the same for the
entire network. SIB 3 5 6 broadcasted in LTE, SIB 19 broadcasted in UMTS.
* Threshold based on RSRP or RSRQ
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page32

Coverage-Based Interworking in RRC


Connected Mode
Trigger: Coverage based Interworking is triggered by A2 Event:
Measurement: Serving < Threshold1
Intra-frequency

Serving cell

Target cell

HO/Redirection
A3 :
Target Serving > Offset

Inter-frequency (Intra-RAT)

Serving cell

Target cell

Inter-frequency (Inter-RAT)

Serving cell

HO/Redirection
Event: A3/A4/A5
A4 is recommended

Target cell

HO/Redirection
Event: B1/B2

Coverage based PS handover is recommended to enable by default.


Blind PSHO or redirection will be used, if Inter-frequency (including inter-RAT) measurement is not supported by UE
* Threshold based on RSRP or RSRQ
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page33

PS Handover Execution Procedure

Example: Inter-RAT handover instance: Handover from LTE cell to G/U cell

HO Trigger, Measurement and Decision

SGW

LTE
eNode
B

PGW

MME sends relocation to target SGSN


Target GU network establish access connection


MME

eNodeB sends HO command to UE

MS detected by target GU network

SGSN

Target network finish relocation.


Context exchange with source PGW

BSC/RNC

G/U/T
BTS

HO decision: LTE to GU
eNodeB sends HO request

GGSN

Release source network resources

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page34

eNACC Procedure

Example: Inter-RAT handover instance: eNACC from LTE cel


l to GSM cell

HO Trigger, Measurement and Decision


SGW

PGW

LTE
eNodeB

MME

eNodeB gets target cell info. by RIM


procedure

eNodeB sends HO command to UE

BSC
GSM BTS

UE send target cell measurement to


eNodeB. eNodeB makes HO decision

MS detected by target GSM network


SGSN

GGSN

Target network finish relocation.


Context exchange with source PGW
MME release source network resources

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page35

Redirection Procedure
Inter-RAT handover instance: Redirection from LTE cell to G/U cell

SGW

PGW

UE send target cell measurement to


eNodeB. eNodeB makes HO decision

LTE
eNodeB

BSC
G/U BTS

eNodeB send RRC Release message to


UE, carrying RedirectedCarrierInfo that
specifies the frequency of the target
GERAN/UTRAN cell.

MME

SGSN

HO Trigger, Measurement and Decision

GGSN

UE in RRC IDLE state, reselect the


GERAN/UTRAN cell with the specified
frequency according to redirection information.
eNodeB requests MME release LTE
RRC_Connect.
UE initiates an RAU procedure.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page36

Contents
1. GUL Interoperability Overview
2. GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
3. GUL Interoperability Solution
3.1 Coverage-Based Interoperability Solution
3.2 Load-Based Interoperability Solution
3.3 Voice Service Continuity Solution
3.4 Interoperability Strategy Cases of Operators

4. GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation


5. GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page37

Load Balance Scenarios


Highload
Serving cell

Load status Offload


exchange

Normal

Serving
Cell Load

Target cell

Policy
Intra-RAT Load balance can be enabled
when LTE has limited coverage and
subscriber.
Inter-RAT can be enabled when LTE
expanded coverage and has more
subscribers.

Cell load based activities

RB use rate

Concept

ss
Le ed
AT
d
AT
R
a
d
R
a
l
lo
d
r
Int esho nter hol
I
s
r
re
Th
Th

Intra-RAT MLB
PS Handover;

ad
o
l
er
v
O

Load Control
Inter-RAT MLB
PS Handover;
Redirection;

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page38

Reject+Redirection;
Release+Redirection
;
For GBR

Intra-RAT MLB Procedure with X2


6 Option 1: Choose target cell by Blind

HO priority (if blind HO enabled)


Option 2: Require UE to scan
candidate target cells. Choose target
cell on UE report.
Option 3: If No UE supports PSHO.
Redirection can be applied.

