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Impact of climate change

on forests from Romania

What is Climate
Change?

Climate change is a significant and lasting


change in the statistical distribution of weather
patterns over periods ranging from decades to
millions of years.
It may be a change in average weather
conditions, or in the distribution of weather
around the average conditions.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate

What's causing climate cha


tiny changes in the Earth's path around the
sun;
volcanic activity;
fluctuations within the climate system.
However, humans are having an increasing
influence on our climate by:
burning fossil fuels;
cutting down forests;
farming livestock.
Source:

What are the consequences


of climate change?
melting ice and rising seas;
extreme weather, shifting rainfall;
consequences for human health,
the economy and wildlife, etc.

Who is suffering from


climate change?
Earth
All of us

and
FORESTS worldwide

Romanian
ForestsSoftwood
(spruce, fir, pine, etc.) 24%
Beech (Fagus
sylvatica) 29%
Oaks (Quercus spp.) 16%
Other
Hardwoods 30%
Shrubs 1%

Sources:

What are the impacts


of Climate Change on
forests from Romania?
Changes in species composition
Increase in pest infestations
Drying of stands and species
Forest fires
And the list can continue

ld Bank - http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/
WDSP/IB/2014/01/28/000442464_20140128143707/Rendered/PDF/
842620WP0P14660Box0382136B00PUBLIC0.pdf

Changes in species composi


In the southern part of Romania, black locust
(Robinia pseudacacia), native to North
America, is replacing natural oak (Quercus
spp.) stands.

Effects: appearance of non-native forests,

Increase in pest infestation


One of the main pests
is the bark beetle.

Bark beetles often attack


trees that are already
weakened by disease,
drought, smog or physical
damage.

Effects: trees are


dying

Source: en.wikipedia.o

Drying of stands and specie


In Romania, the drying of several stands of
oaks, black locust, spruce, pines, etc. was
reported.
Effects:
Thousands of
hectares of
forests are
dying.

Source: http://www.stopco2.ro/2013/11/25/schimbarile-climaticedistrug-padurile-de-rasinoase-din-jurul-brasovului/

Forest fires
Climate Change => Extreme High
Temperatures => Forest Fires

Effects:
Thousands of
hectares of
forests are
disappearing.

Source: http://www.romaniaactualitati.ro/interventiile_la_incendiile_de_padure_continua-43038

What can we do in order


to reduce de GHG
Follow this DECALOGUE:
emissions?
1. Reduce your electricity use!
2. Use eco-friendly energy devices!
3. Reduce de usage of air-conditioners!
4. Go to work by bike!
5. Use public transportation!
6. Buy local products!
7. Re-use and recycle!
8. Buy certified products (e.g. FSC
certified wood)!
9.Avoid using plastic objects, like bags,
toys, etc.!

Plant more trees!


made by

Mihai Enescu
e-mail:
treesofromania@gmail.com
https://www.facebook.com/treesofrom
ania

Thank you, Cati Visinescu, for


the photo!