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Presented to:
Mam Umarah sahar
Presented by:
M.aqeel S/2014,1047

Teaching and Learning

Teaching as telling or transmission.
Teaching as facilitating activities in student
Teaching as making learning possible
Permanent change in behavior through
experience, instruction or study.

Methods of Student Centered

Student-centered teaching methods shift the
focus of activity form the teacher to the
These methods include.
Active learning
Cooperative learning
Inductive teaching and learning

Method of Student Centered

Active learning: in which students solve
problems, answer questions, formulate questions
of their own, discuss, explain, debate class.
Cooperative learning: in which students work in
teams on problems and projects under condition
that assure both positive interdependence and
individual accountability.

Methods of student centered

Inductive teaching and learning: in which
student are first presented with
challenges(question or problems) and learn the
course material in the context of addressing the

What is Student Centered

Student-centered learning recognize individual
differences in learners. In this sense, studentcentered learning emphasizes each students
interest, abilities, and learning styles, placing the
teacher as a facilitator of learning for individuals
rather than for the class as a whole.

Student Centered Learning

Student-centered learning theory and practice
are based on the constructivist learning theory
that emphasizes learners critical role in
constructing meaning from new information and
prior experience.
Student-centered learning puts students
interests first, acknowledging student voice as
central to the learning experience. In a studentcentered learn, how they will learn and how they
will assess their own learning.

Student Centered Learning

Student-Centered Learning: also know as learnercentered education broadly encompasses methods of
teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the
teacher to the student.
In original usage, student-centered learning aims to
develop learner independence by putting responsibility
for the learning path in the hands of students.
Student-centered learning requires students to be
active, responsible participants in their own learning.

Student Centered Approach

Focus on how learning is achieved.
Recognition that students learn in different
Students build on their prior knowledge.
Constructing their own learning.

Advantages of Student-Centered
Student-centered learning has advantages for
both students and teachers.
Student develop learning and other skills and
gain meaningful knowledge that will help them
throughout life.
Student are in control of their learning.
Student discover that learning is interesting and

Complaints about irrelevance and unfairness
Reports and papers generated by students
increase a teachers collection of useful

Disadvantage of Student Centered

Teaching and Learning
There are students who do not relate well
to student-centered learning in spite of a
teachers best efforts.

Students Centered Learning s


Recognize prior knowledge of students.

students have experiences and knowledge.
Give student choice and let them work together.
Less exam focused
Use a variety of media, audio and written.
Use a wide range of materials.
Use different activities, listening, oral work, role play,
game etc.