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Course Content

WCDMA & HSPA fundamentals


Radio network planning fundamentals
Radio network planning process
Coverage dimensioning
Radio Interface Capacity dimensioning
Coverage & capacity planning/improvement
NSN radio network solution & CE dimensioning
Planning tasks

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RN31543EN20GLA0

Module Objectives

At the end of the module you will be able to:


Understand radio network planning process
Understand main steps in dimensioning process

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Radio Network Planning Process


Radio Network Planning process
Radio Network Dimensioning process

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Radio network planning phases


PREPLANNING
Dimensioning
Requirements
& strategy for
coverage,
capacity &
quality
PER SERVICE
Network
configuration

Multiple services

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Coverage & capacity


coupling
Configuration
Planning

Coverage & Capacity


Planning

Node-B
Configuration

Propagation
measurements
Coverage prediction

Antenna line
configuration

Load estimation
Traffic distribution
Planned Service & QoS
definition

Power budget
PER
SERVICE

Site selection & planning

Multiple services

RN31543EN20GLA0

POSTPLANNING

DETAILED
PLANNING

Site
acquisition

Parameter
Planning

Post-launch
optimisation

Area/cell
specific

Measurement
surveys

Handover
strategies

Statistical
performance
analysis

other RRM

Pre-launch
optimisation
Measurements

Quality
Efficiency
Availability

Radio network planning tasks


Site selection & planning
Practical site selection based on target site locations & available sites
Site implementation plan
Actual site locations & implementation plans

Configuration Planning
Configuration planning is related to possible configurations as well as feature implementation
Future configuration takes into account the possibility to expand

Coverage & Capacity Planning


is very much tied to Site selection & Configuration planning
Coverage requirements needs to be met
Capacity requirements estimated + future expansions

Parameter planning

Initial parameter configuration


Scrambling code plan, neighbour plan
Detailed parameter planning
Optimised/verified parameter plan

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Planning tasks & network


Pre-planning activities are high especially when operator is Greenfield or deploying a new
technology
Main focus in existing networks are in coverage & capacity as well as configuration planning
Optimisation is main task in overall network planning and it is always recommended to be done
and kept as a very important task of network operation

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RN31543EN20GLA0

Overall Planning Process


The overall Planning Process can be described with the following figure:
Performance Monitoring
Radio Network
Planning

System
Dimensioning
Node B count &
configuration
Adapter count &
configuration
Transmission
capacity &
configuration

Site selection
Site design
3G neighbour lists
2G neighbour lists
Scrambling codes
Location areas
Routing areas
RNC areas
URA
areas

Link
budgetanalsysis
analysis
Link budget

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RN31543EN20GLA0

Pre-launch
Optimisation

3G neighbour lists
2G neighbour lists
Antenna tilts
Local area
parameter tuning

Post-launch
Optimisation
3G neighbour lists
2G neighbour lists
Antenna tilts
Local area
parameter tuning
Additional sites
User experience
optimisation

Wide area parameter tuning

Capacity
Evolution

RF carriers
Sectorisation
ROC to CEC
System
modules
Node B power
Baseband proc.
Transmission
HSDPA
Microcells

Radio Network Planning Process


Radio Network Planning process
Radio Network Dimensioning process
Dimensioning process
Traffic dimensioning (DCH, DCH + HSDPA, DCH + HSPA)

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Radio Network Dimensioning process Basics


Dimensioning process can be split in high level steps:
Input data: has big influence on whole result
Cell Plan: needs to follow customer input & system performance
UTRAN Network Plan: needs to follow customer requirements and also detailed mapping to
planned network conditions
UTRAN Final Network: is the result from the iterative analysis of inputs, performance values
and also area & requirement mapping

F in a l N e tw o rk
UTRAN

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F ix e d N e tw o rk
P la n - U T R A N

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C e ll P la n

In p u t D a ta

Input Data
Input data includes for example:
Traffic model & capacity requirements
Coverage Requirements
Quality Requirements
similarly customer might have special requirements (e.g. road, train coverage)
when number of sites is fixed the traffic model, capacity/coverage and quality requirements are
not as an input
More as an output of estimation (i.e. what can be achieved with X number of sites)

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Cell Plan
Cell Planning includes

offered traffic & its distribution


link budget coverage
maximum air interface capacity
Node B Hardware configuration

Cell coverage is depended:

Frequencies
System performance
Antennas
Environment characteristics

Cell capacity is depended:


Traffic model
Frequencies
selected features

HW configurations is depended:
Cell coverage, sectorisation, # of carriers
Selected features & capacity requirements

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Cell Plan & Example inputs for coverage, capacity & HW


Basic information needed for dimensioning

# of sectors

frequency (e.g. 2100, 1900, 850)


Clutter type (e.g. dense urban, urban, suburban, rural).
Subscribers, subscribers/area
Total area to be covered [ km2]

Antenna gain
MHA usage

UE information

UE type: transmit power (dBm) & possible antenna gain (dB)


Body loss

Feeder losses

Node B information

Node B type (e.g. noise figure)


Antenna & antenna gains
cable loss UL/DL (MHA usage)
# of carriers, # of sectors
Node B output power (40W/20W)

Noise Figure
Transmit power
Antenna gain
Body Loss

Path loss & margins


cell range calculation

Frequency
Noise Figure
Output power
# of carriers

HSPA information

HSDPA associated DCH


HSDPA scheduler type (e.g. shared or cell specific)
Scheduling type (e.g. RR or PF)
Number of codes, 5/10/15
Number of HSUPA users & L1 throughput

