Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

PRINCIPLE

OF
CENTRIFUGAL
COMPRESSOR

When the gas enters the


Compressor several
rces acting on the moving
gas

same
Oneforce
of
causes
the
the forces
airplane
is the
Aerodynamic
to lift offorce.
The air wing.

This force
moves
the gas from
low pressure
eye

To high pressure
of the edge

As
the
impeller
Gas
enters
the
rotates
compressor
the
gassuction
rotatespart
To the
with
him
and is
directed
To the centre of the
impeller

The circular motion


generates the centrifugal
forces that lift the gas
moves away from the
centre to the edge of the
impeller

Generates
Suction
The circular
motion
in
the centre
of
generates
the
the
centrifugal
impellerforces
that lift the gas
moves
away from the
centre
to the edge of the
impeller

he
moving
Generates
As
speed
a result
force
Of Suction
the
thegas
ntrifugal
the
in the
gas
outside
is forced
centre
force
ofto
of
rease
he
the
increase
impeller
impeller
the motion
Is faster
han
ults
thethe
the
speed
inside
increase
as it
ofis
he
emoved
impeller.
kinetic
outward.
energy of the gas

s The
the gas
diffuser
moves
is
utside
designed
edgeSo
ofthat
the
mpeller
the flow
it enters
area
eIncreases
larger area
as the
of
he
gas
Casing
Leaves
called
the
iffuser
impeller
or Volute

Volute

This
increased
area causes
the
gas
slowdown
and
motion
energy
Is converted
to pressure

Finally when the gas


leaves the
Compressor :
The centrifugal
force .
Dynamic
Force
entrifugal
Force
inally
when
the
hange
Will have
in velocity
to
as
leaves the
Produce
ompressor
The discharge
Pressure
Several times
Higher than
the inlet pressure

We can boost the gas pressure


Even higher
By using multi staging
Of
Centrifugal
Compressor