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Course Content

Radio Resource Management Overview


Parameter Configuration
Common Channels & Power Control
Load Control
Admission Control
Packet Scheduling
Handover Control
Resource Manager
HSDPA RRM & parameters
HSUPA RRM & parameters
I insert classification level
1
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Module Objectives
At the end of the module you will be able to:
Explain the functions of Resource Manager
Explain spreading code allocation strategies
Explain code tree usage optimisation & parameters

Soc Classification level


2
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Resource Manager RM
Main function: allocate logical radio resources of BS according to the channel request by
the RRC layer for each radio connection.
The RM is located in the RNC and it works in close co-operation with AC & PS.
The actual input for resource allocation comes from AC/PS and RM informs the PS about
the resource situation
The RM is able to switch codes & code types for different reasons such as SHO &
defragmentation of code tree
Manages the BS logical resources
BS reports the available logical HW resources

Requests for other resources such as ATM


Transport resource manager
RNC HW manager (L1/L2)

Maintains the code tree

allocates the DL Channelization Codes, UL Scrambling Code, UL Channelisation Code type


prevents Code Tree fragmentation, which may cause extra IF or IS HO's
with HSDPA, RM allocates a number of codes to a HSDPA code pool
for HSDPA users NodeB PS then allocates Channelisation Codes per user & TTI from the HSDPA pool

Soc Classification level


3
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Resource Manager
DL: Scrambling codes separate the cells; Channelisation codes separate connections
UL: Scrambling Codes separate the UE's
All physical channels are spread with individual Channelisation Codes, Cm(n) and
subsequently by the scrambling code, CFSCR

Widespread
data

User
data
Channelisation
Code

Soc Classification level


4
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Scrambling
Code

Channelisation Code Allocation


Code Allocation Algorithm chooses the correct Channelisation Code depending on the TFC type
C 2 (0)=(1,1,1,1)
C1 (0)=(1,1)
C 2 (1)=(1,1,-1,-1)
C 0 (0)=(1)
C 2 (2)=(1,-1,1,-1)
C1 (1)=(1,-1)
C 2 (3)=(1,-1,-1,1)

C 3 (0)=()
C 3 (1)=()
C 3 (2)=()
C 3 (3)=()
C 3 (4)=()
C 3 (5)=()
C 3 (6)=()
C 3 (7)=()

Code
Code Order
Code
Code
Order 1
2 (SF 4)
Order 0
Order 3
(SF 2)
(SF 1)
(SF 8)
The codes are layered from 0 to 11 according to the Spreading Factor (SF)
Cm(n) : The code order, m, and the code number, n, designates each and every code in the layered
orthogonal code sequences
In DL code order 2 to 8 (SF 4 to 512) are available (Nokia RAN does not support SF = 512)
In UL code order 2 to 7 (SF 4 to 256) are available
Soc Classification level
5
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Spreading Code Allocation Example


Ordinary DL speech channel, requires 30 ksps physical capacity (AMR 12.2 4.75 kbit/s).
The code order is 8, which means there are 128 chips to illustrate 1 symbol (2n, n=7).
If the requested channel is 120 kbit/s (including DPCCH & channel coding) data channel,
then the code order is 6.

Soc Classification level


6
Nokia Siemens Networks

Code
Order

Channel
symbolrate
(ksps)

Channel
bitrate
(kbps)

SF

DPDCH
bits/frame

15

7.5

512

40

30

15

256

160

low rate AMR Speech possible

60

30

128

340

AMR Speech

120

60

64

600

240

120

32

1400

64 kbps data

480

240

16

2880

960

480

6080

128 kbps data


384 kbps data

1920

960

12480

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

DL Code Allocation
When HSDPA is enabled at least 5 codes are allocated
Code allocation is dynamic from RAS06 on when more than 5 codes are allocated
SF = 1
SF = 2
SF = 4
SF = 8
SF = 16

Codes for 5
HS-PDSCH's

SF = 32
SF = 64
SF = 128

Code for one


HS-SCCH

SF = 256

Codes for the cell common channels

max. 166 codes @ SF=256 available for the associated DCHs & non-HSDPA users
when code multiplexing is used, up to 3 HS-SCCH are transmitted and need a code
Soc Classification level
7
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

DL Code Allocation Common Channels


Pilot (P-CPICH) and BCCH (P-CCPCH) have fixed code allocation
P-CPICH: CH256,0
P-CCPCH: CH256,1

AICH and PICH codes in Nokia RAN


AICH: CH256,2
PICH: CH256,3

S-CCPCH code allocation depends on number of active S-CCPCH in Nokia RAN


With 1 S-CCPCH: CH64,1

S-CCPCH1
(FACH)
X

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

PICH

AICH

P-CCPCH

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8
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P-CPICH

Spreading Code Allocation


A code is always allocated from the optimum location in the code tree. It makes the allocated
code and the codes in the branches below and above the allocated code unavailable
Code tree will fragment quickly if releases is not re-arranged
Re-arrangements in the code tree is done by reallocating the codes in better locations

In the above example 4 codes of equal order are allocated. The best locations are in the same branch
and very close to one another. The badly located code is released and optimally reallocated allowing the
use of upper layer codes
Codes are only reallocated when there is a benefit at two code tree layers above the code being
reallocated

Soc Classification level


9
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

Spreading Code Allocation


WCEL: CodeTreeOptimisation
The parameter indicates if rearrangement can be applied to a specific cell.
range: 0 (optimization not used), 1 (optimization used) default: 1;

WCEL: CodeTreeOptTimer
The parameter defines the timer value that triggers code tree optimization, if it is not triggered
otherwise
range: 1 ... 65535 s, step 1 s default: 3600 s;

WCEL: CodeTreeUsage
The parameter defines the minimum usage of code tree before rearrangement is applied to a
specific cell.
range: 0 ... 100 %, step 1 % default: 40%;

WCEL: MaxCodeReleases
The parameter defines the maximum number of code release actions allowed in a code tree
before rearrangement is applied to this code tree.
range: 1 ... 65535, step 1 default: 40;
Soc Classification level
10
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

DL & UL Scrambling Code Allocation


Each cell uses 1 semi-permanent DL Primary Scrambling Code that is allocated by O&M. It is
taken into use when the cell is started, requiring scrambling code planning , e.g. for adjacent cells.
PriScrCode identifies the DL scrambling code of the cell
is applied to all physical channels but SCH

PriScrCode
WCEL; 0..511; 1; no default

UL Scrambling Codes: are mobile specific and are allocated in connection establishment.
The codes are indexed from 0 to 224(16,777,216). Different UEs within the same cell must use
different UL scrambling codes
RM allocates UL scrambling code from a list of codes inside a single RNC.
For example RNC_123 can allocate codes from 1000000 to 1999999; finally starts from 1000000 again.
This allocation unit saves all used codes in a table and checks if allocated code is used or not

Since different RNCs allocate their own codes there is a possibility that two mobiles get the same
code. With code planning and Iur signaling (negotiating within RNCs) the above problem is avoided.
ULScrCodeMin the minimum value of UL scrambling code;
it is unique for each MS.
The maximum UL scrambling code number is calculated by the system as

ULScrCodeMin + n*m

ULScrCodeMin
RNC; 8192..16.777.215; 1;
1.000.000

where n is the number of ICSUs in the RNC &


m=8192 is the max number of user/ ICSU
This suggests careful configuration when considering HW upgrades to avoid overlaps
Soc Classification level
11
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / AA / 01_2010

ICSU: Interference Control & Signalling Unit