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TABLEAUX

de CONJUGAISONS

VERBE ETRE au prsent


au prtrit
p4
au present perfect p5
au futur simple p6
au conditionnel p7

p3

VERBE AVOIR au prsent


au prtrit
p10
au present perfect p11
au futur simple p12
au conditionnel p13

p9 et p9

VERBE TRAVAILLER
au prsent
p15
(et tous les verbes)
au prsent BE+ING p16
au prtrit
p17
au prtrit BE+ING
p18
au present perfect p19
au present perfect BE+ING
p20
au futur simple p21
au futur proche p22
au conditionnel p23

ETRE = BE

BE peut tre un AUXILIAIRE ou un VERBE.


Mais ce nest pas un problme : il se conjugue toujours de la mme faon.

p2

AM, IS, ARE


je suis

au PRESENT
je ne suis pas

= Im

= I am not

tu es

= youre

tu nes pas

= you arent

Il est

= hes

il nest pas

= he isnt

on est /
nous sommes

= were
v

on nest pas /
nous ne sommes pas

= we arent
v

vous tes

= youre

vous n tes pas

= you arent

ils sont

= theyre

ils ne sont pas

= they arent

Est-ce que je suis ...?

= Am I ... ?

Est-ce que tu es ?

= Are you ?

Est-ce quil est ?

= Is he

Est-ce quon est ?


Est-ce que nous sommes?

= Are we ?
V

Est-ce que vous tes?

= Are you ?

Est-ce quils sont?

= Are they ?

Forme
contracte:
AM = M
IS = S
ARE = RE
p3

WAS, WERE
jai t
tu as t
il a t
on a t
nous avons t

au PRETERIT
je nai pas t

= I was

tu nas pas t

= you were

il na pas t

= he was
= we were
V

on na pas t
nous navons pas t

= I wasnt
= you werent
= he wasnt
= we werent
V

vous avez t

= you were

vous navez pas t

= you werent

ils ont t

= they were

ils nont pas t

= they werent

Est-ce que jai t ...?

= Was I ... ?

Est-ce que tu as t ?

= Were you?

Est-ce quil a t ?

= Was he ?

Est-ce quon a t ?
Est-ce que nous avons t ?

= Were we ?
V

Est-ce que vous avez t?

= Were you ?

Est-ce quils ont t ?

= Were they ?

Prononciation
WERE // WHERE
Pas de forme contracte
pour WAS et WERE
I was, you were, he was
etc se traduisent aussi
par lIMPARFAIT: jtais,
tu tais,
p4

HAVE BEEN
jai t

au PRESENT PERFECT
ve been

je nai pas t = I havent been

tu as t

= you ve been

tu nas pas t = you havent been

il a t

= he s been

il na pas t = he hasnt been

on a t
nous avons t

= we ve been
V

on na pas t / = we havent been


nous navons pas t vV

vous avez t

= you ve been

vous navez pas t = you havent been

ils ont t

= theyve been

ils nont pas t =they havent been

= I

Est-ce que jai t ...?


Est-ce que tu as t ?
Est-ce quil a t ?

= Have I

been ... ?

= Have you been ... ?


= Has

he been ... ?

Est-ce quon a t ?
Est-ce que nous avons t ?

= Have we been ... ?


V

Est-ce que vous avez t?

= Have you been ... ?

Est-ce quils ont t ?

= Have they been ... ?

A la forme
affirmative,
lauxilaire
HAVE
se dit
VE ou S.

p5

WILL BE
je serai

au FUTUR

I ll be

je ne serai pas

=I

wont be

tu seras

= you ll be

tu ne seras pas

= you wont be

il sera

= he ll be

il ne sera pas

= he wont be

on sera
nous serons

= we ll be
V

on ne sera pas /
nous ne serons pas

= we wont be
V

vous serez

= you ll be

vous ne serez pas

= you wont be

ils seront

= they ll be

ils ne seront pas

= they wont be

Est-ce que je serai ...?

= Will I be ... ?

Est-ce que tu seras ?

= Will you be ?

Est-ce quil sera ?

= Will he be ?

Est-ce quon sera ?


Est-ce que nous serons ?

= Will we be ?

Est-ce que vous serez?

= Will you be?

Est-ce quils seront ?

= Will they be?

