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# A presentation on

## Rudra Kumar Mishra

Contents
Introduction of Inverter
Three Phase Bridge Inverter
Three Phase 180 Mode
Equivalent Circuit & Waveforms
Three Phase 120 mode
Equivalent Circuit & Waveforms
Differences between 180 & 120 mode
Applications

## Rudra Kumar Mishra

Inverter Introduction
A device that converts dc power into ac power at desired

## output voltage and frequency is called an inverter.

The output voltage can be fixed or variable at a fixed or
variable frequency.
A variable output voltage can be obtained by varying the
input dc voltage and maintaining the gain of the inverter
constant.

## Three Phase Bridge Inverter

A basic three phase inverter is a six step bridge

## inverter. It uses a minimum of six Thyristor.

For one cycle of 360 degree each step would be of 60

## degree interval for a six step inverter. This means that

Thyristors would be gated at regular intervals of 60
degree in proper sequence so that a 3 phase ac voltage is
synthesized at the output terminals of a six step inverter

## 180 Mode inverter

AC supply contains positive voltage as well as

negative voltage.
For each phase we require 2 Thyristors.
1 for Positive cycle ( for 180 Duration)
1 for negative cycle ( for 180 Duration )
Similarly for three phase we require 6 Thyristors.
3 for positive cycle ( for 180 Duration)
3 for negative cycle ( for 180 Duration)
Rudra Kumar Mishra

General
circuit

## Calculation for phase voltages:

Z of an and z of cn are parallel. So resultant will be z/2. By using voltage divider
we get,

Ste
p

Thyristo
rs
conducti
ng

Thyristor
s
connecte
d to +ve
dc
terminal

Thyristor Vao
s
connecte
d to ve
dc
terminal

Vbo

1.

5,6,1

1,5

Vs/3

Vs/3
2Vs/3

2.

6,1,2

2,6

2Vs/3

-Vs/3

-Vs/3

3.

1,2,3

1,3

Vs/3

Vs/3

-2Vs/3

4.

2,3,4

2,4

-Vs/3

2Vs/3 -Vs/3

5.

3,4,5

3,5

-2Vs/3

Vs/3

Vs/3

6.

4,5,6

4,6

-Vs/3

-Vs/3

2Vs/3

Vco

## 120 Mode Inverter

In this each Thyristor will conduct only for 120.
For 120 to 180 no Thyristor will conduct.

## 60 off duration interval.

Ex: T1- 0 to 120 ( conduction occurs )
120 to 180 ( No conduction occur )

Ste
p

Thyristo
rs
conducti
ng

Thyristor
s
connecte
d to +ve
dc
terminal

Thyristor Vao
s
connecte
d to ve
dc
terminal

Vbo

Vco

1.

6,1

Vs/2

-Vs/2

2.

1,2

Vs/2

-Vs/2

3.

2,3

Vs/2

-Vs/2

4.

3,4

-Vs/2

Vs/2

5.

4,5

-Vs/2

Vs/2

6.

5,6

-Vs/2

Vs/2

Phase Voltages

Line Voltages

## For n = 3, Cos (3/6) = 0. This indicates that the

triplen harmonics are absent from the line voltages.
This voltages are independent of the nature of load
which can be any combination of resistance,
inductance and capacitance.
Rudra Kumar Mishra

Comparison
180 MODE

120 MODE

## Line voltage is continuous.

Efficiency = 66.67%

Efficiency = 50%

## No delay is provided between

Switching ON and Switching OFF
of Thyristors in same arm.

## 60 delay is provided between

Switching ON and Switching OFF
of Thyristors in same arm.

may arise.

## No chance of Short circuit

condition of an arm.

## Rudra Kumar Mishra

Applications
Induction Heating

UPS

HVDC

## Rudra Kumar Mishra

Thank You
Rudra Kumar Mishra