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NBARAN Training

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Radio Access Bearer and Mobility


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Nokia Siemens Networks

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Agenda
Radio Access Bearer (RAB) setup
Theory Signaling Flow
Trigger Points
KPIs

Mobility KPI
SHO
ISHO
IFHO

Exercise
Radio Access Bearer KPI analysis
Radio Access Bearer Performance discussion
Mobility Performance
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Radio Access Bearer setup

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Quality Of Service

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Quality of Service (3GPP 23.107/23.207)


UMTS
TE

MT

UTRAN

CN Iu
EDGE
NODE

CN
Gateway

TE

End-to-End Service

TE/MT Local
Bearer Service

UMTS Bearer Service


Radio Access Bearer
Service
Radio Bearer
Service

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RN31667EN20GLA0

Iu Bearer
Service

CN Bearer
Service
Backbone
Bearer
Service

External Bearer
Service

RAB and RRC connection

Radio Access Bearer


Signalling Connection
RRC Connection

Iu Connection

RRC
Radio Bearer
UE
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UTRAN

Iu Bearer

Uu (RNC) Iu
RN31667EN20GLA0

CN

AMR Voice Call


Every call starts with RRC connection establishment
UE indicates in Initial Direct Transfer service type
Security functions triggered from CN follow
CN sends RABAssignmentRequest to RNC to set-up resources
RNC checks and allocates available resources
In parallel there is ISDN signalling for call setup

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AMR Voice Call L3 Signalling (1/2)

RRC Connection setup

UTRAN resource allocation for AMR voice call


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AMR Voice Call L3 Signalling (2/2)

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RAB
Performance example case: AMR call
positive
UE

BS

RNC

CN

CM service request

AC

RAB ass. req.

RL rec. prepare

M1001C66 RAB STP ATT

RL rec. ready

Digit Analysis, RNC


Iub internal
resources, AAL2
CAC.

AAL2 sig. ERQ


Digit Analysis, Iu CS
RNC internal
resources, AAL2
CAC.

RAB_STP_ATTEMPTS

AAL2 sig. ECF

AAL2 sig. ERQ


AAL2 sig. ECF

RAB SET UP PHASE


M1001C73 RAB STP CPL

RAB_STP_COMPLETE

Radio Bearer Setup


RAB ACCESS PHASE

Exception: release of the RAB


during the SET UP or ACCESS phase

RAB ass. resp. (failure cause)

Radio Bearer Setup Complete

M1001C115 RAB ACC CPL

RAB_ACC_COMPLETE
RAB ass. resp.
RAB Rel Req.

Exception: release
of the RAB during
the ACTIVE phase

RAB ass. req. (release)


RAB ass. resp. (release)
Iu rel. req.
Iu rel. conf.

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RAB ACTIVE PHASE

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RAB_ACT_COMPLETE
M1001C136 RAB ACT CPL

RAB
Performance example case: AMR call
negative
UE

BS

RNC

CN

CM service request

AC

failures in access phase


failures in setup phase
RAB_STP_ATTEMPTS

RAB ass. req. (setup)


RL rec. prepare

M1001C80 due to Admission Ctrl


M1001C81due to BTS

RL rec. ready

Digit Analysis, RNC


Iub internal
resources, AAL2
CAC.

AAL2 sig. ERQ


Digit Analysis, Iu CS
RNC internal
resources, AAL2
CAC.

AAL2 sig. ECF

M1001C83 due to RNC


M1001C84 due to Frozen BTS
M1001C531 due to AAL2 iuB

AAL2 sig. ERQ

RL rec. commit

AAL2 sig. ECF

Radio Bearer Setup


Exception: release of the RAB
during the SET UP or ACCESSE
phase

M1001C82 due to Transport

RAB_STP_COMPLETE
M1001C122 due to UE

RAB ass. resp. (failure cause)

Radio Bearer Setup Complete

M1001C123due to RNC

RAB_ACC_COMPLETE
RAB ass. resp. (setup)

M1001C145 due to Iu
M1001C146 due to Radio

RAB Rel Req.


Exception: release
of the RAB during
the ACTIVE phase

RAB ass. req. (release)


RAB ass. resp. (release)
Iu rel. req.

M1001C147 due to BTS


M1001C148 due to IuR
M1001C150 due to RNC
M1001C392 due to UE

RAB_ACT_COMPLETE

Iu rel. conf.
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failures in active phase

Call Setup Success Rate - CSSR


CSSR for a specific service is calculated the following way:

CSSR any service = RRC connection setup & access X RAB setup & access any service

