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Anesthesia

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What is Anesthesia?
Anesthesia

is a common term that you mostly here


whenever a clinical treatment or surgery is being carried
out.
However, very few people know that several types of
anesthesia exist that are administered according to the
requirement of the invasive treatment.

While

giving anesthesia, the anesthetist administers a


medication either by inhalation or by injection so that the
sensation of pain and other feelings are completely blocked
and a state of deep unconsciousness prevails due to which
the patient cannot feel any sensation at all at least in the
area where the anesthesia is administered.

This

helps the doctors and the surgeons to carry out


surgical and related medical procedures without causing
any discomfort or distress to the patient.

Types of Anesthesia
Depending

upon the requirement of the surgical


procedures, different types of anesthetics are
administered.

Here are some of the most common:


Conscious Sedation
This is a type of sedation in which medication is used to
reduce the level of consciousness of the patient so that
although the area where the surgical procedure is being
carried out becomes numb, the patient is conscious
enough to respond verbally to light touch or verbal
commands.

Procedural Sedation
In this procedure, general anesthesia is not used and during
which the patient is made to tolerate the pain or discomfort
caused due to the treatment or surgery. Such type of
sedation is usually recommended when the discomfort is
associated with loss of memory due to certain distressful
events.
Regional Anesthesia
It is a type of umbrella term that is frequently used for
describing epidural blocks, spinal blocks, nerve blocks and
pain relief. The process of regional anesthesia involves
injecting local anesthesia in vicinity having major nerve
bundles that supply to body areas such as forearm, thigh,
ankle, shoulder or hand.

Analgesia
In

this process, the pain of the patient is eliminated or


reduced by giving local medications such as local
anesthetics.

General Anesthesia
When general anesthesia is administered, a druginduced state is produced during which the patient do
not respond to any kind of stimulation including pain.
This may lead to changes in circulation and breathing.

Side Effects of Anesthesia


These vary from one person to another and usually are not
very severe. Some of the most common side effects of
anesthesia include:
Sore throat
Shivering/chills
Teeth damage
Nausea and vomiting immediately after the surgery

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