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Hazardous

Material
Awareness
Training
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Training to be FIRST
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Preliminary draft version for review only

This audio-visual tool is produced for internal use within Transocean.


It may upon request be made available to third party as a courtesy. Anyone outside
the Transocean organization using or viewing this tool does so on the understanding
that the practices described in this tool are indicative of the practices Transocean has
adopted for it's own use at the time of making this tool.
This tool is not to be construed as or relied upon as professional instructions,
recommendations or advice.
Consequently Transocean gives no warranty as to the accuracy or suitability of the
content of this tool to any other party's operation and hereby disclaims all or any
liabilities of any description, including but not limited to damage to personal and real
property and/or personal injury or illness, resulting in any way from the use or
implementation of practices and procedures described in this tool.
All non Transocean viewers of this tool are counseled to seek independent
professional advice as they deem necessary.

ACCEPT

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DECLINE

Training to be FIRST
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Hazardous Material Awareness Training

Course Goals - what you will learn


the nature of hazardous materials and the risks created by exposure to
those materials
how to find information on hazardous materials
how to prevent harmful exposure to hazardous materials
how to use the personal protective equipment and clothing that is
provided for your protection
first aid and emergency response procedures

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Table of Contents
1

What is hazardous material


Routes of exposure
Sources of information
Container labels
Warning symbols
Material Safety Data Sheets
Hazardous material storage
Minimizing Risk
Personal protective equipment
Working safely with hazardous materials
Emergency response
Test your knowledge
Exit

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What is Hazardous Material ?

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WhatisisaaHazard ?
What
Hazardous Material
A hazard is ?
something with the
potential to cause harm.

A hazardous material is a
material that, in any
quantity, poses a threat
to life, health or property.

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Results of Hazardous
Material Exposure
Chemicals that are not used correctly, can adversely affect your health.

A splash of caustic can cause


loss of eyesight

Blisters caused by contact


with hazardous chemicals

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Results of Hazardous
Material Exposure

Cement (alkali)
burn on ankle
Severe acid burn on arm

Paint strippers and aerosols for instance can


affect the brain and nervous system.

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Results of Hazardous
Material Exposure
Sometimes the damage may not
appear for years, long after you've
stopped handling the chemical.

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What hazardous materials might be


in your workplace?

Explosives (materials that combust or detonate)

Compressed Gases (pressurized flammable or


nonflammable gas)

Flammable Liquids (those with a flash point of less


than 100 degrees Fahrenheit - 38 centigrade)

Toxic chemicals (materials that cause extremely


serious health risks)

Oxidizers (substances that give off oxygen or


act like oxygen and stimulate combustion)

Poisonous Gases, Corrosives, (materials that


destroy skin)

Radioactive Materials

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To protect yourself & your co-workers,


it is important that you understand
the hazards and control measures for
working safely with hazardous materials

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Routes of exposure

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Routes of exposure
Your health can be adversely affected if a
chemical finds its way into your body through...
Inhalation - through the nose, mouth and
lungs
Ingestion - through the mouth - if you
accidentally swallow the chemical or touch
your mouth after you have been handling
chemicals
Absorption - by skin contact even when there
are no wounds or scratches, as some
chemicals can pass straight through the skin.
Injection - entry into the blood stream by a
contaminated object which breaks the skin.

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The most common routes of


Routes of exposure

entry in industrial exposure are:

Inhalation is the most common route

Absorption - via the skin through

Ingestion - Normally occurs when food,

of entry as many toxic industrial materials


are present in an airborne form.

direct contact with hazardous solids and


liquids

cigarettes or drinks are contaminated by


hazardous materials. Cigarettes can absorb
toxic vapors.

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Routes of exposure
Doc.. My stomach
hurts real bad!

There was case where a 28-year-old


electrician presented himself to a hospital
following a 4-month history of abdominal pain
and constipation. Routine blood testing
showed that his blood lead level was three
times the maximum acceptable level in
occupationally exposed adults. The source of
the lead was discovered in the plastic
insulation of electrical cable. The electrician
had chewed his way through at least a metre
a day of the cable for at least 10 years as a
substitute for smoking.

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Sources of Information

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Sources of
Information
There are two major sources of information
about any hazardous chemical:

Label on the chemicals container

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

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Container Labeling

A chemicals container label provides


important information, which must learn
to recognize for your personal safety.

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Container Labeling
All containers must be properly
labeled with the contents name,
and any hazards posed by the
contents

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Container Labeling
If you observe unmarked
chemical containers

inform your
supervisor
immediately

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Container Labeling
Some common technical terms on labels
Source of ignition
Combustible material:

A flame, spark or something that gives


off heat
material which can burn

Liberates:

Gives off, emits

Cumulative effects
Respiratory effects
Irreversible effects

Health problems which accumulate


Damaging effects to the lungs
Permanent damage to health

Sensitization

Develop an allergy to

Inheritable genetic damage

Damage to your health which may be


passed on to your offspring
Rubbing

Friction
Toxic for reproduction

May effect fertility of the unborn baby


or both

Know how to Read


Container Labels.
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Warning Symbols

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Hazardous material warning


symbols

Corrosive

Hazardo
Hazardo
us
us
Material
Material
Warning
Warning
Symbol
Symbol
ss

Irritant
or

Harmful

Flammable

Toxic

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Radioactive

Explosive

Oxidizing

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Environmental
hazard

Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are corrosives?
Corrosives are materials that can attack and
chemically destroy exposed body tissues. Corrosives
can also damage or even destroy metal. They begin to
cause damage as soon as they touch the skin, eyes,
respiratory tract, digestive tract, or the metal. They
might be hazardous in other ways too, depending on
the particular corrosive material.

Corrosive

Most corrosives are either acids or bases.

Examples of corrosive materials are:

hydrochloric acid

sulfuric acid

nitric acid

chromic acid

acetic acid

hydrofluoric

ammonium hydroxide

sodium

acid.

potassium hydroxide (caustic potash)

hydroxide (caustic soda).

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are irritants?
a substance which on immediate, prolonged, or
repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a
local inflammatory reaction.

Irritant
or
Harmful

What are Harmful materials?


This classification is a general one and does not
give any indication of the system or organ
within the body where the toxic effect takes
place.
Materials in this category may cause death or
acute chronic damage to health via inhalation,
swallowing or absorption through the skin.

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are Toxic materials?
Toxic materials are incrementally more hazardous than
the Harmful classification. Materials in this category
may cause death or acute or chronic damage to health
via inhalation, swallowing, or absorption through the
skin in low and very low concentrations.

Toxic
Other, more specialized classifications for toxic materials are:
Carcinogens - may cause cancer through exposure
Mutagens - may cause genetic damage through exposure
Teratogens - may cause damage to the unborn child through exposure of the
pregnant mother-to-be
Sensitizers - may cause an allergic response. The two main groups are respiratory
and skin sensitizers.

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are flammable liquids?
A liquid having a flash point below 100F

Flammable

Flammability is a measure of how easily a gas, liquid, or solid


will ignite and how quickly the flame, once started, will spread.
Flammable liquids themselves are not flammable; rather, the
vapor from the liquids are combustible. The flash point of a
material is the temperature at which a liquid (or volatile solid)
gives off vapor in quantities significant enough to form an
ignitable mixture with air. Given an external source of ignition (i.e.,
spark, flame), a material can ignite at temperatures at or above
its flash point.

Examples of flammable liquids are:

acetone

sodium

hydrogen

ethyl alcohol

ethyl ether

acetylene

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols

What are explosive materials?


Explosive materials are chemicals that cause a sudden,
almost instantaneous release of large or small amounts of
pressure, gas, and heat when subjected to sudden shock,
pressure, or high temperature.

Explosive
Examples of commonly-used explosive chemicals:
acetylene
hydrogen
nitrogen containing compounds
ammonia
halogens
perchlorates

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are Environmental Hazards?
Environmental Hazards are materials that pollute the air
and water, and harm fish, other animals, plants and the ozone
layer. The damage to the environment in turn can cause
serious health problems for humans.

Environmental
hazard
Examples of environmental hazards:
Mercury - poisons fish and humans who eat the fish
Freon gas - damages the ozone layer of the atmosphere
which exposes humans to cancer causing ultra-violet radiation
Oil spill - kills birds and marine life

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
What are radioactive materials?

Radioactive

Materials composed of unstable atoms are said to be


radioactive. These atoms give off, or emit, the excess energy or
mass, which is called radiation. The kinds of radiation are
electromagnetic (like light) and particulate (i.e., mass given off
with the energy of motion). Gamma radiation and X-rays are
examples of electromagnetic radiation. Beta and alpha radiation
are examples of particulate radiation. Large doses of
radiation will damage human cells and can cause serious
illness (i.e. cancer) and death.

Example of radioactive materials:


The radioactive source used in MWD and well logging tools.

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association

3
Health

3
4

2
W

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Flammability

4
3

Reactivity

Special Hazard

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association

4
2
1
0
3

Health
Flammability
Reactivity
Special Hazard

Fire Hazard - Flash Points


4 - DANGER: Flammable gas or extremely flammable liquid.
3 - WARNING: Flammable liquid. Flash point below 100F.
2 - CAUTION: Combustible liquid. Flash point of 100F to 200F.
1 - Combustible if heated.
0 - Not combustible.

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3
0
4
2
1

Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association
Health
Flammability
Reactivity
Special Hazard

HEALTH HAZARD - The left quadrant BLUE.


4 - DANGER: May be fatal on short exposure. Requires specialized
personal protective equipment
3 - WARNING: Corrosive or toxic. Avoid skin contact or inhalation.
2 - WARNING: May be harmful if inhaled or absorbed.
1 - CAUTION: May cause irritation.
0 - No unusual health hazard.

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association
Health
Flammability
Reactivity
Special Hazard
REACTIVITY HAZARD - The right quadrant YELLOW
4 - DANGER: Explosive material at room temperature.
3 - DANGER: May be explosive if shocked, heated under
confinement, or mixed with water.
2 - WARNING: Unstable, or may react if heated, or mixed with water.
1 - CAUTION: May react if heated or mixed with water
0 - Stable: Not reactive when mixed with water.

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Hazardous Material Warning


Symbols
Hazard Identification Coding System of the National Fire Protection Association
Health
Flammability
Reactivity
Special Hazard

OTHER SPECIFIC HAZARD - The bottom quadrant WHITE

W - Reacts violently with water

Radiation

COR - Corrosive

OXY - Oxidizing chemicals

LAS - Laser electrical hazard

RED - Dangerous reducing agent


metal hybride

AZK - Alkali
ACID - Acid

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Quick Reference Guide

4
313

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COR
OX
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Material Safety Data Sheets

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MSDS - Material Safety Data


Sheets
The MSDS provides you with all the
important safety information pertaining
to each chemical and how to provide
first aid treatment for harmful
exposure.