RRC part

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RAB part

Success rate KPI


Call Setup Success Rate VOICE
CSSR Voice call (RNC_565f counter names): CSSR Voice call (RNC_565f counter numbers):
100 *
(
sum( MOC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
- MOC_CONV_CALL_FAILS
+ MTC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
- MTC_CONV_CALL_FAILS
+ EMERGENCY_CALL_ATTS
- EMERGENCY_CALL_FAILS
- RRC_ACC_REL_EMERGENCY
- RRC_ACC_REL_MO_CONV
- RRC_ACC_REL_MT_CONV )
------------------------------------------------sum( MOC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
+ MTC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
+ EMERGENCY_CALL_ATTS
- RRC_ATT_REP_MO_CONV
- RRC_ATT_REP_MT_CONV
- RRC_ATT_REP_EMERGENCY
- RRC_ACC_REL_EMERGENCY
- RRC_ACC_REL_MO_CONV
- RRC_ACC_REL_MT_CONV
- RRC_CONN_STP_REJ_EMERG_CALL )
)
*
(
sum( RAB_ACC_COMP_CS_VOICE)
-----------------------------------------------------sum( RAB_STP_ATT_CS_VOICE )
)

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100 *
(
sum( M1001C22
- M1001C23
+ M1001C32
- M1001C33
+ M1001C40
- M1001C41
- M1001C562
- M1001C553
- M1001C558 )
------------------------------------------------sum( M1001C22
+ M1001C32
+ M1001C40
- M1001C573
- M1001C578
- M1001C582
- M1001C562
- M1001C553
- M1001C558
- M1001C617 )
)
*
(
sum( M1001C115)
-----------------------------------------------------sum( M1001C66 )
))

RRC part

RAB part

Success rate KPI


Call Setup Success Rate UDI CALL (CS 64k video call)
CSSR Video call (RNC_566e counter names): CSSR Video call (RNC_566e counter numbers):

100 *
(
sum( MOC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
- MOC_CONV_CALL_FAILS
+ MTC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
- MTC_CONV_CALL_FAILS
- RRC_ACC_REL_MO_CONV
- RRC_ACC_REL_MT_CONV )
--------------------------------------------------sum( MOC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
+ MTC_CONV_CALL_ATTS
- RRC_ATT_REP_MO_CONV
- RRC_ATT_REP_MT_CONV
- RRC_ACC_REL_MO_CONV
- RRC_ACC_REL_MT_CONV )
)
*
(
sum( RAB_ACC_COMP_CS_CONV )
---------------------------------------------------sum( RAB_STP_ATT_CS_CONV )
)

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100 *
(
sum( M1001C22
- M1001C23
+ M1001C32
- M1001C33
- M1001C553
- M1001C558 )
--------------------------------------------------sum( M1001C22
+ M1001C32
- M1001C573
- M1001C578
- M1001C553
- M1001C558 )
)
*
(
sum( M1001C116 )
---------------------------------------------------sum( M1001C67 )
)

RRC part

RAB part

Call Completion Success Rate - CCSR


CCSR for a specific service is calculated based on RAB Counters:

CCSR any service = RAB success rate any service

In NSN Nokia RAN there are negative counters used to get success
ratio:
sum ( RAB failure counters)

CCSR = 100 % - 100 % * sum ( RAB failure counters + RAB active Complete)

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Success rate KPI


Call Completion Success Rate VOICE
CCSR Voice call (RNC_231c counter names): CCSR Voice call (RNC_231c counter numbers):

100 - 100*
sum( RAB_ACT_REL_CS_VOICE_P_EMP
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_IU
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_RADIO
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_BTS
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_IUR
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_RNC
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_UE)
----------------------------------------------------------------sum( RAB_ACT_COMP_CS_VOICE
+ RAB_ACT_REL_CS_VOICE_SRNC
+ RAB_ACT_REL_CS_VOICE_P_EMP
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_IU
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_RADIO
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_BTS
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_IUR
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_RNC
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_VOICE_UE)

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100 - 100*
sum( M1001C144
+ M1001C145
+ M1001C146
+ M1001C147
+ M1001C148
+ M1001C150
+ M1001C392)
----------------------------------------------------------------sum(M1001C136
+ M1001C143
+ M1001C144
+ M1001C145
+ M1001C146
+ M1001C147
+ M1001C148
+ M1001C150
+ M1001C392)

Success rate KPIs


Call Completion Success Rate UDI CALL (CS 64k Video Call)
CCSR Voice call (RNC_selfmade counter names): CCSR Voice call (RNC_selfmade counter numbers):

100-100 * SUM (RAB_ACT_REL_CS_CONV_P_EMP


+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_IU
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_RADIO
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_BTS
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_IUR
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_RNC
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_UE
---------------------------------------SUM (RAB_ACT_COMP_CS_CONV
+ RAB_ACT_REL_CS_CONV_SRNC
+ RAB_ACT_REL_CS_CONV_P_EMP
+ + RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_IU
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_RADIO
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_BTS
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_IUR
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_RNC
+ RAB_ACT_FAIL_CS_CONV_UE

100 - 100*
sum( M1001C144
+ M1001C145
+ M1001C146
+ M1001C147
+ M1001C148
+ M1001C150
+ M1001C392)
----------------------------------------------------------------sum(M1001C136
+ M1001C143
+ M1001C144
+ M1001C145
+ M1001C146
+ M1001C147
+ M1001C148
+ M1001C150
+ M1001C392)