Link budget gains & margins per clutter

Antenna height BS / UE
Location probability, Indoor location probability
Building penetration loss
Standard deviation

Area & capacity factors

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Coverage limiting service, UL DPCH (16/64/128/384), HSDPA (cell edge throughput) or HSUPA (cell edge throughput)
Planned load

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PF: Proportional Fair


RR: Round Robin

UTRAN Network Plan Final network


Based on cell plan
Incl. traffic modeling
Noticing also environment characteristics &
special requirements
Main inputs:
Area size
Number of sites & configurations
Detailed access interface configuration &
connections

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Coverage & capacity dimensioning


Dimensioning process main parts:
Coverage dimensioning Link Budget
Capacity dimensioning
Link budget & Capacity dimensioning are connected to each other in order to model coverage &
capacity iteration and impact on both parts

Capacity for:
DCH services

Coverage based on:


DCH services
HSDPA
HSUPA

HSDPA
Coverage

Capacity

dimensioning

dimensioning

Link budget

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Voice over HSPA


Service (e.g.DCH)
impact on other services
(e.g.HSPA)

Voice over HSPA

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HSUPA

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Capacity

Spreading Code capacity

Radio Network Planning Process


Radio Network Planning process
Radio Network Dimensioning process
Dimensioning process
Traffic dimensioning (DCH, DCH + HSDPA, DCH + HSPA)

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Dimensioning in case of Rel99 traffic only


DCH Link Budget calculation
For bearers for which coverage is requested
Using default or project specific parameters

Coverage

Capacity

dimensioning

dimensioning

Identification of the limiting bearer in UL & DL


The one with the smallest cell range
Optional: Calculation of CPICH Link Budget in relation with the limiting bearer
Usage of the Link Budget results to the Capacity dimensioning
How many sites available within certain loading assumptions

Capacity & equipment calculation


Air interface dimensioning, only DCH carrier
Additional capacity
Node Bs
Not OK

Coverage dimensioning selection:


Link Budget R99 (based on service)
Output # of coverage sites

# of
Node Bs
(coverage+
capacity)

Input:
available
capacity

R99 capacity
Dimensioning

Dimensioning inputs and requirements

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Output:
R99 UL/DL load

Capacity dimensioning

Coverage dimensioning

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Result
evaluation

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OK

CE Calculation
Iu-b
Dimensioning
RNC
Dimensioning

Dimensioning in case of Rel99 & HSDPA traffic


Mean cell throughput
(1 transimttion upto 15 codes)

Link Budget calculation for:

3,5

DCH Channels
HSDPA cell edge throughput
for bearers for which coverage is requested
using default or project specific parameters

HSDPA Link Budget calculation


for max. cell edge throughput

2,5

2,0

1,5

1,0

Cell edge condition is always worst case

0,5

Throughput is still limited by many issues

0,0
0,45

UE capability
Features
Interference
Available power & code tree

Identification of the limiting bearer in UL & DL


(incl. HSDPA link)

Same distance
can mean totally
different
conditions

3,0

data rate [Mb/s]

DCH Link Budget calculation:

cell edge

0,6

0,75

0,9

1,05

1,2

antenna distance [km]

Many issues impacts


on inside cell throughput

The one with the smallest cell range

Optional: Calculation of CPICH Link Budget in


relation with the limiting bearer
Capacity & equipment calculation
among R99 limitation (e.g. total number of sites
available)
HSDPA capacity SINR
HSDPA with lower priority than R99 CS services
HSDPA features impact on capacity + needed HW
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At cell edge ~350 kbps, macro cell

1,35

Dimensioning in case of Rel99 & HSPA traffic


DCH Link Budget calculation
For bearers for which coverage is requested
Using default or project specific parameters

HSDPA Link Budget calculation


for max. cell edge throughput ( Rel99 &
HSDPA traffic)
Using default or project specific parameters

HSUPA Link Budget calculation


For cell edge throughput
Using default or project specific parameters

Identification: limiting UL bearer (incl. HSUPA link) & DL


(incl. HSDPA link)
The one with the smallest cell range

HSUPA: new challenges on dimensioning


HSUPA is sharing capacity between other UL services
HSUPA equipment dimensioning differs from R99 & HSDPA

When network HSPA services are increasing commonly


additional carrier is needed (higher HSPA demand)

Air interface dimensioning, shared carrier DCH + HSPA


Additional capacity
Node Bs
Coverage dimensioning selection:
Link Budget R99 (based on service)
Link Budget HSDPA (based on cell
edge throughput)
Link Budget HSUPA (based on cell
edge throughput)

UL/DL Load

# of
Node Bs
(coverage+
capacity)

R99 capacity
Dimensioning

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Dimensioning
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Capacity dimensioning
inputs and requirements

CE Calculation

Not OK

Result
evaluation

HSUPA capacity
dimensioning

Output # of coverage sites

Coverage dimensioning

HSDPA capacity
dimensioning

OK

Iub
Dimensioning
RNC
Dimensioning

Radio Network Planning process - Summary


Planning process can be divided to 3 main phases:
Pre-planning
Detailed planning
Optimisation
Successful dimensioning depends on sufficient & accurate input data
Even best dimensioning results provides only an estimate

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RN31543EN20GLA0