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Three

Dimensional
Static and
Dynamic Finite
Element Analysis
and Design of
Structures

T
i
t
l
e

SAP2000
V8 Non Linear

A Comprehensive Software for the


Finite Element Modeling, Static, Dynamic
and Non-Linear Analysis and Design of
Structures

Introduction

SAP2000

Powerful and
Integrated Structural
Analysis and Design
Software
Fully Interactive
Graphical Interface
for quickly creating
models
Frame, Shell, Solid
and Non-linear Link
Elements

Key Features

SAP2000

Introduction

Extensive Analysis Options


including Linear-Static,
Linear-Dynamic, NonlinearDynamic

Automated design of
Concrete and Steel Members
to various International Codes

Fully formatted, customized


reporting

DXF Import and Export Link


to AutoCAD

Key Features

SAP2000

Interactive
Modeling

Powerful Modeling Capabilities

Interactive
Modeling

Work on Multiple View

SAP2000

Generate complex 3D models using


plan, elevation and developed views

Interactive
Modeling

Parametric Structures

SAP2000

Use templates and parametric structures to


quickly generate typical models

Interactive
Modeling

Powerful Editing Tools

SAP2000

Use quick draw to create


elements easily
Duplicate and generate
elements with move, merge,
mirror and replicate

Interactive
Modeling

Powerful Editing Tools

SAP2000

Convenient dividing and meshing of elements

Interactive
Modeling

Powerful Editing Tools

Powerful grouping, selection and


display tools
On screen assignment of
properties, loading and supports

SAP2000

Actual section view


Copy/ Paste to and from spread
sheets
Unlimited levels of undo and redo

Interactive
Modeling

Convenient Viewing Options

Multiple orthographic and


perspective views
Zooming and panning
Standard viewing angles

SAP2000

User defined and named


views

Interactive
Modeling

Guides and Grids

Accurate dimensioning with


guidelines and snapping

SAP2000

Multiple rectangular and


cylindrical coordinate systems
with flexible grid systems

Interactive
Modeling

Feedback and Information

SAP2000

Right button click for instantaneous information on


selected objects and elements

Powerful Frame Elements

SAP2000

Simple Frame Elements for


Beam, Column
Truss, Bracing, etc.
Non-Linear Link Element for
Hook, Gap, Damper
Base Isolators
Friction
Plastic Hinge Element

Frame
Elements

Frame Element Cross-sections

SAP2000

Automatic section property


calculation for standard shapes
Built-in steel sections for
several Standards including
AISC, CISC, BS etc.

Frame
Elements

Linked to CSI Section Designer

CSI Section Designer:

SAP2000

A highly interactive and


comprehensive software for building
structural shapes and sections in
concrete, steel or composite materials
for Frame elements

Built-up Steel

Composite Sections Reinforced Concrete

Simple Steel

Frame
Elements

Non-prismatic Frame Elements

SAP2000

Multiple non-prismatic segments over element


length to model beams of variable sections

Frame
Elements

SAP2000

Rigid End connections to


model large joints
Automated end offset
evaluation and assignment

Rigid End Offsets

Frame
Elements

SAP2000

Easily model non-fixed


connections by general
End-Release
Axial
Shear
Torsion
Moment

End Releases

Frame
Elements

SAP2000

Load Options for Frame Elements


Gravity Load
Point Load
Uniform Load
Trapezoidal Load
Prestress
Temperature Variation

Loads applied in any


direction and axis

Frame
Elements

Temperature Gradient

SAP2000

Applied to Element Section in any direction


Applied to Nodes and Groups

Frame
Elements

Handle Prestress Cables

SAP2000

Load due to Prestress can be


applied to Frame Elements as
Cables in Patterns and Load Cases

Frame
Elements

Non-Linear Link Element

SAP2000

For use with the dynamic time history analysis option


Link may be placed between any two joints or from
joint to ground
Viscous damper with nonlinear exponent on velocity
Gap (compression only)
Hook (tension only)

SAP2000

Frame
Elements

Non-Linear Link Element

Uniaxial plasticity (all 6 degrees


of freedom)
Base isolator with biaxial
plasticity behavior
Base isolator with friction
and/or pendulum behavior
AVI file option for creating real
time displays of nonlinear
deformation behavior

Frame
Elements

Non-Linear Link Element

SAP2000

Force versus deformation plots of nonlinear


systems for energy dissipation studies

SAP2000

Plastic Hinge Element


Used as Spring, Link,
Panel zone or inside
Frame Elements
Axial, flexural, shear and
torsional behavior
Axial-load/ biaxialmoment interaction
Multilinear behavior
including softening
Tabulated and Graphical
display of hinge status

Shell
Elements

Powerful Shell Elements

SAP2000

General quadrilateral or triangular


element
Isotropic, Orthotropic and
Anisotropy material

Shell
Elements

SAP2000

Six degrees of
freedom per joint
Shell, plate or
membrane action
Thick shell option

Powerful Shell Elements

Shell
Elements

Powerful Shell Elements

SAP2000

Gravity and uniform loading


Pressure loading
Temperature and thermal
gradient loading

Solid
Elements

SAP2000

Three dimensional 8
node brick element
Anistropic material
Gravity, thermal,
surface pressure and
pressure gradient
loading