2 Request

Uu

neighbor
cell load information

X2

3
1

Serving cell load exceeds Intra-RAT


MLB threshold

4 Make target cell candidate list

Reply with
cell load
information

7
HO Execution

LTE UE

5 Make UE candidate list, based on


RB usage and QoS configuration

LTE TDD eNodeB

LTE FDD/TDD

Not recommend Intra-RAT MLB w/o X2 for limited performance than X2 based MLB
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page39

Inter-RAT MLB Procedure


6 Option 1: Choose target cell by Blind

HO priority (if blind HO enabled)


Option 2: Require UE to scan
candidate target cells. Choose
target cell on UE report.
Option 3: If No UE supports PSHO.
Redirection can be applied.

2 Request neighbor

cell load status by


RIM
(Consider as normal,
if status exchange by
RIM is not supported)

Uu
S1 MME

3
Reply with
cell load
status by RIM

1 Serving cell load exceeds


Inter-RAT MLB threshold
MME

7
HO Execution

Multi-Mode UE

4 Make target cell candidate list


Make UE candidate list, based on
5 RB usage and QoS configuration

Lu-ps

S3/Gn

SGSN

LTE TDD eNodeB

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page40

GSM/UMTS

Inter-RAT Load Sharing via Redirection in IDLE Mod


e
UE RRC Connected
which has no traffic
will be released to
IDLE Mode.

UE

Target cell

Serving cell

RRC Connection
Release

Status
Unknown

UMTS Priority 5
TDD Priority 4

FDD Priority 3

eNodeB send RRC Release message to UE (which


is inactive for 20s), carrying RedirectedCarrierInfo
that specifies the frequency of the target cell.
T320 timer will work. Specified priority will be
effective until T320 expires.
(T320 will expire when UE service is active and
finished.)

2
TDD sends Individual
Priority to UE during
Idle Enter Procedures

Multi-Mode UE

UE redirected to target
based on the specified
frequency in redirection
message.
UE performs network
entry.

LTE TDD eNodeB

GSM/UMTS

This solution doesnt impact UE experience.


UE doesnt support PSHO can be offload to G/U with this scheme.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page41

Load-Control-Based Redirection(GBR Servic


e)
Either UE in RRC
Connected mode or
UE
attempting
to
enter.
Based on UE priority.

UE

Status
Unknown

Overloaded
RRC Connection
Release
TDD Priority 5
FDD Priority 4
UMTS Priority 3
GSM Priority 2

1 eNodeB send RRC Release message


to UE, carrying RedirectedCarrierInfo
that specifies the frequency of the
target cell.

TDD sends Individual


Priority to UE during
Idle Enter Procedures

Multi-Mode UE

Target cell

Serving cell

Either Inter-RAT redirection or


Intra-RAT redirection when
UE doesnt support PSHO.

UE redirected to target
based on the specified
frequency
in
redirection
message.
UE performs network entry.

LTE TDD eNodeB

GSM/UMTS

It is recommended to reduce load through MLB, not load control.


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page42

Contents
1. GUL Interoperability Overview
2. GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
3. GUL Interoperability Solution
3.1 Coverage-Based Interoperability Solution
3.2 Load-Based Interoperability Solution
3.3 Voice Service Continuity Solution
3.4 Interoperability Strategy Cases of Operators

4. GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation


5. GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page43

Voice Service Continuity Solution


CS Fall Back

SRVCC

CS Voice

Paging

VoLTE

CS Voice

VoLTE

Dual-Standby

G/U/C
LTE

LTE

Voice / PS Data

G/U/C

G/U/C

LTE

LTE

G/U/C
Handover

EPC

LTE Data

PS Voice

VoLTE

SGs

CS Core

EPC

Sv

CS Core

Handover
EPC

S3/S4

PS Core

No Handover
EPC

PS Core

Access Transfer
Call
2010Q4, worlds 1st LTE to
UMTS/GSM CSFB call.
Jan. 2011, worlds 1st CSFB
call with commercial smart
phone.
Apr. 2012, 11 commercial
CSFB networks.

Access
Call

IMS

SRVCC: Single Radio Voice


Call Continuity

Call

IMS

May. 2011, worlds 1st VoLTE call.


Feb. 2012, joint VoLTE demo with
VDF in MWC 2012.

Call

IMS

2013, CMCC Commercial

Leverage CS
CS Voice
Voice Legacy
Legacy and
and Introduce
Introduce IMS
IMS PS
PS Voice
Voice Service
Service Progressively
Progressively
Leverage
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page44

CS Fall Back Solution for Voice


LTE

G/U/T/C

Voice falls
back to G/U/C

In the overlapped
coverage of LTE
and G/U/T/C

Reuse G/U/T/C
Core;
No additional core
equipment
Advantage

Principle
Provide voice service through G/U/C
network.
Two options for the PS data service:
Service handover to G/U/T PS service;
Service suspended until voice call is over,
then
continue
in
LTE
network.
(Suspending is enabled in CL PS now).

