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Status of CNS/ATM

system in Japan
Prepared for the The First in house GNSS Specialized
Course
from 9-12 March 2015
in ACV, Tan Son Nhat Intl Airport, Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

JICA Expert, CNS advisor


Mr. MASAHIKO UENO
E-mail: gueno322@gmail.com

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to


the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
http://www.newcnsatm.com

CONTENTS
1. Current ATS in Japan
2. CNS Activities in Japan
3. ATFM methods and benefits
4. PBN Implementation in Japan
5. RAIM Prediction Service
*Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring

6. Airline Tracking Service


(following the loss of MH370)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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1. Current ATS in Japan

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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4 ACCs and ATMC operate in Fukuoka FIR


PetropavlovskKamchatskiy FIR
Khabarovsk FIR

5005N
15900E

Yuzhno-sakhalinsk
FIR
4545N
14000E

4545N
14200E

Shenyang
Vladivostok
FIR
FIR
Sapporo ACC
3838N
13339E
3800N
13300E
3730N
13300E

3230N
12650E

FIR

4500N
15000E

4542N
16255E

Sapporo ACC

Tokyo ACC

Fukuoka ACC

Naha ACC

4 00N
16500E

4300N
14650E

4030N
13556E

Pyongyang
FIR
Incheon
Shanghai FIR

4430N
14540E
4320N
14650E

Anchorage
FIR

Fukuoka

Tokyo ACC

ATM center

3230N
12730E

Fukuoka ACC

3000N
12400E
3000N
12525E

2900N
12400E

Naha ACC

2700N
15500E

2700N
16500E

Taipei
FIR

2330N
12400E

2100N
12130E

Manila FIR

2100N
13000E

2100N
15500E

Oakland FIR

ATMC

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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ACC configuration Transform Plan


Current

Naha Approach
Control Area

Naha

Fukuoka

Tokyo

Sapporo

ACC

ACC

ACC

ACC

Control Zone

Control Zone

Future

ATMC
(Higher Altitude)

FL290
Naha Approach
Control Area

Control Zone

Chitose Approach
Control Area

Kobe ACC

Tokyo ACC

(West Lower Altitude)

(East Lower Altitude)

Chitose Approach
Control Area

Control Zone

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Airports in Japan
Wakkanai

Rishiri

Administrator
Ministry

DOM INTL
6
13

Private company

Total
19

Local government
Civil & Military joint
use

58

Monbetsu
Memanbetsu
Asahikawa

59

Chitose

Kushiro

New Chitose
Okushiri

Hakodate

Misawa

Aomori

Total

Obihiro

Others

Nakashibetsu

Sapporo

18

81

Odate-Noshiro
Akita
Hanamaki

99

Sado

Shonai
Yamagata
Sendai

Noto
Komatsu

Oki

Niigata
Fukushima

Toyama

Hyakuri
Matsumoto

Miho

Tottori

Fukui

Narita International

Izumo
Okayama

Iwami

Tsushima

Yamaguchi-UbeHiroshima
Kitakyushu
Takamatsu
Iwakuni

Iki
Ojika

Fukuoka
Saga

Fukue

Oita

Matsuyama
Kochi

Kobe

Osaka

Tokyo International
Shizuoka

Yao Chubu
International Niijima
Kansai International
Kozushima
Nanki-Shirahama
Tokushima

Tokunoshima

Miyakejima
Hachijojima

Kamigoto Nagasaki

Miyazaki
Kumamoto

Amami

Oshima

Shimojishima

Aguni

Okierabu
Yoron

Kumejima
Naha
Kerama

Kikai

Kitadaito
Minamidaito

Yonagunijima

Kagoshima
Hateruma

Miyako
Tarama
NewIshigaki

Tanegashima
Yakushima
The Project for the
Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Japans Major Traffic Flow (Domestic)


New Chitose

Osaka

Narit
a

Fukuok
a

Chub
Kansa u
i

Tokyo
(Haneda)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Japans Major Traffic Flow (International)


