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SEPARATION

TECHNIQUE
BY: GROUP 1

SEPARATING COMPONENTS
OF A MIXTURES
It is possible to separate the components
of a mixtures. Since the components are
not chemically, they can be separated by
physical means. The difference substances
in a mixture can be separated from one
another by taking advantage of their
unique properties.

Separating Components of a
Mixtures

DECANTATION
MECHANICAL SEPARATION
FILTRATION
EVAPORATION
DISTILLATION
PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY
CENTRIFUGATION

What is Decantation?
DECANTATION
is to draw off a liquid
without disturbing the
sediment or the lower
liquid layers.

DECANTATION

What is Mechanical Separation


MECHANICAL SEPARATION
A group of laboratory and production
operations whereby the components of a
poly phase mixture are separated
bymechanical methods into two or
more fractions of differentmechanical
characteristics. The separated fractions
may be homogeneous or heterogeneous,
particulate or non particulate.

MECHANICAL SEPARATION

What is Filtration?
FILTRATION
The process of separating
solid from a liquid by
allowing the liquid to pass
through a porous material
such as a filter paper.

FILTRATION

WHAT IS EVAPORATION?
EVAPORATION
Evaporationis a type of
vaporization of a liquid that
occurs from the surface of a
liquid into a gaseous phase
that is not saturated with the
evaporatingsubstance.

EVAPORATION

WHAT IS DISTILLATION?
DISTILLATION
Distillationis a process of
separating the component substances
from a liquid mixture by selective
evaporation and
condensation.Distillationmay result
in essentially complete separation
(nearly pure components), or it may
be a partial separation that increases
the concentration of selected

DISTILLATION

WHAT IS PAPER
CHROMATOGRAPHY?
PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY
Paper chromatographyis an
analytical method that is used to
separate coloured chemicals or
substances, especially pigments. This
can also be used in secondary or
primary colours in ink experiments.
This method has been largely replaced
by thin layerchromatography, but is
still a powerful teaching tool.

PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY

WHAT IS CENTRIFUGATION
CENTRIFUGATION
Centrifugationis a process which
involves the use of the centrifugal
force for the sedimentation of
heterogeneous mixtures with
acentrifuge, used in industry and in
laboratory settings. This process is
used to separate two immiscible
liquids.

CENTRIFUGATION

THE
END

GROUP 1 7JUSTICE
TOPIC: SEPARATION TECHNIQUE
LEADER:
MARJORIE CASTILLO
MEMBERS:
KASANDRA PROSE A. DE CASTRO
SELWYN LOUIE O. GUPIT
ALEXANDRA MARGARATTE B. IBANEZ
JAMES DAREN P. ABRAHAM
SHANIA MARIE C. LONTOC
JHAN CARLO D. CANTRE
CHERMILLE ALEXIS C. DINGLASAN

SCIENCE 7
SUBMITTED BY:
GROUP I GRADE 7 JUSTICE

SUBMITTED TO:
MISS SARAH