Enable Voice service quickly and


minimize new investment.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page45

Architecture and Functionalities of NE for CSFB


Above 3GPP R8
SGs/ISUP Connection
with MME or SGs Proxy
Multi-mode G/U/L;
CSFB capability;

Mobility management and


paging procedures
between EPS and CS
domain.

MSC/
VLR
Gs
SGs

G/U
BTS

BSC/
RNC

SGSN

Gr

HSS

Gn
S6a

MME

Paging to UE for
CS domain.
Indicate UE to the
target CS cell.

LTE
eNodeB

Mirroring VLR number


and LAI with TAI.
SGs connection for
EPS/IMSI Attached UE
Paging to eNodeB & UE

Gn

S1-MME

S11

S1u

SGW

S5

PGW
Gx

PCRF

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page46

Fast Return From G/U to LTE

At the End
of A Voice
Call

Solution1:
Solution1:
Adjust
Adjust IDLE
IDLE
Timer
Timer
Less impact to
NodeB and EPC

Solution2:
Solution2:
NodeB
NodeB Force
Force
UE
Return
UE Return to
to
LTE
LTE
Need NodeB and
EPC support
redirection or
PSHO

No
No PS
PS
service
service
With
With PS
PS
service:
service:
Wait
Wait until
until
service
service stops
stops

With
With or
or
without
without PS
PS
service
service

If there is LTE

UE reselect to LTE
Frequency

There is NO
LTE

UE stay IDLE in UMTS

If there is LTE

NodeB redirect / PSHO


UE to LTE
RRC Connected

There is NO
LTE

NodeB should not


initiate redirection or
PSHO

There are 2 ways to determine if there is LTE coverage: (RRC connected)


1, Need UE support IRAT measurement. NodeB request UE measures LTE
neighbor before PSHO or redirection.
2, Only enable Solution 2 on NodeB when there is LTE in same area
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page47

Fast Return to LTE at the End of CSFB


Without fast return

BSC/
RNC
Release call with
CSFB indication

PS Ready LTE

PS
CSFB

CS call

LTE

cell
reselection

Enter IDLE and Reselect to LTE

With fast return

PS

Direct access

CSFB

GSM/UMTS

PS Ready
CS call

LTE

GSM/UMTS

frequency
info.
G/U

Description

Back to LTE
after CS call

At the end of a CSFB call in GSM/UMTS network, the frequency information of LTE cell is sent in RRC Connection
Release message in order to instruct the UE to camp on the LTE cell instead of cell re-selection to LTE.

Benefits
This feature accelerate the camping back to LTE after voice call release and reduce unreachable time of LTE user
Avoid the impact to non-CSFB user(e.g. UE may be out of network when trying to access LTE for about 10 seconds)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page48

SRVCC Solution for Voice


LTE

GU

LTE
When UE
moving from
LTE coverage
to GSM/UMTS
with voice
service

SRVCC to GUT

Requires IMS and


EMSC deployment
Advantage

Principle

Provide VoLTE service for LTE


subscribers via IMS;
SRVCC for VoLTE to G/U CS call via
handover procedure;

GSM/UMTS

Introduce IMS solution;


PCC structure, future oriented
Convergent solution;

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page49

SRVCC: Architecture and Function


alities of NE

Enhanced MSC (with IWF)


SRVCC capability
Relocation procedure to CS.
Invoking session transfer procedure,
voice continuity through SCC AS.
Coordinating CS handover and
session transfer.