ANCHORAGE
FIR
50N

Europe/Russia
SAPPORO
ACC

Korea
China

INCHEO
N
FIR

West
coast of
USA

40N

TOKYO
ACC

FUKUOKA
ACC
30N
NAHA
ACC

South East Asia


MANILA
FIR

FUKUOKA
FIR

Guam/Australia
140
E

Hawaii

OAKLAND
FIR

160
E

20N

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
8
P10

Traffic Volume (A Peak hour)


450 ACFT at a peak hour (around noon) in Japan

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Air Navigation facilities


Number of Air Nav.
Facilities
Facility
VOR/DME

number
91

VORTAC

23

Wakkanai
Rishiri

ILS Locations

Memanbetsu2
Asahikawa
Nakashibetsu
Kushiro (17 CAT b1)

Obihiro
New Chitose3
(19R CAT b1)
Hakodate
Aomori (24 CAT b1)
Odate-Noshiro Misawa (USAF)

VOR

DME

TACAN

NDB

Oki

ILS

63

Tottori
IzumoMiho

ASR/SSR

26

ARSR/SSR

16

ORSR
ASDE
MLAT
RCAG

5
10
8
44

Monbetsu

CAT-II/III ILS

Akita Hanamaki
Shonai2
Yamagata
Sendai
Niigata
Noto

Fukushima

Toyama
Komatsu

Hyakuri (JSDF)
Narita4 (16R CAT b1)
Tokyo4 (34R CAT-IIIb1)

Okayama
Shizuoka
Iwami
Osaka

HiroshimaKobe
Tsushima
Chubu2 (36 CAT b, 18 CAT )
Kansai4
Ube
Oshima
CAT 4)
(06RL,24RL
(10 CAT
b1)
Kitakyushu
Matsuyama

Fukuoka2 Kochi
Takamatsu

Nanki-Shirahama
Hachijojima
Saga Oita
Fukue2
Tokushima

(JSDF)

Kumamoto
Nagasaki
(07 CAT-b1)
Amami
KagoshimaMiyazaki
Tokunoshima

Tanegashima

Kumejima
Naha
Yonaguni

Shimojishima2
Miyakojima

As of September 20,
2012

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Multilateration (MLAT)
MLAT is a surveillance system to monitor the aircraft movement on the airport surface
by measuring the time difference of arrival of a signal (squitter) emitted from a
transponder of an aircraft at three or more receiver sites.
Shin-Chitose
Receiver site A

Receiver site B

MLAT enable

Surveillance of ASDEs blind area


Automatic tagging of flight number
Detection of aircraft in bad weather

Receiver site D
Receiver site C

ARV1301
B773 60

DEP1206
B772 05

DEP1208
B763 05

DEP1203
A306 34R

DEP1201
B762 34R

DEP1205
B763 34R
ARV1303
B763 54

ARV1300
B74D 14
DEP1207
A306 34R

ARV1320
B763 502

DEP1221
B74D 34R

ARV1322
MD90 1

Osaka
Chubu
Kansai

DEP1200
B763 34R

Fukuoka

Tokyo
Narita

DEP1210
B763 05

DEP1211
B772 05

DEP1220
B773 05

ARV1321
B734 103

Naha
Display of ASDE

Display in combination with ASDE

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam

ARSR Locations and Coverage

Yokotsuda
ke ARSR

LEGEND

Kushiro ARSR

Radar covering area

Kushiro

(15,000ft)

Yokotsudake

Oga ORSR

Radar covering area


(30,000ft)
Dual radar covering
area (15,000ft)
Fukue
ORSR

Hachinohe
Hirata
ARSR

Oginojo
ARSR

Oginojo

Sangunza
n ARSR

Fukue
Kaseda
ARSR

Mikawa

Hakone

Mikawa
ARSR

Kumejima
ORSR

Yaedake

Yanada

Iwaki
ORSR
Yamada
ARSR

Hachijojima

Imanoyama

Kaseda

Amami

Iwaki

Johonzan
ARSR

Mikuinisan

Sangunzan

Kumejima

Johonzan
Noto

Hirat
a

Hachinohe
ARSR

Oga

Imanoyam
a ARSR
Amami
ARSR

Hakone
ARSR

Hachijojim
a ORSR

Miyakojima

Miyakojim
a ARSR

Yaedake
ARSR

As of April 1, 2012

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam

Reference Information

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Airport Projects with Participation of Japan (1)


