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ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL

SUSTAINABILITY

HRM B GROUP 2
ANUJ | ANUBHAV |
DEVADITYA |

PRANEET| RIYA | SNEHA

GOAL 7: Ensure Environment Sustainability


Target 9 : Integrate the principle of sustainable development into country
policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources
Proportion of land area covered by forest
Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area
Energy use unit of GDP ( Rupee )
Carbon dioxide emission per capita and consumption of Ozone-depleting CFCs
Proportion of the household using solid fuels
Target 10: Halve, by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable
access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban
and rural
Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural
Target 11: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives
of at least 100 million slum dwellers
Slum population as percentage of urban population

INDICATORS 25 28: LOSS OF ENVIRONMENTAL


RESOURCES

21.23%

of Geographic
area covered by forests

Afforestation activities
Participation of locals for
measures

protection

Per Capita CO2 Emission in Mil


Tonnes(MT)
India 1.58 | Asia - 1.59 | World - 4.5
Indias emission increased steadily du
1990
to 2014

Mining and Developmental activities,


Clearances in encroached areas
Shifting cultivation practices
of Geographic area is
Protected as
National
Parks,
Wildlife
Reserves,
Conservation Reserves and Community
Reserves

4.83%

Per

Capita

Energy Energy Intensity (kWh)

Per Capita CO2 emission (MT) in India

CFC consumption decreased steadily


since 1996
Implementation of Ozone Depleting
Substances (ODS) Programme as per
Montreal Protocol

Consumption of CFCs ODP

POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES AIMING AT SUSTAINABLE


ENVIRONMENT
National Action Plan on
Climate Change

Launched in 2008, identifies 8 core national


missions runninng through 2017
National Solar Mission: Aims to promote the
development and use of solar energy for power
generation
National
Mission
for
Enhanced
Energy
Efficiency: Energy consumption mandates, tax
benefits and public private partnerships
National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: Focus
on waste management, public transport and fuel
economy standards
National Water Mission: 20% improvement in
water use efficiency
National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan
Ecosystem: Conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and
other ecological values in the Himalayan region
National Mission for Green India: Expanding
forest cover from 23% to 33% of Indias territory
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture:
Support climate adaptation in agriculture

Green India Mission

Launched under Ministry of Environment, Forests and


Climate Change
Holistic approach with focus on multiple ecosystem
services, like biodiversity, water, biomass along with
carbon sequestration
Linked with MNREGA

National Afforestation
Programme

Provides support to Forest Development Agencies to


undertake development with peoples participation
National Bureaus for Conservation of Bio
Diversity
like National Bureau of Plant
Genetic Resources

Legislative Provisions

Indian Forest Act, 1927


Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
Environment Protection Act, 1986
Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers Rights
Act, 2001

Global Progress

POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES AIMING AT SUSTAINABLE


ENVIRONMENT
Green India Mission

Under NAPCC , MoEF launched a


comprehensive mission named
National Mission for a Green India
Climate change responsible for changes
In natural resources of the country
Key innovations:
1. Focus on quality of forests
2. Focus on ecosystem services
3. Focus on democratic decentralization
4. Creating a new cadre of Community
Youth as Foresters
5. Adoption of Landscape-based Approach
6. Reform Agenda as conditionality

National Afforestation
Programme
Flagship scheme of NAEB
Provides support to FDAs, which in turn
are main organs for Joint Forest Management
FDA is federation of JFMCs at Forest
Division level to undertake holistic
development of forestry sector

Earlier
Funds were
routed through
State Govt
Unit of planning : Village

Now
Decentralized
2 tier system
( FDA and JFMC )

Empowers local people to participate in DM

INDICATOR 29 : PROPORTION OF HOUSEHOLD USING


SOLID FUELS
As of 2011, 67.3 % of households are
using solid fuels against 74.3 % in
2001
Solid Fuel Use
Urban

During 2001-11, there is an increase


of 11 points in use of LPG
2001

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

Rural

0%

10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Firewood
Coal/Lignite/Charcoal

2011

2001

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

2011

0
Solid Fuel

Solid Fuels
Crop residue

Kerosene

LPG/PNG

Solid Fuel Kerosene

LPG/PNG

Cow dung cake

ATOR 30 : SUSTAINABLE ACCESS TO AN IMPROVED WATER SOU


As per NSS 69th round ( Jul Dec 2012 )

