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IKAT TEXTILE

contents
Introduction
History
Production process
Raw material
Motifs
Colour and design
Weave
Place of production
Application Areas

INTRODUCTION

The word ikat stems from the Malay - Indonesian

mangikat meaning to bind , knot or wind around.

Inherent ornamentation of textile.

Highly priced textiles in the world.

In principle , Ikat or resist dyeing involves the

sequence of tying and dyeing sections of bundled


yarn to a predetermined color scheme prior to
weaving.

Place of origin is Turkey and Afghanistan.

HISTORY
Found in the painting of caves of Ajanta in 6 th century
After 17th century the art & skill of ikat textile have been

found to influence the greek costumes.


In today time Ikat have become a major inspiration
source for many countries of Japan and Taiwan.

TYPES OF IKAT

There are three categories of Ikat


Single Ikat (Warp Ikat or Weft Ikat):
It involves tying & dyeing of either warp or weft threads.
Combined Ikat:
warp & weft Ikat coexist in different parts of the fabric,
with both thread systems occasionally overlapping.
Double Ikat:
Both warp & weft threads are tied & dyed in such a
manner, that when woven, threads from both axes mesh
exactly at predetermined points, to form a motif or
pattern.

RAW MATERIAL
Superior quality of combed cotton yarn
Rich quality of Chinese/japanese silk

PROCESS INVOLVED
Grabbing silk

filaments from a pot


of boiling cocoons.
Threads wound onto a
turning frame.
Reeling the bobbins of
silk.
A vertical frame
holding several
bobbins feeds the
threads onto a very
large spinning wheel.

PROCESS INVOLVED
Warp threads on

the patterning
frame ready to
be marked out
for dyeing.
Warp bundles
bound ready for
dye bath.
Weaving a warp
ikat.

MOTIFS
lotus and other flowers,

symbolically represents our character, devotion and nature.


Swastika,
matsya or fish,
rudraksha,
coiled serpent,
elephant,
shankha or conch,
peacock,
bichitrapuri anchal,
dharma chakra,
navratna, etc.

COLOUR

White Knowledge, good will, light, enlightenment,


present tense and the deity Balaram.
Red Vigour, beauty, blood.
Black Death, mystery or suspense quality, and Lord
Jagannath.
Yellow Gold, past tense, beauty
green symbolizing youth
blue symbolising the sky or the universe.

PLACE OF PRODUCTION
GUJRAT
ORISA
ANDHRA PRADESH

GARMENTS AND PRODUCTS


Garments Ikat scarves, sari, choli, blouse, beach wear,

churidar, salwar, dress, kurta, dupatta, lungis and


turbans, stoles and handkerchief etc.

GARMENTS

GARMENTS

PRODUCTS
Ikat pillowcase
table cloth
napkin
table mat
shopping bag
bedspread
cushion cover
door & window screenswall hanging
office file-folder etc.

PRODUCTS OF IKAT

PRODUCTS OF IKAT

PRODUCTS OF IKAT

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