Japan participated in many airport projects mainly in ASEAN. 41 projects in total
Tan Son Nhat Intl Airport Terminal Construction
(Vietnam)
Put in service in 2007

Terminal 2 Construction Project in Noi Bai Intl


Airport (Vietnam) Under construction for start
of service in 2015

ODA (yen loan) project


Annual No. of passengers:
about 17 million
Japanese companies built
intl flight terminal (93,000m2).

ODA (yen loan) project


Annual No. of passengers:
about 10 million
T2 (139,000 m2) under
construction by JapaneseVietnamese joint venture.
Technical cooperation:
dispatch of experts and service
preparation committee

Borg El Arab Airport Modernization (Egypt)


Put in service in 2010
ODA (yen loan) project
Technical cooperation:
airport operation support in
process including dispatch
of experts and training in
Japan.

Changi Airport Terminal Construction (Singapore)


Annual No. of passengers:
about 51 million
Japanese companies built
Terminal Bldgs. 1 and 3 and
improved Terminal Bldg. 2.

(Source : JICA)

Kuala Lumpur Intl Airport Construction


(Malaysia)
Put in service in 1998
ODA (yen loan) project
Annual No. of passengers:
about 40 million
Japanese company built
main terminal and satellite.

Suvarnabhumi Airport Construction (Thailand)


Put in service in 2006
ODA (yen loan) project
Annual No. of passengers:
about 53 million
Japanese companies built
main terminal (563,000 m 2)
Technical cooperation:
dispatch of experts, etc.

14

Airport Projects with Participation of Japan (2)


Airport projects with the participation of Japan are now in process in many parts of the world.
New Ulaanbaatar Intl Airport Construction
(Mongolia)

Bandaranaike Intl Airport Development


Phase 2 (Sri Lanka)

Project of building a new airport at 50 km south


from the Ulaanbaatar urban district.
May 2008: yen loan contracted
June 2013:
construction work started
Provision of technical
cooperation planned.

Project of constructing a passenger terminal building and


auxiliary facilities in Bandaranaike Intl Airport in Colombo,
the biggest city of Sri Lanka.
March 2012: yen loan contracted

New Bohol Airport Construction and


Sustainable Development (Philippines)

Vientiane (Wattay) Intl Airport Terminal


Related Project (Laos)

Project of putting a new airport in place on Panglao Island


next to Bohol Island for meeting the increasing demand of
the present Bohol Airport
March 2013: yen loan
contracted

Japanese companies are participating in the terminal


operation project.
JICA has conducted a cooperation preparation survey in
response to a request for
a yen loan from Laos.

Present airport

Cebu Island
Bohol Island

New passenger
terminal
Elevated access
road

Planned site
for new airport Panglao Island

15

2. CNS Activities in Japan

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Feasibility study on Continental CPDL


C

JCAB has conducted a feasibility study on CPDLC


introduction in Continental area using VDL mode-2,
aiming at implementation from 2021 in high altitude
and then partially to low altitude on a step-by-step
basis.
CPDLC will be used in a part of ATC
communications, which is not time-critical.

RCP (Requirement for Communication Performance) for Continental


CPDLC is defined to assure quality of service based on RTCA DO-290
and EUROCAE ED-120.

