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Line differential relay 7SD52

Line differential relay for HV and


UHV lines/cables with a serial
communication interface
7SD52

Protection and Substation Control

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Protection and communication join together


Three benefits of the 7SD52

Differential protection for the


universal use with easy to handle
settings
Two up to six line ends , for serial and parallel
compensated lines, handles transformers and
compensation coils within the protection zone,
tripping time approx. 15 ms with fast high set
element

Additional functions for very


long overhead lines and cables
Considation of local CT errors, charge
current compensation (step 2), increased setpoint
during switching-on conditions

Direct and modular connection to fibre


optic and digital communication
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Protection and Substation Control networks

Application for a three terminal configuration

Monomode fibre optic cable up to 10 km (1300 nm modul)

Monomode fibre optic cable up to 35 km with 1300 nm interface

Distance relay
7SA52

820 nm

Option:

max.
3 km

I-REGB
time
synchronisation

e
o

X21
G703.1

PCM

multiplexer

SDH
comms-network

PCM

multiplexer

o
e

Commsconverter
G703.1: 64 kBit
X21: N*64 kBit (1N8)

Protection and Substation Control

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Scope of functions / Hardware options


Scope of functions

- Fast high set element


with charge comparision
- Sensitive normal trip
stage with vector
summation principle
- Autoreclosure 1/3 pole
- Communication features
- Commissioning aid
- Overload protection
- Backup-/emergency
overcurrent
- Multiterminal extention
- Switch on to fault
protection
- 4 remote commands
24 remote signals

Options for the Protection Interface

Relay Hardware

3Iph, and IE
4U
8 binary inputs
16 contacts
1 - 2 protection interfaces
System interface
PC-interface
Time synchronisation

STconnector

1300 nm
10 km
monomode

internal
16 binary inputs
24 contacts

24 binary inputs
32 contacts
Option: 5 fast
trip contacts

Protection and Substation Control

820 nm
1,5 / 3 km
multimode

internal

*19

1*19

STconnector

FCconnector

internal
820 nm
1,5 km
STconnectors

External converter

1300 nm
35 km
monomode

Electrical
X21
G703.1
interface

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Hardware option of the comms interfaces


Protection interface 2
Remote line end 2

Port E

Synchronous N x 64kB/sec

Remote line end 1

2
D5
7S

Plug in
modules

Protection interface 1
Port D

Synchronous N x 64kB/sec

Subst.
control interface
communication modules
FO (Fibre optic) or RS485
or RS232
Available Protocols
IEC - standard

Interfacemodul 2
RS485 or FO

service-interface
Interfacemodul 1
RS485 or FO
or RS232

DIGSI
local
Browser

local-PC
interface

Serial time
sync. input

Protection and Substation Control

Substation control

DIGSI 4; also for


modem connection
and Browser
GPS-receiver
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Main board of the relay with its


Communication - Interfaces

Main processor
board of the relay
Sockets for the
communication
modules

Protection and Substation Control

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Main protection function


Features of the differential function
Phase selective multiend differential protection

(2 - 6 ends). Tripping time 15 ms with fast charge


comparison protection.

Fundamental vector comparison for the sensitive

trip stage.
Dynamic increase of differential setpoint during

switch-on of long lines / cables (settable time)

CT saturation detector (only 5 ms saturation free

time due to external faults necessary)

Phase selective intertrip within 15 ms


Settable delay time for single phase

faults (feature for inductive compensated


networks)

Option: Inrush 2nd harmonic restraint with

vector group adaption. Undelayed trip for high


fault currents

Optional Lockout function

Protection and Substation Control

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Adaptive differential relaying


Consideration of CT- errors and comms-errors
I1

IDif
IN

I2
I3

Tripping
area

I2

Restraint
area

I3

I1

IDiff>
I1
Phasor summation:
Error summation:

IDif = I1 + I2 + I3
I = IDiff> + Linear CT-error (

IK)

