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HE THEORY OF CORE AND PERIPHERY

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AR. DWEEP BUCH


MSU - MURP 2014

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HE THEORY OF CORE-PERIPHERY GROWTH


KEYWORDS
Core;
Periphery;
World regions;
Economic geography;

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Coreperiphery the
concept of a
P
developed core
surrounded by an
E
undeveloped
R
periphery. The
Http://www.pacificusforum.com I
concept can be
P
Coreperiphery
modelis based on the idea that as one region or
applied at various
scales.
state
expands in economic prosperity.
H
The area of high growth or former high growth becomes known as
the core, and the neighboring area is the periphery. Cores and
peripheries can be towns, cities, states, or nations.

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WORLD SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

There is a Global Economy which


all countries are a part of. Therefore
countries are interdependent and
development in one country
depends on the countrys position in
the Global Economy (World system).

The Global Economy is divided into


the Core, Semi Periphery and
Periphery.
The application of coreperiphery
theory at the global scale identifies
the developed countries of the world
as the economic core of the global
economic system and the developing
countries as the economic
periphery.
Other terms used to distinguish between the richer and poorer
nations are:
developed and developing countries.
more economically developed countries (MEDCs) and less

http://www.Cambridge.org/global interaction

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Thecore countriesare theindustrializedcapitalistcountries


on whichperiphery countriesandsemi-periphery
countriesdepend. Core countries control and benefit from the
global market.

CORE COUNTRIES

http://em.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/core_countries

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SEMI-PERIPHERY COUNTRIES:
thesemi-periphery countries(sometimes referred to as justthe
semi-periphery) are theindustrializing, mostlycapitalistcountries
which are positioned betweenthe periphery andcore countries. Semiperiphery countries have organizational characteristics of both core
countries and periphery countries and are often geographically located
between core and peripheral regions as well as between two or more
core regions
competing
Semi-peripheral
countries contribute to the manufacturing and
exportation of a variety of goods. They are marked by above average
land mass, as exemplified by China, India, Brazil, Mexico,
andIran.
http://en.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/semi-peripherycountries

PERIPHERY COUNTRIES:
Theperiphery countries(sometimes referred to as justthe
periphery) are those that are less developed than thesemiperipheryandcore countries. These countries usually receive
disproportionately small share of global wealth.

http://em.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/periphery

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The core goes along coast of India with cities like Mumbai, Pune,
Bangalore, Chennai ,Hyderabad. Also there is another core around city
new Delhi. The periphery is inland with Madhya Pradesh and other
cities inland are the periphery where primary industries are dominant.

John Friedmanns Stages of Growth


Gives a more detailed
explanation of periphery and
highlights that spatial
inequalities change over time.
Stage 1 No urban hierarchy
Stage 2 Primate city
Stage 3 Regional sub-centres
Stage 4 Regional inequalities
are reduced in a fully
integrated urban system
http://greenfieldgeography.wikispaces.com/global+core+and+perip

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A CORE-PERIPHERY RELATIONSHIP ON AN
INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

On an international level, core refers to DCs like colonial


powers (Britain, France, Netherlands) while periphery refers
to LDCs like some former colonies (Malaya & Singapore,
French Indo-China, Indonesia)

Generally, core country better employment opportunities


in secondary & tertiary industries due to presence of infrastructure like transport cum telecommunication links, wealth,
good housing, access to electricity & piped water supply,
schools, hospitals & amenities like shopping & entertainment,
hence attractive to foreign investment.

Periphery country fundamentally agriculture & mining


based economy with limited infra-structure, limited access
to social services, hence fewer job opportunities.

Periphery provides core with resources like cheap raw


materials & labour thus enhancing industrial expansion &
wealth accumulation in core.
https://sites.google.com/site/chapter8devlopment/core-

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www.amyglenn.com

Advantages to the periphery is known as theSpread Effect, while


disadvantages to the periphery is known as theBackwash Effect.

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Spread Effects
Positive effects of the cores growth on the periphery. Core unable
to supply all the products the Core is demanding so supply from
the Periphery to the Core. Core becomes affected by NEGATIVE
EXTERNALITIES (high rents, overcrowding, congestion) so firms
locate in periphery.

https://sites.google.com/site/chapter8devlopment/
core-periphery-theory

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Backwash Effects
Negative effects of the cores growth on the periphery. Outmigration of economically active people, outflows of
capital, decreasing tax base, firms of the periphery not able
to compete with the firms of the core and therefore
periphery being flooded with cores products.

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https://sites.google.com/site/chapter8devlopment/core-periphery-

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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http://en.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/semi-periphery-countries
http://em.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/core_countries
http://em.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/periphery_countries
http://www.Cambridge.org/global interaction
https://sites.google.com/site/chapter8devlopment/core-peripherytheory
http://www.amyglenn.com
http://www.pacificusforum.com
http://greenfieldgeography.wikispaces.com/global+core+and+peri
phery

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