Transactions time; 12 seconds; 99.9%


Service Availability; 0.995
Unplanned outages: 6min or less/time, 40 times or less/yr,
Total accumulated time 249min or less/yr

Concerns on using current VDL2 network

Blind spots
Absence of dual equipment and site redundancy
Capacity of transaction of data

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Installation of WAM at Narita airport


(1)
JCAB has installed the WAM (Wide Area Multi-lateration) at
Narita international airport in 2014.
WAM is a technique where several ground receiving stations
listen to signals transmitted from an aircraft and then
mathematically calculate its position in three dimensions
Before WAM implementation, the
simultaneous parallel departure had
been operated only in the good
weather condition due to a limitation
of SSR capability, Now, it became
possible for parallel departure from
parallel runway regardless weather
conditions.
WAM is expected to increase the
number of departure and arrival at
Narita airport.
The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Installation of WAM at Narita airport


(2)
Narita Parallel Runways
A-R/W: 4,000m 60m
B-R/W: 2500m 60m

WAM receiver stations


Inside of the airport: 13
Outside of the airport: 8

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Surveillance upgrade plan in en-ro


ute
JCAB is designing the combined surveillance facilities composed of
SSR, WAM and ADS-B to maintain and enhance reliability in a cost
effective manner.
JCAB plans to reduce the number of en-route SSRs and add new
WAM and ADS-B sites. Currently.
The target signal will be integrated with three different sensors of
SSR, WAM and ADS-B.

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P17

Study on GBAS (by ENRI)


2002- Accuracy requirements flight experiment
2010- CAT Prototype Kansai Intl airport
2014 CATof
GBAS
Verification Ishigaki airport
Benefits

Single system covers


all runway/approach
course
Avoid Sensitive Area
(Curbed approach etc)
High Category
Simple Ground
Equipment
GBAS need long-term
evalu-ation periods to
verify system reliability
before actual use.
JCAB plans CAT-I GBAS
operation around 2020

Satellite

Airborne
Equipme
nt

Reference
Station

VHF data
Transmitter

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P18

Cat-I GBAS prototype system


IFM (Ionosphere Field Monitor) : A monitor
algorithm for detecting anomalous GPS signal
VHF Data Broadcastdelay gradient by ionosphere disturbance. The
(VDB) Antenna algorithm measures the signal delay between
two receivers installed at both ends of the
runway.

VDB Transmitter

GBAS Reference
Antennas and
Receivers

GBAS
Data Processor

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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3. ATFM methods and benefits

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Airlines Awarded No.1 for On-time Arrival


ANA Awarded (2011)

JAL Awarded 2012)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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ATFM minimize Inefficient Holding in airspace


Each airport has the capacity it can accept the aircrafts.
If many aircrafts rush to the airport at the same time (over
the capacity), they have to wait for landing, holding itself in
airspace.

ATFM can make air traffic flow more


smoothly and secure the safety by
managing the time for aircraft
to enter the
Inefficient
situation
airspace.
Increase
Delay
Fuel consumption
CO2 and NOx

Holding to wait for landing

Airport

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P23

ATFM Method and Benefit


ATFM system calculates the stay time of aircraft at each
airspace.
If overcapacity situation is turned out according to the
calculation result, ATC adjusts
the departure time to eliminate
Caluculation
ATFM system
the excessed traffic volume.
Wait for departure

Airport

Smooth Flow
Japans Experience and Benefit

Total Delay Time : 120,000 minutes.

Economic Effect : 32,000 kiloliters fuel reduction (Cost cut :


24,400,000 USD)

Eco Friendly : 6,000 tons of CO2 emission reduction.

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P24

4. PBN Implementation
in Japan

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P27

JCAB RNAV Roadmap (Ver.2 2007)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
http://www.newcnsatm.comP28

RNAV implementation for En-route


Sky Highway
RNAV5 Route Network

41,000ft

RNAV5

29,00
0ft
RNAV

VOR

0
ft

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P29

RNAV implementation for En-route


RNAV5 Route

(211)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P30

RNAV implementation for En-route


VOR Route

(76)

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P31

RNP AR APCH implementation


WAKKANAI

RNP AR APCH implemented


2012
(5 airports)
RNP
AR APCH implemented
2013
(6 airports)
RNP
AR APCH planning 2014
(8 airports)
YAMAGUCHI UBE

MONBETSU

HAKODATE
OODATE NOSHIRO

TOYAMA

TOTTORI

SENDAI

KITAKYUSHU
TOKYO HANEDA

SAGA

Night Operation
only

OOITA

OKAYAMA

SHIZUOKA HACHIJYOJIMA

KOCHI
KUMAMOTO

MATSUYAMA
MIYAZAKI

P32

Case1: Solution for mountainous airports (1)


