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ECOLOGICAL SOLID

WASTE
MANAGEMENT

LEGAL BASIS
Republic Act No. 9003, otherwise
known as the Ecological Solid Waste
Management Act of 2000
City
Ordinance
No.
8975-2003
requiring the mandatory segregation
of waste at source and providing
penalty for violation thereof and for
other purposes.

RA 9003 Mandatory
Requirements
Creation of the Solid Waste Management
Board
Formulation of the 10-Year Solid Waste
Management Plan
Establishment of Materials Recovery Facility
(MRF) in every barangay and/or cluster of
barangays
Closure of controlled dumpsite
Establishment of Sanitary Landfill
Diversion of solid waste through reuse,
recycling, composting and other resource
recovery activities

Household, Institutional,
& Commercial
Generators

Avoid
Reduce
Reuse

First
preferred
options

Recycle
Recover

City

Barangays

Solid Waste Management


Hierarchy

Treatment
Residuals
Management
Direct
Responsibility

Source: NSWM Framework - NSWMC

Influencing
Responsibility

Last
preferred
options

Waste Segregation Ordinance


City Ordinance No. 8975-2003
Segregation of waste shall be primarily
conducted at
the source
or point of
origin, to include
household, institutional,
industrial,
commercial/
business
establishments and agricultural sources
There shall be identified and marked container
wastes or receptacles for on-site collection
- Biodegradable
- Non-biodegradable/Residual
- Recyclable

All house owners and tenants of


residential building, commercial/business
establishments including market vendors,
industrial,
private
and
government
institutions shall be required to clean the
area in front of and around their vicinity

SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT
SITUATIONER
Cagayan de Oro City

Current SWM System


Waste
Generati
on
Collection

Controlled
Dumpsite
Junksh
op

Long overdue dumpsite (section 37


of RA 9003)
Authority to Close (ATC) was issued
last June
2, 2010 by EMB
Continued usage beyond its
estimated capacity

Source: Island Kids Philippines


Foundation

Informal Sector in Recycling

As the truck unloads their collected waste the


scavengers heap to get any valuable item

Proposed Sanitary
Landfill
Ordinance
No.
12081-2011 declaring
the 34-Hectare Land
located
at
Sitio
Pamalihi, Pagatpat

Waste Generation per capita per day


= 0.76 kg/day
Biodegradable (39%)
= 0.30
kg/day
Recyclable (38%)
= 0.28 kg/day
Residual (23%) = 0.17 kg/day
Special Waste (1%) = 0.10 kg/day

Waste Analysis and Characterization


Study, 2014

CHALLENGES

Photo by Island Kids Philippines

Photo by Island Kids Philippines

GOALS
Protection of public health
Promotion of environmental
quality and sustainability
Support of economic
productivity
Employment generation

FUNCTIONING ESWM
SYSTEM
Political
Social
Economic
Environmental context

Strategies
Encourage proper waste handling
patterns by the population
Increase awareness of MSWM
problems and priorities
Mobilize community participation in
waste management

What can I do?


Waste Segregation at Source
No littering or illegal dumping of
waste
No open burning
Follow the schedule of collection

PENALTY CLAUSE
Littering,
throwing,
dumping of waste matters
in public place such as
roads, sidewalks, canals,
esteros,
parks,
and
establishments
Disposal of garbage other
than the allocated waste
containers or receptacles

Fine, not less than


300 but not
exceeding 1000 or
render community
service of not less
than 1 day to not
more than 15 days

Non-provision of properly marked


waste receptacles in their
establishments
Remove, scatter, relocate, spill any
wastes after it shall have been put
in the receptacle
Removal of garbage containers in
the designated area
Mixing of source-separated wastes
Non-complying the required
cleaning of the area in front and of
around the vicinity of
establishments, institutions,
residential buildings and market
stalls

Fine not less


than 1000 but
not exceeding
3000

Thank you!