This KPI is based on RNC_160d other services than UDI were excluded
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Packet Call
Every call starts with RRC connection establishment
UE indicates in Initial Direct Transfer service type
Security functions triggered from CN follow
CN sends RABAssignmentRequest to RNC to set-up resources
RNC checks and allocates available resources
In parallel there is GPRS Mobility Management signalling for
packet call setup

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Layer 3 signaling for HSPA call setup (1/2)


Uu interface

IuB interface

Iu interface
RRC Connection setup

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timing

Layer 3 signaling for HSPA call setup (2/2)


Uu interface

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IuB interface

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Iu interface

timing

RAB
PS set up procedure
positive

M1001C71 RAB STP ATT IA


M1001C72 RAB STP ATT BG

RAB_STP_ATTEMPTS

UE

BS

CN

RNC

RAB SETUP PHASE


Act. PDP context request
no AC

RAB ass. req. (setup)

Radio Bearer Setup

GTP tunnel
creation

M1001C78 RAB STP CPL IA


M1001C79 RAB STP CPL BG

RAB_STP_COMPLETE
RAB ACCESS PHASE

Radio Bearer Setup Complete


DCH 0/0

Measurement Ctrl
Measurement Report
RL rec. prepare

RAB ass. resp. (setup)


RAB_ACC_COMPLETE
Digit Analysis, RNC Iub
internal resources, AAL2
CAC.

M1001C120 RAB STP ATT IA


M1001C121 RAB STP ATT BG

RL rec. ready
RAB ACTIVE PHASE

AAL2 sig. ERQ


AAL2 sig. ECF
RL rec. commit

DCH 0/0--->DCH X/Y

Measurement Report
RL rec. prepare

M1001C141 RAB ACT CPL IA


AC

RL rec. ready

RAB_ACT_COMPLETE
RAB ass. req. (release)

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M1001C142 RAB ACT CPL BG

RAB ass. resp. (release)

RAB
PS set up procedure
negative

failures in access phase


failures in setup phase
M1001C105/110 due to Admission Ctrl

UE

BS

CN

RNC

M1001C107/112 due to RNC


M1001C108/113 due to ANCH
M1001C109/114 due to Frozen BTS
M1001C257 due to not supp Param

Act. PDP context request

M1001C258 due to UE capabilities

no AC

RAB ass. req. (setup)

Radio Bearer Setup


Radio Bearer Setup Complete
DCH 0/0

Measurement Ctrl
Measurement Report
RL rec. prepare

GTP tunnel
creation

M1001C132/134 due to UE
M1001C133/135 due to RNC

RAB ass. resp. (setup)


RAB_ACC_COMPLETE
Digit Analysis, RNC Iub
internal resources, AAL2
CAC.
M1001C185/191 due to Iu
M1001C186/192 due to Radio

RL rec. ready

M1001C187/193 due to BTS

AAL2 sig. ERQ


AAL2 sig. ECF

RAB_STP_COMPLETE

M1001C188/194 due to IuR


DCH 0/0--->DCH X/Y

M1001C190/196 due to RNC


M1001C397/298 due to UE

RL rec. commit
Measurement Report
RL rec. prepare

AC

RL rec. ready

RAB_ACT_COMPLETE
RAB ass. req. (release)

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failures in active phase

RAB ass. resp. (release)

RAB Setup Time

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RAB Setup Time KPI (average)


The result represents the average time to successfully establish a CS voice RAB. A successful RAB is
defined as one for which the RNC sends a positive RANAP: RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE
message.
UE

RNC

CORE
RAB Assignment Request

AVE
AVE__RAB
RAB__SETUP
SETUP__TM
TM __CS
CS__VOICE
VOICE / 100( s )
/ 100( s )
DENOM
DENOM __RAB
RAB__SETUP
SETUP__TM
TM __CS
CS__VOICE
VOICE

Radio Bearer Setup


Radio Bearer
SetupComplete

Triggering Point

RAB Assignment Response

The AVG_RAB_SETUP_TM_CS_VOICE counter records the time between the RNC receiving a
RANAP: RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST and sending a positive RANAP: RAB ASSIGNMENT
RESPONSE. The counter sums the times for all successful RAB assignments.
The DENOM_ RAB_SETUP_TM_CS_VOICE is incremented by 1 after every successful RAB
assignment.
The factor of 100 appearing within the KPI calculation is a result of Nokias internal representation of
the counter value. Nokia uses a 10 ms unit for the AVG_RAB_SETUP_TM counter.
Same counters and formula is possible for any RAB (CS_VOICE, CS_CONV, PS_INTER,
PS_BACKG)
The KPI is meaningful for cell level and on hour basis

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RAB Setup Time KPI (maximum)