Kumamoto
Airport
KAZMA

TAKAS

Kumamoto Airport

No.1 (seq.)
RADAR Vector and visual
approach

MISMI

Bad WX (Conventional ROUTE)


RADAR Vector or RNAV STAR to
ILS

26.5nm

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Case1: Solution for mountainous airports (2)

1423m

1118m

1064m

1787m

1786m

936m

ASONO

942m

Kumamoto
Airport
Reference point
192.6m

1326m

1095m

KAZMA

1433m

1337m

1592m

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P34

Case2: Solution for closely located airports


Kitakyusyu
Yamaguchiube
closely located
surrounded airbase
Existing Conventional
routes
impose
operational restriction
and cause delay
Apply RF leg
Separate airspace
Minimize the
impact
to the surrounding
airspace
Reduction of flight
distance
Provide Vertical
guidance

OZUKI Aerodrome
(Navy training)

HOFU Aerodrome
(Air force training)

*
Kitakyushu
Airport

RNP AR
Approach
RNP AR
Approach

TSUIKI Airbase

Yamaguchi-UBE
Airport

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P35

Case3: Solution for WX challenged airport


Odate-noshiro
High rate of Flight
cancel or divert due
to WX
Strong WEST wind
Heavy Snow in
winter

Conventional
route
<VOR & ILS>

RNP AR
Approach
mountainous area

Strong W
EST win
d

Odate-Noshiro Airport

Apply RF leg
Provide vertical guidance
Improve MINIMA
Reduce flight distance
(26.8nm)

Improve flight regularity


Reduce Airline cost

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P36

PBN Implementation Assessment points


Assess the Benefits of RNP for each airport in
advance
Prioritize the airport based on assessment
Consider operators readiness and training
Basic orderBased
of implementation
on assessment
Local airport
result
Points are:

Achievement

Major
airport

Reduce flight distance


Align to the runway
Provide Vertical
Guidance
Improve landing
minima

Due to Additional Challenge

Mixture environment of RNAV/ non


RNAV A/C,
High density traffic
Parallel Runway configuration
The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P37

RNP Benefits Assessment and Priority


Point 1
Airpor
t

Reduce flight
distance

Point 2
Align to the
runway

Point 3
Vertical
Guidance

Point 4
landing minima

Total score

Point Alignment to the Runway

Alignment to the Runway


Stabilized Approach
Reduce Workload for
pilots

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P39

Point Vertical Guidance


Kitakyusyu
Airport

Provision of Vertical
Guidance
Effective protection of
Controlled Flight Into
Terrain (CFIT)
Stabilized Approach

Reduce aircraft noise,


The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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fuel burn and emissions

Point Improvement of Landing MINIMA


airport

RWY

CAT

before

Odate-Noshiro

29

MDH944/2400

DH300/1400 (0.27)

Kochi

14

C,D

MDH801/3200

DH300/1600 (0.14)

Hakodate

30

C,D

MDH578/3200

DH371/1400

Kitakyushu

36

C,D

MDH559/3200

DH306/1600

Okayama

25

C,D

MDH975/3200

DH427/1400

Matsuyama

32

C,D

MDH557/3200

DH467/1800

Kumamoto

25

C,D

MDH558/3200

DH300/1600

Yamaguchi-Ube
25 C,D MDH555/3200

RNP AR set in both directions. ILS side omitted


Improvement of Landing
MINIMA
Reduce Flight cancel or Divert or
Holding or Missed
approach

after

DH364/1600

Improve flight
regularity
Reduce Airline cost

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P41

Calculations of Scores
Point 1
Reduce Flight
distance
Point 2
Align to the Runway

Point 3
Provide Vertical
Guidance

Number
of
aircrafts

Usage rate
of
the Runway

Airport Total
Scores

Point 4
Improve Landing
MINIMA

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P42

Low Altitude IFR route


Disaster countermeasure

Japan Coast Guard, Fire Department,


Police, Doctor Helicopter

Out of RDR Coverage


RDR Site

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P43

New Challenge for 2020 Tokyo Olympics


Metropolitan Airports

Narita Intl
Airport
2010 220,000
times
2013 270,000
2015 300,000
2020 Tokyo
Olympic!