Improved sources of Drinking Water include


Bottled Water

Tube well/ borehole

Piped water into


dwelling

Protected well

Piped water into


yard/plot

Protected spring

Public pipe/ stand pipe

Rainwater collection

% of households having access to improved


urces of drinking water
Total

Urban

Rural

Actual

87.8%

90.1 %

86.9 %

Target

82.42

93.63 %

78.39 %

Kerala : lowest
proportion of households

Total

Urban

Rural

37.2%

55.6%

29.2%

Improved
sources
trend

Sources of
Drinking
Water
(All India
Census2011)
Major Sources

Urban (%)

Rural
(%)

Hand pump/ Tube


well

20.8

51.9

30.8
70.6
Other concerns : quality, sufficiency and
availability of drinking water
Tap

ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER


STATUS
Availability of sufficient drinking water
Rural India -- 85.8
%
U.P >>
97.1%

Jharkhand
>>70.3%

Urban India -89.6%


U.P >>
96.6%

M.P >>
76.2%

Use of treated water by any method


before drinking
Rural India 32.3 % Urban India 54.4%
Gujarat - highest (85.4%) proportion of
households use treated drinking water

NATIONAL RURAL WATER DRINKING PROGRAM


GOAL

OUTCOMES

To provide every rural person with safe


water for
Drinking
Cooking
Other domestic basic needs on a
sustainable basis.
Outlay Rs. 9000 crore in 2010-11
Target to cover
Uncovered Areas
Quality affected and other habitations

Rural population 86% have access safe drinking water


About 11.51 lacs rural habitations are
fully covered safe and adequate
drinking water
Involvement of:
Panchayat
Ownership of communities
Scientific inst
Civil society

NATIONAL RURAL WATER DRINKING PROGRAM


COMPONENTS
COVERAGE - Providing safe & adequate drinking water supply - underserved, partially
served habitations. 45%
Provide potable drinking water to water QUALITY affected habitations. 20%
SUSTAINABILITY to encourage States to achieve drinking water security at the local
level 20%
OPERATION & MAINTENANCE (O&M) for expenditure on running, repair and
replacement costs of drinking water supply projects 10% and SUPPORT activities 5%.
Allocation for DESERT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (DDP) areas to tackle low
rainfall and poor water availability
Earmarked funds to Mitigate drinking water problems in rural areas in the wake of
NATURAL CALAMITIES

INDICATOR 31: ACCESS TO IMPROVED SANITATION


NO ACCESS TO
SANITATION

STATUS
NSS 2012 revealed -- 43.4% of households at all India level had no latrine
facilities.
Census 2011 revealed -- % of households - access to sanitation facility improved by
10 % - last decade
Still more than 50% of the Countrys households have no latrine facility.

SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN (GRAMIN)

Promote cleanliness, hygiene and

GOALS

eliminate open defecation.

FEATURES
Covers all APL
households

Accelerate sanitation coverage in

belonging to SCs, STs, small and

rural areas

marginal farmers, landless labourers

Achieve - vision of Swachh Bharat -2nd

along with all BPL households.

October 2019.

Adopt sustainable sanitation


practices and facilities through
awareness creation and health
education.

Encourage technologies for

Incentive of Rs. 3200/- and 1400/for each toilet for BPL & APL
respectively
Rs.5400 Under MGNREA for toilet
construction

ecologically safe and sustainable

Provision for upto Rs. 200000 for

sanitation.

construction of Community Sanitary

Develop community managed

Complexes

sanitation systems

Cost share for these complexes

Focus on scientific Solid & Liquid

between Centre, State and Community

INDICATOR 32: SLUM POPULATION

DEFINITION OF SLUMS

According to Census 2011, all areas notified as slums by State, CG, UT, under Slum Act are
slums but according to NSS 2012, notified areas by municipalities, corporations, local
bodies, are notified slums
Compact area of 300 people at least or 60-70 households with poor infrastructure according
to Census, compact settlement with poor conditions according to NSSO

SLUM DWELLERS
SLUM FACILITIES

COMPARISON IN
MUMBAI

RAJIV AWAS YOJANA


1. Improving and provisioning of
housing, basic civic
infrastructure and social
amenities in intervened slums.
2. Enabling reforms to address
some of the causes leading to
creation of slums.
3. Facilitating a supportive
environment for expanding
institutional credit linkages for
the urban poor.
4. Institutionalizing mechanisms
for prevention of slums
including creation of affordable
housing stock.
5. Strengthening institutional and
human resource capacities at
the Municipal, City and State

