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CHAPTER EIGHT: HOME AFTER FIVE

YEARS
Dumama, Niesha
Lim, Hans
Reganit, Karl
Tecson, John
1F PH

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

Left Rome on July 3, 1887


Boarded the vessel Djemnah at
Marseilles (same he vessel he rode to
Marseilles in 1882)
Interpreter

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

For the operation of his mothers eyes


To serve countrymen especially
agrarian problems in Hacienda de
Calamba
To know the effects of Noli Me Tangere
To find out why Leonor Rivera stopped
writing

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

Saigon, Vietnam
Haiphong left for Manila on July 30
Arrived in Manila on the night of August
6
Arrived in Calamba two days later
Happy homecoming but his family was
worried

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

Contributions
Medical clinic in Calamba (he was able
to remove a double cataract from the
eyes of Donya Teodora, his first patient)
Patients from Manila and other
provinces
Doctor Uliman the German Doctor
Emulsion de Scott (Scotts Emulsion)

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

$900 within a few months


Free services to the poor
Gymnasium in Calamba
Made paintings and translated the
German poet Von Wildernaths poems
into Tagalog

HOME AFTER FIVE YEARS

Olympias death
Unable to see Leonor Rivera

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Copies had arrived weeks before Rizal


returned
Governor General Emilio Terrero

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Warning from his professors Fathers


Francis de Paula Sanchez, Frederico
Faura, and Jose Bech that he would
lose his head
Lieutenant Jos Taviel de Andrade
Manila Archbishop Pedro Payo, O.P. sent
a copy to Fr. Gregorio Echavarria,
Rector of UST

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

heretical, impious, and scandalous in


the religious order, anti-patriotic,
subversive of public order, injurious to
the government of Spain and of the
Philippine Islands in the political order.

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Permanent Commission on Censorship


headed by Fr. Salvador Font,
Augustinian Curate of Tondo
Having Noli at home was a status
symbol
Original price as of June 30, 1887 five
pesetas
50 pesos each

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Fr. Jos Rodriguez published Caingat


Cayo in 1888
ignorant man
Vicente Barrantes in Espaa Moderna
in 1890
Spanish senators Vida and Pando ad
General Salamanca during Cortes

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Marcelo H. Del Pilar wrote Caiigat Cayo


(Slippery as an Eel)
Former professor Fr. Francis de Paula
Sanchez
Filipino Catholic priest-theologian Fr.
Vicente Garcia
Segusmundo Moret (former Miniester of
the Colonies during the liberal episode in
Spain in 1868)

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Rizal was refined, educated and


gentlemanly. The hobbies that
interested him most were hunting,
fencing, shooting, painting, and
hiking.

THE FUROR OVER THE NOLI ME TANGERE

Agent of German Chancellor Otto Van


Bismarck
Ingrate

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Governor Terrero ordered investigation of


the friar landholdings
Public Treasury Department to check how
much administrators were paying
Tenants were losing money to the undue
advantage of the Dominican administrators
Dominican landholdings compromised
whole town including peoples houses
Increased rent every year

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Dominican owner didnt contribute for


the fiesta
Tenants who worked clearing the lands
were dispossessed
High interest rate for delayed
payments
Carabaos, tools, and homes were
confiscated

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Paciano in Barrio Pansol in 1885


Rizals sisters were allowed to hold land
leases

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Maintining churches and institutions


like UST and Letran (given the royal
status in 1785, UST was prohibited to
receive subsidy from government)
Dominican Seminary and missionary
Rent increased as costs increased
Investments by Dominican landowners

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Gambling (one of which took place in


the house of Lucia, Rizals sister)
Generous grace periods until tenants
were able to pay
Rizal left in February 1888
Felipe Buencamino

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Filed a case in court in 1889


Justice of the Peace of Calamba
Provincial court in Santa Cruz
Higher tribunal of Manila
Supreme Court in Madrid

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

50 houses
Governor General Valeriano Weyler
25 individuals including Paciano and
brother-in-law Silvestre Ubaldo to
Mindoro
Brother-in-law Manuel Hidalgo to Bohol

THE PROTESTA DE CALAMBA

Controversy of the Noli


Influence of friars to government
Connection of tenants to Rizal
Real cause was their refusal to pay rent
El filibusterismo

DEPARTURE FOR EUROPE

Troublemaker, rabble-rouser
Threats
Refused to attend banquets invitations
Friars pressured Governor General
Terrero to arrest/deport Rizal

DEPARTURE FOR EUROPE

Himno al Trabajo (Hymn to Labor)


Elevation Lipa, Batangas into the status
of villa (Bacerra Law of 1888)
Family and townmates were already
evicted when he arrived in Spain
Juan Cailles

DEPARTURE FOR EUROPE

Balabac, Palawan or Marianas Islands


February 3, 1888 (27 yrs old) boarded
Don Juan
Perfecto Rufino Riego

DEPARTURE FOR EUROPE

Rizals departure left Calamba in a


state of utter unrest and confusion
April 18, 1889 wrote to Mariano Ponce
Ceased being a pacifist, now a radical
partisan