Tokyo Intl
Airport
HANEDA
2010 300,000
times
2013 410,000
2015 447,000
2020 Tokyo
Olympic!
The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P44

New Challenge for 2020 Tokyo Olympics

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P45

New Challenge for 2020 Tokyo Olympics


Mixed Airspace for Civilian and Military airports

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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5. RAIM Prediction Service

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
P7

Whats RAIM?
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) is a technology
developed to assess the integrity of Global Positioning System (GPS)
signals for PBN operation.
RAIM is categorized two methods, one is on board RAIM monitoring and
other is RAIM prediction by the ground system.
1. Onboard RAIM monitoring
Actual monitor on GPS signal
In flight, the FMS monitors the RAIM value and If it falls below the
required value, FMS notice it and the crew must take action
2. RAIM Prediction
Based on calculation in pre-flight phase
NOTAMs and/or Web-based RAIM Prediction service
RAIM Prediction Service
State ( US, Japan, Canada, Australia, Taiwan..)
Commercial Service Providers
Avionics Manufactures supply tools
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RAIM Prediction overview


The locations, paths and scheduled outage of each GPS
satellite are published, therefore prediction systems can
calculate in advance geographical area without
sufficient GPS coverage.
The RAIM Prediction Report is used by a dispatcher or
crew member to determine if a given flight plan
has sufficient GPS coverage, if not, a new flight plan
must be created.
The RAIM prediction reports help dispatchers and crews to
understand areas where the RAIM values may fall below
required levels.

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Requirements for RAIM Prediction capability


Pre-Flight Planning (FAA - AC 90-105 )
(1) For systems with RAIM-based integrity, RAIM prediction must
be performed prior to departure. This capability can be a
ground service and need not be resident in the aircrafts avionics
equipment.
(2) Operators should be familiar with the prediction information
available for the intended route. RAIM availability prediction
should take into account the latest GPS constellation NOTAMs
and avionics model (when available).
(3) In the event of a predicted, continuous loss of appropriate level
of fault detection of more than 5 minutes, for any part of the
RNP operation, the flight planning should be revised.

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RAIM Prediction Service in Japan


RAIM Prediction is being conducted in ATMC
Classification of Prediction
Regular Prediction
ATMC carries out predictions from 1500(UTC) to 72 hours ahead
automatically by 1500UTC.When it is predicted that RAIM function
on board cannot be used more than five minutes, ATMC provide
the information by means of NOTAM and the website.

Extra Prediction
An Aircraft Operator sets a necessary condition for prediction and
carries it out by manually on the website

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RAIM Prediction Service in Japan


RAIM Prediction is notified by NOTAM.

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RAIM Prediction Service in Japan


ATMC provides the RAIM Predictive information on the
website.

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RAIM Prediction Service in Japan


A user can appoint the reference information (reference day,
calculation algorithm, kind of the predictive information) optionally.
A user can confirm information of the NOTAM visually.

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RAIM Prediction Service Providers


STATE

FAA : http://www.raimprediction.net/
Australia : https://www.airservicesaustralia.com/naips/Account/Logon
Japan: https://raim-japan.mlit.go.jp/Login.aspx
Taiwan: http://raim.anws.gov.tw/Main.aspx

Commercial Service Providers

AUGUR (by DWI for ERUCONTROL): http://www.dwint.com/


NETRA (by AEROTHI for Thailand): http://www.netra.aero
GRPS (by DWI for airlines and others including Jeppesen)
SAT4Flight (by AIRBUS for users)

RAIM prediction software


Tool provided by Avionics/Airframe Manufacturers

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RAIM Prediction Service Providers

DW International
http://www.dwint.com/
NETRA
https://www.netra.aero/netra/
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6. Airline Tracking Service


(following the loss of MH370)

