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Consumer Behaviour

Week 4 Session : Consumer as an Individual-

Consumer Learning Process and theories

Programme : BBA -5th Semester

Dr Monika Suri

Associate Professor ,

AURO UNIVERSITY

Module
Objectives
The Primary objectives of this course :
1. To Define consumer behavior in the context of
individual as well as institutional buying and
understand its influence on corporate strategy
2. To Analyze marketing environments and segment
them on the basis of consumer behavior
3. To Understand internal and external/environmental
determinants of consumer behavior to select
appropriate marketing tools to influence consumer
decision making.
Teaching Pedagogy: Lecture ,Discussion, Audio-Visuals, Case
Studies , Situation Analysis , Live Projects , Psychometric Test
etc.

Consumer Learning Process and theories

Learning Objectives
To Understand the Nature and Characteristics of Learning
To Understand the Application of Learning Theories in
Developing Product Positioning Strategies

Lecture Outline

Process of learning
Approaches to learning-classical conditioning
and operant (instrumental conditioning )

Weekly -Coverage
Training Pedagogy
Lecture
Role Play
Individual & Group Exercise
&Discussion
Audio Visual lectures
Videos
Psychometric Test
Case studies
Projects
Etc

Process of Learning

A process by which individuals


acquire the purchase and
consumption knowledge and
experience that they apply to
future related behaviour.

Learning Processes
Intentional
learning acquired as a result of a careful
search for information
Incidental
-- learning acquired by accident or
without much effort

Importance of Learning
Marketers must teach consumers:
where to buy
how to use
how to maintain
how to dispose of products

Learning Theories
Behavioural Theories:
Cognitive Theories:
Theories based on the
A theory of learning
premise that learning takes
based on mental
place as the result of
information
observable responses to
external stimuli. Also
processing, often in
known as stimulus response
response to problem
theory.
solving.

Elements of Learning Theories

Motivation
Cues
Response
Reinforcement

Behavioural Learning Theories

Classical Conditioning
Instrumental Conditioning
Modeling or Observational
Learning

Classical Conditioning
Pairing a stimulus with another stimulus that
elicits a known response to produce the same
response when used alone.

http://almaz.com/nobel/medicine/1904a.html

Brands and Their Associations

Margo Brand of Soaps Association with ....................


Cafe Coffee Days association with ...............................
Robin Blues association with.........................................
Rolex and Omega watches associations with ................
Nikes association with ....................................................
Saffolas association with ................................................
iPhones association with.................................................
Lux Soaps association.....................................................
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Brands and Their Associations


Margo Brand of Soaps Association with Neam and Beauty
Cafe Coffee Days association with Relaxation and
Socializing
Robin Blues association with Whiteness of Clothes
Rolex and Omega watches associations with Prestige
Nikes association with a youthful attitude
Saffolas association with healthy cooking
iPhones association with technological trends and fashion
Lux Soaps association with celebrities for several decades
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Instrumental (Operant) Conditioning


Learning based on a trial-and-error process, with
habits forced as the result of positive experiences
(reinforcement)

Classical Conditioning and Marketing Strategy


Identify and pair product with a known, well-liked
stimulus

More attention
More favourable attitudes
Greater intention to buy the product
Learning of key attributes

Use stimulus generalization effectively


Continued

Instrumental Conditioning

Consumers learn by means of trial and error


process in which some purchase behaviours result
in more favorable outcomes (rewards) than other
purchase behaviours.
A favorable experience is instrumental in teaching
the individual to repeat a specific behaviour.

Instrumental Conditioning and Marketing

Make the product the ultimate reward


Provide samples and free trials
Provide non-product rewards
Practice relationship marketing
Reinforcement Schedules
Shaping

Massed versus Distributed Learning

Measures of Consumer Learning

Recognition and Recall Measures


Aided and Unaided Recall
Cognitive Responses to Advertising
Copy-testing Measures
Attitudinal and Behavioural Measures of Brand Loyalty

Cognitive Learning Theory


Learning through problem solving, which
enables individuals to gain some control over
their environment.
Three types:
Observational learning
Reasoning

Observational Learning

Individuals learn by observing the


behaviour of others, and consequences of
such behavior.
Also known as modeling learning.

Models of Cognitive Learning Based on Sequential Information


Processing

Generic Framework (K-E-B)


Promotional Model (A-I-D-A-S)
Tri-component Model (C-A-B)
Decision Making Model (A-K-E-P-P-E)
Innovation Adoption Model ( A-I-E-T-A)
Innovation Decision Model (K-P-D-Confirmation )