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FOOD PACKAGING

Types of Food Packaging


Pros and Cons of Food Packaging
Labeling
New trends in Packaging

Types of Food Packaging


Presented By:
Bondoc, Erica Joy M.
Flores, Chelsea M.

DEFINITION OF FOOD
PACKAGING

Packaging
Packagingare
arethe
theactivities
activitiesof
ofdesigning
designingand
and
producing
producingthe
thecontainer
containeror
orwrapper
wrapperfor
foraa
product
product
The
art
and
science
and
technology
for
The art and science and technology for
preparing
preparingfoods
foodsfor
fortransport
transportand
andsale
sale
(Paine,
(Paine,1962)
1962)

HISTORY OF
PACKAGING

Grasses were weaved and made into


baskets to store surpluses

Fabrics were woven and used to wrap


products or formed into bags

Metals and potteries were


developed when ores and
chemicals were discovered

Packaging developed through


innovations

MATERIALS USED FOR


PACKAGING

PAPER AND PAPER


PRODUCTS
-

treated mulberry bark was used to wrap food


in China during the 2nd century BC

- paper making technique was refined


-

brought to the Middle East during the next


500years

- brought to Europe and UK in 1310


- brought to the US in 1690

PAPER AND PAPER


PRODUCTS
the first commercial cardboard was
produced in England in 1817 200
years after the Chinese invented it

PAPER AND PAPER


PRODUCTS

paper made from wood pulp came in


1867

glued and designed paper bags were


made in 1870

automated machine to produce in-line


printed bags was invented

glued paper sacks replace the more


expensive cotton bags

PAPER AND PAPER


PRODUCTS

In 1925 sewing of ends of sack


were invented

Paper and paper board increased


popularity in the 20th century

Paper and paperboard packaging


faded in the advent of plastics in
1970s

GLASS CONTAINERS
- Glass-making began in 7000 BC
- First industrialized in Egypt in 1500
- Made from limestone, soda, sand and
silica melted and molded while hot
- Molding techniques progressed
- In 1200 BC glass was molded
into cups and bowls

GLASS CONTAINERS
17th century
split mold developed
18th century
glass was produced in irregular
shapes and decorations
1889
the first automatic rotary bottlemaking machine was patented

METAL CONTAINERS
1200 AD
tin plating process was discovered
14th century
cans of iron coated with tin were known
1801
Peter Durand of Britain received a patent for
tinplate after devising the sealed cylindrical can

1830
1866
1868
1888

cookies were sold in tins


the first printed metal boxes were made in the US
interior enamels for cans were developed
double seam closures using sealing compound were available

PLASTICS
1831 styrene was first distilled from a balsam tree
1933 refined process for processing styrene
1950 foam was available worldwide for insulation and
cushioning,
cups and trays

----1835 vinyl chloride was discovered


1950 cellophane was used as packaging
1977 (Polyethylene terephthalate) PET was used in beverages

.TYPES OF PACKAGES

Primary Package

That which comes in contact with food


itself
Products used for retail sale

SecondaryPackage

The material that protects the primary


package
That which appears on the product shelf
for retail sale

Shipping Package
Package used for storage, identification
and transport

END