Help

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The Rig Medic or RSTC will maintain a MSDS library for each
chemical that is kept onboard your rig. The MSDS library will
be easily accessible by all rig personnel for emergency use.

DS
S
M

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Material Safety Data Sheet

DIASEAL
M study
LOSTtheCIRCULATION
Please
following MSDS pages
MATERIALfor the types of information which
is found in a typical MSDS

June 30, 1999


MSDS #: 59340

CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP


1301 McKinney Street
Houston, Texas 77010-3030

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PHONE NUMBERS
EMERGENCY: (800) 231-0623 or
(510) 231-0623 (International)
EMERGENCY RESPONSE (ASIA): 800-AlertSGS
or 800-25378477 or 65-542-9595
TRANSPORTATION (24 HR): CHEMTREC
(800)424-9300 OR (703)527-3887
Technical Services: (713) 289-4862
For Additional MSDSs: (800) 852-5530

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Product Identification
Synonyms:
Chemical Name:
Chemical Family:
Chemical Formula:
CAS Reg. No.:
Product No.:

LCM; Lost Circulation Material


Mixture
Mixture
Mixture
Mixture
Not Established

Product and/or Components Entered on EPA's TSCA Inventory: YES


This product is in U.S. commerce, and is listed in the Toxic Substances
Control Act (TSCA) Inventory of Chemicals; hence, it may be subject to
applicable TSCA provisions and restrictions.
Canadian Inventory Listing Status: DSL
All ingredients are listed in the Domestic Substances List (DSL).
Impurities are exempt in accordance with Section 3 of the Canadian
Environmental Protection Act (CEPA).

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Components
CAS
Number

Ingredients

Calcium hydroxide
1305-62-0
Diatomaceous earth
61790-53-2
may include,
Crystalline silica (Quartz) 14808-60-7
Proprietary***
Various

%
By Wt.
8
80
< 1
>10

OSHA
PEL

ACGIH
TLV

5 mg/m3
*

5 mg/m3
10 mg/m3

0.1 mg/m3**
NE

0.1 mg/m3**
NE

* Refer to OSHA 1910.1000(f) Table Z-3


** Respirable Dust
*** The specific chemical identity of this material is being withheld asa
trade secret. It will be provided in accordance with the provisions of 29
CFR Part 1910.1200(i). In the event of a medical emergency, it will be
provided to a treating physician or nurse through utilization of the
above Emergency Telephone Number.

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Personal Protection Information


Ventilation: Use adequate ventilation to control below recommended
exposure levels.
Respiratory Protection: For concentrations exceeding the recommended exposure
level, use NIOSH approved respirator for protection
against dusts and mists having an exposure limit
measured as a time-weighted average not less than
0.05 mg/m3.
Eye Protection: Use chemical goggles.
Skin Protection: Use protective gloves for prolonged exposures.
NOTE: Personal protection information shown in Section C is based upon
general information as to normal uses and conditions. Where special or
unusual uses or conditions exist, it is suggested that the expert
assistance of an industrial hygienist or other qualified
professional be sought.

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Handling and Storage Precautions


Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing. Do not breathe dust.
Immediately remove and launder contaminated clothing before reuse.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wear protective equipment and/or
Garments described in Section C if exposure conditions warrant. Use
only with adequate ventilation.
Store in closed container.

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Store in well-ventilated area.

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Reactivity Data
Stability: Stable
Conditions to Avoid: Not Applicable
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Fluorine, Oxygen difluoride,
Chlorine
Trifluoride, Hydrofluoric Acid
Hazardous Polymerization: Will Not Occur
Conditions to Avoid: Not Applicable
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Not Established

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Health Hazard Data


Recommended Exposure Limits:
See Section B.

Acute Effects of Overexposure:


Eye: May cause severe irritation with prolonged contact.
Skin: May cause severe irritation with repeated or prolonged contact.
Inhalation: May cause irritation to the mucous membranes of the nose, throat
and upper respiratory tract.
Ingestion: May cause irritation to the gastrointestinal tract.

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Health Hazard Data (continued)


Subchronic and Chronic Effects of Overexposure:
Inhalation of high dust concentrations of silicon dioxide over an extended
number of years may produce fibrotic lung disease.
Chronic inhalation of dust containing crystalline silica may cause
silicosis, a progressive pulmonary fibrosis which may be associated with
significantly impaired pulmonary function, cardiopulmonary impairment and
death. Symptoms may progress after dust exposure ceases. Silicosis
typically results from silica dust exposure over many years.
Crystalline silica, a common component of sand, has been classified as
probably carcinogenic for humans (2A) by the International Agency for
Research on Cancer (IARC).

Other Health Effects:


No known applicable information.

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Health Hazard Categories:


Animal
Known Carcinogen
_X_
Suspect Carcinogen ___
Mutagen
___
Teratogen
___
Allergic Sensitizer ___
Highly Toxic
___

Human
___
_X_
___
___
___
___

Animal
Toxic
___
Corrosive
___
Irritant
_X_
Target Organ Toxin
_X_
Specify - Lung Toxin

Human
___
___
_X_
_X_

Materials Causing Other Toxic Effects


A. Very Toxic
Carcinogen
B.

__x__ (Crystalline Silica)

Toxic
Skin or Eye Irritant

Specify:

__x__ (Calcium Hydroxide)

Eye - Irritant; Skin - Irritant; Suspect Human Carcinogen;


Known Animal Carcinogen; Lung - Toxin.

