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SACRAME

NT OF
BAPTISM

Sacraments of
Initiation
Foundations

of the
Christian life.
Celebrated at
the same time

Baptism: I have called


you by name You are
CCC 1213- Baptism is the basis of the
mine.
whole Christian life, the gateway to life
in the Spirit.
Freed us from sin
Reborn as sons of God
Members of the Church
New life in Christ
Share in the divine life

Origin of Baptism
Baptism

of Jesus at Jordan river


John called on the people to prepare for
the coming of Gods Kingdom
Greek word, baptizein means to dip or
immerse into the water
Water: gives life, act of conversion
In the NT, it is radical change on oneself.

BAPTISM
SENSIBLE SIGN OF WASHING WITH WATER
SYMBOLIZES

CLEANSING
FROM ALL SIN

REBIRTH TO NEW LIFE


IN THE SPIRIT

THROUGH WATER AND SPIRIT,


BAPTISM TAKES AWAY SIN,
THUS, EFFECTING AND SIGNIFYING COMING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

Stages of Baptism in the


early Christian communities:
1. Adults were introduced to the Gospel values.
2. They were asked to choose their sponsors.
3. Change in their lifestyle.
4. Weeks before baptism, the catechumens
underwent a more rigid preparation. They were
already called Christians and could join in
liturgical services.
5. Learned about the Lords prayer and creed.

On the day of ceremony


It

was on Easter eve.


They joined the community and listened to the
readings
In the morning, they were exorcised and
anointed
Final renunciation of devil
Stripped off their garments
Went to the pool and were baptized
Went out of the pool and given white garment
Return to the assembly
They were presented to the bishop, anointed
them with oil
Received the Eucharist

BAPTISM
AS A SACRAMENT OF FAITH
TWO SENSES

INITIAL DEEPENING OF FAITH:

DEEPENING OF FAITH

PROMPTS PEOPLE
TO ASK FOR BAPTISM

EFFECTS OF
BAPTISMAL GRACE

HOW TO BECOME
A CHRISTIAN

HOW TO REMAIN
A CHRISTIAN

BAPTISM
AS A SACRAMENT OF FAITH

REVEALS
THE DYNAMIC PROCESS
OF CHRISTIAN
FORMATION

REVEALS
BAPTISM IS NOT
RECEIVED PASSIVELY:
DEMANDS
PROPER DISPOSITION

ACTIVE PERSONAL RESPONSE


WHICH CONTINUES
THROUGOUT THE BAPTISMAL LFE

How did they


come up with
infant baptism?

Cyprian Carthage
Baptism
washed away
the guilt
contracted by
human race in
Adams fall.

St. Augustine of Hippo


He

taught
that the
original
sin was in
mans soul
from birth.

ORIGINAL SIN AND BAPTISM


ORIGINAL SIN:
SINFUL CONDITION
INTO WHICH ALL HUMAN BEINGS ARE BORN
AS DESCENDANTS OF ADAM AND EVE

EFFECTS:
MORAL WEAKNESS
INCLINATION TO EVIL

How then would


children respond
to profess their

Changes:
Adult:

immersing into the pool of water.


Infant: pouring of water on the head.

Infant baptism
It

gave rise to the gradual separation of


the rites of initiation into distinct
sacraments.

Celebration today:
Parents/godparents

present the child before the


minister and the congregation
Parents give the childs name, then declare their
desire to have the child baptized
The presider speaks to the parents and
godparents of their responsibility to bring up the
child in the faith.
The sign of the cross
Liturgy of the Word of God
Offering of prayers
Prayer of exorcism

Celebration today:
The

child is brought to the baptismal font


The priest blesses the water
Baptismal promises- renunciation of sin and
profession of faith.
Essential rite:
-water is poured on the head of infant
-words are said: (N), I baptize you in the name
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Holy
Spirit.
-a gesture that explicitly renounces Satan.
Conclusion: Lords Prayer and special prayer for
parents.

Two symbols introduced


into the rite:
White

garment- symbolizes that they


become new persons in Christ (Gal.
3:27)
Candle- signifies that Christ has
enlightened the newly baptized person.

Teachings of the Church


on the Sacrament of
Door to the other sacraments
Baptism:
St.

Thomas believed that it is necessary


for salvation and the first step in the
Christian walk of life.

Effects of baptism
according to St. Thomas:
1. Imprints upon the soul a spiritual seal
or
an image of Christ.
-sacramental character.
2. Grace, the exercise of these powers
and virtues.

CHRISTIAN CHALLENGE:
WE SHARE IN THE LIFE
OF GOD
REBORN AND BECOME
REAL CHILDREN OF GOD
SHARE IN THE PASCHAL
MYSTERY OF CHRIST

NEW LIFE IN CHRIST

BIBLICALLY PRESENTED IN TWO WAYS:


THROUGH THE SYMBOL OF WATER AND GODS SPIRIT
RELATED TO CREATION ACCOUNT,
NEW CREATION IN BAPTISM

SHARING IN CHRISTS BAPTISM,


IN HIS PASCHAL MYSTERY

DYING AND RISING WITH CHRIST IN BAPTISM

INCOPORATION INTO THE CHURCH

BAPTISM
UNITES US WITH OTHERS AS
MEMBERS OF THE BODY OF CHRIST

AS INCORPORATION INTO THE CHURCH


BAPTISM CONFERS OUR SHARE IN CHRISTS MISSION
THREEFOLD OFFICE OF CHRIST:

PROPHETIC:
BEARING
WITNESS

PRIESTLY:
OFFERING
SPIRITUAL
SACRIFICES

KINGLY:
SERVICE

SOCIAL DIMENSION OF BAPTISM


OUR RELATIONSHIP WITH CHRIST IS NEVER A PRIVATE AFFAIR
RATHER, IT IS A RELATIONSHIP THAT

ORIGINATES

GROWS

DEVELOPS

WITH FELLOW MEMBERS OF CHRISTS BODY

OUR BAPTISMAL LIFE IS NEVER SOLITARY


BUT A COMMUNAL SHARING
WITH OTHERS IN THE CHRIST OUR LORD

SHARING IN THE DIVINE LIFE


WE ARE NOT SIMPLY CREATURES ANYMORE BUT
CHILDREN OF GOD

THROUGH THE SON,


JESUS

IN THE HOLY SPIRIT


WHO DWELL IN US

BAPTISMAL FORMULA:
Name, I baptize you in the name of the Father,
and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen
ORDINARY MINISTERS OF BAPTISM:
BISHOP, PRIEST, DEACON
IN CASE OF NECESSITY (IN DANGER OF DEATH)
ANY PERSON, EVEN SOMEONE NOT BAPTIZED

BAPTISMAL SEAL:
PERMANENT CHARACTER
HENCE, CAN ONLY BE RECEIVED ONCE