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LED ROADWAY LIGHTING

Presented by DaTran Lighting

AGENDA

Of the numerous illumination platforms currently available,


only Solid State Lighting offers our nation the potential to
save energy and enhance the quality of our environment.

AGENDA
Introduction and Highlights
- Solid State Lighting standards
- Luminaire efficiency
- Photopic / Scotopic considerations
- Thermal Management
- Lightning protection
- LED roadway and post lighting examples

Solid state lighting


standards
All lighting products used in the United States are subject to the
standards governing safety and performance. Solid-state lighting
(SSL) is an emerging technology that is difficult to qualify under the
existing standards covering HID roadway lighting. As a result, new
standards and testing methods have been developed for solid state
luminaires.
LM-79*, IESNA Approved Method for the Electrical and Photometric
Measurements of Solid-State Lighting Products, specifies
procedures for measuring total luminous flux, electrical power,
luminous efficacy, and chromaticity of solid state lighting.
LM-80*, IESNA Approved Method for Measuring Lumen
Depreciation of LED Light Sources, specifies procedures for
determining lumen depreciation of LEDs and LED modules (but not
luminaires) related to effective useful life of the product.

Luminaire efficiency
The inherent directionality of LED emitters make them an ideal
choice for roadway lighting. All conventional roadway HID fixtures
have a low CRI (color rendering index) and require the use of
reflectors / refractors which can be up to 40% inefficient. This
inefficiency substantially reduces a HID lamps actual lumen and
foot candle output when measured on the ground.
LEDs, on the other hand, have a high CRI and emit light only in
one direction without the need of a reflector. This allows for
unprecedented control of the light patterns on the ground and the
near total elimination of wasted light. It demands, however, that
lighting designers are cognitive of these features up-front and not
rely on the 360 nature of conventional bulb technology. Slides #69 demonstrate these concepts.

Luminaire efficiency

Luminaire efficiency

TYPICAL 150 WATT HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM STREET LIGHT


MEASUREMENT OF LUMENS REACHING THE GROUND
TOTAL LUMEN OUTPUT OF HPS LAMP

22000lm

100%

DOWNWARD STREET SIDE


DOWNWARD HOUSE SIDE
DOWNWARD TOTAL LUMENS

6656lm
6057lm
12712lm

30.3%
27.5%
57.8%

REFLECTOR INEFFICIENCY

-9278lm

42.2%

Luminaire efficiency

Luminaire efficiency

Luminaire efficiency

The efficiency of LED luminaires is based on its calculated


efficacy. Actual measured efficacy can be difficult to calculate as
LED and power supply performance vary greatly and can offset
the efficacy value.
All LED products should be evaluated with photometric and IES
files to verify the true performance of the LED luminaire.

Photopic / Scotopic
considerations in lighting
Low light/Starlight - Scotopic vision (rods)
Interior lighting
- Photopic vision (cones)
Outdoor lighting - Mesopic vision (rods and cones)
Visible light measurement is based on a photopic
standard developed by the CIE. Photopic
measurement is the human retinal response to visible
light. Lumens, foot-candles, lux, etc., are all photopic
measurements.
Lower the photopic light level and retinal sensitivity
begins to shift into a very low light energy region,
defined as human scotopic response and is only active
in very low starlight conditions.
The area between photopic and scotopic is known as

Thermal Management

Thermal management and an awareness of the operating


environment are critical when considering an LED luminaire
for general illumination.
Successful LED luminaires will employ adequate heat sinks
and an Advanced Processor based Thermal Management
System that prevents the LEDs from overheating.
Maintaining the LED junction temperature as low as possible
and within the manufacturers specification is necessary in
order to maximize the performance and longevity of post and
street light luminaires. The following slide provides an
example of an efficient thermal design by the Niland Fixture
Company.

Thermal Management

Lightning protection
Electronic power supplies and LED luminaires are sensitive to power surges and
impulse lightning events.
Without sufficient protection, these events will destroy an LED luminaire.
Electronic power supplies and LED luminaires need to be rated for 15kV + and pico
second response time in order to prevent damage.
Additionally, all power supplies should contain components rated for 100,000 hour +
lifespan. No short life components such as electrolytic capacitors should be used in
the design as these will fail in less than 2000 hrs of use.

Lightning damage to
unprotected power supply

Lightning protection circuit

HID vs LED

LED street light fixtures

LED street light fixtures

LED post light fixtures

LED post light fixtures

LED high bay fixtures

Questions and comments

Thank -You For Your Time Today