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First Aid and Emergency Procedures:


Eye: Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least fifteen
minutes. If irritation or adverse symptoms develop, seek medical
attention.
Skin: Immediately wash skin with soap and water for at least fifteen
minutes. If irritation or adverse symptoms develop, seek medical
attention.
Inhalation: Immediately remove from exposure. If breathing is difficult,
give oxygen. If breathing ceases, administer artificial
respiration followed by oxygen. Seek immediate medical
attention.
Ingestion: Give two glasses of water and induce vomiting, only if subject is
conscious. Seek medical attention.
Note to Physician: Irrigation of the eye with a 0.01 to 0.05M (0.3 to 1.5%)
EDTA solution at pH 4.6 to 7 may aid in loosening and
dissolving any adherent calcium hydroxide particles. For
effective irrigation this procedure may require
administration of a local anesthetic.

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Physical Data
Appearance:
Odor:
Boiling Point:
Vapor Pressure:
Vapor Density (Air = 1):
Solubility in Water:
Specific Gravity (H2O = 1):
Percent Volatile by Volume:
Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate=1):
Viscosity:

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Light off-white coarse powder


Mild (slight earthy)
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Negligible
> 2
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable

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Fire and Explosion Data


Flash Point (Method Used): Not Applicable
Flammable Limits (% by Volume in Air): LEL - Not Applicable
UEL - Not Applicable
Fire Extinguishing Media: Water, foam, dry chemical, carbon
dioxide (CO2). Use media appropriate
for surrounding fire.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Evacuate area of all unnecessary
personnel. Use NIOSH approved
self-contained breathing apparatus
(SCBA) and other protective equipment
and/or garments described in Section C
if conditions warrant. Use water fog
or spray to cool exposed containers
and equipment.
Fire and Explosion Hazards: Not Applicable.

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Spill, Leak and Disposal Procedures


Precautions Required if Material is Released or Spilled:
Evacuate area of all unnecessary personnel. Wear protective equipment
and/or garments described in Section C if exposure conditions warrant.
Control dust levels. Vacuum spill. If sweeping is necessary, wet down
spill or use sweeping compound.
Waste Disposal (Insure Conformity with all Applicable Disposal
Regulations):
Place in an approved waste disposal facility.

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DOT Transportation
Shipping Name:
Hazard Class:
ID Number:
Packing Group:
Marking:
Label:
Placard:
Hazardous Substance/RQ:
Shipping Description:
Packaging References:

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Not
Not
Not
Not
Not
Not
Not
Not
Not
Not

Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated
Regulated

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RCRA Classification - Unadulterated


Product as a Waste
Prior to disposal, consult your environmental contact to determine if
TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure, EPA Test Method
1311) is required. Reference 40 CFR Part 261.

Protection Required for Work on


Contaminated Equipment
Contact immediate supervisor for specific instructions before work is
initiated. Wear protective equipment and/or garments described in
Section C if conditions warrant.

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Hazard Classification
_X_ This product meets the following hazard definition(s) as defined by the
Occupational Safety and Health Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR
Section 1910.1200):
___
___
___
___
___

Combustible Liquid
Compressed Gas
Flammable Gas
Flammable Liquid
Flammable Solid

___
___
_X_
___

Flammable Aerosol
Explosive
Health Hazard (Section F)
Organic Peroxide

___
___
___
___

Oxidizer
Pyrophoric
Unstable
Water Reactive

___ Based on information presently available, this product does not meet
any of the hazard definitions of 29 CFR Section 1910.1200.

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N.

Additional Comments

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY:
Environmental effects testing has been conducted using Diaseal M in a generic mud. The tests
were conducted following the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA), Region II drilling mud
bioassay procedures.
The 96-hour LC50 for freshwater trout is >13,000 ppm. The 96-hour LC50 for saltwater
stickleback is >5,600 ppm. The results of these tests classify Diaseal M as a non-toxic
drilling mud additive.
SARA 313
As of the preparation date, this product did not contain a chemical or chemicals subject
to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and
Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR Part 372.
NFPA 704 Hazard Codes - - - - - - - - Signals
Health
:
Flammability:
Reactivity :
Special Haz.:

Least - 0
Slight - 1
Moderate - 2
High - 3
Extreme - 4

2
0
0
-

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Disclaimer:
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP believes that the information contained
herein (including data and statements) is accurate as of the date hereof. NO
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR
PURPOSE OR ANY OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IS MADE
AS CONCERNS THE INFORMATION HEREIN PROVIDED. The information
provided herein relates only to the specific product designated and may not be
valid where such product is used in combination with any other materials or in
any process. Further, since the conditions and methods of use of the product
and information referred to herein are beyond the control of Chevron Phillips,
Chevron Phillips expressly disclaims any and all liability as to any results
obtained or arising from any use of the product or such information. No
statement made herein shall be construed as a permission or recommendation
for the use of any product in a manner that might infringe existing patents.