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Missing MH370
Surveillance data on MH370 was lost less
than one hour after takeoff from Kuala
Lumpur bound for Beijing, possibly due to
pilots deliberate actions and an unplanned
and abnormal route change was carried
out.
Investigators used analysis from Inmarsat
of pings to its satellite from MH370 to plot
two vast arcs - one to the north and one to
the south - across which it may have flown.
Combining those faint pings with data from
the plane, they concluded it had turned
south and flown for hours before crashing
into the southern Indian Ocean, off the west
coast of Australia and the aircraft most
likely ended up 7 hours after primary radar
contact was lost.
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Need to improve global flight tracking capabilities


Events such as the loss of AF447 and the disappearance of
MH370 for a prolonged period of time have reiterated the need to
improve global flight tracking capabilities.
Air France AF447, Airbus A330 headed to Paris from Rio de
Janeiro with 228 people on board went down in the Atlantic
Ocean on June 1, 2009. The AF447 recovery took 23 months
and cost around $42 million.
One year from the disappearance of MH370, there is no proof,
no debris, not a single piece of evidence to indicate that they
are really in the Indian Ocean. An extraordinary amount of key
data remains unknown. As of Dec.31 2014, more than $100
million has already been spent searching, making it the most
expensive on record.
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ICAO eventually recommended Improved Aircr


aft Tracking System
ICAO recommended at 2015 High Level Safety Conference:
new aircraft delivered after 2020 come equipped with a tracking
data broadcast system that sends regular position updates to
airline operators,
a flight data recorder that automatically deploys (and floats) after a
crash and a tamperproof distress reporting unit that will transmit
aircraft position and identification to a global network of rescue
coordination centers when unusual attitudes, speeds or
accelerations or other triggered events occur.
The recommendations include a 2020 forward-fit equipage target and
a fully operational state by 2025, with all aircraft, air traffic control and
rescue coordination centers fully compliant.

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Aircraft Tracking Solutions for airlines


Once operational, the system would work like this:

At takeoff the tracking system begins sending position, time and


identification information at least every 15 min. to the airlines operational
control center (AOC), potentially using a third-party company to provide
the tracking services.
At some point in the flight, airspeed slows and the stall avoidance system
issues an alert, causing the tracking system to automatically enter the
abnormal mode and begin sending position, time and identification
updates at approximately 1 min. updates.
If aircraft problems continue, the tamper-proof autonomous distress
tracking system automatically triggers and alerts both the AOC and ATC
of the distress event and ATC alerts the RCC, which initiates a search
and rescue response with the tracking data.

Mainly two solutions have been proposed to ICAO as a


public service by commercial service providers.

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Global Emergency Tracking Service


Aireon : developer of the worlds first space-based ADS-B global air
traffic surveillance system, providing a global emergency tracking
service to the aviation community free-of-charge.
The service is going to use the Iridium NEXT satellite constellation
(comprises 66 satellites that orbit at a distance of 781km around the
Earth) as ADS-B payload hosts retransmitting signals from ADS-B
equipped aircrafts to air traffic controllers through Aireon ground
facilities.
The launch of the satellites will begin in 2015 and be finished in 2017,
when the entire new constellation will be fully operational.
The use of ADS-B equipment in commercial aircrafts will be
mandatory in the USA by 2010 and Europe 2018.

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Global Emergency Tracking Service

The Project for the Capacity Development for Transition to the New CNS/ATM Systems in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam
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Global Airline Tracking Service


Inmarsat, the leading provider of global mobile satellite
communications safety services, proposed to ICAO a free global
airline tracking service over the Inmarsat network, as part of the
anticipated adoption of further aviation safety service measures by the
worlds airlines following the loss of flight MH370.
This service is being offered to all 11,000 commercial passenger
aircraft, which are already equipped with an Inmarsat satellite
connection, virtually 100 per cent of the worlds long haul commercial
fleet.
The global tracking service is based on existing ADS-C service can be
implemented right away on all ocean-going commercial aircraft using
equipment that is already installed, namely Classic Aero/SBB Safety
service.

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Thank you
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