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Cancer statistics

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Introduction
Different types of diseases and infections have always
threatened man.
However, one disease that is considered almost deadly and has
a very high rate of recurrence is cancer.
Irrespective of a particular region, state or a country this
particular disease affects everyone without discriminating in
between the different types of human races.

Why is Cancer on the Rise in India?


According to health experts, the causes of increase in the
number of cancer patients are varied.
These can be divided broadly into internal and external causes.
The internal causes include:

Mutations
Genetic
Poor immune conditions
Hormonal

The external causes include:

Industrialization
Food habits
Population overgrowth
Social
Air pollution
Smoking
Occupational exposure such as asbestos
Alcohol or drug abuse

Year-wise Evaluation of Cancer Incidences in


India
Incidences in
Female

Year

Incidences in
Male

Total Patients

2004

390803

426545

819354

2005

40000

43000

83000

2006

40000

45000

85000

2007

42000

47000

89000

2008

44000

49000

93000

2009

454842

507990

962832

2010

460428

517378

979786

2015

55000

60000

110000

2020

58000

65000

123000

Major Types of Cancer Affecting Indians


Lung cancer:
Lately lung cancer has grown like an epidemic and is
responsible for more number of deaths than caused due
breast, colorectal and prostate cancer.

Breast cancer
This is most common type of cancer found in women of
developed countries
The ICMR has found out that every year minimum 100,000
new breast cancer patients are diagnosed in India.

Stomach Cancer
Globally, stomach cancer stands at the fifth position in the table of
highest occurring cancer types.

Gall bladder cancer


This cancer is highly prevalent in the northern parts of India
and the ICMR has reported that 4.5 percent males and 10.1
percent of females per one lack population were affected by
this type of cancer by the end of the last century.
The frequency of gall bladder cancer is much higher in the
Ganges delta with around 70 to 90 percent patients of cancer
suffering from gall bladder cancer.

Cervical cancer
Women of most of the developing countries like India are more
susceptible to cervical cancer.
However, proper screening and technological inputs have resulted
in decrease in cervical cancer patients in the country.

Oral cancer
This cancer is quite common, especially among the youngsters
who suffer from oral sub-mucous fibrosis.
It is the fourth common cancer among males and fifth among
females.

Miscellaneous cancers
Other types of cancer that too are quite common in India
include esophageal cancer, colorectal cancer, head and neck
cancer or neoplasia.

State-wise Distribution of Cancer in India


Type of cancer

State Highly
affected

State Moderately
affected

State least
affected

Lung Cancer

A.P, J&K, M.P

Jharkhand, Kerala,
Manipur, Tripura

Nil

Gall Bladder cancer

Punjab

Uttar Pradesh

Bihar

Cervical Cancer

Himachal Pradesh,
Haryana, Tamil
Nadu,

W. Bengal, Goa,
Rajasthan,

Punjab, U.P.,
Andhra Pradesh

Stomach Cancer

Goa, Tamil Nadu

Andhra Pradesh,
Uttarakhand

Jammu & Kashmir,


Sikkim,

Oral cancer

U.P,Gujarat,

Breast cancer

Goa, Rajasthan,
Delhi

Assam
Punjab,
Maharashtra,

Manipur, Tripura

Cancer Common Among Men, Women and


Children
Men

Women

Children

Pharynx

Breast

Leukemia

Oral Cavity

Oral Cavity

Brain and Central


nervous system
Related tumors

Leukemia

Esophagus

Neuroblastoma

Esophagus

Ovary

Wilms tumor

Lung

Leukemia

Lymphoma

Stomach

Stomach

Retinoblastoma

Brain and Nervous


system

Lymphoma

Bone Cancer

Larynx

Pharynx

Ewing Sarcoma

Liver

Cervix

Osteosarcoma

Cancer Preventive Measures Available in


India
The best method to control cancer is prevention.

Since tobacco is one of the major reasons behind the increase


in the number of cancer patients in India, discouraging the use
of tobacco is a part of the awareness program initiated by the
District Cancer Control Program.

Other precautions include immunization against hepatitis B


and practicing safe sex to avoid genesis cancer.

Cancer-wise Preventive Measures


Recommendations by
Health experts

Cancer Prevention

Cancer Cures

Non-smoking

Lungs, bladder

Lung, neck and head

Drug abuse control

Breast and cervical

Breast and cervical

Water pollution

All types of cancer

Liver, bladder and


colorectal

Air pollution

lungs

lungs

Protection from ozone


depleting chemicals

skin

Squamous cell carcinoma


of lips

Adapting traditional values All types

Skin, brain, cervical

awareness

Almost all types

All types

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