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ETYMOLOGY

Humanities- It came from the Latin word humanus which means

refined, culture and human


Refined
- Norms, being civilize, and socialize
Cultured
- Adaptation to environment (social interaction, norms)
Human
- Having the nature of people, being a person

Definition
-

The expression of ourselves without using of words (painting,


sculptures, dancing, mosaic, cross stitch, collage, paper and
folding)
The study of mans expression feelings, thought, intuition,
values, and ideas
The study of mans experience, goals, and aspirations
It is used to dramatize individual expressions

Why do we need to study


humanities?
The humanities serve to provide the
student with certain skills and values through
the arts. Students learn to appreciate the
importance of value that no other subject can
describe those values which are directly an
exact.

Aim of Humanities
During Medieval Age
The humanities dealt with the
metaphysics of the religious philosopher.

During Renaissance Period

To make man richer because


during that time only the rich people can
make art like paintings, sculpture and

etc.

During 19th and 20th century


Is to appreciate and understand
the importance of human being, his
ideas and aspirations

Other Related fields in


Humanities
Anthropology
History
Literature
Philosophy
Religion
Sociology
Visual and Performing
Arts

Etymology
Art- It came from the Latin word ars/artis which means to do or man
made

Definition
It is a medium of expression because through arts we express
our ideas, emotions, feelings, without using words.
Creative activity which involves skill or expertness in
handling materials and organizing them into a new.

Work of Art
Definition

A thing of beauty having aesthetic value.


Obra maestra, provides aesthetic values
to the viewers.
It must have an artistic merit and literary
merit.
It is a symbolic state of meaning rather
having a practical function.

Example:

IMPORTANCE OF ART
1.Driven our existence
2.Satisfies the needs for personal expression
3.Develop our skills to express ourselves
4.Challenge us to see things differently
5.It unleash our hidden desires and passion
6.It can change our ways in life

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Spolarium
Last Supper
Mona Lisa
Madonna and Child
Banaue Rice Terraces

7.To see the truth that we might understand


before
8.It gives pleasure, satisfaction and
gratification

Functions of Art
To express beauty
It gives man moment of relaxation and spiritual
happiness
It serves as a channel of mans passion
Arts reformed man
Overcomes the feelings of restlessness and
loneliness

Categories of work of art considered to be


great

Different classifications
of Art

I. By the Audience

Best selling - it is very popular in its


day, or is produced by an artist who
has done other very popular piece.

Ground breaking- that it does not


follow regular convention or already
tried artistic methods real closely.

Inherently beautiful - means just as


the art critics do require and demand
that a work of art have an inner
harmony,
beauty,
and
emotional/intuitive meaning that are
unified, strong and intense, and deeply
moving to us.

- focus on how audience classified arts


1.

Performing Arts- something an


artist used body as a medium.
Example: play, movies, live
music, movies/TV, operas, mime,
puppetry, acrobatic, dance, and
ballet

2.

Visual Arts- usually exist in two


dimensional form and stay in one
place. Something that we see and
hear.
Example: painting, photography,
drawing, films,
sculpture, engraving, wooden
materials, silk screen, cartoon,
stained glass, mosaic, and stage
setting.

3.

Literature- talks about


language that affects our
imagination and make us think
Example: non fiction, fiction, stage
play, poetry, screenplay and
song

4.

II. By Critics
- Focus on how people judge art
Major Arts or Fine Arts- those that
includes music, literature, sculpture,
painting, dance, theater, photography, and
architecture.
2.

Sculptural- a three dimensional


form that we can touch, see, and
climb. It stays in one place.
a.
Example: Monument, Architectural
Designs, Rice terraces, Rock
Garden, Eiffel Tower, Statue of
Liberty, flower gardens, water
fountain, and buildings.

b.

Minor Arts or Applied Arts- those that


includes ceramics, furniture, weaving,
photography, and letterings.
Pure Art- created and performed for other
sake and to satisfies the audience
Example: Watching movie
Practical Art- with a purpose, for practical
use that
something is useful
Example: Chair and Table

III. By an Artist
- Characterize by special sensing,
physical and special senses
1.

2.

3.

IV. Other Classification


1.

Sight art- something that you can


see, imagine, and create
Example: painting, drawing,
mosaic, drafting design, stage
design, light displays and graphic
design
Sound Art- something that you
can hear
Example: Literature, Poetry,
plays and Music
Touch Art- something that you
can feel or touch
Example: Sculpture, Curving,
Wood Craft, Pottery,
Dance Movement, and building

Real Art- something that is


understandable what you
see
is what you get, objective and
representational.
Example: photography, stage play,
dance,
sculpture,
and
architecture

2.

Abstract Art- non subject matter, non


representational
that we cannot
understand on the part of the listener.
Example: Grey Tree by Piet
Mondrian

III.

IV.

V.

VI.

VI.

Medium - it denotes the means


of artists to express his ideas, it
pertains to
materials used to
express feelings through art.
Rhythm- pattern, arrangement
of lines, color, synchronization
or connection of path that
suggest gracefulness.

Principles of Art

Style- the typical expressing and


training of artist and outlook in
life.

Structure- surface and quality


of object either real or made to
be appeared real. It gives variety
and beauty on art.

Shape - the enclosed space


defined by other elements of
art. shapes may take on the
appearance of two-d or
three- objects.

Emphasis the composition refers to


developing points of interest to pull the
viewer's eye to important parts of the body of
the work.
Balance it is a sense of stability in the body
of work.
Harmony achieved in a body of work by
using similar elements throughout the work,
harmony gives an uncomplicated look to your
work.
Variety refers to the differences in the work,
you can achieve variety by using difference
shapes, textures, colors
and values in your work.
Movement adds excitement to your work by
showing action and directing the viewers eye
throughout the picture plane.
Rhythm a type of movement in drawing and
painting.
Proportion or scale refers to the
relationships of the size of objects in a body of
work.
Unity is seen in a painting or drawing when
all the parts equal a whole.

Different subject
of

work of art
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Nature
Woman
Emotion
Places
Animals
Events
Saints
Churches
Child
Fruits
Toys
Landscapes
Seascapes
religion

Different ways of presenting


the subject
1. Realism - the artists portrays the subject as
ease.
Example: Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet by Gustave
Courbet in 1854
2. Abstraction - there is no subject but only his
feelings and ideas. You cannot figure out the
subject/object.
Example: Figura by Arturo Luz
3. Distortion - usually done to dramatize the
shape of a figure or to create an emotional
effect. Measurement is not proportioned.
Example: Caricature

Artist and His


Medium
- As the materials, the artist way of
expressing his emotion in order to
communicate his ideas.
1. Visual - that can be seen and can
occupy space.
Example: painting and drawing
2 Auditory/time - that can be heard.
Example: music and literature
- That can be seen and heard.
Example: opera, dance, drama and
movies

Different Mediums in
Painting
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Oil
Pencil
Watercolor
Charcoal
Tempera
Fresco
Pastel
Acrylic
Mosaic
Crayon

Filipino
Painters
Juan Lunas
The Death of Cleopatra,
The Spolarium,
Battle of Lepanto
El Pacto de Sangre
Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo's
in the grand manner"
Assassination of
Gov. Gen. Fernando Bustamante.

Purposes of
Painting
1. Painting commemorates
historical events.
2. For recognition of
religious activities.

Example Sculptures
Statue of David
U.P Oblation