From RAS06 onwards, maximum setup time for RAB can be
measured. It is absolute maximum setup time per measurement
period:
M1001C603 RRC SETUP TIME MAX
M1001C604 RAB SETUP TIME MAX CS VOICE
M1001C605 RAB SETUP TIME MAX CD DATA
M1001C608 RAB SETUP TIME MAX PS INTERACTIVE
M1001C609 RAB SETUP TIME MAX PS BACKGROUND

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HSDPA Performance

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HSDPA Traffic measurements (M1002)


Cell_FACH

RU10 has these also for


PS Streaming
M1002C478 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_PRE_EMP_INT

M1002C475DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_INT
M1002C476DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_BGR

CR

DCH

M1002C481 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_PRE_EMP_BGR
M1002C407 REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_INT
M1002C410REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_BGR

M1002C385 ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT
M1002C501 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_16_INT
M1002C386 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_64_INT

M1002C412REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_MOB_DCH_BGR

M1002C387 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_128_INT
M1002C388 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_384_INT

M1002C477 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_OTH_DCH_INT

M1002C389 ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_BGR
M1002C502 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_16_BGR
M1002C390 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_64_BGR

OK

M1002C480REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_OTH_DCH_BGR
M1002C479 REL_ALLO_RL_FAIL_HS_DSCH_INT

M1002C391
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_128_BGR

M1002C482REL_ALLO_RL_FAIL_HS_DSCH_BGR

M1002C392
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_384_BGR

M1002C408 REL_ALLO_OTH_FAIL_HSDSCH_INT
M1002C411REL_ALLO_OTH_FAIL_HSDSCH_BGR

HS-DSCH

M1002C401
REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_INT

M1002C417 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_INT

M1002C402
REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_BGR

M1002C418SETUP_FAIL_64_IUB_HSDSCH_INT

M1002C417 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_INT
M1002C425 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_BGR
M1002C416 SETUP_FAL_RNC_HS_DSCH_INT

M1002C414SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_INT
M1002C419SETUP_FAIL_128_IUB_HSDSCH_INT
M1002C419SETUP_FAIL_384_IUB_HSDSCH_INT

Failure
s

M1002C425 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_BGR

M1002C413 SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_INT

M1002C422SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_BGR

M1002C424 SETUP_FAIL_BTS HS DSCH_BGR

M1002C426SETUP_FAIL_64_IUB_HSDSCH_BGR

M1002C421 SETUP_FAIL_RNC_HS_DSCH_BGR

M1002C427SETUP_FAIL_128_IUB_HSDSCH_BGR
M1002C427SETUP_FAIL_384_IUB_HSDSCH_BGR

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Normal

M1002C409 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_MOB_DCH_INT

Drops

HSDPA Traffic measurements (M1002)


A-DCH allocation duration
When RNC successfully allocates A-DCH return channel bearer 16, 64, 128 or 384 kbps
duration is counted based on 1 second sampling interval
M1002C503 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_16_INT
M1002C394 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_64_INT
M1002C395 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_128_INT
M1002C396 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_384_INT
M1002C504 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_16_BGR
M1002C398 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_64_BGR
M1002C599 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_128_BGR
M1002C400 ALLO_DUR_DSCH_RET_384_BGR

Associated DCH can be pre-empted by Rel99 RT DCH request following counters are updated:
M1002C478 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_PRE_EMP_INT
M1002C481 REL_ALLO_HS_DSCH_PRE_EMP_BGR
HSDPA channel will be switched to Rel 99 NRT DCH
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HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C

Measurement Report : e4a

AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request

The
The number
number of
of failed
failed allocations
allocations for
for the
the HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH transport
transport
channel
channel due
due to
to lack
lack of
of radio
radio resources
resources for the UL DCH return
channel
channel for
for interactive
interactive or
or background
background class
class connections
connections ::

M1002C401 REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_INT
M1002C402 REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_BGR
After
After rejection
rejection the
the capacity
capacity request
request is
is sent back to the PS queue
and
and the
the HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH channel
channel type
type is
is not
not allowed
allowed for
for this
this capacity
capacity
request
request any
any more.
more.

The
The number
number of
of times
times when
when the
the DCH
DCH channel
channel type
type is
is selected
selected for
for
interactive
interactive class
class connections
connections due
due to
to maximum
maximum amount
amount of
of HSDPA
HSDPA
users
users in
in the
the cell:
cell:

M1002C476 DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_BGR
M1002C477 DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_INT

Normal
Normal PS RAB Setup for Background or Interactive class as in
pre-RAS05
pre-RAS05

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HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C

Measurement Report : e4a

AC to check to
accept or reject
Capacity request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Failure

The
The number
number of
of HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup
setup failures
failures due
due to
to BTS in
in the
the SRNC
SRNC
for
for interactive or background class connections:

M1002C416 SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_INT or
M1002C424 SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_BGR
When
When the
the RNC
RNC receives
receives an
an NBAP:
NBAP: RADIO
RADIO LINK
LINK RECONFIGURATION
RECONFIGURATION
FAILURE
FAILURE or
or NBAP:
NBAP: RADIO
RADIO LINK
LINK SETUP FAILURE (Cell_FACH to
Cell_DCH:HSDSCH
Cell_DCH:HSDSCH state transition) message during the transition

to HS-DSCH or a timer waiting for the


acknowledgement message to expire

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HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C

Measurement Report : e4a

AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready

The
The number
number of
of HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup
setup failures due to 16, 64,128 or 384 kbps
return
return channel
channel Iub
Iub transport
transport (AAL2) in the
the SRNC
SRNC for
for interactive
interactive or
or
background
background class
class connections,
connections, counter:
counter:

M1002C505 SETUP_FAIL_16_IUB_HSDSCH_INT or
or
M1002C506 SETUP_FAIL_16_IUB_HSDSCH_BGR or
or
M1002C418 SETUP_FAIL_64_IUB_HSDSCH_INT or
or
M1002C426 SETUP_FAIL_64_IUB_HSDSCH_BGR,
M1002C419 SETUP_FAIL_128_IUB_HSDSCH_IN or
or
M1002C427 SETUP_FAIL_128_IUB_HSDSCH_BG,
M1002C420 SETUP_FAIL_384_IUB_HSDSCH_IN or
or
M1002C428 SETUP_FAIL_384_IUB_HSDSCH_BG,, is
is
incremented.
incremented.

Radio Link Reconfiguration Cancel

If
If return
return channel
channel Iub
Iub reservation
reservation fails
fails also
also MAC-d
MAC-d reservation
reservation fails due to
Iub
Iub and
and counter
counter M1002C414 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_INT or
or
M1002C422 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_BGR is
is incremented
incremented

The
The total
total number
number of
of HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup
setup failures
failures due
due Iub
Iub transport
transport (AAL2)
(AAL2) in
in
the
SRNC
for
interactive
or
background
class
connections,
counter:
the SRNC for interactive
background
connections, counter:

M1002C417 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_INT or
or
M1002C425 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_BGR..
These
These counters
counters are
are equal
equal to
to the
the
M1002C414+M1002C418+M1002C419+M1002C420
M1002C414+M1002C418+M1002C419+M1002C420 (interactive) or
M1002C422+M1002C426+M1002C427+M1002C428
M1002C422+M1002C426+M1002C427+M1002C428 (background)
(background)

31

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C

Measurement Report : e4a

AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF

Radio Link Reconfiguration Cancel

32

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

The
The number
number of
of HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH MAC-d
MAC-d flow
flow setup
setup failures
failures due to Iub transport
(AAL2)
(AAL2) in
in the
the SRNC
SRNC for interactive or background class connections:

M1002C414 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_INT or
M1002C422 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_BGR is
incremented

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C
Measurement Report : e4a
AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF

Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit


RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Failure (DCH)

33

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

When
When the
the RNC
RNC has received
received an
an RRC: RADIO
RADIO BEARER
BEARER RECONFIGURATION
RECONFIGURATION FAILURE
message
message from
from the
the UE
UE during
during the
the HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup or
or a
a timer
timer waiting
waiting for
for the
the RRC:
RRC:
RADIO
RADIO BEARER
BEARER RECONFIGURATION
RECONFIGURATION COMPLETE
COMPLETE message
message to
to expire,
expire, counter
counter

M1002C415 SETUP_FAIL_UE_HS_DSCH_INT or
M1002C423 SETUP_FAIL_UE_HS_DSCH_BGR, is incremented

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
C
Measurement Report : e4a
AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF

Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit


RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH)

34

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

If
If at
at any
any time
time during
during the
the HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup
setup the
the RNC
RNC decides
decides to
to reject
reject the
the
HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH setup
setup (including
(including RNC internal
internal transport),
transport), the
the counter:

M1002C413 SETUP_FAIL_RNC_HS_DSCH_INT
or
or

M1002C421 SETUP_FAIL_RNC_HS_DSCH_BGR, is
is
incremented
incremented

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RNC

Measurement Report : e4a


AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH)
Measurement Control
HS-DSCH: Capacity Request
HS-DSCH: Capacity Allocation

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

When
When the
the RNC
RNC has
has received
received an
an RRC:
RRC: RADIO
RADIO BEARER
BEARER RECONFIGURATION
RECONFIGURATION COMPLETE
COMPLETE
message
message from
from the
the UE
UE -- after
after successful
successful HS-DSCH
HS-DSCH MAC-d
MAC-d flow
flow setup
setup for
for interactive
interactive or
or
background
background traffic
traffic class,
class, counter:
counter: M1002C385
M1002C385 ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT
ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT or
or M1002C389
M1002C389
ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_BGR
ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_BGR ,, is
is incremented
incremented

When
When the
the RNC
RNC has received
received an
an RRC: RADIO
RADIO BEARER
BEARER RECONFIGURATION
RECONFIGURATION
COMPLETE
COMPLETE message
message from
from the UE - after successful HS-DSCH return channel
setup
setup or
or bit
bit rate
rate modification,
modification, counter:
counter:

M1002C501 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_16_INT, M1002C502


ALLO_HSDSCH_RET_16_BGR, M1002C386
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_64_INT M1002C390
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_64_BGR ,
M1002C387 ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_128_INT, M1002C391
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_128_BGR M1002C388
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_384_INT, M1002C392
ALLO_HS_DSCH_RET_384_BGR is
is incremented.
incremented.

