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me : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

ID: I12001919

Estimating of unit rate for


brick work

me : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

ID: I12001919

Brick work

Brickworkismasonryproduced
by
abricklayer,
usingbricksandmortar.
Typically,
rows
of
bricks
calledcoursesare laid on top of one another to build up a
structure such as a brickwall.

Name : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

ID: I12001919

Number of costs to consider for Brick work


Materials and method of brick order cost
Labor cost
Other costs

Name : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

Estimating Quantity

Bricks
1. Calculate net surface area of the wall
2. calculate surface area of 1 brick including mortar
3. divide wall area by brick area
4. multiply by number of wythes in wall
5. add an amount for waste

ID: I12001919

e : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

ID: I12001919

Estimating Quantity

Mortar

Volume per brick =(t)(W)(L+H+t)

t = mortar thickness
W = brick width/depth inches
L = length of brick inches
H = height of brick inches

Add 25% waste


For double wall must add in for mortar in space

e : Farooq Mustafa Al-Obaidi

ID: I12001919

Brick Size
Type

Nominal Size (in)

Actual Size (in)

No. per Square Foot

Standard

4 x 2 2?3 x 8

3 5/8 x 2 1/4 x 8

6.3

Modular

4 x 2 2/3 x 8

3 5/8 x 2 1/4 x 7 5/8

6.9

King

3 3/8 x 3 x 10

3 x 2 5/8 x 9 5/8

4.8

Queen

2 3/4 x 3 x 10

3 1/8 x 2 3/4 x 9 5/8

4.6

Engineer

4 x 3 1/5 x 8

3 5/8 x 2 13/16 x 7 5/8

5.7

Economy

4x4x8

3 5/8 x 3 5/8 x 7 5/8

4.5

Utility

4 x 4 x 12

3 5/8 x 3 5/8 x 11 1/2

3.1

Jumbo

4x3x8

3 5/8 x 2 3/4 x 8

5.5

Norman

4 x 2 2/3 x 12

3 5/8 x 2 1/4 x 11 5/8

4.6

Jumbo Norman

4 x 3 x 12

3 5/8 x 2 3/4 x 11 5/8

Norwegian

3 1/2 x 3 x 12

3 1/2 x 2 3/4 x 11 5/8

3.9

Name : Loh Ming Chong

Common Bricks ( 3 holes )


Dimensions:

215 x 96 x 70 mm

Compressive Strength:

> 25mN/m

Water Absorption:

< 13.7%

Per Pallet:
500 pieces
Common Bricks ( full )
Dimensions:

215 x 96 x 70 mm

Compressive strength:

> 25mN/m

Water absorption:

< 13.5%

Thermal Conductivity:

1.04W/m K

Per Pallet:
500 pieces

ID : I13002638

Name : Loh Ming Chong

ID : I13002638

Mortar Required for Common Bricks

Common bricks - 2 1/4 x8 x 3 3/4 inches:


Joint Thickness
(inches)

Mortar Required(ft3)
per 1000 bricks

per ft3brick

1/4

0.2

3/8

14

0.3

1/2

20

0.4

Name : Loh Ming Chong

ID : I13002638

Types of Mortar
Mortar Grade

Cement : Sand
Masonry
Cement : Lime : Sand
1:3
Cement : Sand

Cement : Sand &


Plasticizer

Typical Compressive Strength,


N/mm2
7 days
8 days

1 : 1/4 : 3

11.0
16.0

1 : 1/2 : 4

1:3

1:4

5.5
8.0

1 : 1 : 5~6

1 : 4

1 : 5~6

2.5
4.0

1 : 2 : 8~9

1:6

1 : 7~8

1.0
1.5

1 : 3 : 10~13

1:7

1:8

Note 1: "Lime" refers to non-hydraulic or semi-hydraulic lime


Note 2: Mixes are measured by ratio in volume

Name : Loh Ming Chong

Brick Bond Laying Patterns

ID : I13002638

Name : Loh Ming Chong

Mortar Joints

ID : I13002638

Name : Loh Ming Chong

Labor Cost

ID : I13002638

Name : Loh Ming Chong

Example

ID : I13002638

Estimating of Unit Rate of


Plastering

Name : Johnson Mwanri

ID: I12000392

What is Plastering?

