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Discovering

Computers 2010
Living in a Digital World
Objectives Overview

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 See Page 3 D ig ita lW o rld 2
 for Detailed C h a p te r 1
Objectives Overview

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 See Page 3 D ig ita lW o rld 3
 for Detailed C h a p te r 1
A World of Computers

• Computers are everywhere

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Pages 4 - 5 D ig ita lW o rld 4
 Figure 1-1 C h a p te r 1
What Is a Computer?

• A computer is an electronic device,


operating under the control of
instructions stored in its own memory

Information Processing Cycle


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C h a p te r 1
What Is a Computer?

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 6

D ig ita lW o rld 6
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-2

The Components of a
Computer
• A computer contains many electric, electronic,
and mechanical components known as
hardware

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D ig ita lW o rld 7
C h a p te r 1
The Components of a
Computer

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Page 7

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C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

What input devices do you
use?

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 9
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

What output devices do you
use?

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 7

D ig ita lW o rld 10
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Which of these is NOT a storage
device:
A.DVD
B.Memory card
C.USB flash drive
D.Motherboard
E.

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 7

D ig ita lW o rld 11
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Which of these is NOT a storage
device:
A.DVD
B.Memory card
C.USB flash drive
D.Motherboard
E.

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 12
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Advantages and Disadvantages
of Using Computers
Advantages of
 Disadvantages of
Using Computers Using Computers

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D ig ita lW o rld 13
C h a p te r 1
Advantages and Disadvantages
of Using Computers
• Green computing involves reducing the
electricity consumed and environmental
waste generated when using a computer
• Strategies include:
– Recycling
– Regulating manufacturing processes
– Extending the life of computers
– Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced
computers

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Page 10
Computing below D ig ita lW o rld 14
Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Networks and the Internet

• A network is a
collection of
computers and
devices
connected
together, often
wirelessly, via
communications
devices and
transmission
media
D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a
Pages 10 - 11

D ig ita lW o rld 15
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-6

What networks do you use?

• Public places?
• At work?
• At home?

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D ig ita lW o rld 16
C h a p te r 1
Networks and the Internet

• The Internet is a worldwide collection of


networks that connects millions of
businesses, government agencies,
educational institutions, and individuals

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Page 11
Internet D ig ita lW o rld 17
below Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-7

Networks and the Internet

• People use the Internet for a variety of


reasons:

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Pages 12 - 13 D ig ita lW o rld 18
 Figure 1-8 C h a p te r 1
People connect, learn, and
interact through SOCIAL MEDIA
sites.
Dictionary

 Blogs
 are ___________
 Some examples are _____

Dictionary

 Blogs
 are online journals, informal
 Some examples are
wordpress, blogger

Dictionary

 Social Media
 are ___________
 Some examples are _____
Dictionary

 Social Media
 are tools that enable anyone to
publish on the web
 Some examples are facebook,
blogger, linked in, scribd, ezine
Dictionary

 Social Networking
 is ___________
 Some examples are _____
Dictionary

 Social Networking
 is a type of social media that focuses
on building online communities of
people who share interests and/or
activities, or who are interested in
exploring the interests and activities of
others.
 Some examples are facebook,
YouTube, twitter, Ning
Networks and the Internet

• A social networking Web site


encourages members to share their
interests, ideas, stories, photos, music,
and videos with other registered users

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then click MySpace
Page 14
below Chapter 1 D ig ita lW o rld 26
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-9

Dictionary

 RSS Feeds
 are ___________

Feed Readers are ________________



Dictionary

 RSS Feeds
 are headlines alerting you to changes
made to a website, blog, or social
network you subscribe to; they are
directed to your email or a feed reader.
 Some examples of readers are google
reader, flock
What, besides, text, can a web
page contain?
Computer Software

• Software, also called a program, tells


the computer what tasks to perform
and how to perform them

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then click Windows
Pages 15 - 16
below Chapter 1 D ig ita lW o rld 30
C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-10 - 1-11

Computer Software

• Installing is the process of setting up


software to work with the computer,
printer, and other hardware

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 Pages 16 - 17 D ig ita lW o rld 31
 Figure 1-12 C h a p te r 1
Computer Software

• A programmer
develops
software or
writes the
instructions that
direct the
computer to
process data into
information

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 18 D ig ita lW o rld 32
 Figure 1-13 C h a p te r 1
How do you know if software will
run on your computer?