A la forme affirmative,
WILL se dit LL.
A la forme ngative,
WILL NOT se dit
WONT
Prononciation
WONT // WANT
p6

WOULD BE

au CONDITIONNEL

je serais

= I

d be

je ne serais pas

=I

tu serais

= you d be

tu ne serais pas

= you wouldnt be

il serait

= he d be

il ne serait pas

= he wouldnt be

on serait
nous serions

= we d be
V

on ne serait pas /
nous ne serions pas

= we wouldnt be
V

vous seriez

= you d be

vous ne seriez pas

= you wouldnt be

ils seraient

= theyd be

ils ne seraient pas

= they wouldnt be

Est-ce que je serais ?

= Would I

be ... ?

Est-ce que tu serais ?

= Would you be ?

Est-ce quil serait ?

= Would he be ?

Est-ce quon serait?


Est-ce que nous serions ?

= Would we be ?
V

Est-ce que vous seriez ?

= Would you be ?

Est-ce quils seraient ?

= Would they be?

wouldnt be

A la forme
affirmative
WOULD
se dit

D .

p7

AVOIR = HAVE
HAVE peut tre un AUXILAIRE ou un VERBE.
Le verbe et lauxiliaire ne se conjuguent pas de la mme faon.
Ici, il sagit du VERBE.

Au prsent , il y a 2 faons de dire jai :


IVE GOT (le plus frquent)
ou
I HAVE (plus rare).

p8

le VERBE
jai
tu as
il a
on a /
nous avons
vous avez

HAVE

= you have

= you dont have

il na pas

= he doesnt have

on na pas /
nous navons pasc

= we have
v

vous n avez pas

= they have

= I dont have

tu nas pas

= he has

ils nont pas

Est-ce que jai ?

= Do

Est-ce que tu as ?

= Do you have ?

Est-ce quil a ?

= Does he have ?

I have ?

Est-ce quon a ?
Est-ce que nous avons ?

= Do we have ?
C

Est-ce que vous avez ?

= Do you have ?

Est-ce quils ont ?

PRESENT

je nai pas

= I have

= you have

ils ont

au

= Do they have ?

= we dont have
b
= you dont have
= they dont have

Le verbe HAVE nest


jamais contract .
Il faut dire :
I havea car.
et non pas
Ive a car.
p9

HAVE GOT
jai
tu as

= I

au PRESENT

ve got

je nai pas

= you ve got

tu nas pas

= I

havent got

= you havent got

il a

= he s got

il na pas

= he hasnt got

on a /
nous avons

= we ve got

on na pas /
nous navons pas

= we havent got
b

vous avez

= you ve got

vous n avez pas

= you havent got

ils ont

= they ve got

ils nont pas

= they havent got

Est-ce que jai ?

= Have I

got ?

Est-ce que tu as ?

= Have you got ?

Est-ce quil a ?

= Has he got ?

Est-ce quon a ?
Est-ce que nous avons ?

= Have we got ?

Est-ce que vous avez ?

= Have you got ?

Est-ce quils ont ?

= Have they got ?

Pour dire
jai, tu as, etc...
HAVE GOT
est plus utilis que
HAVE .
p9

HAD
jai eu
tu as eu

= I had
= you had

au PRETERIT
je nai pas eu
tu nas pas eu

= I didnt have
= you didnt have

il a eu

= he had

il na pas eu

= he didnt have

on a eu
nous avons eu

= we had
V

on na pas eu nous
navons pas eu

= we didnt have
V

vous avez eu

= you had

vous navez pas eu

= you didnt have

ils ont eu

= they had

ils nont pas eu

= they didnt have

Est-ce que jai eu...?

= Did I have ... ?

Est-ce que tu as eu ?

= Did you have ?

Est-ce quil a eu ?

= Did he have ?

Est-ce quon a eu ?
Est-ce que nous avons eu ?

= Did we have ?
V

Est-ce que vous avez eu ?

= Did you have ?

Est-ce quils ont eu ?

= Did they have ?

Le prtrit peut se
traduire aussi par
lIMPARFAIT :
javais, tu avais,
il avait, nous avions
etc..

p10

HAVE HAD

au PRESENT PERFECT

jai eu

= I ve had

je nai pas eu

tu as eu

= youve had

tu nas pas eu

il a eu

= I

havent had

= you havent had

had

il na pas eu

on a eu
nous avons eu

= we ve had
V

on na pas eu
nous navons pas eu

= we havent had
vV

vous avez eu

= you ve had

vous navez pas eu

= you havent had

ils ont eu

= they ve had

ils nont pas eu

=they havent had

= he s

Est-ce que jai eu...?