I
IN

+ Syncronization error

Trip, if diff.current exceeds the max. permissible error


Protection and Substation Control

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To complete the 7SD52


Additional functions
3 stage backup- or emergency O/C protection

(Can be activated automatically if the communication with


the remote end is >50 ms interrupted)

Overload function (Thermal replica with IOperation)


User definable logic and control functions

(AND, OR, NOT, Timer, Flip-Flop)

4 remote commands via binary input or logic inputs

(destination is adressable), 24 remote signals

Operational values: currents, voltages, power,

delay time, differential current - remote end refresh 2


s

Fault recorder with voltages, currents, binary traces

and differential and restraint current per phase

Fast monitoring functions

(Fast broken wire supervision, Current symmetry)

Switch On to Fault protection


Option: Three pole and single pole AR (Single pole AR

during 2pole fault without earth possible, adaptive AR)

Protection and Substation Control

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Familiar with digital communication networks


Features of the relay to relay communication
Synchronous data transmission by HDLC- protocol
Permanent supervision of the data transmission
Measurement and compensation of signal transmission time

(max. 20 ms)

Counts number of invalid telegrams

Blocking the diff.protection if transmission failure rate is too high

Settings for the data transmission

(N*64 kBit/s, N settable from 1 - 8, synchronous HDLC-protocol)

Communication device addresses

(Protection devices are clearly assigned to a defined protection


section)

Detection of reflected data in the loops in comms- network


Step 2: Microsecond exact time synchronisation

via satellite (civil - IRIG-B)


(If signal transmission time depends on the transmission direction,
Online high resolution fault recorder)

Protection and Substation Control

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Ring and Chain topologie


Automatic change from
closed ring to chain, if
one connection is lost
or not available

side 2

side 2

I2

side 3

I2

Connection to

side 3
I3

I3+I1

I2

I1+I2

I1

side 1

Closed ring
Protection and Substation Control

other dif. relays

I3

I3

I1

I3+I1
I1+I2

side 1

Partial current summation


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Topologies: Chain topology for max. 6 line ends

PI1

PI1

PI2

PI1

3
PI2

PI - Protection Interface

PI1

PI1

PI2

Protection and Substation Control

PI1

PI2

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Topologies: Ring topology, 6 line ends

PI2

PI1

PI2

PI1

PI1

PI2

PI2

PI1

PI1

PI2

PI1

PI2

PI - Protection Interface

Protection and Substation Control

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Plug and Protect


Commissiong helps and test features
Signal transmission time

Mean value of transmit and receive direction

Generation of signals for switching test loops

Sending of defined telegram patterns looped back to the


receive input of the transmitting relay

IL1_2
Phi1->2

Absolute value and phase measurement of currents

IL1_1
IL2_1

Local measurement of angle between I L1, IL2, IL3


,Angle between currents of each phase from remote

CB test trip
IL2_2

Counting of faulty telegrams in % per minute and hour


Activation of binary inputs and outputs by operating

IL3_2

software DIGSI 4.

IL3_1

Display of the status of binary inputs


Test telegrams to the substation control system
Automatic Switchover from 3 line to 2 line end

configuration (while commissioning 3rd line end)

Complete commissioning support with DIGSI 4 and

browser based PC-software

Protection and Substation Control

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Browser based commissioning aid

Protection and Substation Control

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Comprehensive fault analysis with DIGRA 4


I/A
1,50
1,00
0,50

-0,075

-0,050

-0,025

0,000

0,025

0,050

0,075

0,100

0,125

t/s

-0,00
-0,50
-1,00
-1,50
-2,00

iEe

iL1

iL2

iL3

U/V
80
60
40
20

-0,075

-0,050

-0,025

0,000

0,025

0,050

0,075

0,100

0,125

0
-20
-40
-60
-80

uL1

uL2

uL3

Protection and Substation Control

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t/s

Prefault and fault conditions in the vector diagram

Protection and Substation Control

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