MSC/
VLR/IWF
Multi-mode G/U/L UE
IMS/SRVCC capability

Gs
Sv
BSC/
RNC

G/U BTS

SGSN
S12

S1-MME
LTE
eNodeB

S1u

S3

HSS
S6a

MME

S4
S11
SGW

S5

PS bearer splitting voice bearer (QCI=1)


from the non-voice bearer
Handling the non-voice HO to target cell
Initiating SRVCC of the IMS voice call to
the 2G/3G cell via Sv

PGW
Gx

Indication to MME about SRVCC


Determine the neighbor cell
supports SRVCC \

PCRF

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page50

SGi
Rx

IMS

eSRVCC Solution
SRVCC (R8)

eSRVCC (R10)

CS Voice

CS Voice

G/U
CS

MSC

G/U
CS

MSC

IMS

IMS
ATCF

LTE PS

EPC

SBC

PS Voice

Re-establish the call signaling and bearer


end to end.
IMS session transfer for remote end has
uncertain interruption, especially for:
long service handling duration
multiple nodes involved
complex service logic and triggering
roaming out of home network

LTE PS
PS Voice
signaling after HO
bearer after HO

EPC

SBC
ATGW

signaling before HO
bearer before HO

Remote end update is avoided to reduce


the interruption significantly (equal to HO
interruption of radio access, usually <
300ms).

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page51

Contents
1. GUL Interoperability Overview
2. GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
3. GUL Interoperability Solution
3.1 Coverage-Based Interoperability Solution
3.2 Load-Based Interoperability Solution
3.3 Voice Service Continuity Solution
3.4 Interoperability Strategy Cases of Operators

4. GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation


5. GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page52

Interworking Strategy of Operator S


LTE TDD 2.6G
Voice CSFB
(Based on
voice service)

Reselection/
Fast Return
(As soon as
voice
service
is
finished
and UE
under
LTE
coverag
e)

Huawei

1.5G UMTS
(Data)
Ericsson

2.1G UMTS
(Voice/Data)
Ericsson

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page53

Redirection
(Based on
coverage.
PS handover will be
enabled when
terminal is
available)
Offload
(Default camping on
LTE TDD.
Reselect to LTE
TDD when UE is
under LTE
coverage.
Redirection or
PSHO will be
enabled when
UMTS is able to
be upgraded)

Interworking Strategy of Operator B


LTE TDD 2.3G

Voice CSFB
To G/U
(Based on
voice
service)

Reselection
(As soon as
voice
service is
finished
and UE
under LTE
coverage)

LTE FDD
1.8G/2.6G
Huawei

900M/2.1G
UMTS
(Data)
Huawei, XXX(aother
operator)

900M/1.8G GSM
(Voice)
huawei

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page54

Load Balance

Redirection
(Based on coverage.
PS handover will be
enabled when
terminal is
available)
Offload to LTE
(Default camping on
LTE TDD. Reselect
to LTE TDD when UE
is under LTE
coverage.
Redirection or PSHO
will be enabled when
UMTS is able to be
upgraded)

Interworking Strategy of Operator C


Default Camping
LTE TDD 2.6G
GL Reselection

Voice CSFB
To G/T
(SRVCC in
future)

TL Reselection

TL Redirection
Fast Return
rSRVCC in
future

TDS-CDMA

GL Redirection

CCO/ eNACC

GSM

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page55

Interworking Cases(1)
Country /
Operator GU Vendor
region
Ericsson
G/U

EPC

Interworki
ng

Huawei

Coverage
-based

Japan

SBM

Hong
Kong

Huawei
G/U
GB
NSN U
(PCCW/H
Huawei
utchison)
LTE
FDD/TDD

Huawei

Coverage
-based

Saudi

STC

Ericsson ,
Huawei,
NSN G/U

Huawei

Coverage
-based

China

CMCC

Huawei
TDS

SA

Telkom

Huawei
G/U

Sweden

Net4M

UMTS

Voice

PS

Network
Structure

CSFB

Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Gn/Gp

CSFB(EMSC
) to G/U
(blind
redirection)

Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Gn/Gp

CSFB

Redirection

Gn/Gp
Gn/Gp

Huawei

NSN

Gn/Gp

Coverage
- based

CSFB to
UMTS
(blind
redirection)

Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page56

Gn/Gp

Interworking Cases(2)
Country /
region

Canada

Singapore

Germany

Japan

Operator

Bell/Telus

M1

VDF D2

eAccess

GU
Vendor

Huawei
UTMS

Huawei
GU

NSN
UMTS

Huawei
GU

Interworkin
g

Voice

CISCO

Coverage
- based

CSFB to
UMTS
(blind
redirecti
on)

Huawei

Coverage
- based
Loadbased

CSFB

EPC

NSN

Coveragebased

Ericsson

Coveragebased
Loadbased

CSFB to
GSM
(blind
redirectio
n)
CSFB to
UMTS
(blind
redirectio
n or
PSHO)