ISSUES (1)
Indias performance on the MDG environment targets has varied
Overall Increase in the area under forest cover, but decrease in some states and
biodiversity protection
Has relatively low levels of pollution per capita or per dollar of GDP
Becoming one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases
Forests and biodiversity
Overall increase in forest cover, except some states
Forests have changed from multi-product and multi-layer to timber oriented, limiting
gathering of non timber forest products by forest-dependent communities
Focusing particularly on reversing the loss of multi-purpose trees from large
forested states and increasing gatherable biomass and non-timber forest products.
Greenhouse gas emissions
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide emissions per head
Gaps in access to sustainable energy and other basic infrastructure

ISSUES (2)
Climate change mitigation
Encouraging the use of LED lights
Emphasis on renewable energy by the Government as non-renewable resources are
depleting
Resilience to natural hazards
Needs to scale up its successes to confront all natural hazards including floods
which are occurring at increased frequency
Disaster management practices and large scale climate proofing of infrastructure
are needed
Inclusive and sustainable cities
Problem of sanitation still exists
Major environmental challenges due to rapid urbanization
Cities face environment related problems such as excessive congestion, unhygienic
conditions, poor waste disposal, and lack of green spaces for recreation

ISSUES (3)
Terrestrial and marine ecosystems conservation
Major problem is of pollution of inland rivers and waters
Depleting fresh water sources through melting of Himalayan glaciers and depleting
groundwater
Implementation issues
Sanitation facilities built but not utilized(Cultural Barrier)
Limit access to information and low awareness
Ecological and conservation schemes are met with resistance
Governments Role
Inadequate integration of sustainability into NDP
Policy incoherence and weak institutional environment
Ineffective Implementation practices

RECOMMENDATIONS
Government Ownership

Corporate Ownership

Intensify Swaccha
Bharat Abhiyan
Involve stakeholders
from the program
development stage to
implementation
Facilitate exchange of
good practices among
state governments
Scale up awarenessraising programs on
sanitation involving
communities and local
governments
Prioritize efforts to
enable access by all to
modern energy, roads,
and essential urban and

Integrate the business


processes to benefit all
stakeholders as well as
environment
Inform stakeholders
about proactive actions
by the firm, undertake
projects that offset the
current emissions
Focus approaches to
commit to reducing
GHG, engage in product
development, improve
processes, develop new
markets and focus on
changes within the
organization and in the
external networks

Citizen Ownership
Choose sustainable
products by improving
purchasing practices
Participate and spread
awareness programs
among other people
especially for the rural
areas
Be open to change
As educators, impart
environment
sustainability
knowledge as a
compulsory part of
education
Follow waste
minimization practices
and reduce carbon
footprint

LETS TAKE A STEP TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY

SOME GOOD PRACTICES AROUND THE WORLD


Awakening the
Dreamer
Symposium

A transformative educational
workshop that explores the
challenges and possibilities
of this moment in time and
the role people can play in
creating
a newawakens
future
The
Symposium
participants to the need for,
and opportunity of, bringing
forth a new future for
everyone. The half-day
program with skilled
facilitators takes place inperson around the United
States and in 79 other
countries, and is also
available via video that can
be watched at your

Greening in
Action(GRINA)

Promoting environmental
sustainability in learning
institutions through youth
led initiatives
It is an environmental
accreditation and awards
scheme initiated by ACX an
organization that promotes
environmental sustainability
among citizens, the public
and private
sector
Developed
to reach
out to
staff and students from
learning institutions and
their stakeholders so as to
raise awareness on
environmental sustainability
and behavioral changes

Harvard
Universitys
Initiatives
First US university to sign
agreement with UN-backed
organization Principles for
Responsible Investment
The university is raising
funds to launch a Climate
Change solution initiative
as well as energy efficiency
schemes
It has signed for a Carbon
Disclosure Project, an
initiative that pushes
businesses to release
information on their carbon
footprint

CORPORATE AND ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY


eBay eco initiatives
Makes it easy for people all over the world to exchange and reuse goods
rather than throwing them away, thereby lengthening the lifespan of
these products so they dont wind up as trash
Starbucks Stores Go Green
Introduced principles of environmental sustainability and green supply
chain management
By focusing on creating green stores, Starbucks has been able to reduce
both operating costs and the environmental impact of its business
practices
Googles Environmental Innovations
Initiatives such as powering its facilities with renewable energy sources,
bringing in goats to trim the grass, and hosting farmers markets and
sustainable-cooking seminars
Coca-Cola environmental initiatives
Works for water stewardship, sustainablepackaging, energy
management andclimate protection.
Its community water programs are designed to support healthy
watersheds and sustainable programs to balance the water used

THANK YOU