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Fish

Classification
Kingdom- Animalia
Phylum- Chordata
Sub Phylum- Vertebrata
Classes- Agnatha,
Chondrichthyes,
Osteichthyes

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Agnatha
Jawless fish: Lampreys, Hagfish

Types of Agnathans
Hagfish- Ocean
scavengers, not much is
known about them.
Lamprey- fresh and salt
water, they are parasitic
and prey on other fish.
* Both have cartilagenous
skeletons and sucker-like
mouths.

A Sliming Hagfish

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The Sea Lamprey

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Sea Lamprey Project

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More Video..

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Chondricthyes
Cartilagenous Fish: Shark, Ray

Chondrichthyes
Sharks are adapted for a predatory
lifestyle.
Cartilage skeletons, stiff pectoral fins
(speed).
No operculum, must keep moving to
breathe.
Have live births.
Special scales feel like sandpaper.
Manta, and Sting Rays- live in shallow
water, have mouths located on the
underside, are fairly docile, wide flat
bodies and wing-like fins that are flexible.

Types of Chondrichthyes
Sharks and Rays- have
no operculum and
must keep moving to
breathe.
Have different kinds of
scales that feel and
look more like
sandpaper.
Have skeletons made of
cartilage not bones.

Shaaaaaaark!!!!!

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Is this Guy Nuts??????

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They get a Bad Rap :-(

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Spotted Eagle Rays

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Osteichthyes
Bony Fish:
Salmon,
Carp, Tuna
Over 20,000
different
species

One Last Word on


Fish.

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Types of Osteichthyes
Ray Finned:
Most fish are this type
Fins are supported by bony
structures called Rays.
Teleosts are the most advanced
form of ray finned fish
(symmetrical tails and mobile
fins).

Lobe Finned:
Fins are long, fleshy, muscular,
supported by central core of bones.
Thought to be ancestors of
amphibians.
Examples are: Coelacanth, Lungfish

Bizarre Fish

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Bizarre Fish

the Sequel

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Fish Characteristics
Gills
Backbone (vertebrae)
Paired Fins
Single Loop Circulation
Two chambered heart

Fish Anatomy

Fins

Different Dorsal Fins

Fish Respiration
Water flows over Gills as fish
opens mouth and swims.
Water flows opposite direction
of blood flow.
O2 diffuses from the water into
the blood.
Gills are made of thousands of
gill filaments.
Gills are covered by the
Operculum.

Up Close and Personal

Fish Circulation
Fish heart has 2 chambers
Single loop circulation
Blood flows into gills, picks up O2,
goes to the body, returns to the heart.

Fish Reproduction
Most Fish reproduce sexually, and fertilize
their eggs externally (Sharks-internally).
Spawning is the process of fertilizing eggs.
Baby fish are called FRY.

Lets Get Ready to Rumble..

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Lamprey Spawning
Behavior

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Fish Adaptations
Lateral Line System- used to detect
vibrations, orient the fish in water, it is a
line of cells running down the side of the
fish.
Operculum- gill cover, movement of
operculum allows more water to be drawn
in.
Swim Bladder- a gas filled sac that helps
the fish maintain buoyancy. Sharks dont
have a swim bladder!
Fins- Dorsal, Caudal, Pectoral, Pelvic, Anal.

Adaptations
Air Bladder

Fins

Operculum
Gills

Lateral
Line

Just Amazing!!!!

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Amaaaaaaaazing!!!

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Speed Demon

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Fooling w/ Mom Nature

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