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LASER & Fiber Optics

Feni Eka Putri


Firelda Putri Ambaratri
Gilang Kautsar
Hary Perdana Kamal

LASER

FIBER
OPTIC

Definition of LASER
Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

A laser is a device that emits light


through a process of optical
amplification based on the stimulated
emission
of
electromagnetic
radiation.
usually in the form of light that
can not be seen or can be seen with
normal eyes, through the process of
stimulated emission.

LASER = Light Amplification by


Stimulated Emission of Radiation

Laser Wavelength
Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

LASER Frequency
Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

Generally, the
laser operates
in the visible
spectrum.

Inventor
Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor

Charles Hard
Townes (born
July 28th , 1915)

How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

Arthur Leonard
Schawlow (born
May 5th , 1921)

In
1957, Charles
Hard
Townes and Arthur
Leonard
Schawlow, at Bell Labs, began a
serious study of the infra red
laser. As ideas developed, they
abandoned infrared radiation to
instead concentrate upon visible
light. The concept originally
was called an "optical maser".

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

On May 16th 1960 ,


Theodore H. Maiman
operated the first
functioning laser Maiman's
functional laser used a
solid-state flashlamp
pumped syntheticruby
crystalto produce red laser
light, at 694 nanometres
wavelength.

How does it work?


Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

When the number of electrons in


the atom receiving stimulant / energy
from the outside, there was a release of
energy in a time; process called
stimulated emission .
Therefore, the workflow laser,
electrons were first taken to a higher
energy level . This action will make the
atom unstable, so the electrons will
quickly move to a lower energy level
and releases a photon ( light ) .

How does it work


Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

These photons will be reflected by a mirror in


the laser, and its interaction with the electrons
in the excited state will generate another
photon, the wavelength of the phase and the
same wavelength. These photons are reflected
back and interact with the electrons in the
excited state. The other mirror held laser is
half-silvered mirror, which only reflect some
photons, while others bust out. Rays bust out
of this is that light is monochromatic,
coherent, and single-phase, which laser light.

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

Aplication
The Aplication laser light in daily life for :
Laser Pionter
DVD / CD player
Printer
Barcode Detector
Laser Cutting
Lasik Operation

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

LASER Printer

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

Definition
Wave
length

Frequency

Inventor
How does
it work?
Application
LASER
Hazards

LASER Hazards

Definition of Fiber Optic


Definition

Part

Fiber optic (optical fiber) is a flexible,


transparent fiber made of glass (silica) or

Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

plastic, slightly thicker than a human hair. It


functions as a waveguide, or light pipe, to
transmit light between the two ends of the
fiber. The light source that used is usually
LASER.

Part of Optical Fiber


Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Cladding material surrounding the core


is the function reflects the light back
Core is the deepest part or the core of
an optical fiber comprising one or more
fibers, this fiber which is the path for the
signal light the nucleus (core).
Coating Buffer (wrapper) or it could
called jacket is the outermost part is a
plastic coating that will protect the
optical fiber from damage caused by
outside influences. such as humidity,
abrasion and damage.

Part of Optical Fiber


Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Kind of Fiber Optic


Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Single mode
optical fiber with the small core, the
diameter close with the wave length, so
that, the light which entered not
reflected to the wall of cladding.

Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Multi mode
optical fiber with the cores diameter
little longer which make the laser in the
core will reflected to the wall of cladding,
it will be make the decreasing the
bandwidth from this kind of optical fiber.

Inventor
Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

1961 : Elias Snitzer and Will Hicks


demonstrated that the laser beam is
directed through a thin glass fiber (fiber
optic). The glass fiber core is quite small
which makes the light can only pass one
section only.

How does it works


Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Application
Definition

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

The aplication of fober optics in daily life


for :
Cabel telephone
Cable for local area networking (LAN)
Optical fibres are used in a number of
instruments that enable doctors to view
internal body parts without having to
perform surgery.

Definition

Convert to laser
light waves

Internet

Part
Kind
Inventor
How does
it work?
Application

Computer

CONCLUSION
LASER is a mechanism for a device that
emits electromagnetic radiation, through
the process of stimulated emission.
Fiber optics is one of the transmission
medium capable of delivering data in the
form of light with a large capacity with high
reliability

REFERENCES

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laser
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serat_optik
http://www.elektroindonesia.com/elektro/ut30.html
http://www.healthiswealthmaui.com/laserfrequencies.html
http://www.google.com/search?q=soal+dan+jawaban+sinar+laser+dan+s
rat+optik&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&cl
ient=firefox-a
http://efendybloger.blogspot.com/2012/11/Apa-itu-Fiber-Optik-danBagaimana-Cara-Kerjanya.html

TH
AN
KY

OU