Est-ce que tu as eu ?
Est-ce quil a eu ?

= Have I

had ... ?

= Have you had ... ?


= Has

he had ... ?

Est-ce quon a eu ?
Est-ce que nous avons eu ?

= Have we had ... ?


V

Est-ce que vous avez eu ?

= Have you had ... ?

Est-ce quils ont eu ?

= Have they had ... ?

= he hasnt had

Au present perfect,
tu emploies
lauxiliaire HAVE au
prsent ,
suivi du verbe HAVE
au participe pass.
p11

WILL HAVE
j aurai

au FUTUR

ll have

je naurai pas

= I

tu auras

= you ll have

tu nauras pas

= you wont have

il aura

= he ll have

il naura pas

= he wont have

on aura /
nous aurons

= we ll have
V

on naura pas /
nous naurons pas

= we wont have
V

vous aurez

= you ll have

vous naurez pas

= you wont have

ils auront

= they ll have

ils nauront pas

= they wont have

= I

Est-ce que jaurai ...?

= Will I have ... ?

Est-ce que tu auras ?

= Will you have ?

Est-ce quil aura ?

= Will he have ?

Est-ce quon aura ?


Est-ce que nous aurons ?

= Will we have ?
V

Est-ce que vous aurez?

= Will you have ?

Est-ce quils auront ?

= Will they have ?

wont have

Prononciation
WONT // WANT

p12

WOULD HAVE
j aurais
tu aurais
il aurait

= I

au CONDITIONNEL

d have

je naurais pas

=I

= you d have

tu n aurais pas

= you wouldnt have

= he

wouldnt have

d have

il n aurait pas

= he wouldnt have

on aurait
nous aurions

= we d have
V

on n aurait pas /
nous n aurions pas

= we wouldnt have
V

vous auriez

= you d have

vous nauriez pas

= you wouldnt have

ils auraient

= they d have

ils n auraient pas

= they wouldnt have

Est-ce que jaurais ?

= Would I have... ?

Est-ce que tu aurais ?

= Would you have ?

Est-ce quil aurait ?

= Would he have ?

Est-ce quon aurait ?


Est-ce que nous aurions ?

= Would we have ?
V

Est-ce que vous auriez ?

= Would you have ?

Est-ce quils auraient ?

= Would they have ?

A la forme
affirmative,
WOULD se dit D
la forme
contracte.

p13

TRAVAILLER = WORK
Tous les VERBES se conjuguent comme WORK .

Les conjugaisons sont trs simples : le verbe reste identique


toutes les personnes.
Au prsent simple, la 3eme personne (he / she / it), il faut penser
ajouter S la fin du verbe.
Au prtrit, forme affirmative, les verbes se terminent par ED.
Sauf quelques verbes irrguliers apprendre.
p14

WORK
je travaille

= I

au PRESENT
work

je ne travaille pas

= I dont work
= you dont work

tu travailles

= you work

tu ne travailles pas

Il travaille

= he works

il ne travaille pas

= he doesnt work

on travaille /
nous travaillons

= we work
v

on ne travaille pas /
nous ne travaillons pas

= we dont work
v

vous travaillez

= you work

vous ne travaillez pas

= you dont work

ils travaillent

= they work

ils ne travaillent pas

= they dont work

Est-ce que je travaille ...?


Est-ce que tu travailles?
Est-ce quil travaille ?
Est-ce quon travaille ?
Est-ce que nous
travaillons?
Est-ce que vous travaillez?
Est-ce quils travaillent?

= Do

I work ...

= Do

you work ?

= Does he work ?
= Do we work ?
V
= Do you work ?
= Do they work ?

p15

BE WORKING
je travaille
c

au PRESENT BE + ING

= Im working
= I am working

tu travailles
b

= youre working
= you are working

Il travaille

= hes working
= he is working

= Im not working

tu ne travailles pas

= you arent working

il ne travaille pas

on travaille /
nous travaillons

= were working
= we are working

vous travaillez
n

= youre working
= we are working

ils travaillent

= theyre working
= they are working

je ne travaille pas

on ne travaille pas /
nous ne travaillons pas

= we arent working
v

vous ne travaillez pas

= you arent working

ils ne travaillent pas

= they arent working

Est-ce que je travaille ...?


Est-ce que tu travailles?
Est-ce quil travaille ?

Prononciation de ARENT
Prononciation de __ING

= he isnt working

Est-ce quon travaille ?


Est-ce que nous
travaillons?
Est-ce que vous travaillez?
Est-ce quils travaillent?

= Am I working...

= Are you working ?


= Is he working

= Are we working ?
V
= Are you working ?
= Are they working ?

p16

WORKED
jai travaill = I worked

au PRETERIT
je nai pas travaill = I didnt work

tu as travaill = you worked

tu nas pas travaill = you didnt work

il a travaill = he worked

il na pas travaill = he didnt work

= we worked
on a travaill
nous avons travaill V

on na pas travaill
= we didnt work
nous navons pas travaill V

vous avez travaill = you worked

vous navez pas travaill = you didnt work

ils ont travaill = they worked

ils nont pas travaill = they didnt work

Est-ce que jai travaill...?

= Did I work ... ?

__ED se prononce

Est-ce que tu as travaill ?

= Did you work ?

t ou d ou id.

Est-ce quil a travaill ?

= Did he work ?

Est-ce quon a travaill ?


Est-ce que nous avons travaill ?

= Did we work ?
V

Est-ce que vous avez travaill ?

= Did you work ?

Est-ce quils ont travaill ?

= Did they work ?

A la forme
affirmative, il faut
apprendre les
verbes irrguliers .
p17

WAS WORKING
je travaillais

=I

au PRETERIT BE + ING

was working

nous travaillions
vous travailliez
ils travaillaient

= I

wasnt working

tu ne travaillais pas = you werent working

tu travaillais
Il travaillait
on travaillait

je ne travaillais pas

= you were working


= he was working
= we were working
W
= you were working

il ne travaillait pas = he wasnt working


= we werent working
on ne travaillait pas /
nous ne travaillions pas v
vous ne travailliez pas

= you werent working

ils ne travaillaient pas = they werent working

= they were working

Est-ce que je travaillais ...?


Est-ce que tu travaillais?
Est-ce quil travaillait ?

= Was I working...

= Were you working ?


= Was he working

Est-ce quon travaillait ?


Est-ce que nous travaillions?

= Were we working ?
V

Est-ce que vous travailliez?

= Were you working ?

Est-ce quils travaillaient?

WAS et WERE
ne se mettent
jamais la forme
contracte.

= Were they working ?

p18

HAVE WORKED
jai travaill = I

au PRESENT PERFECT
je nai pas travaill = I havent worked

ve worked

tu as travaill = you ve worked

tu nas pas travaill = you havent worked

il a travaill = he s worked

il na pas travaill = he hasnt worked

on a travaill
= we ve worked
nous avons travaill V

on na pas travaill nous = we havent worked


navons pas travaill vV

vous avez travaill = you ve worked

vous navez pas travaill = you havent worked

ils ont travaill = theyve worked

ils nont pas travaill =they havent worked

Est-ce que jai travaill...?


Est-ce que tu as travaill ?
Est-ce quil a travaill ?

= Have I

worked... ?

= Have you worked... ?


= Has

he

worked... ?

Est-ce quon a travaill ?


Est-ce que nous avons travaill ?

= Have we worked... ?
V

Est-ce que vous avez travaill ?

= Have you worked... ?

Est-ce quils ont travaill ?

= Have they worked... ?

A la forme
affirmative,
lauxilaire HAVE
se dit VE ou S.

p19

HAVE BEEN WORKING since...

au PRESENT PERFECT
BE+ING

je travaille depuis = Ive been working since


tu travailles depuis = youve been working
il travaille depuis = hes been working
on travaille depuis . = weve been working
nous travaillons depuis v

je ne travaille pas depuis = I havent been working


tu ne travailles pas depuis= you havent been working

vous travaillez depuis = youve been working

il ne travaille pas depuis= he hasnt been working

ils travaillent depuis ? = theyve been working

on ne travaille pas depuis = we havent been working


ils ne travaillent pas depuis
V
v
vous ne travaillez pas depuis
= you havent been working
ils ne travaillent pas depuis
=they havent been working
Est-ce que je travaille depuis?
Est-ce que tu travailles depuis?
Est-ce quil travaille depuis?
Est-ce quon travaille depuis?
Est- ce que nous travaillons depuis
Est-ce que vous travaillez depuis?
Est-ce quils travaillent depuis?