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 18 D ig ita lW o rld 33
 Figure 1-13 C h a p te r 1
Which of the following is a kind
of program that allows a user to
perform maintenance-type
tasks?
A.Application
B.System
C.Utility
D.Graphical

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 18 D ig ita lW o rld 34
 Figure 1-13 C h a p te r 1
Which of the following is a kind
of program that allows a user to
perform maintenance-type
tasks?
A.Application
B.System
C.Utility
D.Graphical

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 18 D ig ita lW o rld 35
 Figure 1-13 C h a p te r 1
Categories of Computers

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D ig ita lW o rld 36
C h a p te r 1
Personal Computers

• A personal computer can perform all


of its input, processing, output, and
storage activities by itself
• Two popular architectures are the PC
and the Apple
– Desktop computer

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 19 D ig ita lW o rld 37
 Figures 1-15 - 1-16 C h a p te r 1
Is this computer a:
A.Tower
B.Upright
C.Compact
D.All-in-one
E.Netbook

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 18 D ig ita lW o rld 38
 Figure 1-13 C h a p te r 1
Mobile Computers and Mobile
Devices

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Pages 20 - 23

D ig ita lW o rld 39
C h a p te r 1
Mobile Computers and Mobile
Devices

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Phone D ig ita lW o rld 40
below Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-17 – 1-20

Mobile Computers and Mobile
Devices

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then click Digital
Pages 22 - 23
Cameras below Chapter D ig ita lW o rld 41
1
Figures 1-21 – 1-23 C h a p te r 1
Game Consoles

• A game console is
a mobile
computing
device designed
for single-player
or multiplayer
video games

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 24 D ig ita lW o rld 42
 Figure 1-24 C h a p te r 1
Servers

• A server controls
access to the
hardware,
software, and
other resources
on a network
– Provides a
centralized
storage area
for programs,
data, and
information
D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a
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D ig ita lW o rld 43
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-25

Types of Servers:

• Print Servers
• File Servers
• Terminal Servers
• Application Servers

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


 Page 24 D ig ita lW o rld 44
 Figure 1-24 C h a p te r 1
Mainframes

• A mainframe is a
large, expensive,
powerful
computer that
can handle
hundreds or
thousands of
connected users
simultaneously

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 45
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-26

Supercomputers

• A supercomputer is the fastest, most


powerful computer
– Fastest supercomputers are capable of
processing more than one quadrillion
instructions in a single second

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 46
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-27

Embedded Computers

• An embedded computer is a special-


purpose computer that functions as a
component in a larger product

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D ig ita lW o rld 47
C h a p te r 1
Embedded Computers

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D ig ita lW o rld 48
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-28

Embedded computers usually are
large with extensive hardware.

A.True
B.False

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D ig ita lW o rld 49
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Embedded computers usually are
large with extensive hardware.

A.True
B.False

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 50
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Which of these can
accommodate two to thousands
of simultaneously connected
users?
A.Embedded computer
B.Server
C.Game console
D.Personal computer
E.

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 7

D ig ita lW o rld 51
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Which of these can
accommodate two to thousands
of simultaneously connected
users?
A.Embedded computer
B.Server
C.Game console
D.Personal computer
E.

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


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D ig ita lW o rld 52
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-3

Elements of an Information
System

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Page 27
Technology below D ig ita lW o rld 53
Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Elements of an Information
System

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 27

D ig ita lW o rld 54
C h a p te r 1
Figure 1-29

Examples of Computer Usage

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then click Minorities
Pages 28 – 31
in Technology below D ig ita lW o rld 55
Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-30 – 1-32

Examples of Computer Usage

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Pages 31 – 32
Computing below D ig ita lW o rld 56
Chapter 1 C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-33 – 1-34

What applications do you
use?
• Word processing
• Personal finance
• Reference
• Entertainment
• Communications
• Web browsing

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


D ig ita lW o rld 57
C h a p te r 1
Computer Applications in
Society

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Pages 34 - 36

D ig ita lW o rld 58
C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-36 – 1-39

Computer Applications in
Society

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then click OnStar
Pages 36 - 38
below Chapter 1 D ig ita lW o rld 59
C h a p te r 1
Figures 1-40 – 1-43

Video: Computer History in a
Barn

CLICK TO START
D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a
D ig ita lW o rld 60
C h a p te r 1
Quiz: scsite.com/dc2010/ch1/quiz
Objectives 8-11

D isco ve rin g C o m p u te rs 2 0 1 0 : Livin g in a


Page 39

D ig ita lW o rld 61
C h a p te r 1
Discovering
Computers 2010
Living in a Digital World

Chapter 1 Complete 62