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Edy Saputra (PhD)

http://kimia.ft.unri.ac.id/teknik-kimia-s1/

NANOTECHNOLOGY

What is Nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology is the art an
science of manipulating matter at the
nanoscale.

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NanoTechnology

History of
nanotechnology
Norio Taniguchi
introduced the term
nanotechnology

In 1959 Richrad Feynman


presented ideas for creating
Nano scale machines

1980s, development in this field


was greatly enhanced with
advances in electron microscopy

1 nanometer = 1 billionth
of a meter

Human Hair: Approx. 1x105 nm

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How Small is NanoScale

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Approaches in
nanotechnology
Top-down Approach

Creating Nano-scale
materials by physically or
chemically breaking down
larger materials

Bottom-up Approach

Assembling Nano
materials atom-by-atom
or molecule-by molecule
(self assembling)

Electronic industry
Automotive industry
Engineering
Medicine
Cosmetics
Textile
Sports
Chemical industry

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Applications of Nanotechlogy

Nano materials
Nano powders - building blocks of nano
materials

Porous metallic
nanocubes
store large amounts of
H2

(particles less than


100 nm in size)

Nanoparticles of gold for


new catalysts

The scale of
nanopowders

www.cordis.lu/nanotechnology

<--Nano Sim
Nano Transistors-->

<-- Fuel Cells

OLED (Organic Light <-Emitting Diode)

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Batteries
Solar cells
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Nano Tubes

10

AL

Optical
Microsco
pe

Scanning
Electron
Microsco

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HIGH DEPTH of
FIELD
NANOMATERI

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Industrial applications of
nanotechnology
Surfaces and coatingsThe most prominent application of
nanotechnology in the household
is self-cleaning or "easy-to-clean"
surfaces on ceramics or glasses.
Nano ceramic particles have
improved the smoothness and
heat resistance of common
household equipment such as the
flat iron.

Textiles: The use of engineered nanofibers


already makes clothes water- and
stain-repellent or wrinkle-free.
Textiles with a nanotechnological
finish can be washed less
frequently and at lower
temperatures.
Nanotechnology has been used to
integrate tiny carbon particles
membrane and guarantee fullsurface protection from
electrostatic charges for the
wearer.

Military
By using nanotechnology, the
military would be able to
create sensor systems that
could detect biological agents.
Nanoparticles can be injected
into the material on soldiers
uniforms to not only make the
material more durable, but
also to protect soldiers from
many different dangers such
as high temperatures, impacts
and chemicals.

Stages of
Nanotechnology
Agrifood applicatinos currently in
passive to early active stage

Passive
Nanostructur
es
Coatings,
polymers,cera
mics
2001

2005

Active
Nanostructure
s
Transistors
Targeted drugs
Adaptive
structures

2010

Systems of
Nanosystem
s
Robotics
3D networks
Guided
assemblers
2020

Molecular
Nanosystems
Molecules by
design
Evolutionary
systems

Stronger
Lighter
Cheaper
Durable

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Advantages

Precise
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Stronger
Lighter
Cheaper
Durable

http://kimia.ft.unri.ac.id/teknik-kimia-s1/

Advantages

Precise
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