The sum of HS-DSCH MAC-d flow allocation durations in the SRNC


for interactive or background class connections is updated with a
1-second sampling interval during the MAC-d flow allocation time:

M1002C393 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT or
M1002C397 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_FLOW_BGR

The sum of 64, 128 or 384 kbps return channel allocation


durations in the SRNC for interactive or background class
connections is updated with a 1-second sampling interval during
the DCH allocation time:

M1002C503 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_16_INT,
M1002C395 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_128_INT,
M1002C396 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_384_INT,
M1002C504 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET16_BGR,
M1002C398 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_64_BGR,
M1002C399 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_128_BGR,
M1002C400 ALLO_DUR_HS_DSCH_RET_384_BGR

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE
UE

Node B

RN
Measurement Report : e4a C
AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
request
request
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure
Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF

The
The number
number of
of DCH
DCH allocations
allocations with
with interactive
interactive OR
OR background
background class
class
due
due to
to HSDPA
HSDPA return channel (DCH UL) upgrade, counter:
M1002C429 HS_DSCH_RET_UPGRADE_INT or
or
M1002C431 HS_DSCH_RET_UPGRADE_BGR,, is
is
incremented
incremented

Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit


RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH)
Measurement Control
HS-DSCH: Capacity Request
HS-DSCH: Capacity Allocation
Measurement Report : e4a
AC
AC to
to check
check to
to accept
accept
or reject Capacity
UPGRADE or initiate
capacity
capacity downgrade
downgrade
due
due to
to any interface
interface
blocking
blocking
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH)
36

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RN31667EN20GLA0

The
The number
number of
of DCH
DCH allocations
allocations with interactive OR background class
due
due to
to HSDPA
HSDPA return channel (DCH UL) downgrade, counter:
M1002C430 HS_DSCH_RET_DOWNGRADE_INT or
or
M1002C432 HS_DSCH_RET_DOWNGRADE_BGR,, is
is
incremented
incremented

HSDPA Accessibility
RNC_914b HSDPA Setup Success Ratio for NRT traffic
HSDPA Setup Success Ratio for NRT Traffic from User point of View = 100* sum([HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_INT] +

[HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_BGR] +[HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_INT] +[HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_BGR] +


[HS_D_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_INT] +[HS_D_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_BGR])
/
sum([PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_INT] +[PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_BGR] +[PS_ATT_HSDSCH_DCH_INT] +
[PS_ATT_HSDSCH_DCH_BGR] -[HS_D_REQ_D_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL] -[HS_D_REQ_D_D_ALLO_INT_CELL] [HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL] -[HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_INT_CELL])

37

Requests to cell incapable of HSDPA are excluded via the counters


Better to use this than RNC_605a, because RNC_605a may be too
pessimistic

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

HSDPA Activation, Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction


UE

Node B

SGSN

RNC
PDP Established

Measurement Report : e4a

Decision on the transport, FACH, DCH or HS-DS


NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
UL NRT Return channel transport in Iub

AAL2SIG:ECF
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF

HS-DSCH transport in Iub. DL:CAC in RNC alread


FP: Downlink Sync

FP: Uplink Sync


FP: Downlink Sync
FP: Uplink Sync
Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH)

Setup information for the UE


Measurement Control

HS-DSCH: Capacity Request


HS-DSCH: Capacity Allocation
HSDPA Traffic

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RN31667EN20GLA0

Selected HSUPA Counters

39

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

E-DCH Establishment

Lacking HSDPA power is trigger


for M1002C521,C522,C602

E-DCH attempts trigger M1022C3,C4,C181


Channel type
selection started

UE
specific
PS

Uplink NRT RB
mapped to DCH > 0
kbps
No

Yes

HS-DSCH possible to
select in the
downlink
Yes

No

UE capability
supports E-DCH
Yes

No

No

RAB combination
allows use of E-DCH

No

Preliminary E-DCH
active set is
acceptable
Yes
HS-DSCH possible to
select in the
downlink
Yes

Yes

No

Traffic class and


THP allowed on EDCHYes

No

# of E-DCH allocations
is below the maximum
Yes

No

HSDPA mobility
enabled and HSDSCH available
and no IFHO/ISHO
measurements
Yes
IFHO/ISHO measurements
prevent HSUPA