Plaster is a building material used for coating walls and


ceilings. Plaster is manufactured as a dry powder and is mixed
with water to form a paste when used. The reaction with water
liberates heat through crystallization and the hydrated plaster
then hardens. Plaster can be relatively easily worked with
metal tools or even sandpaper. These characteristics make
plaster suitable for a finishing, rather than a load-bearing
material.

The term plaster can refer to gypsum plaster (also known as


plaster of Paris), lime plaster, or cement plaster.

Name : Johnson Mwanri

Plastering

ID: I12000392

Name : Johnson Mwanri

ID: I12000392

How to Estimate the Unit Rate of


Plastering
Preparing Unit rate for Plastering will require:
Cost of various material which will be used during Plastering
e.g. Portland Cement, Sand, Addictive's and Form works
(Scaffolding).
Cost of Transportation of Material
Costing of Labours which include Skilled (Tradesman's) and
non Skilled
Plant Cost e.g. Concrete Mixer
Overhead and Profit

Name : Johnson Mwanri

ID: I12000392

Summary of Labour Estimation:

Hourly Unit

Total Hour of Tradesman = Total Area of Plastering (m2) x hours rate (e.g 0.2)
Total Cost of Tradesman (Skilled Labour) = Total Hour of Tradesman x Rate per Hour
Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Summary of Labour Estimation:


Days Unit
For 1m3, it will take 0.27days for the Tradesman to finish it

Total Day of Tradesman = Total Volume of Plastering (m3) x 0.27


Total Cost of Tradesman (Skilled Labour) = Total Days of Tradesman x Rate per Day
Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Summary of Labour Estimation:


Days Unit
For 1m3, it will take 0.26days for the Unskilled Labour for carrying
of
cement, sand and water.

Total Days of Unskilled Labours = Total Volume of Plastering (m3) x 0.26


Total Cost of Unskilled Labours = Total Days of Unskilled Labours x Rate per Day
Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Material Estimate Summary:

With reference to the Drawing, the amount of Portland cement and Sand can
be calculated with reference to it thickness needed.

Since there is a lot of in accuracy in estimating of volume of plastering, we consider


factors such as
Wastage
Non uniform of thickness
So we add Add 40% to the Total material Cost to cover these factors

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Plant Estimate Summary :

For 1m3, it will take 0.27days for the mechanical mixture to


produce.
Total Days of Mechanical Concrete Mixture = Total m3 of concrete x 0.27

Cost of Mechanical Concrete Machine = Total Days of Mechanical Concrete Mixture x


Rate
Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Transportation and Formworks Estimate Summary :

Mostly it transported by Hoist Trucks they paid in Daily rates

Total Trip of Truck = Total Weight of Material (kg or tonnes )/ The maximum weight the Truck
can carry (kg or tonnes)
Total Days = Total trip of Trucks x total hours for trip(e.g 0.2 days)
Cost of Trucks = Total Days x Rate of truck

Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Transportation and Formworks Estimate


Summary :

Mostly Scaffolding are used for formwork of


Plastering and they paid in Daily rates
Cost of Scaffolding = Total Days x Rate of Scaffolding per Day

Add 15% to the Total Cost as Profit

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

To Built Unit Rates for Plastering

Unit Rates of Plastering =


Total Cost of Material + Total Cost of Plant + Total Cost of Labours + Total Cost of Transportation
and Formworks / The Total Area of Plastering

Note : That 15% profit is already added to individual items

Name : Sunia Baravilala

ID: I13004082

Malaysian Plastering Unit Rate: