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Applied Calculus &

Analytical Geometry

About the course!

Books to follow!
Course Book
CALCULUS by Thomas 11th Edition
(Compulsory)

Reference Book
Calculus by Howard Anton 7th edition
(Optional)

Grading Policy

Assignment
Quizzes
Midterm Exam
Final Exam

20%
10%
20%
50%

Requirements

Course Text book (Thomas Calculus 11th ed)


Separate Register only for Calculus I
(Because only those interested students questions
will be entertained who will work continuously!!!)

What is Calculus?
Calculus is the mathematics of Change.
Applied when we have
Motion
Growth
Variable forces producing acceleration

Invented to meet mathematical needs of


scientists of 16th and 17th centuries.
The science of that time was mechanical in
nature

What is Calculus?
The key elements were put in place,
independently, by Newton (1642-1727)
and Leibniz (1646-1716).
The range of applications of calculus to
real world problems is vast and growing
all the time.
Two types
Differential calculus
Integral calculus

Differential Calculus
Differential calculus deals with problems
of rates of change
Finding slopes of curves
Velocities and accelerations of moving bodies
Find firing angles to have greatest range
Predict time when planets would be closest
together or farther apart

Integral Calculus
Integral calculus deals with determining
a function from information about its rate
of change
Future location of a moving body
Areas of irregular regions in the plane
Measure lengths of curves
Find volumes and masses of arbitrary solids

Learning Calculus
Read the text (Most Important)
Do the assignments as follows
Sketch diagrams wherever possible, it will
help in enhancing your visualization ability
Write your solutions in connected step by step
logical fashion, as if you are explaining to
someone else
Think about why each exercise is there? Why
was it assigned? How is it related to the other
assigned exercises?

Last words before start


Please be in time (Dont come late!)
Keep your mobiles off (or silent) during
class
Dont miss any class
Solve assignments yourself !
Handover assignments on time to get full
grade!
Dont miss any quiz

Let us Start !!!

Chapter 1

Preliminaries

Topics to be covered

Real Numbers and Real Line


Lines, Circles and Parabolas
Functions and their Graphs
Identifying Functions

Combining functions, shifting and scaling graphs

Trigonometric Functions

1.1-Real Numbers and the Real Line

The Real Line

Rules for Inequality

Main Subsets of Real Line

Rational and Irrational Numbers

Irrational Numbers

Interval

Example (Solving Inequality)

Absolute Value Function

Properties of Abs( )

Example

Exercise 1.1
Practice Exercise (534 all odd problems)

Announcement
Please bring Low Priced Text book
Thomas calculus (11th edition) and
Separate Register for Calculus with you
On next
With your name written on it!
Every such student will be given
as part of (quiz)!!!!

10 marks

Cartesian Coordinates in the Plane

Signs in Quadrants

Increments

Slope

Equation of Straight Line (Point Slope form)

Example

A Line through two points

Slope Intercept form

Example

Parallel and Perpendicular Lines


Two lines are parallel if they have same
slope. Conversely, if two lines have same
slope then they are parallel.
Two lines are perpendicular if product of
their slopes is -1.That is,

m1 * m2 = -1

Distance formula in plane

Example

Equation of Circle

Example

Finding a circles radius and center

Interior and Exterior

Parabolas
Parabolas arise as graphs of:
ax2+bx+c = 0

Graph of eq y=ax

Graph of ax +bx+c
2

Role of a

Example

Exercise 1.2

Assignment #

Dead Line()
Ex 1.1 ( 7,9,11,15,17,25,27,31,33)
Ex 1.2 ( 1 to 45 and 53 to 60 odd)
Write down your name, subject, Section, ID,
Assignment #

Function and their Graphs

Mapping

Some examples
f(x)= x+5
f(x)=x2+5x
f(x)= Sin(x)
f(x)=cos(x)
f(x)=5+sin(x)

Domain and Range


y = f(x)
Domain
Set from where function (f) accepts values

Range (Co domain or Image set)


Set on which function (f) maps those values

Always remember that we shall consider


Real values only not complex values
throughout this course (Cal 1 and Cal 2)

Example

Example

1.

Greatest Integer Function

Least Integer Function

Writing formula for piecewise defined functions

Exercise 1.3

Identifying Function and


Mathematical Models

Types of Functions

Linear functions
Power functions
Polynomials
Algebraic functions
Trigonometric functions
Exponential functions
Logarithmic function
Transcendental functions

Linear functions

Power functions

Case 1 (xa ,a=n, a positive integer)

Case 2 (x a=-1 or a=-2)


a,

Case 3 (x a=1/2,1/3,2/3,3/2)
a,

Case 4 (Polynomial)

Case 5 (Rational Functions)

Summary

Summary

Graphs of Algebraic Functions

Graph of Sine and Cosine

Graph of Exponential Functions

Graph of Logarithmic Functions

Increasing and Decreasing functions

Even and Odd functions

Examples of Even and Odd functions


Even

Odd

Proportionality

Example

Mathematical Model

Example of proportionality

Exercise 1.4
(1--30)

Combining Functions; shifting and Scaling

Example

Composite Functions

Example

Shifting Graph

Example

Scaling and Reflecting Graph

Example

Example

Ellipses

Exercise 1.5
(1--50)

Trigonometric Functions

Conversion from Radian to Degree


and from Degree to Radian

Example

Angle Convention

Important Quotients

Important Table to Cram !!!

Periodic Functions

Another to Cram (Also for Limits) !

Periods of Trigonometric Functions

Even and Odd

Identities

Addition Formulas

Double Angle Formulas (Imp)

Half Angle Formula (Imp)

The Law of Cosine

End of Chapter # 1