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Take a look at these lines taken from the

excerpt of THE PROPHET by KHALIL


GIBRAN and answer the questions that
follow.

Work is love made visible. And if you cannot


work with love but only with distaste, it is better
that you should leave your work and sit at the
gate of the temple and take alms of those who
work with joy.
Whatissaidaboutworkintheparagraph?
Whatarethebetterthingstodoifonecannotworkwithlove
butonlywithdistaste?
Howmanyideasaregiventoanswerquestionno.2?
Whatwordisusedtoconnecttheseideas?
Howdowecallthiswordthatconnectsideas?

Conjunctions
L/O/G/O

Conjunctions

It is the part of speech that connects words, phrases or


clauses.
Two Types

Coordinate
Conjunctions
Coordinating
conjunctions tietogether
wordsandword-groups
whichhave the same
grammatical construction.

Subordinate
Conjunctions

The Different Coordinating


Conjunctions
FOR

AND

NOR

BUT

OR

YET

SO

The Different Coordinating


Conjunctions
AND

BUT

OR

SO

Examples: Coordinating Conjunctions


Noun

Istudy
mathematics
andhistory.

Verbs

Wesangand
danced
heartily.

Adjectives

Thebook
wasoldand
soiled.

Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhich


havethesamegrammaticalconstruction.

Examples: Coordinating Conjunctions


Adverbs

Theyworked
rapidly but
carefully.

Phrases

Hewentintothe
wateranddown
tothebottom.

Clauses

They waited a
long time,yet
nobody came.

Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhich


havethesamegrammaticalconstruction.

The AND type


And isusedtoaddsomethingtowhathasalreadybeen
said.Itshouldbeusedonlywhenthesecondideaisalong
thesamelineofthoughtasthefirstidea.
Example:
Themanwasuglyandmean.

Thewordsugly andmeanarebothnegative
qualities.
Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhichhavethesame
grammaticalconstruction.

The AND type


And isusedtoaddsomethingtowhathasalreadybeensaid.It
shouldbeusedonlywhenthesecondideaisalongthesameline
ofthoughtasthefirstidea.
Example:
Sheisattractiveandbad tempered.
Thesentenceisfaultybecauseattractiveisapositivequalitywhile
bad temperedisanegativequality.
Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhichhavethesame
grammaticalconstruction.

The But type


Butaddssomethingcontrarytoordifferentfromwhathasbeensaid.
Whenweuseand,thesecondpartofthesentenceexpressesanidea
similartothefirst.Whenweusebut,thesecondpartofthesentence
expressesanideathatisthecontrasttothefirst.

Example:

Explanation

Heisstupidbuthardworking.
Stupidexpressesanegativequalitywhile
hardworkingexpressespositivequality.
Thesecondideaisconstructive.
Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhichhavethesame
grammaticalconstruction.

The OR type
Orimpliesachoice.
Itconnectsideasofequalvalue,givingoneachanceto
chooseeitheridea.
Examples

Youcancome
todayor
tomorrow.

Icangoorstay
asIplease.

Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwordsandword-groupswhichhavethesame


grammaticalconstruction.

The SO type
Theconjunctionsoisused
whenthesecondpartisa
consequenceoreffectofthe
firstpart.Thesotypediffers
fromtheandtype,which
impliesthesamelineofthought
andfromthebuttype,which
impliesacontrast.Soimplies
thatthesecondpartfollowsas
aresultofthefirstpart.

Heshouted,
so Ihad to
listento
him.
Coordinating conjunctions tietogetherwords
andword-groupswhichhavethesame
grammaticalconstruction.

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Using the Correct Coordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatcoordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Writeyouransweron
thespaceprovidedforyou.

___1.Itwasraining.Wedidnotgoout.
___2.Itwasawarmday.Wetookoffoursweaters.
___3.Hewasanextravagantperson.Hedidnotspendallhismoney.
___4.Hewasanextravagantperson.Hespenthismoneyfoolishly.
___5.Tellthetruth.Iwillpunishyou.
___6.Tellthetruth.Illnotpunishyou.
___7.Antonlosthisbook.Hedidntlookforit.
___8.Youwillhandinyourthemeontime.Illimposeapenalty.
___9.Josiestudiedhardforthetest.Shegotagoodgrade.
___10.Youarenotpayingattention.Theteacherwillscoldyou.

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Using the Correct Coordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatcoordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Writeyouransweron
thespaceprovidedforyou.
SO
___1.Itwasraining.Wedidnotgoout.
SO
___2.Itwasawarmday.Wetookoffoursweaters.
___3.Hewasanextravagantperson.Hedidnotspendallhismoney.
BUT
AND
___4.Hewasanextravagantperson.Hespenthismoneyfoolishly.
OR
___5.Tellthetruth.Iwillpunishyou.
AND
___6.Tellthetruth.Illnotpunishyou.
BUT
___7.Antonlosthisbook.Hedidntlookforit.
OR
___8.Youwillhandinyourthemeontime.Illimposeapenalty.
___9.Josiestudiedhardforthetest.Shegotagoodgrade.
SO
SO
___10.Youarenotpayingattention.Theteacherwillscoldyou.

Assignment
Whatisasubordinateconjunction?
Howdoesitfunctioninasentence?

