Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

A presentation on

Three Phase Bridge Inverter

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Contents
Introduction of Inverter
Three Phase Bridge Inverter
Three Phase 180 Mode
Equivalent Circuit & Waveforms
Three Phase 120 mode
Equivalent Circuit & Waveforms
Differences between 180 & 120 mode
Applications

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Inverter Introduction
A device that converts dc power into ac power at desired

output voltage and frequency is called an inverter.


The output voltage can be fixed or variable at a fixed or
variable frequency.
A variable output voltage can be obtained by varying the
input dc voltage and maintaining the gain of the inverter
constant.

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Three Phase Bridge Inverter


A basic three phase inverter is a six step bridge

inverter. It uses a minimum of six Thyristor.


For one cycle of 360 degree each step would be of 60

degree interval for a six step inverter. This means that


Thyristors would be gated at regular intervals of 60
degree in proper sequence so that a 3 phase ac voltage is
synthesized at the output terminals of a six step inverter

Rudra Kumar Mishra

180 Mode inverter


AC supply contains positive voltage as well as

negative voltage.
For each phase we require 2 Thyristors.
1 for Positive cycle ( for 180 Duration)
1 for negative cycle ( for 180 Duration )
Similarly for three phase we require 6 Thyristors.
3 for positive cycle ( for 180 Duration)
3 for negative cycle ( for 180 Duration)
Rudra Kumar Mishra

Circuit Diagram & waveforms

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Voltage calculation for each 0 -60 interval

Equivalent circuit for 0-60

General
circuit

Calculation for phase voltages:


Z of an and z of cn are parallel. So resultant will be z/2. By using voltage divider
we get,

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Voltage Values for different intervals for 180 mode


Ste
p

Thyristo
rs
conducti
ng

Thyristor
s
connecte
d to +ve
dc
terminal

Thyristor Vao
s
connecte
d to ve
dc
terminal

Vbo

1.

5,6,1

1,5

Vs/3

Vs/3
2Vs/3

2.

6,1,2

2,6

2Vs/3

-Vs/3

-Vs/3

3.

1,2,3

1,3

Vs/3

Vs/3

-2Vs/3

4.

2,3,4

2,4

-Vs/3

2Vs/3 -Vs/3

5.

3,4,5

3,5

-2Vs/3

Vs/3

Vs/3

6.

4,5,6

4,6

-Vs/3

-Vs/3

2Vs/3

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Vco

120 Mode Inverter


In this each Thyristor will conduct only for 120.
For 120 to 180 no Thyristor will conduct.

After the conduction of 120 each Thyristor gets the

60 off duration interval.


Ex: T1- 0 to 120 ( conduction occurs )
120 to 180 ( No conduction occur )

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Circuit Diagram & waveforms

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Voltage Values for different intervals for 180 mode


Ste
p

Thyristo
rs
conducti
ng

Thyristor
s
connecte
d to +ve
dc
terminal

Thyristor Vao
s
connecte
d to ve
dc
terminal

Vbo

Vco

1.

6,1

Vs/2

-Vs/2

2.

1,2

Vs/2

-Vs/2

3.

2,3

Vs/2

-Vs/2

4.

3,4

-Vs/2

Vs/2

5.

4,5

-Vs/2

Vs/2

6.

5,6

-Vs/2

Vs/2

Rudra Kumar Mishra

The phase voltages & Line Voltages equations:


Phase Voltages

Line Voltages

For n = 3, Cos (3/6) = 0. This indicates that the


triplen harmonics are absent from the line voltages.
This voltages are independent of the nature of load
which can be any combination of resistance,
inductance and capacitance.
Rudra Kumar Mishra

Comparison
180 MODE

120 MODE

Phase voltage is continuous.

Phase voltage is discontinuous.

Line voltage is discontinuous.

Line voltage is continuous.

Efficiency = 66.67%

Efficiency = 50%

No delay is provided between


Switching ON and Switching OFF
of Thyristors in same arm.

60 delay is provided between


Switching ON and Switching OFF
of Thyristors in same arm.

Short circuit condition of an arm


may arise.

No chance of Short circuit


condition of an arm.

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Applications
Induction Heating

UPS

HVDC

Rudra Kumar Mishra

Thank You
Rudra Kumar Mishra