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There is not a standard


format for Material
Safety Data Sheets, so
they will not all look the
same, however they
should all contain the
same categories of
information

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The information on the MSDS can


help you to work safely with
hazardous materials.
Know where the MSDS for every hazardous chemical in
your work area is kept.
Be familiar with the most important points for each
hazardous material you use.
Check the MSDS whenever you need more information.
Be ready to find emergency-response information on
your company's MSDS form quickly.
Follow the safety practices the MSDS gives you.

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Hazardous Material Storage

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Hazardous Material
Labels and markings
Storage

will be clearly visible on stored

hazardous materials

Food goods will be stored away from any chemicals or


other hazardous materials.
Products that may react with one another are to be
separated
Oxidizing agents, such as nitric acid, will be stored away
from combustible materials.
An inventory of hazardous materials will be maintained,
indicating location and quantities. The inventory will be
regularly checked and updated.
In an emergency, this inventory will be provided to the
Emergency Response Teams.

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Hazardous Material
Storage
Transferring of chemicals from one storage
container to another should be avoided, if
at all possible.
When the chemical transfer can not be
avoided, the new container must be clean
and be properly labeled with the new
contents and hazard warnings.

ACID

DANGER
This man is not wearing
adequate PPE for
this hazardous job!
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Minimizing the risk

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Preventing
Exposure

If it is reasonably practicable, you must prevent exposure to


hazardous materials by:
changing the process or activity so that the hazardous
substance is not required or generated;
or
replacing it with a safer alternative;
or
using it in a safer form, such as pellets instead of
powder.

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Controlling
Exposure
If prevention is not reasonably practicable, you should adequately
control exposure by one or more of the following measures:
total enclosure of the process
partial enclosure and extraction equipment (local
exhaust ventilation)
general ventilation
using systems of work and handling procedures which
minimize the chances of spills, leaks & other escape of
hazardous materials
reducing the number of employees exposed, or the duration of
their exposure, but only AFTER considering and, where
possible, putting into effect the above measures.
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Controlling
Exposure
When you are unable to adequately
prevent or control exposure through
other measuresthen
Personal Protective Equipment
should be used to control exposure
to hazardous materials.

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Personal Protective Equipment

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Personal Protective
Equipment

ALWAYS
WEAR
THE RIGHT
STUFF
Personal Protective Equipment

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Personal Protective
Typical PPE Worn When Handling
Equipment

Head protection

Hazardous Materials, depending


on the material being handled.

Eye Protection
Respiratory protection

Eye & Face


Protection

Protective clothing
with Long Sleeves
Chemical resistant gloves

Full body
Chemical
Resistant
Suit

Chemical resistant apron

Used With Highly


Toxic Materials

Chemical resistant boots

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Personal Protective
Equipment

Before you begin, check that the


PPE you have selected will offer
adequate protection for the
material you will be handling

Selection is crucial

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Personal Protective
Equipment

For example, rubber or pvc gloves and boots


will quickly dissolve when exposed to
organic solvents.
Nitrile rubber gloves and boots are much
more resistant to most organic solvents

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Personal Protective
Equipment

Respirators must be suitable for the


type of respiratory hazard you
will be working with.
A respirator designed for filtering out dust
may not be suitable for working with
solvents

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Personal Protective
Equipment
Two Kinds of Respirators

Air-purifying Respirators:
have filters, cartridges, or canisters
that remove contaminants from the
air by passing the ambient air
through the air-purifying element

Atmosphere-supplying
Respirators:
supply clean air directly to the user
from a source other than the air
surrounding the user.

before it reaches the user.

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Personal Protective
EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators

Particulate
Respirators

Gas & Vapor


Respirators

Combination
Respirators

capture particles in the air, such as dusts,


mists, and fumes
do not protect against gases or vapors
generally become more effective as
particles accumulate on the filter and plug
spaces between the fibers
filters should be replaced when user finds it
difficult to breath through them

<

>

Personal Protective
EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators

Particulate
Respirators

Gas & Vapor


Respirators

Combination
Respirators

are normally used when there are only hazardous


gases and vapors in the air
use chemical filters (called cartridges or canisters) to
remove dangerous gases or vapors
do not protect against airborne particles
are made to protect against specific gases or vapors
provide protection only as long as the filter's
absorbing capacity is not depleted
the service life of the filter depends upon many

factors and can be estimated in various ways

<

>

Personal Protective
EquipmentThree Kinds of Air-purifying Respirators

Particulate
Respirators

Gas & Vapor


Respirators

Combination
Respirators
are normally used in
atmospheres that contain
hazards of both particulates
and gases
have both particulate filters
and gas/vapor filters
may be heavier

<

>

Personal Protective
Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators
Equipment

Air-supplied
Respirator

Combination
Respirators

Self-contained
Respirators

makes use of a hose to deliver clean, safe


air from a stationary source of compressed
air
provides clean air for long periods of time
and are light weight for the user
limits the range of user-mobility and may fail
due to hose damage

also called airline respirators

are normally used when there are


extended work periods required in
atmospheres that are not immediately
dangerous to life and health (IDLH)

<

>

Personal Protective
Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators
Equipment

Air-supplied
Respirator

Combination
Respirators

Self-contained
Respirators

have an auxiliary self-contained air supply


that can be used if the primary supply fails
the self-contained portion can be small
since it only needs to supply enough air for
escape

can be used for entry into confined spaces

are normally used when there are


extended work periods required in
atmospheres that are or may be
immediately dangerous to life and health
(IDLH)