Conjunctions
It is the part of speech that connects words, phrases or
clauses.
Two Types

Coordinate
Conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions tie
togetherwordsandword-groups
whichhave the same
grammatical construction.

Subordinate
Conjunctions

The Different Coordinating


Conjunctions
FOR

AND

NOR

BUT

OR

YET

SO

The Different Coordinating


Conjunctions
AND

BUT

OR

SO

Take a look at these lines taken from the excerpt of THE


PROPHET by KHALIL GIBRAN and answer the questions
that follow.

If you bake bread with indifference,youbake


bitterbreadthatfeedsbuthalfman'shunger.
If you grudge the crushing of the grapes,your
grudgedistilsapoisoninthewine

1.Howmanyideasarejoinedinthefirstlines?Whatarethose?
2.Whataboutinthesecondline?
3.Doesthefirstpartofeverysentenceconveyacompletethought?Why?Whynot?
4.Whatwordisusedtointroducethefirstpartofthesentence?Whatisitsfunctionin
thesentence?

Subordinators
Subordinators arefunctionwordsthatjoindependentclausesto
mainclauses.
They are of two types: those that pattern like because and form that
pattern like who, whom, whose, which and that.

Thesewordsnotonlyintroducethesubordinateclausebutlinkittothemain
clause.Theirchieffunctionistomakeclearexactlywhattherelationbetween
thetwoclausesis.

The chief relations they show are time, place, cause, result,
exception, condition, and alternative.

Here are the subordinate conjunctions.

after
although
as
because
before
eventhough
if,evenif
inorderthat
once
providedthat

since
so[thatimplied],sothat
than
that
though
unless
when,whenever
where,wherever,whereas
whether
while

Subordinating Conjunctions
express various logical relationships
such as:

Purpose

sothat
inorderthat
incase
Theyreadthattheymaylearn.
Theyread,sothat theymaylearn.

Subordinating Conjunctions
express various logical relationships
such as:

Cause
and
Effect

because
since
whereas
inasmuchas
Hefailedbecausehedidnotstudy.
Hecouldnotstandthewindandrainsincehe
fellill.

Subordinating Conjunctions
express various logical relationships
such as:

Manner

as
asif
asthough
insuchawaythat
Tessisactingas ifsheknowseverything.

Subordinating Conjunctions
express various logical relationships
such as:

Condition

if
evenif
unless
incase
intheeventthat

Ifyougowithme,Illtreatyoutoasnack.
Illnotspeaktoyouunlessyougowithme.

Subordinating Conjunctions
express various logical relationships
such as:

Place

here
wherever

IdontknowwhereIlostit.

adjectival subordinate clauses

Theyareintroducedbythepronounswho,whom,
whose,whichandthat.

Examples
Theboywho won the prize is my cousin.

Jaquelineisoneofthepeoplewhom I invited.
Theboysapologizedtothemanwhose window they
had broken.

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Supplying the Appropriate Subordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatsubordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Choosefromthesubordinating
conjunctioninsidethebox.Writeyouransweronthespaceprovidedforyou.

if
that
when
unless
although
because
since
wherever

___1.Shecouldnotgoout.Shefeltill.
___2.Wewentout.Therainstopped.
___3.Shedidnotknow.Shelostherwatch.
___4.Thechildiscrying.Hehasbeenpunished.
___5.Shewasnotsure.Shecouldgo.

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Supplying the Appropriate Subordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatsubordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Choosefromthesubordinating
conjunctioninsidethebox.Writeyouransweronthespaceprovidedforyou.

if
that
when
unless
although
because
since
wherever

___6.Shedidntwearhernewshoes.Hermothertoldherto.
___7.Itwasgrowingdark.Shereachedhome.
___8.Illattendyourparty.Youinviteme.
___9.Illbuythatpicture.Itisverypretty.
___10.Shehasalotofbooks.Shedoesntreadthem.

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Supplying the Appropriate Subordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatsubordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Choosefromthesubordinating
conjunctioninsidethebox.Writeyouransweronthespaceprovidedforyou.

if
that
when
unless
although
because
since
wherever
because
___1.Shecouldnotgoout.Shefeltill.

___2.Wewentout.Therainstopped.
when
that
___3.Shedidnotknow.Shelostherwatch.

___4.Thechildiscrying.Hehasbeenpunished.
because
___5.Shewasnotsure.Shecouldgo.
if

Activity 3: CONNECT ME IF IM RIGHT


Supplying the Appropriate Subordinating Conjunctions
Directions: Whatsubordinatingconjunctionsshouldconnecttheseclauses?Choosefromthesubordinating
conjunctioninsidethebox.Writeyouransweronthespaceprovidedforyou.

if
that
when
unless
although
because
since
wherever
although
___6.Shedidntwearhernewshoes.Hermothertoldherto.

___7.Itwasgrowingdark.Shereachedhome.
when
___8.Illattendyourparty.Youinviteme.
since
___9.Illbuythatpicture.Itisverypretty.
because
___10.Shehasalotofbooks.Shedoesntreadthem.
although

Assignment
Prepareforanactivityoncoordinating
andsubordinatingconjunctions.

Thank You!
L/O/G/O