PS

Network
Structure

Reselection
between LTE and
UMTS
Gn/Gp
Redirection from
LTE to UMTS
Reselection
between LTE and
UMTS
Gn/Gp
PSHO from LTE to
UMTS
Reselection among
LTE UMTS GSM
Redirection from
LTE to UMTS or
GSM

Gn/Gp

Reselection among
LTE UMTS GSM
Redirection from
LTE to UMTS or
GSM

Gn/Gp

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page57

Interworking Cases(3)
Country /
GU
Operator
region
Vendor

EPC

Norway

Telenor

Huawei
umts

Norway

Netcom

Huawei
GU

Huawei

Kuwait

Zain

Huawei

Huawei

Cisco

UAE

Etsalat

Huawei

huawei

Saudi

Zain

Huawei

Huawei

UAE

DU

huawei

Cisco

Interworki
ng

Voice

CSFB to
Coverage UMTS
-based
(blind
redirection)
CSFB to
Coverage UMTS
-based
(blind
redirection)

PS
Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS
Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Network
Strucuture
Gn/Gp

Gn/Gp
Gn/Gp

Coverage
-based

Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Gn/Gp
Gn/Gp

Coverage
-based

Reselection between
LTE and UMTS
Redirection from LTE
to UMTS

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page58

Gn/Gp

Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

GUL Interoperability Overview


GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
GUL Interoperability Solution
GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page59

KPI Related to Interoperability(1/2)


Counter ID

Counter Name

1526726989

L.IRATHO.E2W.PrepAttOut

Number of Outgoing Handover Attempts from EUTRAN to UTRAN

1526726990

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecAttOut

Number of Performed Outgoing Handovers from EUTRAN to UTRAN

1526726991

Counter Description

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecSuccOu Number of Successful


t
UTRAN to UTRAN

Outgoing Handovers from E-

1526726992

L.IRATHO.E2G.PrepAttOut

Number of Outgoing Handover Attempts from EUTRAN to GERAN

1526726993

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecAttOut

Number of Performed Outgoing Handovers from EUTRAN to GERAN

1526726994

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecSuccOut

Number of Successful Outgoing Handovers from EUTRAN to GERAN

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page60

KPI Related to Interoperability(2/2)

LTE->WCDMA IRATHO _ E 2W _ SRout

L.IRATHO.E 2W.ExecSuc cOut


100%
L.IRATHO.E 2W.ExecAtt Out

IRATHO _ E 2G _ SRout

L.IRATHO.E 2G.ExecSuccOut
100%
L.IRATHO.E 2G.ExecAttOut

LTE->GSM

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page61

Traffic Statistics(1/2)
Redirection
Counter ID

Counter Name

Counter Description

1526728326

L.RRCRedirection.E2W

Number of Redirction to WCDMA

1526728330 L.RRCRedirection.E2W.PrepAtt
1526728327

L.RRCRedirection.E2G

1526728331 L.RRCRedirection.E2G.PrepAtt

Number of attempt Redirction to WCDMA


Number of Redirction to GERAN
Number of attempt Redirection to GERAN

CSFB
Counter ID

Counter Name

Counter Description

1526728321

L.CSFB.PrepAtt

Number of CS fallback indicators received by


the eNodeB

1526728322

L.CSFB.PrepSucc

Number of successful CS fallback responses


from the eNodeB

1526728323

L.CSFB.E2W

Number of CS fallback procedures to UTRAN

1526728324

L.CSFB.E2G

Number of CS fallback procedures to GERAN

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page62

Traffic Statistics(2/2)
Reasons of handover failure:
Counter ID

Counter Name

1526728316 L.IRATHO.E2W.Prep.FailOut.MME

Counter Description
Number of handover prepare failure from LTE
to WCDMA for MME reason

Number of handover prepare failure from LTE


1526728317 L.IRATHO.E2W.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure to WCDMA for prepare failure indication from
WCDMA
1526728318 L.IRATHO.E2C.Prep.FailOut.NoReply

