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How to wr

ite a
Research
Report
Presented
By: Sagar
Gavit P13
019

What is Research Report?


Oral Presentation based
on the written documents

Written Document

Thatcommunicates the purpose, scope,


objective(s), hypotheses, methodology,
findings, limitations and finally,
recommendations of a research project to
others

Types of Research
Reports
Technical ReportPopular ReportSuitable for target audience

Researchers,
Research managers

or
Other people familiar
with and interested
in the technicalities
such as research
design, sampling
methods, statistical
details etc.

Suitable for general


audience

Interested mainly in

the research
findings as it is nontechnical in nature

Objectives of writing a research


report
Provide
interpretations
of findings that
lead to
recommendatio
ns

Effectively
communicate
findings of
research
project

Illustrate
credibility of
the research
project

Objectiv
es

Reference
document for
strategic &
tactical
decisions

To-Do
Before Writing the Report
Discuss the major findings, conclusions and

recommendations with the key decision


makers of the institute

Make sure the report meets the clients needs

and is ultimately accepted

Report preparation and


presentation process
Problem Definition,
Research Design &
Methodology

Data Analysis

Pre-report
Writing
Activities

Interpretation of
Research findings
Report Preparation

Report
Writing
Activities

Oral Presentation

Research Followup

Reading of the report


by the client

Past
Report
Writing

Common Format for Research


Report includes the following
elementsTitle page
Table of contents
List of tables
List of graphs
List of appendices
Executive summary
i.
Major findings
ii.
Conclusions
iii.
Recommendations
G.
Introduction
i.
Background to the
problem
ii.
Statement of problem
H.
Approach to the problem
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Research design

I.

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
viii.

Type of research design


Information needs
Data collection from secondary sources
Data collection from primary sources
Scaling techniques
Questionnaire development and pretesting
Sampling techniques
Field work

Data analysis

J.
i.

ii.

Methodology
Plan of data analysis

K. Results

Limitations and caveats


M. Conclusions and recommendations
N. Appendix
L.

Questionnaire and forms


ii. Statistical outputs
iii. Lists
i.

Key elements while


writing
Short summary of the whole report
and its recommendations

Executiv
e
Summar
y

Should be written after the report is


made, but should start the report

Research
Objective

Key
Findings

Statemen
t of
method

Visuals

Table, Figure, Diagrams, Graphs and


Charts..
Allows to compare

the numerical data


Identifies the exact
value
Use of SPSS for data
analysis
Frequency analysis
Regression
Crosstabs

Oral Presentations
Introduction
Agenda
Research background and Objectives
Methodology
Key findings
Conclusion and recommendations
Q & A

Preparing Reports
Lack of data
interpretation
Emphasis on packaging
instead of quality

Lack of relevance

COMMON PROBLEMS

Emphasizing a few statistics


too much

Wilsons six point suggestion for


presentation of research focuses on
audiences need
1. Respect the Importance
2. What do they need from the report?
3. How does your report meet this needs?
4. Underpin the key information with
evidence
5. Remind them of the key points of the
report
6. Make recommendations as to action

Thank You