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Knowledge Management

And
Big Data In Business

What is knowledge
management

"Knowledge
management
is
a
discipline that promotes an integrated
approach to identifying, capturing,
evaluating, retrieving, and sharing all
of an enterprise's information assets.
These assets may include databases,
documents, policies, procedures, and
previously un-captured expertise and
experience in individual workers."

KM Process

Knowledge Hierarchy

Tools
Knowledge Generation
Acquisition
Synthesis
Creation

Knowledge Codification

Process Knowledge
Factual Knowledge
Catalog Knowledge
Cultural Knowledge
Knowledge-Bases
Knowledge Maps
Organizational Thesaurus and Dictionary
Simulators

Cloud computing
Cloud computing refers to utilizing computer
resources from servers using a network.
Cloud computing is defined as a type of
computing that relies on sharing computing
resources rather than having local servers or
personal device to handle applications. Cloud
computing is comparable to grid computing, a
type of computing where unused processing
cycles of all computers in a network are
harnesses to solve problems too intensive for
any stand-alone machine.

Cloud services
A cloud service is any resource that
is provided over the Internet. The
most common cloud service
resources are Software as a Service
(SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS)
and Infrastructure as a Service
(IaaS).

knowledge management system


Clients also benefit from using a scalable
knowledge management system .
Information shared throughout enterprise. This
would improve teamwork, simplify office
document integration and outlook synchronization
Publish content. This includes static content and
social networking
Easy to search for required content including
documents
Generate forms and workflows
Single user interface

Clients may face potential challenges


in managing knowledge assets:
Great volume of data to be integrated
into a single platform including a vast
number of unclassified data
Inadequate process harmony which
results in hosting various tools on
different platforms
Considerable amount of time lost on
searching

Possible solutions regarding the


potential challenges may include :
To ensure smooth transition to a cloud
based system, online software can
replace conventional content sharing
methods
Gradual content transfer from various
data sources to an online environment
- Centralized asset library to enhance
reusability

Cloud Based Km System


Cloud technologies are used to aid
knowledge sharing due to recent
advancements in internet
technologies and its widespread
popularity .
knowledge management system to
satisfy organizational needs

Benefits
Reduced licensing charges by using a single content
management system
Reduced ownership charges due to transition to cloud
Enhanced efficiency and cooperation throughout
enterprises via a unified system
Reduced risks due to improved flexibility and
scalability
Worldwide user profiles consolidation and improved
security due to centralization
Navigation and branding consistency by using a
single KM tool instead of multiple tools
Improved induction through centralized training
ensuring the system is enhanced to full potential

Layers

Unstructured and structured


data
Unstructured data refers to
information that either does not have
a pre-defined data model and/or is
not organized in a predefined
manner.
structured data is data that can be
easily organized. analytical and
usually stored in databases.

KM Life Cycle

Knowledge Management

16

BIG DATA

Big Data may well be the Next Big


Thing in the IT world.
Big data burst upon the scene in
the first decade of the 21st
century.
The first organizations to embrace
it were online and startup firms.
Firms like Google, eBay, LinkedIn,
and Facebook were built around
big data from the beginning.
INTRODUCTION

Big Data is similar to small data, but


bigger in size
But having data bigger it requires different
approaches:
Techniques, tools and architecture

WHAT IS BIG DATA?

Walmart handles more than 1 million customer


transactions every hour.
Facebook handles 40 billion photos from its user base.
Decoding the human genome originally took 10years to
process; now it can be achieved in one week.

THREE CHARACTERISTICS OF BIG DATA V3S

A typical PC might have had 10 gigabytes of


storage in 2000.
Today, Facebook ingests 500 terabytes of new
data every day.
The smart phones, the data they create and
consume; sensors embedded into everyday
objects will soon result in billions of new,
constantly-updated data feeds containing
environmental, location, and other information,
including video.

VOLUME

Machine to machine processes exchange


data between billions of devices
Infrastructure and sensors generate
massive log data in real-time

VELOCITY

Big Data isn't just numbers, dates, and


strings. Big Data is also geospatial data, 3D
data, audio and video, and unstructured
text, including log files and social media.
Traditional database systems were
designed to address smaller volumes of
structured data, fewer updates or a
predictable, consistent data structure.

VARIETY

The Structure of Big


Data
Structured
Most traditional
data sources

Semi-structured
Many sources of
big data

Unstructured
Video data, audio
data

25

WHY BIG DATA


Growth of Big Data is needed
Increase of storage capacities
Increase of processing power
Availability of data(different data types)

WHY BIG DATA

FB generates 10TB daily

Twitter generates 7TB of data


aily

BM claims 90% of todays


stored data was generated
n just the last two years.

Big Data sources


Users
Application
Systems
Sensors

Large and growing


files
(Big data files)

Types of tools used in


Big-Data
Where processing is hosted?
Distributed Servers / Cloud (e.g. Amazon EC2)

Where data is stored?


Distributed Storage (e.g. Amazon S3)

What is the programming model?


Distributed Processing (e.g. MapReduce)

How data is stored & indexed?


High-performance schema-free databases (e.g.
MongoDB)

Smarter
Healthcar
e

Homeland
Security

Traffic
Control

Manufacturin
g

Multichannel
sales

Telecom

Trading
Analytics

Search
Quality

A Application Of Big Data

Benefits of Big Data


Real-time big data isnt just a process for
storing petabytes or exabytes of data in a
data warehouse, Its about the ability to
make better decisions and take
meaningful actions at the right time.
Fast forward to the present and
technologies like Hadoop give you the
scale and flexibility to store data before
you know how you are going to process it.
Technologies such as MapReduce,Hive
and Impala enable you to run queries

Future of Big Data


$15 billion on software firms only
specializing in data management and
analytics.
This industry on its own is worth more
than $100 billion and growing at almost
10% a year which is roughly twice as fast
as the software business as a whole.
In February 2012, the open source analyst
firm Wikibon released the first market
forecast for Big Data , listing $5.1B
revenue in 2012 with growth to $53.4B in