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The Preamble

SOSC 5
Lesson 4

Topic Outline
Meaning of Preamble
Preamble not essential in a
constitution
Object and value Preamble
Source of constitutions authority
National purposes and aims adopting
the Constitution
Changes in the Preamble

SOSC 5

Meaning of Preamble

Full Text of the Preamble


We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the
aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and
humane society, and establish a Government
that shall embody our ideals and aspirations,
promote the common good, conserve and
develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves
and our posterity, the blessings of
independence and democracy under the rule of
law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom,
love, equality, and peace, do ordain and
promulgate this Constitution.

Meaning or Preamble
Preambulare = to walk before
Introduction to the main subject
Prologue to the Constitution

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Preamble not essential in a


constitution

Not an essential part


It forms no integral of our
Constitution
Of itself alone, it cannot be invoked
as a source of private rights

SOSC 5

Object and value of Preamble

Object and value


Sets down origin and purposes of the
Constitution
May serve as an aid to its
interpretation
May be resorte to as an aid in
determining the meaning of vague and
ambiguous provisions of the
Constitution proper

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Source of constitutions
authority

Source of constitutions
authority
The Filipino people
The Filipino people themselves are the
source from which the Constitution
comes
Different from people of the
Philippines

A sovereign people
The Filipino people is promulgating the
Constitution as a sovereign people not
under authority orpermission given by a
superior foreign power

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National purposes and aims


in adopting the Constitution

Purpose & aims of the Constitution


To build a just and humane society
To established a Government that
shall:
Embody our ideals and aspirations
Promote the common good
Conserve and develop our patrimony
Secure to ourselves and our posterity
the blessing of independence and
democracy under the rule of law and a
regime, justice, freedom,love, equality,
and peace.

SOSC 5

Changes in the Preamble

Preamble - 1973
Constitution
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring
the aid of Divine Providence, in order to
establish a government that shall embody
our ideals, promote the general welfare,
conserve and develop the patrimony of our
Nation, and secure to ourselves and our
posterity the blessings of democracy under
a regime of justice, peace, liberty, and
equality, do ordain and promulgate this
Constitution.

Significant Changes in the Preamble


From Divine Providence to Almighty God
Divine Providence is considered as vague and
impersonal

From General Welfare to Common Good


ikabubuti nakararami to ikabubuti ng
lahat
General Welfare may refer only to the welfare
of the majority

From develop the patrimony of our


nation to develop our patrimony

New Words in the Preamble


to build a just and humane society
To emphasize that justice is the basis of
all hman society

the rule of law


To distinguish the new Constitution from
Marcoss rule of man

aspiration (added to ideals)


Aspirations: unrealized dreams
Ideals: accepted norms and principles

New Words in the


Preamble
Truth
To emphasize the need for
transparency and honesty in the
conduct of public affairs

Love
Re-echoes the motto of the French
Revolution:
Equality (egalite)
Fraternity (fraternite)
Liberty (liberte)

More on Love
According to Delfin S. Felipe, the
Love in the Preamble refers to
Highest and strongestEXPRESSION OF
THE WILL OF AN INDIVIDUAL
When justice is lost, love recovers it;
and once justice is regained, love
perfects it
Hindi mo lamang"kursunada",hindi mo
lamang"gusto",kundi"ibig na ibig" mo!

Questions?