No

Final E-DCH active set is


acceptable
Yes

No

DCH
selecte
d

E-DCH
selecte
d

HC

Cell
PS

UE
PS
DCH
selecte
d

Trigger for M1002C515,C516,C599


Trigger for M1002C515,C516,C599

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

E-DCH Setup failures in M1002


Traffic Class
Background

Interactive

Streaming

41

Nokia Siemens Networks

Failure reason

Counter

RB reconfiguration fail. due to UE

524

RL reconf./setup fail. due to BTS

526

Transport

528

Other (e.g. RNC)

530

RB reconfiguration fail. due to UE

523

RL reconf./setup fail. due to BTS

525

Transport

527

Other (e.g. RNC)

529

RB reconfiguration fail. due to UE

603

RL reconf./setup fail. due to BTS

604

Transport

605

Other (e.g. RNC)

606

RN31667EN20GLA0

E-DCH allocations

Succesfull allocations of E-DCH are counted with


M1022C21, C22, C190 for IA, BG, STR
Number of users can be followed up with M1000C271-281
Bin size is 2 users

42

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

Mobility
Soft Handover- SHO
Inter System Handover- ISHO
Inter Frequency HO- IFHO

43

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

Soft Handover Counters

Provide an indication of soft(er) handover performance (counters do not


always discriminate between soft and softer handover) .
The Handover control (HC) RRM entity in the SRNC manages user
mobility in call (CELL_DCH) by ensuring that UE is always served
by the optimal cell(s) in order to ensure quality, minimise
interference and optimise the available capacity.
The SHO measurements are carried out in the controlling RNC (CRNC), that is either an
SRNC or a DRNC - depending on the counter.
Care required when building a KPI by aggregating counters to avoid double or triple
counting radio links, cluster/RNC formulas are different from cell ones.
Most M1007 counters are updated to all cells in the active set. Exceptions:

Event 6G/6F counters are updated to the cell, that triggered the event

CPICH EcNo distribution counters are updated to the best cell in the report, either
AS cell or triggering non-AS cell
44

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

SHO area
Ec/No

DropWindow
DropWindow
AddWindow
AddWindow
distance

Cell A

Cell B

Soft handover area

The size depends on specific RNP parameters setting (e.g. Addition


Window, Drop Window).
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

Soft Handover Counters


UE

BTS

RNC

RRC: Measurement Report (e1a / e1c)

Decision to
set up new RL
NBAP: Radio Link Setup Request for Soft Handover
NBAP: Radio Link Addition Request for Softer Handover

(M1007C10) CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
(M1007C11) CELL_DEL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
(M1007C12) CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
(M1007C27) CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT
(M1007C28) CELL_DEL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT
(M1007C29) CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT
All counters are NOT incremented in case there is parallel
process prevention due to previous SHO procedure on
going for the UE from which the request is received

various M1002 counters triggered


various M1005 counters triggered

Start TX/RX
NBAP: Radio Link Setup Response

M1007C71 or C72 triggered in case of

NBAP: Radio Link Addition Response

RL Setup/Add Failure due to BTS or AAL2

ALCAP:ERQ
ALCAP:ECF
RRC: Active Set Update
RRC: Active Set Update Complete
or: RRC: Active Set Update Failure

Received message RRC: Active Set Update Complete.


Triggers: M1007C15
SUCC_UPDATES_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
Received message RRC: Active Set Update Complete.
Triggers: M1007C32
SUCC_UPDATES_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT

Received message RRC: Active Set Update Failure triggers:


M1007C16/33 UNSUCC_UPDATES_ON_SHO_FOR_RT/NRT
These counters also trigger if RRC: Active Set Update Complete is
not received
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

SHO retries
When the SRNC receives a periodic RRC: MEASUREMENT REPORT message from the UE,
and the message is triggered due to event 1A/1C, and the previous cell addition/replacement
request for the UE has failed (no ASU sent) and this request is made for the same cell(s)
M1007C13 CELL_ADD_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_RT or
M1007C14 CELL_REPL_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_RT or
M1007C30 CELL_ADD_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT or
M1007C31 CELL_REPL_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT or
These counters are updated in every cell belonging to the active set when the message is
received (before possible active set changes)
When RNC receives a periodic measurement report triggered by event 1B to the RNC in
order to remove a cell from the active set, counter:
M1007C36 CELL_DEL_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_RT or
M1007C37 CELL_DEL_FAIL_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT is incremented
This situation can happen when the RNC is prevented to delete the existing branch from
the active set before any other branch has achieved synchronisation
(NBAP: Synchronisation Indication is received)
The counters are updated in every cell that is in the active set on the SRNC side when the
RNC receives the measurement report

47

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RN31667EN20GLA0

Active Set measurements


M1007C0(C19) ONE_CELL_IN_ACTIVE_SET_FOR_(N)RT
M1007C1(C20) TWO_CELL_IN_ACTIVE_SET_FOR_(N)RT
M1007C2(C21) THREE_CELL_IN_ACTIVE_SET_FOR_(N)RT
Period of time when the cell belongs to an active set whose size is one,
two or three. Unit: 100ms.
Incremented by SRNC in every cell within the Active Set when the Active Set has
changed
Updated when call is released.
These counters do not discriminate between soft and softer handover, so the
cells in the AS could belong to the same or different Node B.