<

>

Personal Protective
Three Kinds of Atmosphere-supplying Respirators
Equipment

Air-supplied
Respirator

Combination
Respirators

Self-contained
Respirators
consists of a wearable, cleanair supply pack
do not restrict movement with
a hose connection
the closed-circuit type can
provide air up to 4 hours
the open-circuit type only
provide air for 30 - 60 minutes
are normally used when there is a short-time
need to enter and escape from atmospheres
which are or may be immediately
dangerous to life and health (IDLH)

<

>

Working safely with


hazardous materials

<

>

Working safely with


hazardous
materials
Before you begin
Know the locations and how to use emergency
equipment, including safety showers and eyewash
stations.
Familiarize yourself with the emergency response
procedures, facility alarms and installation
evacuation routes.
Know the types of personal protective equipment
available and how to use them for each
procedure.
Be alert to unsafe conditions and actions and bring
them to the attention of your supervisor so that
corrections can be made as soon as possible.

<

>

Working safely with


hazardous
materials
Before you begin
Refer to the label or MSDS to learn:
the health hazards posed by the material
the appropriate PPE to wear
special handling instructions
The PPE recommended on the MSDS is to be
used as a minimum requirement.
Check for warning signs or special instructions
posted in the area

<

>

Working safely with


hazardous materials
Ensure that there is adequate ventilation...

but not so strong so as to cause powder


materials to blow into the air.

<

>

Working safety with


hazardous materials
Avoid distracting or startling
other workers

Do not allow practical.


jokes or horseplay

<

>

Working safety with


hazardous materials
Do not prepare, store (even temporarily),
or consume food or beverages in any
chemical storage or handling area.

Do not smoke in any chemical storage or


handling area. Additionally, be aware that
tobacco products in opened packages can
absorb chemical vapors.

<

>

Working safety with


hazardous materials
Never wear contaminated clothing
into areas where food is consumed.

Under no circumstances should mouth


suction be used to start a siphon. Use a
mechanical device to provide a vacuum.

<

>

Working safety with


hazardous materials
Paint
Thinner

Wash well
after the job.

Do not use solvents for


washing skin.

<

>

Working safety with


hazardous materials

nc
e
g
er
Em

Do not block access to exits, emergency


equipment, controls, electrical panels etc.

Acid

<

Avoid working alone when working


with hazardous materials

>

r
we
o
Sh

Working safety with


hazardous materials
Keep work areas clean and free
from obstruction.

After handling hazardous materials, wash your


hands with soap and water before you eat
drink, or touch eyes, nose or mouth.

<

>

Emergency Response

<

>

Emergency Response
Eye
/ BodyAid
Exposure
- First
Suitable units for quick drenching or flushing
of the eyes and body shall be provided
within the work area for immediate
emergency use where any person may be
exposed to injurious corrosive chemicals.
These units must be checked regularly and
maintained in good working condition.
There must always be clear, unobstructed
access to the emergency equipment.
Each employee working with hazardous
materials must be familiar with the location
and use of the emergency equipment

<

>

Emergency Response
Eye
/ BodyAid
Exposure
- First

If you get something in your eye


GET IT OUT IMMEDIATELY!
Go immediately to the nearest eyewash
station.
Retract your eyelid (hold it open);
Dont squintthis restricts water access.
Flush your eye thoroughly
Have a co-worker notify the medic to come
immediately with first aid kit.

<

>

Emergency Response
Eye
/ BodyAid
Exposure
- First

If you spill a hazardous material on your body


Go immediately to the nearest emergency
shower
Activate the shower and remove your clothing
while under the shower
Thoroughly flush the affected area with water
Have a co-worker notify the medic to come
immediately with first aid kit.

<

>

Emergency Response
Eye
/ BodyAid
Exposure
- First
For emergency showers and eyewash stations to
be effective, the American National Standards
Institute (ANSI) recommends that the affected
body part must be flushed immediately and
thoroughly for at least 15 minutes using a large
supply of clean fluid under low pressure. Water
does not neutralize contaminants -- it only dilutes
and washes them away. This is why large
amounts of water are needed.

<

>

Emergency Response
Eye
/ BodyAid
Exposure
- First
However, other references recommend a
minimum 20-minute flushing period if the nature
of the contaminant is not known. The flushing or
rinsing time can be modified if the identity and
properties of the chemical are known. For
example:
a minimum 5-minute flushing time is
recommended for mildly irritating chemicals,
at least 20 minutes for moderate-to-severe
irritants,
20 minutes for non-penetrating corrosives, and
at least 60 minutes for penetrating corrosives.
<

>

Emergency Response
Respiratory
Exposure
- First Aid
Move the person to fresh air immediately
Call for the installation medic
Ensure a clear airway exists
Identify the material which was inhaled and refer to
the MSDS for first aid treatment
If the person is convulsing watch breathing and
protect the person from falls or blows to the head.
If the person appears neurologically impaired it
may be necessary to administer oxygen
If breathing has stopped, administer artificial
respiration.
If the heart has stopped beating, administer CPR.
<

>

Emergency Response
Ingestion
& Injection of
- First, Absorption,
Aid
Hazardous Materials

Ingestion

Call for the installation medic


Identify the hazardous material and refer to the
MSDS - first aid instructions
Ensure a clear airway exists
If the person is convulsing watch breathing and
protect the person from falls or blows to the
head.

