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Academic and Entrepreneurship:

Bridging Between Languages


Bryan Pergamino
Karen Hazel De Mata

Objectives in this
lesson:
Discuss the trends of Academic and Entrepreneurship in
bridging different Languages
Trends in Academic
Define Mother Tongue & Multilingual Education
Why Mother-Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (Benefits
and Purposes)

Trends in Entrepreneurship
Define Entrepreneurship & Entrepreneurship Education
Why Entrepreneurship Education (Benefits & Purposes)

Academic: Bridge between


Languages

Bridging
the process of transitioning from
learning one language to another

Mother Tongue
The language that a person has learned first
First language (L1)
Referred as Lingua Franca

Education (1) A field of

study dealing with


methods of teaching and
learning; (2) The action or
process of educating or
being educated.

Multilingual Education
typically refers to "firstlanguage-first" education,
that is, schooling which
begins in the mother
tongue and transitions to
additional languages.
Adopted in 1999 in
UNESCOs General
Conference Resolution
12;

Mother-tongue-based Multilingual
Education (MTBMLE)
A formal or non-formal education which
uses the childrens mother tongue as a
bridge in learning Filipino and English.
(wikifilipinas.org)

implementation of local mother tongues as


the language of instruction in Kindergarten
to year three (K -3), with the official
languages (Filipino and English) being
introduced as the language of instruction
after grade three. (http://actrc.org/projects/understandingbest-practices-in-mtb-mle-in-the-philippines/)

Why should the early graders be taught (in all


subjects) in their Mother Tongue first?

Learning

Language

One does not learn in a


language that he does not
understand
When a beginning learner
thinks, he uses the language
that he grew up with.

FELICITAS E. PADO, PhD, UP DILIMAN,


The Mother Tongue-based Multilingual education (MTB-MLE)in the k to 12 progra

Basahin natin:
May 9 na gamgam sa sanga kan
bayawas. Naglupad si 6 na gamgam.
Pirang gamgam an natada sa sanga
kan bayawas?
Translation
please?

Basahin natin:
May 9 na gamgam sa sanga kan
bayawas. Naglupad si 6 na gamgam.
Pirang gamgam an natada sa sanga
kan bayawas?

There are 9 birds on the branch of a


guava tree. 6 birds flew away. How
many birds were left on the branch of
the guava tree?

Purpose of MTBMLE
To develop appropriate
cognitive and reasoning
skills enabling children to
operate equally in
different languages
starting in the mother tongue
with transition to Filipino and
then English and to

Benefits of MTBMLE

Reduced drop-out
Reduced repetition
Children are attending school
Children are learning
Parents and community are involved

Susan Malone, SIL International

If the mother tongue is not used

Loss of
confidence of
students in
themselves as
learners.
Inability to learn
the official school
language well.
High repetition
and drop-out

If the mother tongue is not used

Alienation from heritage


language and culture, from
parents and community.
Loss of languages, cultures
and of knowledge systems.

We should
become trilingual as a
country. Learn
English well and
connect to the
World.
Learn Filipino
well and connect
to our country.
Retain your
dialect and
connect to your
heritage."
- Philippine President Benigno
Aquino III

Entrepreneurship:
Bridge between
Languages

What is an
entrepreneurship?
Entrepreneurshipis the process of starting a
business or other organization. The
entrepreneurdevelops a business model,
acquires the human and other required resources,
and is fully responsible for its success or failure.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship)

What is an
entrepreneurship?
Refers to an individuals ability to turn ideas into
action. It includes:
Creativity
Innovation
Taking Calculated risks
Ability to plan and manage projects
In order to achieve objectives.
It provides foundation for entrepreneurs
establishing a social or commercial activity.
European Commission (2008, as cited from World Economic Forum, 2009)
Velasco, A.L, Entrepreneurship Education in the Philippines

Entrepreneurship Education

-seeks to providestudentswith
the knowledge, skills and
motivation to encourage
entrepreneurialsuccess in a
variety of settings.

Variations of entrepreneurship
educationare offered at all levels
of schooling fromprimaryor
secondaryschools through
graduateuniversityprograms.
(Wikipedia)

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entrepreneurship_education

Entrepreneurship Education
Includes all activities aiming
to foster entrepreneurial
mindsets, attitudes and skills
and covering a range of
aspects such as idea
generation, start-up, growth
and innovation (Fayolle, 2009)
Pioneered by Shigeru Fijii
(started teaching in 1938 at
Kobe University, Japan)

Arasti, Z, A Study of Teaching Methods in Entrepreneurship Education for Graduate Students


Higher Education Studies Vol. 2, No. 1; March 2012

Entrepreneurship &
Entrepreneurship Education
According to many scholars,
entrepreneurship and enterprise
education is preferably delivered
using a learner-centered,
multidisciplinary, process-based
and experiential approach
(Cotton, 1991, Gibb, 1987,
Mwasalwiba, 2010).
Chalmers Publication Library (CPL) / Lackus, M. ; Lundqvist, M. ; Williams Middleton, K. (2013)
"How can Entrepreneurship Bridge Between Traditional and Progressive Education?".
ECSB Entrepreneurship Education Conference, rhus, Denmark

Entrepreneurship Education in the


Philippines
Philippine Education system
is highly patterned in the
United States of America, as
a result, English is used as
the medium of instruction.
Formal baccalaureate
degree on
Entrepreneurship, as
mandated by CMO No. 17
Series of 2005 (CHED,
2005). Focuses on training
students on how to start up
business and prepare
business plans.

Goals and Objectives of


Entrepreneurship Education
1. People Empowerment teaching people innovative ways to make
a living enables them to take control of their circumstances. Builds
up self-awareness and provides a dynamic platform on which
individual can explore his strengths through practical application
and not theoretical knowledge gained from basic education.
2. Diversification It teaches students to recognize and seize diverse
opportunities for financial gain. Allows the people to work in an
authentic environment that best suit them.
3. Creation of Employment aims empowering people to create
employment opportunities
4. Individual Competence imparts qualities such as self-motivation
and financial responsibility.

Reference: David Karanja, eHow Contributor

In Entrepreneurship
The results showed that the most important
global competency for graduates is the ability to
work collaboratively with teams of people from a
range of backgrounds and countries.

European Commission (2008, as cited from World Economic Forum, 2009)


Velasco, A.L, Entrepreneurship Education in the Philippines

The value of languages and intercultural


skills in business
For the 2011 Global Graduates into Global Leaders
report (cihe.co.uk/globalgraduates-into-global-leaders),
leading employers were asked to rank a list of global
competencies by order of importance. The results
showed that the most important global competency for
graduates is the ability to work collaboratively with
teams of people from a range of backgrounds and
countries.
Understanding foreign languages and having intercultural
skills are crucial factors in achieving this competency.
If you can communicate your ideas to team members of
different nationalities, you are, in effect, the bridge
between their languages and cultures.

Key Areas
Key Areas

WHAT
Program Content

Elements
Entrepreneurial Mind and Behavior
Out of the Box thinking
Negotiation Skills
Opportunity Identification
Business skills and literacy
Students
Teachers

WHO

Parents

The Stakeholders

Business people and leaders of


other sectors

WHERE
Organization

HOW
Methods of Delivery

Entrepreneurs
Formal School system
Informal school system
Lifelong learning
Interactive learning pedagogies
Mentoring and coaching
Interaction with entrepreneurs
Extensive use of visuals, digital
tools, and multimedia

Benefits

Thank you.