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SOCIOCULTURAL THEORY (SCT

)

&
SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION (SLA)

Topics to present 1. Key constructs in SCT SLA 4. Discussion in SLA : SCT perspective . The methodology of sociocultural research 3. Language in SCT 2. SLA studies based on SCT 6. Activity theory 5.

An example of semantic properties . Language in SCT Language – a semiotic tool – to achieve someone’s goal in the context of social living THEREFORE Studying semantic properties is important in SLA SCT rather than studying formal properties of language. such as: syntax and grammar (Ellis p.Mr Smith pushing a machine accross his lawn .1. 519).

2. 521 . The methodology of sociocultural research SLA researchers has adopted the vygotskian tradition PHYLOGENESIS how the human species has evolved SOCIOCULTURAL HISTORY how a particular culture has developed over time ONTOGENESIS a lifelong human development in the context of SLA MICROGENESIS changes that occur in a relatively short time after having particular interaction in sociocultural setting GENETIC METHOD Ellis p.

521 The study on how corrective feedback assists the internalization of linguistic form (i.e imitation) is one of examples of microgenetic method.2. . The methodology of sociocultural research SLA researchers has adopted the vygotskian tradition PHYLOGENESIS how the human species has evolved SOCIOCULTURAL HISTORY how a particular culture has developed over time ONTOGENESIS a lifelong human development in the context of SLA MICROGENESIS changes that occur in a relatively short time after having particular interaction in sociocultural setting GENETIC METHOD Ellis p.

1 Key constructs in SCT SLA– mediated learning Vygotsky’s model of mediated action (from lantolf and thorne 2006) Artefact – Concrete (dictionary) or Symbolic (language) Subject .L2 learner Object – to read and understand a text in the L2 .3.

2 Key constructs in SCT SLA– mediation through social interaction Mediation through social interaction The generalist approach Scaffolding Dynamic assessment Corrrective feedback .3.

phrases.3. complete utterance of other. or sentence in whole or in part – to internalize Manipulation L2 learner manipulates sentence structure or words . repair another’s error Repetition learner repeats words.3 Key constructs in SCT SLA– mediation through private speech Private speech is self directed speech Types of private speech that might assist learning Vicarious response learner covertly answers a question addressed to another student.

4 Key constructs in SCT SLA– the zone of proximal development Three levels of development the actual developmental level learners are able to complete the task independently the potential developmental level learners are able to finish the task because of the support of someone else (adult. expert.3. or collaboration with peers) Other – beyond learner learner cannot do the task even if assistance is provided .

or collaboration with peers) Other – beyond learner learner cannot do the task even if assistance is provided .4 Key constructs in SCT SLA– the zone of proximal development Three levels of development This is ZPD the actual developmental level learners are able to complete the task independently the potential developmental level learners are able to finish the task because of the support of someone else (adult.3. expert.

3.object regulation The teacher instructs learners in the strategy of selective dictionary use . vocab or comprehend the text – self regulation INTERNALIZATION Another definition .learners manifest new linguistic forms and so functions in interaction with others and gradually internalize them so they can use them independently INTERNALIZATION = IMITATION .5 Key constructs in SCT SLA– internalization Learner use dictionary to check every difficult words in a reading text .other regulation the learner able to vary his/her use of the dictionary.

Activity theory One student studies hard to achieve high score Task Two students might respond differently to the task Another student dilligently studies to expand a communcative skill as it is needed for interpersonal social needs .4.

5. SLA studies based on SCT SLA studies based on SCT Corrective feedback Collaborative dialoguing Metatalk First type example – clarify the task given by teacher with other students Second type example – such metatalk arise when students focus on problem solving Private speech Task versus activity Activity theory .

6. L2 learning. by adults. L1 transfer .Mainstream SLA researchers have approached language transfer in terms of how the L1 influence L2 2. Does young children’s L2 development follow similar pattern? . Discussion in SLA: SCT perspective 1. involves the gradual internalization of scientific explicit grammatical concepts which subsequently become automized.