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VEHICLE ACCIDENT DETECTION

AND REPORTING SYSTEM,


AUTOMATIC PNEUMATIC
CLUTCH AND BRAKING SYSTEM
to prevent accident if not, to report the accident at the right time
- Guidance by prof. s . suresh

About
In highly populated Countries like India, everyday
people lose their lives because of accidents and poor
emergency facilities.
These lives could have been saved if medical facilities
are provided at the right time.
The aim of our work is to prevent the accident if not,
then find the vehicle accident location by means of
sending a message using a system which is placed
inside of vehicle system.
Then purpose of this work is to find the vehicle where it
is.
Most of the times we may not able to find accidents
because we dont know where accident will happen, in

Keywords
GPS (Global Positioning System),
GSM (Global Service for Mobile Applications),
Vibration sensor accelerometers (piezoelectric),
SMS (Short Message Service),
Microcontroller,
Pneumatic cylinder,
solenoid valve,
Clutch, Brake.

Mechanisms
Accident prevention
if not,
Accident Reporting

Accident prevention mechanism


This mechanism is done by Automatic Pneumatic Clutch and
Braking system.
It Detect the object in front of the viechel with the help of object
sensor and give it to micro controller for processing.
After processing, it operate the Clutch and Brake via Pneumatic
to stop the viechel.
We can use this system for Any four wheeling viechel.
This project is constructed with simple and automatically
operated arrangements.
Pneumatic method is very effective for braking and clutch
mechanism.

Key components for


Accident prevention
mechanism
Microcontroller
Object sensor
Driver circuit and Relay
Solenoid valve
Pneumatic cylinder
Clutch assembly
Braking system

Block diagram

Accident Reporting
This mechanism is done by using GPS (Global Positioning
System), GSM (Global Service for Mobile Applications),
Accident reporting mechanism is function only when accident
occur, and it is detected by using vibration sensor.
Vibration sesor signal goes to micro controller for processing.
After processing it recives GPS co-ordinates from GPS and give
command, SOS text to GSM for Reporting mechanism.
GPS is used to find the location of the Accident where occured.
GSM is used to send the detected accident location with some
SOS text to specfic people.

Key components for Accident


Reporting mechanism
Microcontroller
Object sensor
GPS (Global Positioning System),
GSM (Global Service for Mobile Applications),
Vibration sensor accelerometers (piezoelectric),

Block diagram

Combining two sytem


To combine the two system we can prevent the accident
if not then atleat we can report the accident to the
people relate to them and near hospitals where accident
occur.

Advantages
Low cost
Less maintenance
Low power consumption
Automatic method

Disadvantages
Need separate air tank in vehicle
Operation of pneumatic cylinder will be noisy

THANK
YOU

Reference
:[1]. Automatic traffic accident detection and alarm system
International Journal of Technology Exploration and Learning (IJTEL)
Volume 1 Issue 1August 2012.
[2]. Wireless accident information using gps and gsm September 15,
2012,Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology,
Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2012 .
[3]. Chen Peijiang, Jiang Xuehua, Design and Implementation of
Remote monitoring system based on GSM, vol.42, pp.167-175. 2008.
[4]. Wireless Accident Information Using GPS and GSM September 15,
2012, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and
Technology, Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2012. [5]. Ma Chao.
Embedded GSM message interface hardware and software design [J].
Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, 2003.