Solid Elements

Supports &
Restraints

SAP2000

General Spring Connection


Global and skewed springs
Coupled 6x6 user-defined
spring stiffness option (for
foundation modeling)

Joint Restraints

Supports &
Restraints

SAP2000

Generalized joint constraint


options including rigid bodies,
diaphragms, rods and welds

Joint Constraints
Weld

Rod

Diaphragm

Supports &
Restraints

Joint Loads and Displacements

SAP2000

Applied force and applied


displacements
Inclined Supports and joint
local coordinates

[ K 2 M ] 0

Ku (t ) M u (t ) r (t ) p cos( t )

SAP2000

Analysis
Options

Extensive Analysis Capabilities

Static and/or dynamic response


spectrum analysis
P-delta analysis with either
static or dynamic analysis
Blocked active column equation
solver
Automated fast profile
optimization
Non-linear Pushover Analysis

General Dynamic Analysis

SAP2000

Analysis
Options

Eigenvalue analysis with


an accelerated subspace
iteration algorithm
Ritz analysis for fast
predominant mode
evaluation
Harmonic Steady-State
Analysis

Ku (t ) M u (t ) r (t ) p cos( t )

[ K M ] 0
2

SAP2000

Analysis
Options

Time History Analysis

Ground acceleration and


Multiple base excitation
Sequential history cases
Time history Windows AVI
file
Results can be combined
with other loads for
enveloping or step by step
steel and concrete design

SAP2000

Analysis
Options
Graphic displays of nodal
and element time history
records
Functions vs time or
function vs function
displays
Generation of response
spectrum curves for any
joint acceleration
component

Time History Analysis

Analysis
Options

Response Spectrum Analysis

SAP2000

Multiple response spectrum


cases in a single run
Modal combinations by the
SRSS, the CQC or the GMC
(Gupta) method
Directional
combinations by
the ABS or the
SRSS method

Bridge
Analysis

SAP2000

Moving load analysis


Generation of influence lines and
forces envelopes
AASHTO vehicle loads
User-defined truck, lane and train
loads

Bridge Analysis

Bridge
Analysis

SAP2000

Determination of
maximum and
minimum displacement
and reactions
Capable of handing
complex lane
geometries

Bridge Analysis

SAP2000

Bridge
Analysis
Automatically calculates all
possible permutations of
traffic loads
Provides correspondence
between response
components
Results can be combined
with other loads for
enveloping or
corresponding component
for steel and concrete
design

Bridge Analysis

SAP2000

Viewing
Results

Result Viewing Capability

3D perspective
graphical displays of undeformed and deformed
structural geometries
Static deformed shapes
and mode shapes
Static and dynamic load
combinations and
envelopes

Viewing
Results

Result Viewing Capability

SAP2000

View Loading diagrams


Bending moment and shear
force diagrams
Stress contours

Viewing
Results

Result Viewing Capability

SAP2000

Animation of deformed shapes


and mode shapes
Animated stress contours

Viewing
Results

SAP2000

Result Viewing Capability


Instantaneous graphical and tabulated
output details for specific joint or
element with right button click
Multiple windows displaying different
parameters

Member
Design

Member Design

SAP2000

Fully interactive and graphical steel


and concrete frame member design
Design for static and dynamic loads
Member-grouping for design envelops
Ductile and non-ductile design

Member
Design

SAP2000

Detailed on-screen
design information
with right button click

Design Output

Member
Design

Design of Concrete Members

SAP2000

Support ACI, AASHTO, British,


Canada, New Zealand and
Eurocode2
Biaxial moment-axial load column
interaction diagrams

Member
Design

Design of Steel Members

SAP2000

Support AISC (ASD and LRFD), AASHTO, British,


Canada, New Zealand and Eurocode3
Steel member selection and optimization

SAP200-DXF-AutoCAD Cycle

New
Tools

SAP 2000
Structure
Database

DXF
DXFConverter-Out
Converter-Out

(Display
(Displaygeometry,
geometry,select
select
view,
Select
drawing
view, Select drawing
options,
options,Convert
ConverttotoDXF,
DXF,
Save
as
Meta
files)
Save as Meta files)

SAP2000

SAP Objects

DXF File

AutoCAD etc
DXF
DXFConverter-In
Converter-In**

(Display
(DisplayDXF
DXFcontent,
content,
Select
options,
Convert
Select options, Converttoto
SAP,
SAP,Save
SaveininMDB)
MDB)

Final
DXF File

AutoCAD etc
DXF File
(Template)

AutoCAD etc

New
Tools

Transfer Model To AutoCAD

SAP2000

Complete control of the elements


and attributes to be transferred
Generate wire-frame or full solid
models

SAP2000

New
Tools

Get Model From AutoCAD

SAPReporter

SAP2000

New
Tools

Create fully customized


and formatted reports for
selected items including
text, tables and graphics.

Output can be
Previewed on screen
Printed on paper
Saved in RTF files
Saved in HTML format for
viewing in web browsers.

SAP2000
V8 Non Linear

A Comprehensive Software for the


Finite Element Modeling, Static, Dynamic
and Non-Linear Analysis and Design of
Structures