Number of handover prepare failure from LTE


to WCDMA for no reply with WCDMA

1526728306 L.IRATHO.E2G.Prep.FailOut.MME

Number of handover prepare failure from LTE


to GERAN for MME reason

1526728307 L.IRATHO.E2G.Prep.FailOut.NoReply

Number of handover prepare failure from LTE


to GERAN for no reply with GERAN

Number of handover prepare failure from LTE


1526728308 L.IRATHO.E2G.Prep.FailOut.PrepFailure to GERAN for prepare failure indication from
GERAN

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page63

Drive Test Index


Via Assistant-based tool

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page64

Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

GUL Interoperability Overview


GUL Interoperability Networking Strategy
GUL Interoperability Solution
GUL Interoperability Performance Estimation
GUL Interoperability Ecosystem Developing

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page65

Huawei Leading CSFB Commercialization

Nov. 2010

Huawei made
Worlds 1st LTE to
UMTS CSFB Call

Dec. 2010

Huawei made
Worlds 1st LTE to
GSM CSFB Call

Jan. 2011

Oct. 2012

Oct. 2012

Worlds 1st CSFB


Call with Commercial
Smartphone

Worlds 1st LTE TDD


CSFB with Commercial
SmartPhone

11 Commercial
CSFB
Networks

See the red star

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page66

Huawei LTE IOT Status (Main Terminal


s)

Module

Vendor

Chipset

Type

RAT

E398(1st LTE FDD/TDD USB


Dongle)

Huawei

Hisilicon Balong 700

USB Dongle

LTE(FDD/TDD)

E392u(1st GUL(F/T) USB


Dongle)

Huawei

Qualcomm MDM 9200

USB Dongle

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

E589u(1st GUL(F/T) mobile


wifi)

Huawei

Qualcomm MDM 9200

USB Dongle

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

B593(1st GUL(F/T) CPE)

Huawei

Hisilicon Balong 700

CPE

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

B222s(1st outdoor CPE)

Huawei

Altair FG3100

CPE

LTE(TDD)

9201L(1st GULSmartPhone)
(Chipset F/T Ready)

Huawei

Qualcomm MSM 8960

Smartphone

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

E5776

Huawei

Hisilicon Balong 710

Mobile WiFi

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

E3276

Huawei

Hisilicon Balong 710

USB Dongle

GUL(FDD/TDD
)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page67

Huawei LTE IOT Status (Main Chipset


s)
Module

Vendor

3GPP
version

Cat

RAT

MDM 9200

Qualcomm

R8

Cat 3

GUCL

MDM9600

Qualcomm

R8

Cat 3

GUCL

MSM 8960

Qualcomm

R9

Cat 3

GUTCL

MDM 9X15

Qualcomm

R9

Cat 3

GUTCL

XMM7060

Intel

R8

Cat 3

GUL

Balong 700

Hisilicon

R8

Cat3

LTE

Balong 710

Hisilicon

R9

Cat 4

GUL

FG3100

Altair

R9

Cat 4

GUL

LC1760

LeadCore

R8

Cat 3

TDS-CDMA, LTE TDD

SQN3010

Sequans

R8

Cat 3

LTE

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page68

Mainstream Chipset Capabilities


Snapdragon MSM 8960

3GPP R9
LTE TDD/FDD/HSPA+/GSM
CSFB,
Redirection, PSHO,
IRAT Measurement

Balong 710

3GPP R9
LTE TDD/FDD/TDS-CDMA/UMTS/GSM
CSFB/SRVCC(2013Q1)
Redirection, PSHO
IRAT Measurement

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page69

Summary

Incentive of Interoperability

Structure Key Interface of Interoperability

Deployment Strategy of Interoperability

Networking Strategy of Interoperability

Procedure of Interoperability

Coverage-based/Load-based Solution of of Interoperability

KPI Related of Interoperability

Cases of Interoperability

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


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GU Matching Version List


Target
System

GSM

UMTS

Capacity of Target RAN

The Lowest
Version

The Version
Suggested

GSM->LTE Cell Reselection

GBSS12.0

GBSS14.0

LTE->GSM PSHO

GBSS12.0

GBSS14.0

LTE->GSM CCO/NACC

GBSS12.0

GBSS14.0

LTE->GSM SRVCC

GBSS12.0

GBSS14.0

UMTS->LTE Cell Reselection

RAN 12

RAN 14

LTE->UMTS PSHO

RAN 13

RAN 14

LTE->UMTS SRVCC

RAN 15

Not published
yet

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