48

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RN31667EN20GLA0

Fair calculation of Average AS size (cell level)


Simple example

ONE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ FOR _ RT / NRT


TWO _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT 2
THREE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT 3
ONE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT
TWO _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT
THREE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT

1 cell in 2 cells in
Active Set Active Set
Cell 1

Cell 2

cell
cell11

Average active set size (cell 1) = (1+1x2) /2 = 1.5


Average active set size (cell 2) = (1x2) /1 = 2

49

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

cell
cell22

Fair calculation of Average AS size (RNC level,


RNC192b)

Simple
example
ONE
_ CELL
_ IN _ ACT _ SET _ FOR _ RT / NRT
TWO _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT

THREE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT


ONE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT
TWO _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT / 2
THREE _ CELL _ IN _ ACT _ SET _ RT / NRT / 3

1 in Active 2 in Active
Set
Set
Cell 1

Cell 2
Sum
(RNC)

Total number of UEs= 1 + 2/2 = 2


Average active set size (RNC) = (1+2)/2 = 1.5
50

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

cell
cell11

cell
cell22

Soft Handover Overhead


SHO_Overhead= 100% * (Average Active Set Size 1)

Active Set Update Success Rate


Cell Level Formula:

SUCC_UPDATES_ON_SHO
CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO CELL_DEL_REQ_ON_SHO CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO

51

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RN31667EN20GLA0

Active Set Update Success Rate


Every single counter is updated in all the cells within the Active Set when the
Measurement Report is received.
Theoretical definition:

total number of successful AS Updates


total number of measurement report not periodical
Cell Level Formula:

SUCC_UPDATES_ON_SHO
CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO CELL_DEL_REQ_ON_SHO CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO

Cluster / RNC KPI


52

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

HO Success per Adjacency (ADJS / ADJI / ADJG)


The HO success rate per adjacency can be calculated by using formulas
below
Can be used to detect badly performing neighbours
SHO Success per Adjacency (M1013 AutoDef SHO)
SHO _ success _ per _ ADJS _ RNC _ 900a

100 * sum( SHO _ ADJ _ INTRA _ FREQ _ SHO _ COMPL)


sum( SHO _ ADJ _ INTRA _ FREQ _ SHO _ ATT )

IFHO Success per Adjacency (M1014 AutoDef IFHO)


IFHO _ success _ per _ ADJI _ RNC _ 901a

100 * sum( HHO _ ADJ _ INTER _ FREQ _ HHO _ COMP )


sum( HHO _ ADJ _ INTER _ FREQ _ HHO _ ATT )

ISHO Success per Adjacency (M1015 AutoDef ISHO)


ISHO _ success _ per _ ADJG _ RNC _ 902a

100 * sum( HO _ ADJ _ INTER _ SYS _ HHO _ COMPL)


sum( HO _ ADJ _ INTER _ SYS _ HHO _ ATT )

KPI per neighbor relationship for Intra- Inter- and Inter-System


53

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RN31667EN20GLA0

SHO Success Ratio RNC_A border with RNC_B


Data from 01 April 2008 (Optimizer tool)

54

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

SHO Success Ratio RNC_A WCELs border with RNC_B

Data from 03 April 2008 (Optimizer tool) after parameter changes

55

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

Detected Set Reporting features

RU10 allows optimisation with feature RAN1191


This provides activation of DSR and CPICH RSCP/EcNo
counters in M1028 for detected cells
Furthermore feature RAN1266 allows HO to detected cells
RU20 RAN1136 Separate Counters for Relocations

56

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

RU20 RAN1136 Separate Counters for Relocations


Functional description:
This feature brings new counters for monitoring the outgoing and incoming relocations.
In previous releases there has been only one counter type that included all cases,
but with this feature it is split into more detailed counters,
which makes it possible to monitor relocations separately by traffic classes and operation types.
The new counters also have an effect on the RRC (Radio Resource Controller) and RAB (Radio Access Bearer)
accessibility KPIs, because the releases caused by relocations can be filtered from the current RRC
and RAB accessibility counters.
With this feature the operator is able to monitor in a more detailed way the frequency and
success of outgoing and incoming relocations (QoS-related monitoring will become available,
operation type monitoring is improved). Also the relocations monitoring will become more
comparable to other vendor's systems.
The counters are provided by source and target RNCs based on RANAP and RRC procedures.
Outgoing relocation counters in a source RNC are complemented with
Traffic Classes: CS Voice,CS, Conversational data, CS Streaming data, PS Streaming, PS Interactive, PS Background

57

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RN31667EN20GLA0

SHO based on Detected Set Reporting


UE

RN
C
Activate DRS

UE measures AS,
neighbor list
and other cells

Reporting event on other


cell
Update AS with ADJD cell

Update neighbor list

58

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0

Check other cell


against missing
neighbors
and ADJDs

Thank You !

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31667EN20GLA0