Absorption

If breathing has stopped, administer artificial


respiration.
If the heart has stopped beating, administer
CPR.
<

Injection

>

Emergency Response
Symptoms
to be aware of
- First Aid

Mild Poisoning
Headache, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, restlessness,
perspiration, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, loss of
weight, thirst, moodiness, soreness in joints, skin
irritation, eye irritation.

Moderate Poisoning
Severe nausea, severe diarrhea, excessive saliva,
stomach cramps, excessive perspiration, trembling, no
muscle coordination and muscle twitches, extreme
weakness, mental confusion, blurred vision, difficulty in
breathing, cough, rapid pulse, flushed or yellow skin,
weepy eyes.

Severe Poisoning
Fever, intense thirst, increased rate of breathing,
uncontrollable muscle twitches, pinpoint pupils,
convulsions, inability to breathe, unconsciousness.

<

>

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill
If a spill or leak occurs in your facility, your
first concern should be the health and
safety of personnel.
These are general guidelines only, and your
response will vary, according to the
chemical spilled, the quantity, location, and
other varying circumstances.
Always refer to your installations
Emergency Response Plan and the MSDS
for the spilled material.

<

>

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill

Immediately alert personnel in the spill area and


your supervisor. Evacuate the area, if necessary.

Ventilate the area

If a volatile, flammable material is spilled, warn all


personnel and control sources of ignition.

Refer to the container label and MSDS to identify


the chemical spilled, the hazards posed, PPE
required and specific emergency response
instructions.

If deemed necessary, call the Emergency Response


Team to the scene to handle the spill. They are
required to be trained and exercised in the use of
the Emergency Spill Control Equipment.

<

>

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill

If personnel have been contaminated call the


Medic and perform First AID until he/she arrives.
Remove contaminated clothing immediately and
flush the skin with water. Refer to the MSDS
sheet for the appropriate first aid treatment.

Don the appropriate PPE (refer to MSDS). If


respiratory equipment is required, ensure that
there is another person outside the spill area in
communication

Encircle the chemical spill with neutralizing or


absorbent material in the spill kit.

<

>

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill

Once the spill has been contained, apply


neutralizing or absorbent material to the center
of the spill.

If the chemical spilled is a powder, sweep up


carefully to prevent generation of dust.

After the chemical has been absorbed, use the


appropriate tools (i.e. shovel, scoop, broom) to
transfer the material into a sealed, leak-proof
bag or container.

Ensure the spill area and tools are thoroughly


cleaned of any residue

Label and dispose all bags and containers


according to hazardous waste disposal
procedures

<

>

Emergency Response
General
Guidelines
for handling a chemical spill
- Chemical
Spill
Remember that a successful spill clean-up is
one in which no one is exposed or injured
during the clean-up.
Do not panic and respond recklessly
Do not work alone
Do not clean up a spill until you are familiar
with the properties of the chemical.
Remember to check the spilled chemical label
and material safety data sheet.

<

>

Test your knowledge


and competency

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is a hazard?

Hazard = severity x potential

Something that has the potential to cause harm or


damage

An incident that causes injury or damage

hazard = risk x severity

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Flammable Liquids have a flash point less than

37.7 C - 100 F

Congratulations!
65.5 C - 150 F
You answered correctly!

93.3 C - 200 F

121.1 C - 250 F

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Snacks can be eaten in the sack room when it is


clean and no chemical handling is in process.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

What type of hazard does this


yellow diamond represent?

health hazard

Congratulations!
B

fire hazard

You answered correctly!

reactivity hazard

special hazard

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

What type of hazard does this


red diamond represent?

health hazard

Congratulations!
B

fire hazard

You answered correctly!

reactivity hazard

special hazard

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
True or False -

indicates a corrosive material

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
If chemical splashes in your eye you should...

Find the medic and get treatment ASAP.

Go to the nearest eyewash station and flush your


eye thoroughly and then go back to work.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

Go to the nearest eyewash station and flush your


eye thoroughly and then go to the medic.

Find the MSDS , read the first aid instructions and


follow them.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

What type of hazard does this


blue diamond represent?

health hazard

Congratulations!
B

fire hazard

You answered correctly!

reactivity hazard

special hazard

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Water both neutralizes and dilutes hazardous


contaminants. This is why large amounts of water are needed.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is the meaning of
this hazard symbol

no unusual health hazard

Congratulations!
B

CAUTION: may cause irritation

You answered correctly!

CAUTION: May react if heated or mixed with water

DANGER: do not mix with water

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - the best prevention for exposure to hazardous


materials is to wear the appropriate PPE.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is the meaning of
this hazard symbol

DANGER: Explosive material

Congratulations!
B

Fire extinguisher # 4

You answered correctly!

CAUTION: May burn if ignited

DANGER: Flammable gas or extremely flammable


liquid.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - If breathing has stopped, administer oxygen


immediately.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Oxidizers can be best described as...

substances that emit iron oxide into the atmosphere

substances that deplete oxygen and cause


asphyxiation

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

substances that give off oxygen or act like oxygen


and stimulate combustion?

a substance used to remove rust

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Fever, intense thirst, rapid breathing, and


uncontrollable muscle twitches are signs of severe poisoning.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is the best description of a hazardous material?

a material that is hazardous

a material that under certain conditions may cause


injury or illness

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

a material that, in any quantity, poses a threat to life,


health or property.

a toxic material that causes a health hazard

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Rubber or pvc gloves and boots will quickly


dissolve when exposed to organic solvents.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is the meaning of this symbol?

