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The Living Photograph

by Jackie Kay

Todays Objectives
1. List adjectives which best describe
you grandmother./ Tell the class
about your grandmother.
2. Read the poem The Living
Photograph aloud
3. Draw mind maps
4. Provide appropriate answers to
questions orally

Grandmothers
Adjectives describing your
grandmothers:

About the author/poet


Born Jacqueline Margaret Kay (1961)
Scotland
Scottish mother and Nigerian father
(biracial)
Adopted by Caucasian family in
Glasgow, Scotland.

Jackie Kay

The Living Photograph


My small grandmother is tall there,
Straight-back, white broderies anglaise shirt,
Pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun,
A kind, old smile round her eyes.
Her big hand holds mine,
White hand in black hand.
Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in the eye.
It was true after all, that look.
My tall grandmother became small.
Her back round and hunched.
Her soup forgot to boil.
She went to the awful place grandmothers go.
Somewhere unknown, unthinkable.
But there she is still,
In the photo with me at three, the crinkled smile is still living,
breathing.

Stanza One

Stanza 1
My small grandmother is tall there,
Straight-back, white broderies anglaise
shirt,
Pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun,
A kind, old smile round her eyes.
Her big hand holds mine,
White hand in black hand.
Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in
the eye.

Words I dont know

White Broderies anglaise


shirt

Pleated skirt

Flat shoe
Grey bun

Grandmother (stanza 1)
Pleate
d skirt

clothi
ng

Blu
e
eye
s
Physic
al

Who is the persona?/ Point of View?


Grandchild

Grandchild
Black hands not Caucasian (white),
maybe African/ Indian? What do you
think?
Small hands still a child

Stanza 1
Stanza one describes how the grandmother
looks like through the eyes of the grandchild
Grandmother
wears white broderies anglaise shirt,
pleated skirt, flat shoes a typical wardrobe
for grandmothers.
- she has kind eyes, and she holds the
grandchilds hands.

A kind, old smile round her eyes.


Her big hand holds mine,
from the excerpt (petikan)
grandmother is loving even though
the grandchild does not share any
blood relations
Her sharp blue eyes look her own
death in the eye.
Grandmother may be very old

Quiz
1. Who is the poet of The Living
Photograph.
Jackie Kay

2. She is biracial. She is a mix of


Caucasian and ___________.
Nigerian/ African

3. Who is the persona? (Point of view)


grandchild

Todays Objective
1. Discuss meaning of Stanza 2
2. Orally answer questions / mini Quiz

Stanza Two


8
9
10
11
12
13

Stanza 2
It was true after all, that look.
My tall grandmother became small.
Her back round and hunched.
Her soup forgot to boil.
She went to the awful place
grandmothers go.
Somewhere unknown, unthinkable.

Vocabulary
hunched = bongkok
forgot = lupa
boil = rebus
awful = teruk
unknown = tidak diketahui
unthinkable = tidak dapat
difikirkan/dibayangkan

Complete the mind map with


Grandmothers physical/mental
characteristics from stanza 2.
small

Grandmother
Back round

Back
-hunch
ed

What are the differences between grandma in


stanza one and grandmother in stanza two?

Stanza One

Stanza 2

Tall

small

VS

What are the differences between grandma in


stanza one and grandmother in stanza two?

Stanza One
Tall
Straight back

VS

Stanza 2
small
back - round
back - hunched

Why does Grandmother changes in


appearance?
To show readers that grandmother is
getting older, and getting more frail
(lemah).

Line 8
It was true after all, that look.
The author confirms that
grandmother is looking at death/ is
getting older.

Line 9 and 10
My tall grandmother became small.
Her back round and hunched.
Grandmother changes from
appearance from strong to weak. She
is getting older.

Line 11
Her soup forgot to boil
Shows that Grandmother might have
Alzheimer (nyanyuk) because she
does not remember to turn on the
fire to cook her soup.
She becomes forgetful as she
becomes older.

Line 12 & 13
She went to the awful place
grandmothers go.
Somewhere unknown, unthinkable.
1. It might mean that Grandmother
succumbs (kalah) to Alzheimer and
does not know what is going on around
her.
2. She had passed away, and the
author does not know what happened

Stanza Three

Stanza 3
But there she is still,
In the photo with me at three, the
crinkled smile is still living, breathing.

Vocabulary
Crinkled = kedut
Living = hidup
Breathing = bernafas

Line 14 & 15
But there she is still,
In the photo with me at three, the
crinkled smile is still living, breathing.
Grandmother is alive in a photo.

Analysis

Theme
Family
the author is talking about her
grandmother
- Even though the grandmother does
not have blood relations to her
granddaughter (the author), the
grandmothers action towards her
granddaughter suggest
(mencadangkan) she loves her
granddaughter.

Theme
Reminiscence / Memory (terkenang)
The poem/the author talks about her
grandmother.
The author recalls/ remembers how her
grandmother look like through her memory
when she was small.
Like the song So Far Away by Avenged
Sevenfold, the author and the singer
remembers their deceased (sudah meninggal)
family or friends through words (poem/song).

Moral Values
Appreciate our loved ones (hargai orang
yang tersayang)
You should appreciate people around you
because you could never know when they will
leave (tinggalkan) you.
Especially (lebih-lebih lagi) your elders (orang
tua = nenek/datuk/ibu/bapa/mak cik/pakcik).
You should spend more time with them and
appreciate (hargai) their advice (nasihat) and
their company (kehadiran).

Treat others nicely (layan orang lain


dengan baik)
The grandmother still treats her
granddaughter with love even though
her granddaughter does not have any
blood relations.
The grandmother is therefore loved by
the author/her granddaughter.

Thw

QUIZ

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