= Have I

been working since ?

= Have you been working since ... ?


= Has

he been working since ... ?

= Have we been working since ... ?


V
= Have you been working since ... ?
= Have they been working since ... ?

HAVE BEEN +ING


se traduit par le
pass compos (jai
travaill, tu as
travaill, etc)
quand il nest pas
suivi de since.

p20

WILL WORK
Je travaillerai
tu travailleras
il travaillera

au FUTUR
= I

wont work

= I ll work

je ne travaillerai pas

= youll work

tu ne travailleras pas = you wont work

= he ll work

on travaillera /
= we ll work
nous
V
travaillerons
= you ll work
vous travaillerez
= theyll work
ils travailleront
Est-ce que je travaillerai ...?

il ne travaillera pas

= he wont work

= we wont work
on ne travaillera pas /
nous ne travaillerons pas V
vous ne travaillerez pas

= you wont work

ils ne travailleront pas = they wont work


= Will I work ... ?

Est-ce que tu travailleras?

= Will you work ?

Est-ce quil travaillera?

= Will he work ?

Est-ce quon travaillera ?


Est-ce que nous travaillerons?

= Will we work ?
V

Est-ce que vous travaillerez?

= Will you work ?

Est-ce quils travailleront?

= Will they work ?

WILL NOT se dit


WONT la forme
contracte .
prononciation de
WONT

p21

BE GOING TO WORK
je vais travailler
tu vas travailler

C = I m going to work
= youre going to
C work

= hes going to
C work
= were going to
on va travailler /
V
nous allons travailler work
il va travailler

= you re going to
C work
= theyre going to
ils vont travailler
work
C

vous allez travailler

au FUTUR PROCHE
je ne vais pas travailler

= Im not going to
C work

tu ne vas pas travailler

= you arent going


C to work

il ne va pas travailler

= he isnt going
C to work

on ne va pas travailler /
= we arent going
nous nallons pas travailler to work
V
vous nallez pas travailler = you arent going
C to work
ils ne vont pas travailler
C

Est-ce que je vais travailler...?

= Am I going to work ... ?

Est-ce que tu vas travailler ?

= Are you going to work ?

Est-ce quil va travailler ?

= they arent going


to work

= Is he going to work ?

Est-ce quon va travailler ?


Est-ce que nous allons travailler ?

= Are we going to work ?


V

Est-ce que vous allez travailler ?

= Are you going to work?

Est-ce quils vont travailler ?

= Are they going to work?

p22

WOULD WORK

au CONDITIONNEL

je travaillerais = I d work

je ne travaillerais pas

tu travaillerais = youd work

tu ne travaillerais pas = you wouldnt work

il travaillerait = he d work
on travaillerait nous = we d work
travaillerions V

il ne travaillerait pas

=I

wouldnt work

= he wouldnt work

on ne travaillerait pas / = we wouldnt work


nous ne travaillerions pas V

vous travailleriez = youd work

vous ne travailleriez pas = you wouldnt work

ils travailleraient = theyd work

ils ne travailleraient pas = they wouldnt work

Est-ce que je travaillerais ?

= Would I work... ?

Est-ce que tu travaillerais ?

= Would you work ?

Est-ce quil travaillerait?

= Would he work ?

Est-ce quon travaillerait ?


Est-ce que nous travaillerions?

= Would we work ?
V

Est-ce que vous travailleriez?

= Would you work ?

Est-ce quils travailleraient ?

= Would they work ?

A la forme
affirmative
WOULD
se dit

p23

RECAPITULATIF des CONJUGAISONS


Conjugaisons anglaises plutt simples :
le verbe reste identique toutes les personnes (sauf prsent simple)
Auxilaire obligatoire

la forme interrogative
la forme ngative

Tu dois simplement apprendre quel auxiliaire correspond quel temps.


present be+ing

BE

present simple

DO

preterit

DID

futur

WILL

present perfect /have+en

HAVE

conditionnel

WOULD