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AUTOMATED

AGRICULTURAL SOLUTION

Introduction
Application

for induction motorpump based irrigation


Prevent dry running of motor
Automatic restart of motor
Message to users cell phone
Advantages:
User friendly
Fully automatic
Cost efficient

Flow chart

Hardwares and softwares


Micro

controller

Motor
Power

supply circuit
GSM modem
Temperature sensor
Soil moisture sensor
Current sensor circuit
Keil vision
Embedded C

Block diagram

Methodology Of
Implementation
Circuit

Design for Power Supply

Design for ARM7 LPC2148

RS232

TheMAX232

is an integrated circuit, which converts signals f


romanRS-232 serial port to signals suitable for use in TTL
compatible digital logic circuits
Its a dual driver/receiver and typically converts the RX, TX,
CTS and RTS signals.

GSM Module(SIM 300)

GSM modem is a wireless modem that works with a GSM wireless


network.

An external GSM modem is connected to a computer through a serial cable


or a USB cable. Like a GSM mobile phone, a GSM modem requires a SIM
card from a wireless carrier in order to operate.

Wireless MODEMs use serial communication to interface with and need


Hayes compatible AT commands for communication with the
microprocessor.

About software
Software

used is:
Keil software for C programming
Express PCB for lay out design
Embedded C language for
programming

Program Flow
Initialize

moisture and temperature value as 50 and 40


degree celsius.
Conditions in the loop are then checked and compared
by the microprocessor that whether the temp <40 or
moisture <50 if it is the motor will turn on else motor
will be off.
Like this the LPC2148 communicates with the GSM and
sends the message to the user about its conditions and so
on the process goes on.

Costing
Sr.
No.

Description

Quantity

Price

1 ARM7 LPC2148

1200

2 Transformer 18 V, 0.5A

120

3 LM7812

12

4 LM7805

5 Diode 1N4007

6 Capacitor 1000 f

10

500

10

88

Disc Capacitor

8. PCB
9
10

Relimate Connector
Resistance 10 K

12 Reset Switch

13 12 V Relay

20

14 LM 358 Dual Op-Amp

22

20

10

16 LM 35 Temp sensor

45

17 transistor Bc 547

18

18 transistor Bc 557

18

19 Heat Sink

20 LED

21 230 v water supply Motor

450

15 Resistance

TOTAL AMOUNT
2,557

Features of LPC 2148


16-bit/32-bit ARM7TDMI-S

microcontroller
8 kB to 40 kB of on-chip static RAM and 32
kB to 512 kB of on-chip flash memory
In-System Programming/In-Application
Programming (ISP/IAP)
One or two 10-bit ADCs
Single 10-bit DAC
Two 32-bit timers/external event counters
Low power Real-Time Clock (RTC)

Future Scope
Suggesting
Detecting
Can

proper fertilizer and its feed time

diseases and suggesting methods

be used for weather prediction

Video

capturing facility can be included

Problems Faced
Implementing

the power supply circuit is a

tough task
Choosing the appropriate controller with
minimum cost maximum efficiency was difficult

Conclusion
Irrigation- A crucial
Optimal
Project
In

step in agriculture

usage of water resources

finds application in domestic agricultural field

civilian domain, this can be used to ensure faithful


irrigation of farm field

References & Bibliography


Websites:
[1] Agriculture in India www.wikipedia.com
[2] Arm 7 controller www.engineeringfacts.com
[3] Types of sensors http://www.componentarena.com
[4] GSM module www.telecomscience.com
Papers:
[1] Real-Time Automization of Agricultural Environment
for Social Modernization of Indian Agricultural System
by Mr. Mahesh M. Galgalikar