Toxic

Congratulations!
Irritant or Harmful
You answered correctly!

Hazardous

corrosive

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
True or False

Indicates a flammable material

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Which of the following is not a route of entry?

Indigestion

Congratulations!
Inhalation
You answered correctly!

absorption

injection

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What is the most common route of entry?

Injection

Congratulations!
Absorption
You answered correctly!

Ingestion

Inhalation

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - If you find a person who has been overcome by


vapors the first thing you should do is identify what was inhaled.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

Chewing the plastic insulation on electric cable can cause


which of the following health problems ?

Lead poisoning

Congratulations!
Tooth decay
You answered correctly!

Angina

Cerebral palsy

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What are the 2 best sources of information on a chemical?

MSDS, Encyclopedia

Congratulations!
The World Wide Web, product label
You answered correctly!

Product label , MSDS

The mud engineer, MSDS

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
True or False - Inhalation is the most common route of entry.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
What does the acronym MSDS stand for?

Material Safety Description System

Congratulations!
Material Safety Department Standards
You answered correctly!

Material Standards Delivery System

Material Safety Data Sheet

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

An inventory of hazardous materials will be maintained


indicating ________________________.

location and hazard classification.

Congratulations!
quantity and hazard classification.
You answered correctly!

location and quantity.

location and responsible person.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - If the heart has stopped beating, administer


artificial respiration.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

In an emergency the inventory of hazardous materials will


be made available to the ________.

emergency response team

Congratulations!
RSTC
You answered correctly!

designated person

toolpusher

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
The PPE recommended on the MSDS is to be used as a_______.

guideline.

Congratulations!
mandatory requirement.
You answered correctly!

recommendation.

minimum requirement.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Products that ________ when combined will be ________.

oxidize, prohibited

Congratulations!
liquify, isolated
You answered correctly!

react, separated

vaporize, prohibited

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
_______ will not be stored together with chemicals.

Food

Congratulations!
Flammable liquids
You answered correctly!

Nitric acid

Oxidizing agents

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - If a volatile, flammable material is spilled, warn


all personnel and control sources of ignition.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

Which of the following practices is the best method of


preventing exposure to hazardous materials?

Completing a THINK plan form

changing the process or activity so that the


hazardous material is not required or generated.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

Using a safer form of the hazardous material, such


as pellets instead of powder.

Wearing additional PPE

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - A dust mask is sufficient protection for most


chemical used in the mud mixing process.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

Which of the following is not an accepted method of


controlling exposure to hazardous materials?

general ventilation

Congratulations!
total or partial enclosure of the process
You answered correctly!

using systems and handling procedures which


minimize the risks.

Using additional manpower to speed up the job and


reduce exposure time.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Flammable liquids are liquids with a flash point


of less than 100 degrees Fahrenheit - 38 Centigrade.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

When you are unable to adequately prevent or control exposure


through other methods then.

adequate PPE should be used to control exposure


to hazardous materials.

Congratulations!
the job must be cancelled.
You answered correctly!

a permit to work form must be completed.

an exemption form will be completed before


proceeding.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Ingestion of hazardous materials can occur


through smoking cigarettes that have absorbed toxic vapors.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Which of the following statements is true?

Air purifying respirators require Grade D air

Leather boots offer adequate protection from most


chemicals used on offshore installations.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

Rubber or pvc gloves and boots will quickly dissolve


when exposed to organic solvents.

Particulate respirators offer protection against gases


and vapors.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Which of the following statements is incorrect?

SCBAs are normally used when there is a long term


need.

SCBAs are used in atmospheres that are


dangerous to life and health.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

Air supplied respirators use a hose to deliver clean


safe air from a stationary source of compressed air.

SCBA is the acronym for self contained breating


apparatus.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - Your first concern during a hazardous material


leak or spill should be containment.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Before you begin, refer to the label or MSDS to learn:

the components, manufacturer, and expiration date

The health hazards, appropriate PPE and expiration


date.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

the health hazards, appropriate PPE, and special


handling instructions.

the health hazards, mixing instructions, and first aid


procedures

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

True or False - when a chemical spill is detected alert everyone


in the area to help contain and clean up the spill.

T
F

Congratulations!
You answered correctly!

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

When you are mixing mud chemicals which of the following


conditions poses the greatest danger to your health?

The PPE is hot and uncomfortable.

The inspection tags are missing on 2 of the fire


extinguishers in the compartment.

Congratulations!

You answered correctly!


C

The door on the PPE locker has broken off.

The forklift is blocking the emergency shower and


eyewash station.

<

>

You have reached the


end of this training.
If is recommended that
you review this material
until you are able to
answer all of the questions
correctly the first time.
If you have additional questions
regarding hazardous materials
please ask your supervisor.

<

>

Testing what you have


learned ?
Which of the following statements is true?

An eyewash station is used to neutralize any


material which contaminates the eyes.

The flushing or rinsing time for contamination with


moderate-to-severe irritants is 5 minutes.

C
D

Congratulations!

You
answered correctly!
If the nature of the contaminant is unknown, the
recommended time for flushing / rinsing is 60
minutes.
The flushing / rinsing time can be modified if the
identity and properties of the chemical are known.

<

>

Quit ?
YES

<

NO

>

Testing what you have


learned ?

Sorry...
Your answer is incorrect.
Please return to the
question and try again.

Return to
Last Question

<

>